"Compensation for services of general economic interest: some thoughts on the Altmark ruling"* 1. Introduction With the Altmark judgement , the European Court of Justice has uttered the last word in a longstanding dispute: is compensation for services of general economic interest (SGEI) a State aid? The debate—opened by the departure in the FFSA judgement  from the approach of Waste Oils  and revamped with Ferring  —originated from the apparent impossibility of avoiding either one of two unpleasant conclusions: — Fair compensation for extra costs imposed by the State gives an advantage to the recipient; — Article 86 loses any purpose in State aid, if fair compensation is no aid and over-compensation is always incompatible. While in the previous pronouncements the
The EU Court of Justice delivers a judgment on the notion of State aid, addressing the issue of the compensation for services of general economic interest (Altmark)
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