I. Introduction As the impact of liberalisation in most utility sectors has taken hold across most EU Member States, a gradual shift has occurred from markets dominated by concerns about unilateral effects (driven by incumbent operators with market power) to more mature markets where coordinated effects are assuming equal importance in terms of antitrust enforcement activity. This is reflected in the steady stream of cases brought over the past decade at EU and Member State levels under Article 101 TFEU and its national equivalents. In this compendium of cases, the author has examined those antitrust investigations based on allegations of cartel-like behaviour or concerted practices brought over the past few years by the European Commission and the National Competition Authorities
Cartels in the utility sectors: An overview of EU and national case law
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