I. Introduction A number of years have passed since I was invited to write the first edition of the Foreword in e-Competition publication. Since that time, the case-law at EU and Member State level has expanded significantly, with an ever-wider net being drawn over anti-competitive practices such as bid rigging and information sharing, on the one hand, and those problematic commercial practices featuring the active involvement of trade associations, on the other. We have also witnessed a range of cases where the dynamics of network industries have given rise to very particular restrictions of competition and where the public policy concerns justifying those restrictions are finely balanced. Finally, we have seen the inexorable rise of cartel prosecutions taking place in utility
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