Competition in network industries

Law & Economics breakfast organized by Concurrences in partnership with Magenta and MAPP.


Michel Vermeulen (Secretary General of the Autorité de régulation des activités ferroviaires - ARAF)

The liberalisation of the rail sector has been carried out in stages at the instigation of the European Union by means of three successive packages. These packages dealt with the organisation of the rail system and the timetable for opening up to competition. France is in the middle of the ford. Its railway system is flawed and does not comply with EU directives: RFF has the title of infrastructure manager but it is the SNCF that takes on the day-to-day task. Hence the current railway reform. Liberalisation is incomplete. Only freight transport has been open to competition since 2006, with certain success, with new entrants representing a third of the market, and international passenger transport since 2010, with no real effect to date, as these services are still carried out in cooperation by the incumbent operators. The new entrants will be particularly interested in the opening up of conventional passenger services in a few years’ time.

Photos © Leo Ridet

Access to this article is restricted to subscribers

Already Subscribed? Sign-in

Access to this article is restricted to subscribers.

Read one article for free

Sign-up to read this article for free and discover our services.



  • French Regulatory Authority for Electronic Communications, Post and Press distribution - ARCEP (Paris)
  • French Competition Authority (Paris)
  • Magenta (Paris)
  • Analysis Group (Paris)
  • Ministère de l’écologie, du développement durable et de l’énergie