Glossary of competition terms

This Glossary is based on definitions from DG COMP’s Glossary of terms used in EU competition policy (© European Union, 2002) and the OECD’s Glossary of industrial organisation economics and competition law (© OECD, 1993). Each term is enriched with references of EU and national case laws from the e-Competitions Bulletin and Concurrences Review.

Access to the Commission’s file

Right of natural or legal persons who are parties to a Commission investigation to see the Commission’s file, whenever the Commission proposes to adopt a decision which would be unfavourable to those parties. Access is given in the course of the administrative procedure to all the documents of the case concerned, with the exception of internal Commission documents, business secrets of other companies and other confidential information. Access to the file is thus one of the principal procedural guarantees intended to protect the rights of defence of the parties. © European Commission

See also the Merger Regulation, Regulation No 773/2004 relating to the conduct of proceedings by the Commission pursuant to Articles 101 and 102 TFEU, and Commission Notice on the rules for access to the Commission file.