Remedies for unilateral conduct

Dominance

The German Competition Authority receives a Big Tech company’s response that its virtual reality headsets can now be used without an account on its social network (Meta Quest / Meta) Free
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Meta (Facebook) responds to the Bundeskartellamt’s concerns – VR headsets can now be used without a Facebook account* Users who want to use the Quest 2 VR headset offered by Meta Quest (formerly Oculus) no longer need a Facebook account to do so. Meta has responded to the Bundeskartellamt’s (...)

The Hellenic Competition Authority fines a beverage manufacturer €10.3M for concluding exclusivity agreements with retailers (Coca-Cola)
Hellenic Competition Commission (Athens)
Imposition of a €10,342,773 fine on COCA COLA 3Ε* Subject: HCC Decision no. 762/2021 imposing a fine of EUR 10,342,773 on the company COCA COLA HELLENIC BOTTLING COMPANY S.A. (COCA COLA 3E) for infringements of articles 2 L. 3959/2011 and 102 TFEU, following an ex officio investigation of the (...)

The Brazilian Competition Authority signs an agreement with a health club aggregator platform to halt exclusivity clauses and resale price maintenance practices (Gympass)
Brazilian Administrative Council for Economic Defense (CADE) (Brasilia)
CADE signs agreement with Gympass in Brazilian health club market* Daily fines are to be applied in case of non-compliance On 21 September 2022, the Administrative Council for Economic Defense (CADE) ratified the Cease and Desist Agreement with Gympass on the administrative enquiry that (...)

The EU General Court confirms Android abuse of dominance through tying, with the real legacy of the case extending far beyond (Google Android) Free
Keystone Strategy (London)
The General Court confirmed on 14 September 2022 the EC finding in 2018 that Google had abused its dominance by tying its Android operating system with its app store suite, the Google Play Store (“GPS”), thus leveraging power from GPS (a service that was “must have” to OEMs equipping their devices) (...)

The Slovak Competition Authority accepts the commitments of the national postal service to remedy competition concerns over discriminatory pricing (Slovenská pošta)
Slovak Competition Authority (Bratislava)
ABUSE OF DOMINANT POSITION: AMO SR issued a commitments decision against the company Slovenská pošta, a.s.* AMO SR imposed on the party to the proceedings the obligation to fulfill commitments. On 14 May 2021 the Antimonopoly Office of the Slovak Republic, the Division of Abuse of Dominant (...)

The EU Commission seeks feedback on commitments offered by an online retail platform concerning marketplace seller data and access to certain features (Amazon)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission seeks feedback on commitments offered by Amazon concerning marketplace seller data and access to Buy Box and Prime* The European Commission invites comments on commitments offered by Amazon to address competition concerns over its use of non-public marketplace seller data (...)

The French Competition Authority accepts an advisory firm as the monitoring trustee to ensure a Big Tech firm complies with commitments (Google / Accuracy)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Related rights: The advisory firm, Accuracy, has been accepted by the Autorité de la concurrence as a monitoring trustee in the case involving Google* On Friday 7 September, the Autorité de la concurrence accepted the advisory firm, Accuracy, as a monitoring trustee in the case involving Google. (...)

The French Competition Authority accepts a Big Tech company’s commitments to compensate publishers for the use of journalistic content (Google)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Toyota
On 21 June 2022, the French Competition Authority (“FCA”) announced that it accepted Google’s commitments related to compensating French publishers for the use of their journalistic content in a range of Google’s services. This brings to an end the FCA’s investigation into Google’s alleged abuse of (...)

The French Competition Authority accepts a Big Tech’s commitments to create a framework for the transparent assessment of the remuneration of related rights for the benefit of press agencies and publishers (Google)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité accepts Google’s commitments to create a framework for negotiating and sharing the information necessary for a transparent assessment of the remuneration of related rights and makes these commitments binding Background Today, the Autorité de la concurrence issues a decision in which (...)

The French Competition Authority accepts commitments from a social media platform to remedy competition concerns over a refusal to provide access to a marketing tool (Meta)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Toyota
On 16 June 2022, the French Competition Authority (“FCA”) announced that it accepted Meta’s commitments related to practices that would have raise competition concerns in the French market for non-search related online advertising. This clarifies the conditions of access to Meta’s partnership (...)

The UK Competition Authority secures legally binding commitments from a manufacturer of six cancer drugs to maintain reduced prices for 10 years (Aspen)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority (CMA) (London)
CMA helps NHS secure price and supply commitment for cancer drugs* The CMA has worked to ensure that pharmaceutical company Aspen’s commitments to reduce prices for life-saving cancer medicines can be enforced in the UK following its exit from the European Union. The European Commission opened (...)

The Australian Competition Authority accepts a court-enforceable undertaking from a company after raising competition concerns relating to speedway racing in Victoria (Speedway Australia)
Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (Canberra)
Speedway Australia undertakes to address competition concerns involving sprintcar tracks* The ACCC has accepted a court-enforceable undertaking from N.A.S.R. Incorporated, trading as Speedway Australia, after the ACCC raised competition concerns relating to speedway racing in Victoria. The (...)

The UK Competition Authority accepts a Big Tech company’s commitments in its treatment of third-party cookies (Google Privacy Sandbox)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 11 February 2022, the UK’s Competition and Markets Authority (“CMA”) issued its decision to accept the commitments offered by Google in relation to its Privacy Sandbox proposals (“the Decision”). The Decision is noteworthy in several respects. First, it highlights the complicated tradeoffs (...)

The EU General Court dismisses the action brought against the Commission’s decision to make a gas company’s commitments binding in order to address competition concerns in relation to the national markets for the upstream wholesale supply of gas in eastern and central Europe (Gazprom)
General Court of the European Union (Luxembourg)
The General Court dismisses the action brought against a decision by the Commission to make binding on Gazprom commitments proposed by the latter in order to address competition concerns raised by the former in relation to the national markets for the upstream wholesale supply of gas in the (...)

The German Competition Authority holds consultations on a Big Tech company’s proposals for dispelling competition concerns in the press sector (Google News Showcase)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Google News Showcase – Bundeskartellamt holds consultations on Google’s proposals for dispelling competition concerns* Google has proposed measures to dispel the Bundeskartellamt’s competition concerns in the authority’s ongoing proceeding to examine the Google News Showcase online service. The (...)

The German Competition Authority designates a parent company of a Big Tech company as an undertaking of paramount significance for competition across markets (Google / Alphabet)
Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau
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Hausfeld (Berlin)
On 30 December 2021, the German Bundeskartellamt (Federal Cartel Office, “FCO”) designated Alphabet Inc., parent company of Google, (“Google”) as an ‘undertaking of paramount significance for competition across markets’. The FCO is now considering whether to prohibit particular anti-competitive (...)

The Polish Competition Authority orders a supermarket to pay debts to suppliers in a first-of-its-kind decision that provides public compensation to entities other than consumers (SCA Polska / Intermarché)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
UOKiK President orders SCA PR Polska (Intermarche) to pay debts towards suppliers* President of the Office of Competition and Consumer Protection Tomasz Chróstny obliged SCA PR Polska (Intermarche Group) to change practices that could constitute an unfair use of contractual advantage. As a (...)

The French Competition Authority submits for public consultation the proposed commitments of a major Big Tech company (Google)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Google proposes commitments as part of the investigation into the merits of the related rights case. The Autorité submits them for public consultation* Background Following on from the interim procedure that led to the adoption of interim measures in April 2020, the Autorité continued its (...)

The Italian Competition Authority imposes behavioral remedies and fines an e-commerce company over € 1.128 billion for abusing its dominant position in the market for e-commerce logistics services (Amazon)
Italian Competition Authority (Rome)
A528 - Italian Competition Authority: Amazon fined over € 1,128 billion for abusing its dominant position* The Authority found that Amazon harmed its competitors in the market for e-commerce logistics services. The Authority imposed behavioral measures on Amazon that will be subject to review (...)

The Italian Competition Authority fines a Big Tech company €1.128 billion for abuse of dominance by making exclusive advantages for its online marketplace conditional upon the purchase of its logistics services (Amazon)
Portolano Cavallo (Milan)
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Portolano Cavallo (Milan)
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Portolano Cavallo (Milan)
On December 9, 2021, the Italian competition authority (the “ICA” or “AGCM”) has levied its highest ever administrative fine—€1.128 billion—on Amazon Europe Core S.à r.l., Amazon Services Europe S.à .r.l., Amazon EU S.à r.l., Amazon Italia Services S.r.l., and Amazon Italia Logistica S.r.l. (...)

The Italian Competition Authority imposes record-breaking fine of € 1.1 billion on an e-commerce company for “self-preferencing” its own logistical services (Amazon)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Toyota
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Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 9 December 2021, the Italian Competition Authority (“ICA”) adopted a decision finding that the Amazon group (“Amazon”) had violated Article 102 TFEU and harmed competing providers of e-commerce logistics services by tying the right of retailers on the Amazon marketplace to participate in (...)

The Italian Competition Authority imposes a record fine of over €1 billion as well as behavioral remedies on an e-commerce company for abusing its dominant position through engaging in discriminatory practices and denying third-party sellers access to certain sales prospects crucial to increasing their visibility on its website (Amazon)
Luiss Guido Carli University (Rome)
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Luiss Guido Carli University (Rome)
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Luiss Guido Carli University (Rome)
The case concerned a number of companies within the Amazon group (hereafter “Amazon”), including: a) Amazon Europe Core S.r.l., with legal domicile in Luxembourg, which is the company of the Amazon group responsible for the management of the websites of Amazon’s European marketplaces and owner of (...)

The Japanese FTC closes investigation into online funeral service provider after provider voluntarily ends anti-competitive practices (UNIQUEST)
Japan Fair Trade Commission (Tokyo)
Closing the Investigation on the Suspected Violation of the Antimonopoly Act by UNIQUEST INC* The Japan Fair Trade Commission (the “JFTC”) has investigated UNIQUEST INC. (UNIQUEST) in accordance with the provision of the Antimonopoly Act since June 2021. UNIQUEST is the online funeral service (...)

The UK Competition Authority secures improved commitments from a Big Tech company on its proposals to remove third-party cookies and other functionalities from its browser (Google Privacy Sandbox)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority (CMA) (London)
CMA secures improved commitments on Google’s Privacy Sandbox* The CMA has secured improved commitments from Google on its proposals to remove third party cookies and other functionalities from its Chrome browser. It has been investigating Google’s proposals since the start of the year due to (...)

The Russian Competition Authority imposes a fine on a telecommunications company for abuse of dominance (Tele2)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
FAS Russia fined Tele2 for the abuse of its dominant position* The authority initiated an administrative offense case against the company and imposed a 825,500 rubles fine on the telecom operator for the abuse of its dominant position on November 22 [1]. In January 2021, the company (...)

The EU General Court confirms the Commission’s decision finding a Big Tech company guilty of abuse of dominance by favouring its own comparison shopping service on its general results pages (Google Shopping)
Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau
With its judgment of 10th November 2021, Europe’s General Court did not just dismiss Google’s appeal against the European Commission’s Google Search (Shopping) decision, uphold the fine, tell gatekeepers “don’t be evil,” and remind everyone that Europe ensures equal opportunities. The Court also (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority accepts for the first time in the preliminary investigation stage the commitments proposed by a glass manufacturing company to remedy the competition concerns relating to abuse of dominance in the glass production market (Şişecam)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
The Turkish Competition Board (“Board”) decided that Şişecam, through its subsidiary Çevre Sistemleri, has abused its dominant position in the market for glass manufacturing, by way of excluding its competitors in the upstream market for recycled glass, utilized its buyer power to narrow the margin (...)

The EU Commission approves Greek commitments requiring the state-owned electricity incumbent to maintain a fixed net seller position for electricity baseload futures on certain energy exchanges to address competition concerns (PPC)
Ashurst (Brussels)
The European Commission accepted commitments from Greece requiring Public Power Corporation (PPC), the state-owned electricity incumbent, to maintain a fixed net seller position for electricity baseload futures on certain energy exchanges in order to address competition concerns raised by (...)

The EU Commission approves Greek commitments to remove the distortion created by the state-owned electricity provider’s exclusive access to lignite-fired generation (PPC)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission approves Greek measures to increase access to electricity for PPC’s competitors* The European Commission has made legally binding, under EU antitrust rules, measures proposed by Greece to allow the competitors of Public Power Corporation (PPC), the Greek state-owned (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority accepts a leading beverage company’s commitments to remedy the competition concerns raised concerning its abuse of dominance in the carbonated drinks, cola drinks and aromatic carbonated drinks markets (Coca Cola)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
The changes to the Law No. 4054 on Protection of Competition (“Law No. 4045”) introducing the new commitment and settlement mechanisms, entered into force on 24 June 2020 with the Amendment Law, aiming to achieve efficiency gains and allow the competition investigations to close at an earlier (...)

The US FTC charges a semiconductor supplier with illegal monopolization through exclusive dealing in the market for components used to deliver TV and broadband internet services (Broadcom)
US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) (Washington)
FTC Charges Broadcom with Illegal Monopolization and Orders the Semiconductor Supplier to Cease its Anticompetitive Conduct* The Federal Trade Commission has issued a complaint charging Broadcom with illegally monopolizing markets for semiconductor components used to deliver television and (...)

The UK Competition Authority secures commitments from a Big Tech company to address concerns about its proposal to remove third-party cookies on its main internet browser (Google Privacy Sandbox)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority (CMA) (London)
CMA to have key oversight role over Google’s planned removal of third-party cookies* Following an investigation, the CMA has secured commitments from Google to address concerns about Google’s proposal to remove third-party cookies on Chrome. The CMA is to take up a role in the design and (...)

The French Competition Authority fines a Big Tech company €220 million for favoring its services in the online advertising sector in a first decision to look into complex algorithmic auctions processes (Google AdX / Google DoubleClick for Publishers)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence hands out a €220 millions fine to Google for favouring its own services in the online advertising sector* Google, did not dispute the facts, wished to settle with the Autorité, which granted its request. Google also proposed commitments, accepted by the Autorité, (...)

The French Competition Authority fines a Big Tech company €220 million for abuse of a dominant position through self-preferencing in the ad tech industry (Google AdX / Google DoubleClick for Publishers)
Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau
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Hausfeld (Berlin)
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Hausfeld (Berlin)
On 7 June 2021, the French Competition Authority (“FCA”) concluded an investigation into Google’s ad tech business. The FCA (i) found that Google abused a pan-European dominant position and thereby infringed EU competition law by favoring its proprietary display advertising intermediation (...)

The French Competition Authority submits commitments for public consultation following an investigation in the online advertising sector (Facebook / Criteo)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
In the context of an investigation opened before the Autorité in the online advertising sector, Facebook proposes commitments* The Autorité de la concurrence is submitting these commitments for public consultation, and is inviting actors from the sector to provide their feedback. The case was (...)

The Mexican Competition Authority fines an industrial gas company for failure to comply with commitments made to restore competition in the markets of industrial oxygen, nitrogen and argon (Praxair)
Mexican Competition Authority (Mexico City)
COFECE fines Praxair for failure to comply with commitments made to restore competition in the markets of industrial oxygen, nitrogen and argon* In 2018, during the trial-like procedure for possible relative monopolistic practices, Praxair offered commitments with the aim of restoring (...)

The Italian Competition Authority fines a Big Tech company €102M for refusal to interoperate and imposes specific remedies requested by the complainant (Google / Enel X)
Portolano Cavallo (Milan)
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Portolano Cavallo (Milan)
On May 13, 2021, the Italian Competition Authority (the “AGCM” or the “ICA”) fined Alphabet Inc., Google LLC, and Google Italy S.r.l. (“Google”) over 100 million EUR for abusing of a dominant position pursuant to Section 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (“TFEU”). In a rare (...)

The Italian Competition Authority fines a Big Tech company for abusively locking a SatNav rival out of their app store (Google / Enel X)
Giannino SI (Monserrato)
By a decision handed down in the Google/Enel X case, the Italian Competition Authority (ICA) has fined Alphabet Inc., Google LLC and Google Italy Srl (hereinafter Google) for infringing Article 102 TFEU. Google bused its dominant position because not allowing the release of JuicePass, an app (...)

The Italian Competition Authority imposes a €102 million fine on a Big Tech company for abusing its dominant position by refusing to feature a competitor’s app on its digital platform (Google / Enel X)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 27 April 2021, the Italian Competition Authority (“ICA”) imposed a fine of over € 102 million on Alphabet Inc., Google LLC and Google Italy S.r.l. (collectively, “Google”) after concluding that Google had infringed Article 102 TFEU by refusing to include in Google’s own Android Auto app a third (...)

The German Competition Authority closes its investigation against a producer of household appliances, without a fine after it agreed to amend its retailer rebate scheme (Liebherr)
Ashurst (Frankfurt)
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Ashurst (Munich)
On 12 April 2021, the German competition authority ("FCO") closed its investigation against Liebherr, a producer of household appliances, without a fine after Liebherr agreed to abandon or amend certain clauses in its newly introduced distribution model which, in the FCO’s view, discriminated (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority fines an ice cream supplier for abusing its dominant position in the industrial ice cream market through the use of exclusionary practices and the imposing of a non-compete obligation on one of its e-commerce customers (Unilever / Algida)
ACTECON (Istanbul)
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ACTECON (Istanbul)
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ACTECON (Istanbul)
Introduction The Turkish Competition Authority’s (“TCA”) reasoned decision dated 18.03.2021 and numbered 21-15/190-80, whereby it has decided to impose an administrative fine amounting to TRY 480,217,217 (EUR 77,624,758) on Unilever Sanayi ve Ticaret Türk A.Ş. (“Unilever”) for violation of Article 4 (...)

The Indian Competition Authority grants interim relief, ordering online travel agencies to re-list hotel properties on certain platforms (MMT-Go / Treebo / FabHotels)
Lakshmikumaran & Sridharan (New Delhi)
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Lakshmikumaran & Sridharan (New Delhi)
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Lakshmikumaran & Sridharan (New Delhi)
KEY POINTS (i) In deciding applications for interim relief under Section 33 of the Act, CCI must form a higher degree of satisfaction than the prima facie requirements under Section 26(1) of the Act. (ii) Denial of market access need not be complete or absolute in nature to result in an (...)

The German Competition Authority discontinues its proceedings against a national postal service company following the company’s decision to end its rebate system (Deutsche Post)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Fair competition in the dispatch of newspapers and magazines – Bundeskartellamt effects changes to Deutsche Post’s conditions* In reaction to the Bundeskartellamt competition concerns, Deutsche Post AG has amended its system of conditions for the dispatch of newspapers and magazines. Andreas (...)

The German Competition Authority welcomes the decision of a postal service company to end its discount system for the dispatch of newspapers and magazines (Deutsche Post)
Bird & Bird (Dusseldorf)
The Deutsche Post AG (“DPAG”) has cancelled its until recently practiced discount system in relation to its dispatch services provided to newspaper and magazine publishers. The DPAG`s decision to stop discounting the dispatch services occurred after the German Federal Cartel Office initiated an (...)

The German Competition Authority accepts a postal service company’s commitments to end its discount system for the dispatch of newspapers and magazines (Deutsche Post)
Ashurst (Frankfurt)
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Ashurst (Munich)
On 26 February 2021, the German Federal Cartel Office ("FCO") closed its six-year investigation into Deutsche Post AG ("DPAG") after securing commitments in connection with practices relating to the dispatch of newspapers and magazines. The FCO suspected that DPAG had abused its dominant (...)

The Italian Competition Authority accepts a company’s commitments in an abuse of dominance probe in the market for natural gas distribution (Italgas)
Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer (Rome)
The Italian Competition Authority ("ICA") has recently closed with commitments an investigation against Italgas for an alleged abuse of dominance consisting of the refusal to supply essential information to the Venice municipality which was launching a tender concerning gas distribution (...)

The Italian Competition Authority closes its investigation against a national gas distributor for an alleged abuse of a dominant position after addressing competition concerns (Italgas)
Italian Competition Authority (Rome)
ICA: Italgas commitments accepted for the tender concerning the gas distribution service in some municipalities of the province of Venice* According to the Authority, the competitive concerns that had led to the opening of the investigation in May 2020 have been solved L’Autorità Garante della (...)

The EU Commission accepts the commitment offered by a pharmaceutical company to reduce drug prices by 73% (Aspen)
Herbert Smith Freehills (Brussels)
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Herbert Smith Freehills (London)
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Herbert Smith Freehills (London)
“When the price of a drug suddenly goes up by several hundred percent, this is something the Commission may look at” Commissioner Vestager said when opening a formal investigation into Aspen’s alleged excessive pricing conduct in May 2017. On 10 February 2021, the EU Commission (Commission) (...)

The EU Commission accepts a commitment to reduce the price of six cancer medicines by 73% in an excessive pricing case in the pharmaceutical industry (Aspen)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 10 February 2021, the Commission announced that it had accepted a series of pricing and supply commitments from Aspen, thereby bringing an end to its investigation into whether Aspen had infringed Article 102 TFEU by charging excessive prices for six off-patent cancer medicines. Having (...)

The EU Commission accepts the commitment offered by a pharmaceutical company for excessive pricing (Aspen)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
In February 2021, the European Commission’s (“Commission”) long-running excessive pricing case against Aspen was brought to a close, with Aspen accepting a series of forward-looking pricing and supply commitments, but avoiding any fines or requirements to repay all of the higher prices charged (...)

The EU Commission accepts commitments made by a pharmaceutical company to reduce prices for six off-patent cancer medicines by 73% addressing excessive pricing concerns (Aspen)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission accepts commitments by Aspen to reduce prices for six off-patent cancer medicines by 73% addressing excessive pricing concerns* The European Commission has made commitments offered by Aspen legally binding under EU antitrust rules. Aspen has to reduce its prices in Europe (...)

The US DoJ announces that a ready-mix concrete company admitted to fixing prices and rigging bids (Argos USA)
US Department of Justice (Washington DC)
Ready-Mix Concrete Company Admits to Fixing Prices and Rigging Bids in Violation of Antitrust Laws* Argos USA LLC, a producer and seller of ready-mix concrete headquartered in Alpharetta, Georgia, was charged with participating in a conspiracy to fix prices, rig bids, and allocate markets for (...)

The Japanese FTC and the Government propose draft guidelines for business collaboration between large companies and startups for the purpose of promoting open innovation and ensuring fair and free competitive environments
White & Case (Tokyo)
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White & Case (Tokyo)
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White & Case (Tokyo)
On December 23, 2020, the Japan Fair Trade Commission ("JFTC") and Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry ("METI") proposed a draft of Guidelines for Business Collaboration with Startups ("Guidelines") for the purpose of promoting open innovation and ensuring fair and free competitive (...)

The UK Competition Authority accepts the commitments of a pharmaceutical company to continue supplying bipolar medicine to the national market (Essential Pharma)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 18 December 2020, the UK Competition and Markets Authority (“CMA”) announced that it had accepted Essential Pharma’s commitments to continue supplying a bipolar medicine to the UK market. Essential Pharma is a supplier of both Priadel and Camcolit, long-term treatments for individuals (...)

The UK Competition Authority accepts legally binding commitments from a pharmaceutical company to secure the affordable supply of a key drug (Essential Pharma)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority (CMA) (London)
CMA secures affordable supply of key bipolar drug* The CMA has accepted legally binding commitments from Essential Pharma to continue supplying a key bipolar drug at an affordable price for at least 5 years. In October, the CMA launched an investigation suspecting that the pharmaceutical (...)

The UK Competition Authority accepts legally binding commitments from a pharma company to continue supplying a key bipolar drug at an affordable price (Essential Pharma)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
The UK Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) published today its decision accepting binding commitments from Essential Pharma (EP) to continue supplying for at least 5 years a medicine for the first line treatment of bipolar disorder and other mental conditions at a price considered (...)

The US State of New York AG leads a bipartisan lawsuit by 46 State AGs, the District of Columbia AG, and the Territory of Guam AG seeking to end a dominant social network company’s allegedly illegal monopoly, including predatory acquisitions and a reduction of privacy protections for consumers (Facebook)
Office of the New York State Attorney General (Albany)
Attorney General James Leads Multistate Lawsuit Seeking to End Facebook’s Illegal Monopoly* AG James Leads Bipartisan Coalition of 48 Attorneys General Charging Anticompetitive Conduct Facebook Thwarted Competition, Reduced Consumer Privacy for Profits New York Attorney General Letitia James (...)

The US FTC sues the world’s dominant social network company for illegal monopolization, requiring the divestment of its acquisitions of up-and-coming rivals, and prohibits the imposition of anti-competitive conditions on software developers (Facebook)
US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) (Washington)
FTC Sues Facebook for Illegal Monopolization* The Federal Trade Commission today sued Facebook, alleging that the company is illegally maintaining its personal social networking monopoly through a years-long course of anticompetitive conduct. Following a lengthy investigation in cooperation (...)

The Irish Competition Authority seeks High Court order on ticket sales and distribution company’s agreement (Ticketmaster)
Irish Competition Authority (Dublin)
CCPC seeks High Court order on Ticketmaster agreement* Why did the CCPC investigate ticketing? In January 2017, the Competition and Consumer Protection Commission (CCPC) commenced an investigation into suspected anti-competitive practices in relation to the provision of tickets and the (...)

The UK Competition Authority consults on commitments offered by a pharma company to keep its cheaper bipolar drug on the market at an increased price that is still below the company’s more expensive competing bipolar medication (Essential Pharma)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority (CMA) (London)
CMA takes swift action in bipolar drug investigation* The CMA is consulting on proposed commitments from Essential Pharma to keep a key bipolar drug on the market, and ensure it is affordable to the NHS. The Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) launched a competition law investigation into (...)

The UK Competition Authority consults on proposed commitments from a pharma company to keep bipolar medicine on the market at an affordable price (Essential Pharma)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
Early last month, the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) started an investigation into Essential Pharma because of suspicions that the firm might have abused an allegedly dominant position by taking steps to withdraw Priadel® from the UK market. This is a lithium based medicine indicated (...)

The Australian Competition Authority alleges that an ice-cream supplier infringed competition law by engaging in exclusive dealing (Peters Ice Cream)
Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (Canberra)
Peters allegedly hindered or prevented competition in ice-cream supply* The ACCC has instituted Federal Court proceedings against Australasian Food Group Pty Ltd, trading as Peters Ice Cream (Peters), alleging it engaged in conduct which hindered or prevented competition for the supply of (...)

The EU General Court confirms the Commission’s decision finding that a national rail company abused its dominant position on the market (Lietuvos geležinkelai)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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Balcıoğlu Selçuk Akman Keki (BASEAK) (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
The Factors Affecting the Use of Essential Facilities Doctrine in Light of the Lithuanian Railway v Commission Decision: A Comparison with the Turkish Practice and Potential Implications 1) Introduction On November 18, 2020, the General Court of the European Union (“General Court”) upheld the (...)

The Russian Competition Authority confirms that a pharmaceutical company with a dominant position in the wholesale of certain generics has ceased its problematic behavior and has signed a contract for medicine supply (Ipsen / Biotek)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
Ipsen Company Comply With the Warning of the FAS Russia* Pharmaceutical company made required amendments to the Commercial policy and signed a contract with a distributor to supply their products FAS Russia received a notification of the Ipsen LLC that the company ceased the actions that (...)

The Russian Competition Authority finds a telecom company guilty of abusing its dominant position to unreasonably increase tariffs for communication services (Tele2)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
The FAS Russia: Tele 2 Unreasonably Increased Tariffs for Communication Services* T2 Mobile has increased the cost of providing mobile services on a number of tariff plans from May 12, 2020 On October 20, the FAS Russia found a violation of antimonopoly law in the company’s actions. Earlier, (...)

The French Competition Authority rejects gaming console’s commitments in an abuse of dominance case (Sony)
Huawei Technologies (Paris)
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Vaillant Group (Paris)
2020 proves to be a busy year for the French Competition Authority (FCA) as far as tech giants are concerned. After Google and Apple, it’s now Sony’s turn to be under the FCA’s spotlight. While the Japanese company is currently launching pre-orders for its new PlayStation 5, the FCA has just (...)

The French Competition Authority considers gaming console’s commitments inadequate to address competition concerns and returns case for investigation (Sony)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Playstation: the Autorité considers that the commitments proposed by Sony do not adequately address the identified competition concerns. The case is returned for investigation* As part of a litigation procedure before the Autorité de la concurrence, Sony had proposed commitments to address the (...)

The Hungarian Competition Authority fines a brewery for failing to comply with reporting obligations under commitments to limit exclusivity contracts (Heineken)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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ADVANT Beiten (Brussels)
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Clifford Chance (Brussels)
By decision of 19 October 2020, the Hungarian Competition Authority (“GVH”) imposed a fine of HUF 75 million (approximately € 250,000) on beer maker Heineken for failing to comply with its reporting obligations under its commitments to reduce the amount of beer sold under exclusivity contracts. (...)

The Hungarian Competition Authority fines an international brewing company for failing to honour its commitment to reduce the amount of beer sold under exclusive contracts (Heineken)
Hungarian Competition Authority (Budapest)
The GVH has imposed a fine of HUF 75 million on Heineken* 21 October 2020, Budapest – The Hungarian Competition Authority (GVH) has established that Heineken failed to appropriately justify its commitment to decrease the amount of beer sold under exclusive contracts, thus the authority has (...)

The EU Commission accepts semiconductor company’s commitments to ensure competition in chipset markets for modems and set-top boxes (Broadcom)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission accepts commitments by Broadcom to ensure competition in chipset markets for modems and set-top boxes* The European Commission has made commitments offered by Broadcom legally binding under EU antitrust rules. Broadcom will suspend all existing agreements containing (...)

The EU Commission accepts a semiconductor company’s offer to stop exclusivity on chipset market (Broadcom)
Ashurst (Brussels)
,
Free University of Brussels (ULB)
On 7 October 2020, the European Commission (the "Commission") made legally binding commitments offered by Broadcom to ensure competition in chipset markets for modems and TV set-top boxes. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW - KEY TAKEAWAYS Commitments decisions are adopted in lieu of finding an (...)

The EU Commission accepts commitments to ensure competition in systems-on-a-chip markets for modems and set-top boxes (Broadcom)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
,
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 7 October 2020, the European Commission accepted Broadcom’s commitments to suspend its existing agreements, and to refrain from entering into any new agreements, containing exclusivity or quasi-exclusivity arrangements and/or leveraging provisions concerning Systems-on-a-Chip (“SoCs”) for TV (...)

The Dutch Competition Authority closes its investigation into a drug manufacturer after receiving assurances that it will not use its discount schemes to force hospitals into exclusive purchases (AbbVie)
Netherlands Authority for Consumers & Markets (ACM) (The Hague)
ACM closes investigation into drug manufacturer AbbVie, competitors get more room now* Drug manufacturer AbbVie has stated that it will not force hospitals to purchase exclusively or to a large extent from AbbVie through discount schemes (or rebate programs). AbbVie has made these assurances (...)

The Albanian Administrative Court of First Instance in Tirana ascertains the abuse of the dominant position by the national football federation (Albanian Football Federation)
Albanian Competition Authority (Tirana)
Republic of Albania Competition Authority* The Competition Authority informs that: Today on 21.09.2020, the Administrative Court of First Instance in Tirana decided: To uphold the Competition’s Commission Decision no. 693, dated 14.05.2020 "To ascertain the abuse of the dominant position of (...)

The Australian Competition Authority accepts a physiotherapy company’s commitment to remove alleged unfair contract terms from its franchisee agreements (Back In Motion Physiotherapy)
Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (Canberra)
Back In Motion Physiotherapy to remove alleged unfair contract terms for franchisees* The ACCC has accepted a court-enforceable undertaking by Back In Motion Physiotherapy Pty Ltd to remove certain terms from its franchisees agreements which it admits may be unfair. Under a restraint of trade (...)

The Japanese FTC approves a commitment plan brought by an e-commerce company (Amazon)
Japan Fair Trade Commission (Tokyo)
Approval of the Commitment Plan submitted by Amazon Japan G.K.* In response to the notice which the Japan Fair Trade Commission (hereinafter referred to as the “JFTC”) issued to Amazon Japan G.K. (hereinafter referred to as “Amazon Japan”) in accordance with the Commitment Procedures on July 10, (...)

The Russian Competition Authority requires a Big Tech company to provide competitive conditions for mobile applications developers and to ensure that in-house apps do not take precedence over third-party apps (Apple)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
The Federal Antimonopoly Service Of The Russian Federation Issued A Remedy To Apple Inc. To Eliminate The Violation* Competition Authority required the company to provide competitive conditions for mobile applications developers Let us recall that on August 10, 2020 the FAS Russia completed (...)

The Romanian Competition Authority imposes a fine totaling €2.5 million on a pharmaceutical company for failure to observe commitments in an abuse of dominance probe (GlaxoSmithKline)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
,
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
,
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
The Romanian Competition Authority announced on 25 August 2020 that it imposed a fine of 11.9 million lei (approximately EUR 2.5 million) on GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) for its failure to observe in full commitments which it had given earlier to allow the competition authority to terminate an inquiry (...)

The Romanian Competition Authority fines a pharmaceutical company for non-compliance with some of its remedial commitments agreed off the back of an investigation regarding possible abuse of dominant position (GlaxoSmithKline)
Romanian Competition Council (Bucharest)
The Competition Council Sanctioned Glaxosmithkline Srl With Fine of 11.9 Million Lei* The Competition Council sanctioned GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) SRL with fine of lei 11.9 million for non-compliance with some of its commitments assumed during the investigation regarding a possible abuse of (...)

The Icelandic Competition Authority fines a telecoms company for commitment violations in the sale of English football on its linear pay-TV service (Síminn)
Icelandic Competition Authority
The Icelandic Competition Authority fines Síminn for commitment violations* The decision made by the Competition Authority (ICA) today states the conclusion that Síminn violated the conditions of the commitments that the company has entered into with ICA in recent years. The decision reveals (...)

The EU Commission invites parties to submit comments regarding a pharma company and its excessive pricing (Aspen)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 14 July 2020, the Commission invited interested parties to submit comments on the commitments offered by global pharma company Aspen to address competition concerns in relation to Aspen’s excessive pricing for six critical off-patent cancer medicines in several national markets (excluding (...)

The EU Commission starts a market test on the proposed commitments offered by a pharmaceutical company to address the Commission’s concerns over excessive pricing on a range of off-patent cancer medicines (Aspen)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
,
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
,
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
Today, the European Commission (the Commission) started a market test inviting comments from interested parties on commitments offered by Aspen Pharmacare Holdings (Aspen) to address the Commission’s concerns over excessive pricing for a range of off-patent cancer medicines (see, attached (...)

The EU Commission invites comments from all interested parties on commitments offered by pharmaceutical company to address the Commission’s concerns over excessive pricing (Aspen)
Dentons (Berlin)
,
DLA Piper (Bucharest)
,
Plesner (Copenhagen)
Aspen: Quick Fix But Missed Opportunity* What are commitments? The recent effort by the Commission to settle the Aspen case suggests that commitment decisions are the preferred route to settle complex excessive pricing cases at EU-level. Previous commitment cases where high prices have been (...)

The EU Commission invites comments on a pharmaceutical company’s proposed commitment to reduce the price by 73% for six off-patent cancer medicines to remove the Commission’s excessive pricing concerns (Aspen)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission seeks feedback on commitments offered by Aspen to reduce prices for six off-patent cancer medicines by 73% to address Commission’s concerns over excessive pricing* The European Commission invites comments from all interested parties on commitments offered by Aspen to (...)

The Indian National Company Law Appellate Tribunal interprets strictly ’sufficient cause’ in an appellate framework for competition matters to tackle forum shopping practices (MAJ. Pankaj Rai / NITT)
Gujarat National Law University (Gandhinagar)
,
Gujarat National Law University (Gandhinagar)
The National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) in New Delhi, India’s appellate tribunal for competition matters has given a decisive ruling for appeals of orders of the Competition Commission of India (CCI). In Maj. Pankaj Rai v Secretary, Competition Commission of India decided in May, (...)

The EU Commission seeks feedback on commitments offered by a TV box company in an abuse of dominance investigation involving exclusivity agreements (Broadcom)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
,
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 27 April 2020, the European Commission (the “Commission”) invited interested parties to submit comments on the commitments offered by Broadcom under Article 9 of Regulation 1/2003 to address competition concerns in relation to certain exclusivity and quasi-exclusivity agreements allegedly (...)

The French Competition Authority fines a gambling company for not complying with a commitment to separate the betting pools of its physical outlets and its website (PMU)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence fines PMU for not complying with its commitment to separate the betting pools of its physical outlets and its website* Background Online gaming companies Betclic and Zeturf have referred practices by PMU in the online horse betting sector to the Autorité de la (...)

The Dutch Competition Authority expresses its satisfaction with commitments made by a pharmaceutical company regarding the supply of testing material for a drug test (Roche)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 3 April 2020, the Dutch competition authority (Autoriteit Consument en Markt or “ACM”) published a press release expressing its satisfaction with commitments made by Roche Diagnostics (“Roche”) regarding the supply of testing materials for the SARS- CoV-2 test. Roche, which the ACM says has a (...)

The French Competition Authority accepts commitments from the French incumbent postal operator to put an end to loyalty and bundled rebates in the parcel delivery sector (La Poste) Free
Epex Spot (Paris)
On 2nd April 2020, the French Competition Authority (“FCA”) closed its investigation on the merits of an abuse of dominant position case started in 2010, by accepting and rendering legally binding the commitments offered by the French incumbent postal operator La Poste, designed at putting an end (...)

The EU Commission adopts a decision imposing commitments on an undertaking to free up capacities at interconnection points to increase natural gas exports between countries (Transgaz)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 6 March 2020, the European Commission adopted a decision imposing commitments on Transgaz to free up capacities at interconnection points in order to allow for increased natural gas exports from Romania to Hungary and Bulgaria. According to the Commission’s press release, Transgaz the (...)

The French Competition Authority fines a company for non-compliance with commitments in the funeral insurance market in La Réunion (Mutualité de la Réunion)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence has fined La Mutualité de la Réunion for non-compliance with commitments* In brief The Autorité has imposed a fine of €200,000 on La Mutualité de la Réunion (MR) for failing to comply with part of the commitments it had entered into before the Autorité that aimed to (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority imposes remedies on a Big Tech company which will remove the display of its shopping unit (Google)
ACTECON (Istanbul)
,
ACTECON (Istanbul)
On 29th of July, Google announced that starting from 10 th of August, it will be removing shopping ads (or “the Shopping Unit” as referred by the TCA as well as by the EU Commission) from its search pages in Turkey. According to the tech giant, the decision was taken because of the uncertainties (...)

The Cypriot Competition Authority fines a dominant mobile telephony services provider €237.181,76 for foreclosing the ability of its competitor to offer services for 10 years (MTN Cyprus / Golden Telemedia)
Commission for the Protection of Competition of the Republic of Cyprus (Nicosia)
The Commission for the Protection of Competition imposed on MTN Cyprus Limited (EPIC LTD) an administrative fine of €237.181,76 for the infringement of Section 6(1)(b) of the Protection of Competition Laws of 2008 and 2014, following an investigation of the complaint submitted by Golden (...)

The French Competition Authority accepts the commitments made by an online travel agency (Booking.com)
European Commission (Brussels)
The French, Italian and Swedish Competition Authorities Accept the Commitments Offered by Booking.com* In their investigations of so-called "price parity" clauses (also called "best price" clauses) contained in agreements between online travel agencies (OTAs) and hotels, the French Competition (...)

The Dutch Competition Authority makes legally binding remedies proposed by a media company ending discount scheme in the radio advertising spots market (One Media Sales)
Netherlands Authority for Consumers & Markets (ACM) (The Hague)
Following an ACM investigation, media company OMS is to adjust its discount scheme for radio advertising spots* From January 1, 2020, Dutch media company One Media Sales (OMS) will stop offering its so-called ‘budget-share discount’ when selling radio advertising spots. OMS has made this (...)

The French Competition Authority launches a market inquiry following a game console manufacturer’s commitments proposal (Sony)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Games consoles: The Autorité launches a market consultation* In the context of a litigation procedure opened before the Autorité, Sony offers commitments to make its licensing policy more transparent to third parties wishing to manufacture and market compatible controllers with the Playstation 4 (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority imposes a daily fine on a Big Tech company for not complying with previously imposed obligations (Google)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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Balcıoğlu Selçuk Akman Keki (BASEAK) (Istanbul)
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ACTECON (Istanbul)
Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) recently published its decision (“Review Decision”) reviewing the obligations that ought to be fulfilled by the economic integrity comprised of Google LLC, Google International LLC and Google Reklamcılık ve Pazarlama Ltd. Şti. (will be referred to as “Google” (...)

The Hungarian Competition Authority imposes a fine on social media influencers for breaching commitments (Alakreform / Avanzo)
Bird & Bird (Budapest)
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Bird & Bird (Budapest)
Fines are on the horizon for social media influencers not aligning their practice as set out by the Hungarian Competition Authority (GVH), as may be deduced from the GVH’s Rubint decision of 16 September 2019. The case roots back to 2016, when the GVH started investigating social media (...)

The Dusseldorf Higher Regional Court quashes the Competition Authority’s findings that a social network abused its dominant position by improperly combining user data that it has collected from various sources (Facebook)
Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau
,
Hausfeld (Berlin)
As previously reported in this Bulletin, on 6 February 2019, the German Bundeskartellamt (Federal Cartel Office – “FCO”) found that Facebook abused its dominance by improperly combining user data that it collected from various sources. As a remedy, the FCO imposed far-reaching restrictions on (...)

The UK Competition Authority invites interested parties to comment on its intention to accept commitments over an agreement that allegedly prevented the entry of a competing version in the drug fludrocortisone market (Aspen)
KPN (Amsterdam)
,
Bird & Bird (London)
On 14 August 2019 the Competition & Market Authority ("CMA") invited interested parties to comment on its intention to accept commitments from Aspen over an agreement that allegedly prevented the entry of a competing version of the drug fludrocortisone in the UK. The CMA suspected Aspen (...)

The Lithuanian Competition Authority terminates an abuse of dominance investigation after commitments are made by the postal service company (Lietuvos paštas)
Lithuanian Competition Authority (Vilnius)
Konkurencijos Taryba approves commitments by Lietuvos Paštas* Lietuvos paštas committed to inform other postal service providers about any pricing changes in advance and not to create any obstacles to its competitors operating in the same market. Konkurencijos taryba decided that these (...)

The German Competition Authority obtains amendments to seller rules active on a major online marketplace (Amazon)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt obtains far-reaching improvements in the terms of business for sellers on Amazon’s online marketplaces* In response to the competition concerns expressed by the Bundeskartellamt, Amazon is amending its terms of business for sellers on Amazon’s online marketplaces. Andreas (...)

The German Competition Authority ends an abuse probe after an online marketplace agrees to change business terms for dealers (Amazon)
Heinz & Zagrosek (Köln)
Bundeskartellamt ends abuse probe after Amazon agrees to changing business terms for dealers* On July 17, 2019, the German Bundeskartellamt (Federal Cartel Office, “FCO”) terminated its dominance probe into Amazon’s business terms towards sellers on its marketplace after Amazon agreed to various (...)

The German Competition Authority reaches an informal settlement with an online marketplace and closes investigation into the company’s commercial practices (Amazon)
Hausfeld (Berlin)
This article has been nominated for the 2020 Antitrust Writing Awards. Click here to learn more about the Antitrust Writing Awards. In July 2019, the German Bundeskartellamt (Federal Cartel Office – “FCO”) reached an informal settlement with Amazon and subsequently closed its investigation into (...)

The Brazilian Competition Authority enters into a settlement agreement with a major refining company for the sale of oil refineries (Petrobras)
Mattos Filho Veiga Filho Marrey Jr & Quiroga (New York)
,
Mattos Filho, Veiga Filho, Marrey Jr. & Quiroga (Sao Paulo)
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Mattos Filho, Veiga Filho, Marrey Jr. & Quiroga (Rio de Janeiro)
During a hearing held on June 11, 2019, the Administrative Council for Economic Defense (CADE) entered into a Settlement Agreement with Petrobras for the sale of eight oil refineries and associated infrastructure. The agreement was approved by the majority of CADE’s Commissioners and has in (...)

The US District Court for the Northern District of California finds that a semiconductor company’s "no license, no chips" program violates antitrust laws (Qualcomm)
Ropes & Gray (New York)
,
Ropes & Gray (New York)
,
Ropes & Gray (Boston)
This article has been nominated for the 2020 Antitrust Writing Awards. Click here to learn more about the Antitrust Writing Awards. On May 21, 2019, following a full trial on the merits, Judge Koh of the Northern District of California issued a 233-page opinion in a closely watched case (...)

The German Competition Authority announces that two sports committees have committed to enlarging the advertising opportunities for German athletes during the Olympic Games (DOSB / IOC)
Bird & Bird (Dusseldorf)
On 27 February 2019, the German Federal Cartel Office (“FCO”) issued a press release announcing that the German Olympic Sports Confederation (“DOSB”) and the International Olympic Committee (“IOC”) committed to enlarge the advertising opportunities for German athletes during the Olympic Games. This (...)

The German Competition Authority finds that the data gathering practices of a social network are an abuse of its dominant position, and orders amendments in its data processing policy (Facebook)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 6 February 2019, the German Federal Cartel Office (“FCO”) concluded administrative proceedings concerning the data gathering practices of Facebook Inc., Facebook Ireland and Facebook Germany (together “Facebook”). The FCO found that Facebook abused its dominant position by making the private use (...)

The Polish Competition Authority imposes commitments to restore competition on the railway infrastructure management market (PKP Cargo)
WKB Wierciński Kwieciński Baehr (Warsaw)
On 20 December 2018 the Polish Competition Authority ((Prezes Urzedu Ochrony Konkurencji i Konsumentów (“PCA” or the “Authority”) issued a decision in which it found that PKP Polskie Linie Kolejowe S.A. (“PKP” or the “Company”) could have abused its market position in relations with the suppliers of (...)

The EU Commission imposes a fine totalling €77M on a gas supply company and its subsidiaries for blocking access to key natural gas infrastructure in Bulgaria (BEH)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission fines BEH Group € 77 million for blocking access to key natural gas infrastructure in Bulgaria* The European Commission has fined Bulgarian Energy Holding (BEH), its gas supply subsidiary Bulgargaz and its gas infrastructure subsidiary Bulgartransgaz (the BEH group) €77 (...)

The South Korean FTC fines a company and imposes remedies for blocking potential rivals from entering the aviation reinsurance market (Korean Re)
Korea Fair Trade Commission (Seoul)
The Korea Fair Trade Commission (headed by Chairperson Kim Sang- Jo, hereinafter referred to as the ‘KFTC’) decided to impose remedies and approximately 7.6 billion won penalty surcharges* against Korean Reinsurance Co., (hereinafter referred to as ‘Korean Re’) for blocking potential rivals from (...)

The EU Commission accepts commitments from a company to settle an investigation into conduct affecting the German and Danish electricity markets (TenneT)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 7 December 2018, the European Commission (“Commission”) adopted a decision accepting a number of commitments from TenneT to address the Commission’s competition concerns regarding TenneT’s conduct that allegedly limited southward capacity at the electricity interconnector between Western Denmark (...)

The EU Commission imposes binding remedies on a German grid operator to increase electricity trading (TenneT)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission imposes binding obligations on TenneT to increase electricity trading capacity between Denmark and Germany* The European Commission has adopted a decision rendering legally binding commitments offered by German grid operator TenneT to significantly increase cross-border (...)

The French Competition Authority renders legally binding a set of remedies proposed by a media company, leaving its subscribers free to choose their TV decoder to watch its programmes (Canal Plus)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Satellite Pay TV* The Autorité de la concurrence makes the commitments of Groupe Canal Plus binding, leaving its subscribers free to choose their TV decoder to watch its programmes. The complaint A satellite decoder manufacturer lodged a complaint with the Autorité de la concurrence relating (...)

The EU Commission fines a Big Tech company €4.34 billion for illegal practices in distribution agreements for its mobile operating system (Google Android)
International Center for Law & Economics (Portland)
The EU’s Google Android antitrust decision falls prey to the nirvana fallacy* Today the European Commission launched its latest salvo against Google, issuing a decision in its three-year antitrust investigation into the company’s agreements for distribution of the Android mobile operating (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority renders legally binding a set of remedies that expand the scope of postal network access offer of a postal operator to competing operators (CTT)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
AdC’s intervention expands the scope of CTT postal network access offer to competing operators and broadens consumer choice* The Portuguese Competition Authority (AdC) adopted a decision which renders legally binding a set of commitments that expand the scope of CTT’s Postal Network Access Offer (...)

The Lithuanian Competition Authority closes its investigations against a bank for abuse of dominance (Swedbank)
Lithuanian Competition Authority (Vilnius)
Competition Council closes the investigation into Swedbank actions* The Competition Council closed the investigation into the compliance of Swedbank actions with the requirements of the Law on Competition upon Swedbank submitting written commitments suitable for the elimination of the alleged (...)

The EU Commission accepts the commitments offered by an oil and gas company to enable the free flow of gas in CEE gas markets at competitive prices (Gazprom)
IPR University Center (Helsinki)
The European Commission Settles the Long-running Antitrust Case with Gazprom by Agreeing on Commitments* After almost seven years, the European Commission (“Commission”) settled its long-running antitrust case with the Russian energy giant, PJSC Gazprom and its wholly-own subsidiary Gazprom (...)

The EU Commission imposes a set of binding obligations on a dominant gas supplier to enable free flow (Gazprom)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission imposes binding obligations on Gazprom to enable free flow of gas at competitive prices in Central and Eastern European gas markets* The European Commission has adopted a decision imposing on Gazprom a set of obligations that address the Commission’s competition concerns (...)

The EU Commission accepts commitments to settle an investigation into conduct affecting Central and Eastern European gas markets (Gazprom)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 24 May 2018, the Commission adopted a decision accepting a number of commitments from Gazprom to address the Commission’s competition concerns regarding conduct by Gazprom that allegedly restricted the free flow of gas at competitive prices in Central and Eastern European gas markets. The (...)

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