Competition in the transport sector — What’s new since the liberalization?

Law & Economics Workshop organized by Concurrences review in partnership with ARAF, Fréget — Tasso de Panafieu and Compass Lexecon.

Charlotte Tasso de Panafieu

Current developments in the transport sector focus on the ongoing liberalisation of the rail and coach markets. We will limit ourselves to two themes: the issues at stake in the liberalisation itself, and the issues related to intermodality, on which the success of this liberalisation movement probably depends to a great extent. Indeed, the latter is very slow in relation to passenger transport by rail, so that liberalisation has taken place from the side, i.e. by coach, thus raising these issues of intermodality.

  • Liberalization

    and dominant operator

Anne Yvrande-Billon

Given the slow liberalisation process in the rail sector, it is more likely to bet on the development of intermodal competition to stimulate public transport.

Liberalisation in the rail sector is a particularly slow process, not only in France. The French market was opened to competition in 2003 for international freight and in 2006 for domestic freight. This has resulted in a very rapid increase in the market shares of new entrants (almost 40% today, spread over 21 companies). International passenger transport has been open to competition since 2010, but the market shares of the new players remain extremely low.

Photos © Léo-Paul Ridet.

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