Notion of dominance

Dominance

The UK Competition Appeal Tribunal increases the Competition Authority’s fine imposed on a musical instrument firm for abuse of dominant position (Roland)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CAT increases fine after musical instrument firm breaks settlement bargain* The CMA has welcomed a Competition Appeal Tribunal judgment dismissing an appeal against a fine it imposed, instead increasing the fine from £4m to £5m. In June 2020, the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) fined (...)

The Russian Supreme Court confirms the Competition Authority’s decision to sanction a national railway company for abuse of dominant position (Russian Railways)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
The cassation supported decision of the FAS russia in relation to russian railways* The company violated antimonopoly legislation and abused its dominant position The Arbitration Court of the Moscow District supported the position of the FAS Russia in relation to Russian Railways JSC. As the (...)

The Chinese Competition Authority fines $2.8 billion an online market platform for abusing its dominant position (Alibaba)
University of Macau - Faculty of Law (Macau)
China’s antitrust penalty for Alibaba: reading between the lines* On 10 April 2021, the State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR), China’s competition authority responsible for the enforcement of the Anti-Monopoly Law (AML), announced the imposition of CNY 18 billion fine on Alibaba for (...)

The UK Competition Authority launches its Digital Markets Unit in order to boost and regulate online competition
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
New watchdog to boost online competition launches* A tough new regulator to help make sure tech giants such as Facebook and Google cannot exploit their market dominance to crowd out competition and stifle innovation online has launched. Digital Markets Unit begins work marking major milestone (...)

The EU Commission opens a formal investigation to assess whether a power exchange company abused its dominant position (EPEX Spot)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission opens investigation into possible anticompetitive behaviour by the power exchange EPEX Spot* The European Commission has opened a formal investigation to assess whether the power exchange EPEX Spot SE (‘EPEX Spot’) has been taking advantage of its dominant position to (...)

The EU Court of Justice dismisses the appeals lodged by two telecommunications companies against the judgments of the General Court relating to anticompetitive practices on the Slovak market (Slovak Telekom) (Deutsche Telekom)
European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
The Court of Justice dismisses the appeals lodged by Slovak Telekom and Deutsche Telekom against the judgments of the General Court relating to anticompetitive practices on the Slovak telecommunications market* The fine of € 38 061 963, for which those two companies were found jointly and (...)

The EU Court of Justice provides guidance on the circumstances in which an infringement of competition law can be imputed to a parent company (Slovak Telekom) (Deutsche Telekom)
Ashurst (London)
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Ashurst (Brussels)
In its ruling in Deutsche Telekom v Commission (C-152/19 P), the European Court of Justice ("ECJ") provided guidance on the application of the Bronner case law to refusal to supply cases, as well as on the relevant facts, and on the circumstances in which an infringement of competition law can (...)

The Dusseldorf Court aspires to submit, once it is phrased, its questions to the EU Court of Justice about a social network data protection (Facebook)
Spieker & Jaeger (Dortmund)
Of Pricing Guns, Social Networks and GDPR: The Düsseldorf Higher Regional Courts submits Facebook Case to the CJEU* On 24 March 2021 the Higher Regional Court (‘Oberlandesgericht’) of Düsseldorf put yet another twist to the ‘Facebook Saga’. Although the formal written submission is not yet (...)

The French Competition Authority rejects a referral filed by a national karaoke studio for lack of evidence (Singing Studio / Karafun)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence rejects the referral filed by Singing Studio in the karaoke sector for lack of evidence* Singing Studio’s complaint Singing Studio, which operates two establishments specialising in karaoke in Lille and Paris, has referred practices implemented by the Karafun (...)

The EU Commission opens an investigation into an electricity wholesaler’s behaviour in the Greek energy market (PPC)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission opens investigation into PPC’s behaviour in the Greek wholesale electricity market* The European Commission has opened a formal antitrust investigation to assess possible abusive behaviour by Public Power Corporation (‘PPC’) in the wholesale Greek electricity sector. (...)

The Italian Competition Authority accepts a company’s commitments in abuse of dominance probe in the market for natural gas distribution (Italgas)
Ashurst (Milan)
The Italian Competition Authority ("ICA") has recently closed with commitments an investigation against Italgas for an alleged abuse of dominance consisting of the refusal to supply essential information to the Venice municipality which was launching a tender concerning gas distribution (...)

The Italian Competition Authority closes its investigation against a national gas distributor for an alleged abuse of dominant position after it addressed competition concerns (Italgas)
Italian Competition Authority (Rome)
ICA: Italgas commitments accepted for the tender concerning the gas distribution service in some municipalities of the province of Venice* According to the Authority, the competitive concerns that had led to the opening of the investigation in May 2020 have been solved L’Autorità Garante della (...)

The German Competition Authority discontinues its proceedings against a national postal service company following the company’s decision to end its rebate system (Deutsche Post)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Fair competition in the dispatch of newspapers and magazines – Bundeskartellamt effects changes to Deutsche Post’s conditions In reaction to the Bundeskartellamt competition concerns, Deutsche Post AG has amended its system of conditions for the dispatch of newspapers and magazines. Andreas (...)

The German Competition Authority welcomes the decision of a postal service company to end its discount system for the dispatch of newspapers and magazines (Deutsche Post)
Bird & Bird (Dusseldorf)
The Deutsche Post AG (“DPAG”) has cancelled its until recently practiced discount system in relation to its dispatch services provided to newspaper and magazine publishers. The DPAG`s decision to stop discounting the dispatch services occurred after the German Federal Cartel Office initiated an (...)

The German Competition Authority accepts a postal service company’s commitments to end its discount system for the dispatch of newspapers and magazines (Deutsche Post)
Ashurst (Frankfurt)
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Ashurst (Munich)
On 26 February 2021, the German Federal Cartel Office ("FCO") closed its six-year investigation into Deutsche Post AG ("DPAG") after securing commitments in connection with practices relating to the dispatch of newspapers and magazines. The FCO suspected that DPAG had abused its dominant (...)

The Romanian Competition Authority opens an investigation into possible abuse of dominance of a national telecommunications company (Telekom Romania Communications)
Romanian Competition Council (Bucharest)
The Competition Council opens investigation into possible abuse of dominant position of Telekom Romania communications SA* The Competition Council is carrying out an investigation regarding a possible abuse of a dominant position of Telekom Romania Communications SA on the market of the (...)

The Paris Commercial Court imposes a €1,2 million fine on a big tech company for abuse of dominant position (Google / Oxone)
Ashurst (Paris)
In the context of a stand-alone action – which falls under the new provisions resulting from the transposition of the Damages Directive – the Paris Commercial Court ruling at first instance orders Google to pay EUR 1,2 million in damages to Oxone, a telephone directory services company. Oxone (...)

The EU Commission accepts commitments made by a pharmaceutical company to reduce prices for six off-patent cancer medicines by 73% addressing excessive pricing concerns (Aspen)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission accepts commitments by Aspen to reduce prices for six off-patent cancer medicines by 73% addressing excessive pricing concerns* The European Commission has made commitments offered by Aspen legally binding under EU antitrust rules. Aspen has to reduce its prices in Europe (...)

The Czech Competition Authority fines a national natural gas transporter for abuse of dominant position (NET 4 GAS)
Czech Competition Authority (Brno)
The office imposed fine amounting to CZK 10,000,000 on net4gas for abuse of dominant position* The Office for the Protection of Competition imposed a fine amounting to CZK 10,000,000 on NET4GAS, s. r. o., for abuse of dominant position and prohibited alleged conduct for the future. The (...)

The Australian Competition Authority releases an interim report addressing the lack of competition and transparency in the digital advertising technology market
Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (Canberra)
Lack of competition in ad tech affecting publishers, advertisers and consumers* A lack of competition and transparency in the digital advertising technology supply chain is impacting publishers, advertisers and consumers and needs to be addressed, according to the interim report for the ACCC’s (...)

The German Parliament releases amendments to its Act against restraints of competition
Ashurst (Frankfurt)
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Ashurst (Munich)
On 19 January 2021, a major amendment to the German Act Against Restraints of Competition (Gesetz gegen Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen, "GWB") – the so-called "GWB Digitisation Act – entered into force. The amendment pursues two major objectives: to create a regulatory framework for competition in the (...)

The German Parliament passes the 10th amendment of the German Act against restraints of competition
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 19 January 2021, the 10th Amendment of the German Act against Restraints of Competition (“ARC”) entered into force. The 10th Amendment, also referred to as the “Digitalisation Act”, introduces significant changes to German Competition Law. A previous issue of this newsletter (VBB on Competition (...)

The German Parliament passes the 10th amendment to the Act against Restraints of Competition which provides modifications and changes regarding abuse control
Hogan Lovells (Dusseldorf)
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Hogan Lovells (Dusseldorf)
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Hogan Lovells (Dusseldorf)
On 14 January 2021, the German parliament passed the long-awaited 10th amendment to the Act against Restraints of Competition (ARC). This came after the governing parties, CDU/CSU and SPD, had submitted a final amendment "at the eleventh hour" which provided for some additional modifications (...)

The Danish Maritime and Commercial High Court confirms the Competition Authority’s decision stating that a Swedish engine manufacturer abused its dominant position (Deutz / Diesel Motor Nordic)
Danish Competition and Consumer Authority (Copenhagen)
Danish Maritime and Commercial High Court: Deutz and Diesel Motor Nordic infringed competition legislation by preventing the supply of spare parts for the IC3-trains* On 11 January 2021, the Maritime and Commercial High Court has confirmed that Deutz abused its dominant position by refusing to (...)

The Latvian Supreme Court confirms the conclusion of the Competition Authority’s restrictions on the cremation market (Rīgas satiksme)
Konkurences padome (Riga)
A judgment of the Supreme Court confirms the conclusion of the Competition Council on competition restriction on the cremation market of Riga* Already in 2015 the Competition Council of The Republic of Latvia (the CC), after conducted sector inquiry, raised alarm concerning the disorganised (...)

The EU Commission and the UK Government publish an agreement governing post-Brexit trade relations that includes provisions on competition law enforcement and cooperation
Van Bael & Bellis (London)
The Trade Cooperation Agreement (the “TCA”) includes various provisions regulating EU and UK competition law enforcement and cooperation, which became effective as of 1 January 2021. Competition law and merger control The TCA provides for a mutual commitment from the UK and the EU to maintain (...)

The German Competition Authority publishes its 2020 market power report on the electricity generation sector
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt’s 2020 market power report on the electricity generation sector* The Bundeskartellamt has today published its second market power report – report on the conditions of competition in the electricity generation sector in 2020. As in the previous year, the report focuses on (...)

The Italian Competition Authority fines main national ticket operator €10.9 million for abuse of dominant position (TicketOne)
Bird & Bird (Rome)
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Bird & Bird (Rome)
On 22 December 2020, the Italian Competition Authority (AGCM) issued an important decision fining CTS Eventim €10.9 million for having implemented an unlawful exclusive strategy in the Italian market of pop music events ticket sellers. In September 2018, the AGCM launched an investigation (...)

The Spanish Competition authority initiates proceedings against two pharmaceutical companies for abuse of dominant position ((Leadiant Biosciences SPA / Leadiant Biosciences LTD))
Spanish Competition Authority (Madrid)
The CNMC initiates disciplinary proceedings against Leadiant Biosciences Spa and Leadiant Biosciences LTD for alleged practices prohibited by the Antitrust Law It is investigating a potential abuse of their dominant market position in Spain involving the manufacture and supply of the drug (...)

The German Competition Authority announces that it has initiated abuse proceedings against a social platform company for linkage with a virtual reality products brand (Oculus / Facebook)
Herbert Smith Freehills (Brussels)
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Herbert Smith Freehills (Brussels)
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Herbert Smith Freehills (Dusseldorf)
The German FCO has not lost its appetite to take on major tech companies. Today, it has announced that it has initiated abuse proceedings against Facebook to examine the linkage between Oculus virtual reality products and Facebooks’ social network. The accusations against Facebook Facebook’s (...)

The German Competition Authority examines linkage between virtual reality products brand and social network company (Oculus / Facebook)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt examines linkage between Oculus and the Facebook network* The Bundeskartellamt has today initiated abuse proceedings against Facebook to examine the linkage between Oculus virtual reality products and the social network and Facebook platform. Andreas Mundt, President of the (...)

The OECD holds a roundtable on abuse of dominance in digital markets
OECD - Competition Division (Paris)
Many digital markets exhibit certain characteristics, such as low variable costs, high fixed costs and strong network effects, that result in high market shares for a small number of firms. In some cases, these lead to “competition for the market” dynamics, in which a single firm captures the (...)

The EU Commissioner Margrethe Vestager delivers a speech on priorities for competition policy and enforcement at the OECD
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 7 December 2020, the European Commissioner responsible for competition policy Margrethe Vestager delivered a speech at the OECD Global Forum on Competition entitled “Competition policy: time for a reset?” in which she discussed the Commission’s priorities for 2021 (see, attachment). These (...)

The UK Competition Authority and the EU Commission publish guidance on the impact of Brexit on competition law
Herbert Smith Freehills (London)
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Herbert Smith Freehills (London)
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Herbert Smith Freehills (London)
Last week both the CMA and the European Commission published their final guidance on the impact of Brexit on competition law after the end of the transition period. Both sets of guidance explain the legal changes after the end of the transition period on 31 December 2020 and how these will (...)

The UK Competition Authority publishes guidance to explain how it will conduct its work following the end of the transition period after Brexit
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA publishes EU Exit guidance* The CMA has today published further guidance to explain how it will conduct its work following the end of the Transition Period for the UK’s exit from the EU. As of 1 January 2021, the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) will take on responsibility for (...)

The Chinese SAMR promulgates the Anti-monopoly Guidelines for intellectual property rights providing a more detailed analytical framework for monopoly agreements and abuse of dominant position
King & Wood Mallesons (Beijing)
In 2020, SAMR promulgated the Anti-monopoly Guidelines for Intellectual Property Rights, i.e. IP Guidelines, which provide a more detailed analytical framework for monopoly agreements and abuse of dominant market position involving intellectual property: Definition of relevant market: The IP (...)

The Dutch Competition Authority finds in its study of major tech firms on the national payment market that tightening of rules is needed to maintain a level playing field
Netherlands Authority for Consumers & Markets (The Hague)
Big Tech and the Dutch payment market: tightening of rules needed to maintain a level playing field* Big Tech companies such as Apple, Facebook, Amazon, or Ant Group (Alibaba) must ensure that their platforms or devices are suitable for different providers of payment services. The Netherlands (...)

The Irish Competition Authority seeks High Court order on ticket sales and distribution company’s agreement (Ticketmaster)
Irish Competition Authority (Dublin)
CCPC seeks High Court order on Ticketmaster agreement* Why did the CCPC investigate ticketing? In January 2017, the Competition and Consumer Protection Commission (CCPC) commenced an investigation into suspected anti-competitive practices in relation to the provision of tickets and the (...)

The Regional Court of Düsseldorf questions the EU Court of Justice on standard essential patents licensing in supply chains (Nokia / Daimler)
Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe (Dusseldorf)
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Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe (Washington)
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Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe (Dusseldorf)
In a decision of November 26, 2020 in a patent infringement case of Nokia Technologies Oy against Daimler AG, the Düsseldorf Regional Court (file number 4c O 17/19) referred several questions to the European Court of Justice (ECJ) regarding the licensing of standard essential patents (SEPs) (...)

The Mexican Competition Authority investigates possible relative monopolistic practices in the market for the supply, distribution, and retail sale of consumer goods and related services
Mexican Competition Authority (Mexico City)
COFECE investigates possible relative monopolistic practices in the market for the supply, distribution and retail sale of consumer goods and related services* This investigation shall not be understood as a prejudgment, but as an action of the authority to verify compliance with the Federal (...)

The Regional Court of Düsseldorf refers questions regarding the licensing of standard essential patents in multi-layered supply chains to the EU Court of Justice (Nokia / Daimler)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 26 November 2020, the Regional Court of Düsseldorf (“Düsseldorf Court”) decided to request a preliminary ruling from the Court of Justice of the European Union (“ECJ”) in patent infringement proceedings involving Nokia and Daimler. The questions give the ECJ the opportunity to offer guidance on (...)

The UK Competition Authority fines a price comparison website for applying most-favoured nation clause (ComparetheMarket)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA fines ComparetheMarket £17.9m for competition law breach* The CMA has fined ComparetheMarket £17.9 million after it found that clauses used in the company’s contracts with home insurers breached competition law. An investigation by the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has concluded (...)

The UK Competition Authority fines a price comparison website for using most favored nation clause (ComparetheMarket)
Ashurst (London)
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Ashurst (London)
On 19 November 2020, the UK Competition and Markets Authority ("CMA") announced that it had issued an infringement decision finding that the price comparison website ComparetheMarket infringed Chapter I prohibition of the Competition Act 1998 and Article 101 TFEU as a result of the use of wide (...)

The Slovak Competition Authority initiates administrative proceedings in the matter of possible abuse of dominant position in the area of waste management
Slovak Competition Authority (Bratislava)
AMO SR initiated an administrative proceedings in the matter of possible abuse of dominant position in the area of waste management* On 18 November 2020 the Antimonopoly Office of the Slovak Republic, the Division of Abuse of Dominant Position, (hereafter “the Office”), based on its own (...)

The UK Competition Authority fines a comparison website for use of wide MFN clauses (ComparetheMarket)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 19 November 2020, the UK’s Competition and Markets Authority (“CMA”) fined the price comparison website ComparetheMarket, and its parent companies, £ 17.9 million for breaching the UK and EU competition rules. The CMA found that ComparetheMarket breached the prohibition of anti-competitive (...)

The EU Court of Auditors encourages the Commission to tighten the screws on ‘big tech’
Loyens & Loeff (Amsterdam)
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Loyens & Loeff (Amsterdam)
European Court of Auditors encourages European Commission to tighten the screws on ‘Big Tech’* The Court of Auditors believes that the introduction of new instruments should go hand in hand with stricter enforcement of existing instruments In a Special Report published on 19 November 2020, the (...)

The Slovakian Competition Authority publishes its annual report for 2019
Bird & Bird (Bratislava)
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Bird & Bird (Bratislava)
The Antimonopoly Office of the Slovak Republic (hereinafter referred to as the "Office") has published its annual report on its website, in which it has evaluated and summarized its activities in the past year. In 2019, the Office imposed fines of over EUR 3.3 million, approximately one third (...)

The Hellenic Competition Authority releases a statement of objections for alleged abuse of dominant position as well as contractual terms and practices related to the operation of the distribution network against a company in the market of press distribution (ARGOS)
Hellenic Competition Authority (Athens)
Statement of Objections following an ex officio investigation in the market of Press distribution, in relation to alleged infringements of Articles 1 and 2 of Law 3959/2011 and /or Articles 101 and 102 TFEU, as well as an ex officio investigation initiated pursuant to HCC’s Decision No (...)

The New Zealand Competition Authority proposes that a regulated monopolist can spend $523 million to fix its electricity lines network in Dunedin, Central Otago, and Queenstown Lakes (Aurora Energy)
New Zealand Commerce Commission (Wellington)
Commission proposes Aurora can spend $523m to fix its network* The Commerce Commission has today released for consultation a package of measures in response to Aurora Energy’s plan to fix its electricity lines network in Dunedin, Central Otago and Queenstown Lakes. In June 2020, Aurora filed (...)

The Chinese SAMR issues antitrust guidelines for the platform economic industry
King & Wood Mallesons (Beijing)
10 Highlights of the Antitrust Guidelines for Platform Economy* On 10 November, the Anti-Monopoly Bureau of the State Administration for Market Regulation (“SAMR”) issued the Antitrust Guidelines for the Platform Economic Industry (draft for comments) (“Platform Guidelines”). [1] The release of (...)

The Georgian Parliament adopts amendments to its competition act
University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Upgrading Georgia’s Competition Legislation – New Obligations and Balancing Benefits for Market Players* Recently, after almost 15 months of discussions, the Parliament of Georgia adopted a comprehensive set of amendments to the Law on Competition (hereinafter – “LC”). Prepared within the framework (...)

The Swedish Patent and Market Court issues a judgment regarding the national alcohol retailer’s monopoly and e-commerce (Systembolaget)
Bird & Bird (Stockholm)
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Bird & Bird (Stockholm)
The Swedish Patent and Market Court has recently issued a judgement concerning Systembolaget’s alcohol retail monopoly. The background to the case is that the Swedish Alcohol Act (2010:1622) only allows the state monopoly, Systembolaget, to conduct retail sales of alcoholic beverages. However, (...)

The EU Commission calls for contributions regarding the relationship between competition and sustainability policies
Hogan Lovells (Munich/Frankfurt)
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Hogan Lovells (Berlin)
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Hogan Lovells (Dusseldorf)
With the announcement of the European Green Deal at the latest, the issue of sustainability and environmental protection has been pushed high up the agenda of competition law practitioners and scholars. With the recently published background paper of the German Working Group on Competition Law (...)

The EU Commission publishes a call for contributions to determine if and how competition policy can better support the European Green Deal
Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (London)
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Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (Brussels)
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Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (Brussels)
On October 13, 2020, the European Commission published a call for contributions to determine if and how EU competition policy can better support the European Green Deal. The European Green Deal is a comprehensive action plan aimed at making Europe the world’s first climate neutral continent by (...)

The EU Commission calls for contributions to gather ideas on how competition rules and sustainability policies can best work together
Latham & Watkins (Brussels)
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Latham & Watkins (Brussels)
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Latham & Watkins (London)
The European Green Deal & Competition Policy – Call for contributions on how EU competition rules and sustainability policies can work together* On 13 October 2020, the European Commission (EC) published a call for contributions to gather ideas on how EU competition rules (State aid, (...)

The UK Competition Authority investigates on a pharma company for abuse of dominance (Essential Pharma)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 6 October 2020, the Competition and Markets Authority ( CMA ) started an inquiry into Essential Pharma to determine whether that company abused an allegedly dominant position when announcing the withdrawal from the UK market of Priadel®, a lithium based medicine indicated for the first line (...)

The US House Judiciary Committee Antitrust Subcommittee issues its majority report of its investigation of competition in digital markets
Bona Law (Detroit)
Classic Antitrust Cases: Trinko, linkLine and the House Report on Big Tech* On October 6, 2020, the Antitrust Subcommittee of the U.S. House Judiciary Committee issued its long-anticipated Majority Report of its Investigation of Competition in Digital Markets. As expected, the Report detailed (...)

The UK Competition Authority drafts guidance on its role, powers and processes after Brexit
Hogan Lovells (London)
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Hogan Lovells (London)
The UK Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has recently published draft guidance on how its role, powers, and processes will operate once the transition period provided for by the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement comes to an end, on 31 December 2020. The CMA’s guidance focuses on its role in (...)

The US Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit reverses a judgment that upheld “skinny labels” and allowed a generic to launch on uses not covered by a patent (GlaxoSmithKline / Teva)
Rutgers University (Camden)
On October 2, 2020, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit vacated a district court’s judgment in favor of defendant Teva in a case involving “skinny labels.” GlaxoSmithKline LLC v. Teva Pharm. USA, Inc., 976 F.3d 1347 (Fed. Cir. 2020). When a drug can be used to treat multiple (...)

The UK Competition Authority drafts guidelines regarding its functions after Brexit
Bird & Bird (London)
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Bird & Bird (London)
For decades the Competition and Markets Authority ("CMA") and its predecessor, the Office of Fair Trading ("OFT"), have worked in symbiosis with the European Commission ("Commission") on competition law enforcement and merger investigations. Following the UK’s decision to leave the EU and at the (...)

The Russian Competition Authority issues a warning to a manufacturer of cash register equipment to eliminate an abuse of dominance violation (Evotor)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
FAS ISSUED WARNING TO THE MANUFACTURER OF CASH REGISTER EQUIPMENT EVOTOR * FAS received complaints on violations of the antimonopoly legislation from organizations and entrepreneurs using Evotor cash register equipment The FAS found that Evotor LLC directed a software update to the cash (...)

The Polish Competition Authority initiates investigation into the relations between broadcasters and operators of cable TV and digital platforms following complaints on the methods of selling TV shows by broadcasters
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
President of UOKiK will check practices of TV broadcasters* Does the sale of TV packages to operators, including cable networks, by broadcasters hinder competition? Do the broadcasters leverage their market position in the advertising market? This will be the subject of explanatory proceedings (...)

The French Competition Authority issues an opinion on the competitive bidding process of middle and outer rings of Greater Paris bus lines (Île-de-France Mobilités)
Autorité de la concurrence (Paris)
Opening up bus networks in Ile-de-France to competition: the Autorité issues an opinion to Île-de-France Mobilités on the competitive bidding process of middle and outer rings of Greater Paris bus lines* Background Following a referral by the Île-de-France Transport Trade Association, also known (...)

The International Competition Network addresses enforcement and policy challenges of the digital economy conference co-hosted with the US DoJ and FTC
US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) (Washington)
International Competition Network Addresses Enforcement and Policy Challenges of the Digital Economy at United States-Hosted 19th Annual Conference The International Competition Network held its 19th annual conference on Sept. 14-17, 2020. Co-hosted by the Federal Trade Commission and the (...)

The EU Court of Justice addresses how incompatibility with net neutrality shall be assessed under the relevant legislation regarding open internet access (Telenor Magyarország / Nemzeti Média- és Hírközlési Hatóság Elnöke)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
The Court of Justice of the European Union (“ CJEU ”), in its recent decision with regard to the two joint cases (C‐807/18 and C‐39/19) brought before it for preliminary ruling, addressed how incompatibility with net neutrality shall be assessed under the relevant legislation regarding open (...)

The US New York State Senate proposes legislation to modernize state antitrust law and expands the State’s and private litigants’ ability to litigate against companies for anticompetitive conduct (Twenty-First Century Anti-Trust Act)
Constantine Cannon (New York)
New York Could Lead the Nation Into 21st Century Antitrust Enforcement* New York is on the verge of revamping state antitrust enforcement to tackle competition issues of the 21st Century. On September 14, 2020, the Consumer Protection Committee of the New York State Senate held a virtual (...)

The Japanese FTC approves a commitment plan brought by an e-commerce company (Amazon)
Japan Fair Trade Commission (Tokyo)
Approval of the Commitment Plan submitted by Amazon Japan G.K.* In response to the notice which the Japan Fair Trade Commission (hereinafter referred to as the “JFTC”) issued to Amazon Japan G.K. (hereinafter referred to as “Amazon Japan”) in accordance with the Commitment Procedures on July 10, (...)

The German Government submits a draft of the digitalisation act amending national competition law
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
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Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 9 September 2020, the German Government tabled the draft 10th amendment of the German Act against Restraints of Competition (“ARC”), also referred to as the ARC Digitalisation Act. The draft amendment entails significant changes in the areas of abuse of dominance, merger control, cartel fines (...)

The EU Court of Justice Advocate General Saugmandsgaard Øe advises to dismiss the parties’ challenges to the Commission’s finding abuse of dominance on the Slovak broadband services market (Slovak Telekom) (Deutsche Telekom)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 9 September 2020, Advocate General (“AG”) Saugmandsgaard Øe issued his opinion in Deutsche Telekom v. European Commission (Case C-152/19) and Slovak Telekom v. European Commission (Case C-165/19) advising the Court of Justice (“ECJ”) to dismiss the parties’ challenges to the Commission’s finding (...)

The Polish Competition Authority investigates retrospective discounts in the food retail sector (Biedronka)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
President of UOKiK investigates retrospective discounts* President of UOKiK Tomasz Chróstny has initiated explanatory proceedings to check whether the retail chains are not leveraging their contractual advantage over small and medium-sized enterprises supplying products to their stores through (...)

The Finnish Competition Authority announces that all Nordic countries have joined the agreement on cooperation in competition cases
Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority (Helsinki)
All Nordic countries have now joined the Agreement on Cooperation in Competition Cases* In July 2020, Iceland joined the Nordic Agreement on Cooperation in Competition Cases. Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden had already joined the agreement. All Nordic countries are now parties to the (...)

The Polish Competition Authority announces it will check a national e-commerce platforms’ practices for cooperation practices with its sellers (Allegro)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
President of UOKiK will check practices of Allegro* What are the conditions of cooperation between Allegro and its users? President of UOKiK Tomasz Chróstny has instigated an investigation procedure concerning the practices of Allegro to check whether there might have been any violations of (...)

The Mexican Competition Authority investigates possible relative monopolistic practices in the market for digital advertisement services and related services
Mexican Competition Authority (Mexico City)
COFECE investigates possible relative monopolistic practices in the market for digital advertisement services and related services* Mexico City, August 24, 2020.- The Investigative Authority of the Mexican Federal Economic Competition Commission (COFECE or Commission) published today in the (...)

The US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit overturns a ruling finding that a semiconductor company’s licensing practice abused dominant position (Qualcomm)
Hogan Lovells (Washington)
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Hogan Lovells (Washington)
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Hogan Lovells (Washington)
On 11 August 2020, a panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (“Ninth Circuit”), in a unanimous opinion by Judge Callahan, reversed the U.S. Federal Trade Commission’s (“FTC’s”) win in the district court against Qualcomm Inc. (“Qualcomm”) and upheld Qualcomm’s licensing practices, (...)

The US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit reverses a ruling finding that a semiconductor company abuses its dominant position regarding its standard-essential patents (Qualcomm)
Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (London)
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Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (Washington)
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Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (New York)
On August 11, 2020, a Ninth Circuit panel reversed the District Court for the Northern District of California’s judgment in FTC v. Qualcomm, Inc. The panel held that Qualcomm’s conduct—(a) refusing to license its standards essential patents (SEPs) to rival chipset manufacturers; (b) refusing to (...)

The US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit rules that there is no antitrust violation in a multinational semiconductor company’s licensing of its standard-essential patents (Qualcomm)
Mintz Levin Cohn Ferris Glovsky and Popeo PC (Boston)
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Mintz Levin Cohn Ferris Glovsky and Popeo PC (Washington)
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Mintz Levin Cohn Ferris Glovsky and Popeo PC (New York)
Ninth Circuit Reverses FTC Win in FTC v. Qualcomm, Finding No Antitrust Violations from Qualcomm’s Licensing of its Standard-Essential Patents* In a reversal that came as no surprise to many observers, on Tuesday, August 11, 2020, a unanimous panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth (...)

The US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit strikes down sweeping injunction against semiconductor company and reins in expansive interpretation of Sherman Act (Qualcomm)
Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (New York)
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Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (Washington DC)
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Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (Washington DC)
On August 11, 2020, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit decisively reversed the Federal Trade Commission’s (FTC or Commission) controversial district court win challenging Qualcomm’s licensing practices. In rejecting every aspect of the lower court’s decision, the Ninth Circuit panel (...)

The US FTC charges a $10 million fine to a company that illegally maintained a monopoly over the Opioid Addiction Treatment Suboxone (Indivior)
US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) (Washington)
Indivior, Inc. to Pay $10 Million to Consumers, Settling FTC Charges that the Company Illegally Maintained a Monopoly over the Opioid Addiction Treatment Suboxone* FTC alleges company used anticompetitive tactics to impede competition from lower-cost generics Indivior, Inc. has agreed to pay (...)

The Mexican Competition Authority investigates monopolistic practices consisting in establishing exclusivity conditions of sale or purchase in the market for production, distribution and commercialization of medical oxygen
Mexican Competition Authority (Mexico City)
COFECE investigates possible relative monopolistic practices in the market for production, distribution and commercialization of medical oxygen in the Mexican territory* This investigation must not be understood as a prejudgment but rather as an action of the authority to verify compliance with (...)

The Italian Supreme Administrative Court refers to the EU Court of Justice questions concerning the interpretation and application of Art. 102 TFEU following an abuse of dominance in the electricity market (Enel)
Bird & Bird (Rome)
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Bird & Bird (Rome)
On 20 July, the Italian Supreme Administrative Court (Consiglio di Stato, CDS) referred to the Court of Justice (CJ) several questions concerning the interpretation and application of Article 102 TFEU. In the context of the dispute following the Italian Competition Authority’s decision to (...)

The Beijing Intellectual Property Court rules that a national audio-video copyright association did not abuse its dominant position (KTV / CAVCA)
King & Wood Mallesons (Beijing)
Antitrust litigations concerning intellectual property rights increased in 2020. Among notable cases, the case of eight KTV v. China Audio Video Copyright Association (“CAVCA”) for its abuse of dominance attracted particular attention. Background In this case, the plaintiffs of eight KTV (...)

The German Federal Court of Justice rejects an appeal against prohibition of exclusivity clauses in online sales of event tickets (Eventim)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
In December 2017, the German Federal Cartel Office (“FCO”) prohibited ticketing services provider CTS Eventim from using exclusivity agreements with event organisers and ticket offices. CTS Eventim had to amend its contractual clauses and allow trading partners to sell at least 20% of their (...)

The Lithuanian Competition Authority adopts guidance on main criteria used in the assessment of undertakings’ dominance
Lithuanian Competition Authority (Vilnius)
Konkurencijos taryba approves explanations concerning the assessment of a dominant position* Konkurencijos taryba has adopted the guidance indicating the main principles and criteria used when assessing if an undertaking holds a dominant position, as well as its position in the relevant (...)

The UK Court of Appeal provides guidance on the legal test for excessive and unfair pricing after finding that an undertaking is charged unfairly high prices for phenytoin sodium capsules (Flynn / Pfizer)
Covington & Burling (Brussels)
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Covington & Burling (Brussels)
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Covington & Burling (Brussels)
Under Article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (“TFEU”), an undertaking may abuse its dominant position by “directly or indirectly imposing unfair purchase or selling prices”. The UK Court of Appeal recently provided guidance regarding the legal test to determine whether (...)

The UK Court of Appeal considers the test for excessive pricing after an undertaking had charged unfairly high prices for phenytoin sodium capsules (Pfizer / Flynn)
Bristows (London)
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Bristows (London)
Introduction In December 2016, the UK’s Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) found that Pfizer and Flynn had charged unfairly high prices for phenytoin sodium capsules, an important anti-epilepsy drug, in breach of competition law. The CMA imposed fines totalling £90 million. Pfizer and Flynn (...)

The UK Court of Appeal seeks to reinstate record fines totalling £89.4million imposed on pharmaceutical companies for abuse of dominant position through excessive and unfair pricing of an anti-epilepsy drug (Pfizer / Flynn)
Herbert Smith Freehills (London)
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Herbert Smith Freehills (Brussels)
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Herbert Smith Freehills (London)
On 10 March 2020 the UK Court of Appeal handed down its hotly anticipated judgment in Flynn Pharma Limited & Anr vs Competition and Markets Authority. The UK Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) was seeking to reinstate record fines totalling £89.4m imposed on pharmaceutical companies (...)

The French Competition Authority fines a company for non-compliance with commitments in the funeral insurance market in La Réunion (Mutualité de la Réunion)
Autorité de la concurrence (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence has fined La Mutualité de la Réunion for non-compliance with commitments* In brief The Autorité has imposed a fine of €200,000 on La Mutualité de la Réunion (MR) for failing to comply with part of the commitments it had entered into before the Autorité that aimed to (...)

The Indian Competition Authority closes a case of alleged abuse of dominance by the Indian state broadcaster and the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (Next Radio / Prasar Bharti / Ministry of Information and Broadcasting)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
The CCI closed a case of alleged abuse of dominance by Indian state broadcaster Prasar Bharti and the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (Opposite Parties). [1] Two private broadcasters complained that the Opposite Parties had abused their dominance in the market for the provision of (...)

The UK Competition Authority welcomes the EU Court of Justice’s ruling in a pay-for-delay case (Generics - UK / GlaxoSmithKline / Actavis / Xellia Pharmaceuticals / Merck / Alpharma)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA welcomes EU Court ruling in pay-for-delay drug case* The CMA welcomes a ruling from the EU Court of Justice in relation to its case that drug companies supplying an antidepressant called paroxetine broke the law. The ruling, released today, follows appeals from GlaxoSmithKline and other (...)

The EU Court of Justice clarifies for the first time when patent settlement agreements that restrict a generic pharmaceutical company’s ability to enter the market infringe the EU antitrust rules (Generics - UK / GlaxoSmithKline / Actavis / Xellia Pharmaceuticals / Merck / Alpharma)
Baker Botts (Brussels)
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Baker Botts (Brussels)
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Baker Botts (Brussels)
In a major judgment handed down on 30 January 2020 in Generics (UK) and Others, the EU Court of Justice (the Court) – the EU’s highest court – clarified for the first time the analytical framework for assessing when patent settlement agreements that restrict a generic pharmaceutical company’s (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses a complaint by a fintech company for becoming dominant in the market after purchasing a technology provider in the financial services industry (Satyen Narendra Bajaj / PayU)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
It is trite law that, while the Competition Act prohibits an abuse of a dominant position, the mere existence of a dominant position with no evidence of abuse is not prohibited. This was made clear by the CCI in dismissing a complaint that PayU, a fintech company that provides payment (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority imposes interim measures against a sport’s association because of its anticompetitive rules (Belgian Bumper Pool Association)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
Interim measure imposed on the Belgian Bumper Pool Association concerning the bumper pool balls that may be played with in competitions and matches* At the request of HCSB BVBA (manufacturer of bumper pool balls), the Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA) has imposed (...)

The French Competition Authority rejects a request for interim measures against a dominant telecom company accused of denying access to its fibre-to-the-premises infrastructure (AOTA / Orange)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Orange activated fibre offer: the Autorité rejects the complaint of AOTA* The Autorité de la concurrence rejects the AOTA’s complaint regarding Orange’s practices for lack of evidence. The Autorité also announces the launching of an exploratory investigation into the business telecoms market. The (...)

The French Competition Authority finds that a non-notifiable acquisition does not amount to an abuse of dominant position in the broadcasting market (Towercast / Itas / TDF)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 16 January 2020, the French Competition Authority (the “FCA”) handed down a decision in which it found that mergers and acquisitions did not amount to an abuse of a dominant position. In the case at hand, Towercast (a company active on the market of terrestrial broadcasting in France) (...)

The Copenhagen City Court fines an ambulance service company for abusing of its dominant position by excluding its competitors through the adoption of exclusion strategies (Falck / BIOs)
Danish Competition and Consumer Authority (Copenhagen)
FINE OF DKK 30 MILLION TO FALCK* The City Court of Copenhagen has imposed a fine of DKK 30 million to the ambulance service company Falck Danmark A/S for abuse of dominant position. Falck abused its dominant position by excluding its competitor BIOS from ambulance services in the Region of (...)

The Turkish Administrative Court annuls the fining decision of the Competition Authority because it failed to meet the required standards for establishing a competition law infringement based on excessive pricing (Sahibinden.com)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses Ankara 6th Administrative Court’s (the “Administrative Court”) annulment judgment (18.12.2019; 2019/946 E., 2019/2625 K.) through which the Administrative Court reviewed the Turkish Competition Board’s (the “Board”) decision dated 01.10.2018 and numbered 18-36/584-285, (...)

The EU Commission imposes interim measures on a technology company suspected to have abused its dominance in the TV and modem chipset markets (Broadcom)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission imposes interim measures on Broadcom in TV and modem chipset markets* The European Commission has ordered Broadcom to stop applying certain provisions contained in agreements with six of its main customers. This will prevent serious and irreparable harm to competition (...)

The EU Commission imposes interim measures on a company for abuse of dominance in the TV and modem chipset markets (Broadcom)
Gómez-Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
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Gómez-Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
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Gómez-Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
On 16 October 2018, the European Commission announced that, in the framework of its investigation into possible anticompetitive practices by Broadcom, it had imposed interim measures on the American company. This is the first time in 18 years that the Commission uses the power enshrined in (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority carries out an unannounced inspection in the pharmaceutical sector
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
The Belgian Competition Authority is conducting inspections in the pharmaceutical sector* The Investigation and Prosecution Service of the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA) is currently conducting inspections at the premises of companies suspected of having implemented restrictive practices (...)

The Indian Supreme Court flips its jurisprudence on abuse of dominance in a case involving radios taxis alleged of predatory pricing (Uber)
Indian Competition Commission (New Delhi)
On September 3, 2019 The Supreme Court of India vide its judgement in Uber India Systems Pvt. Ltd. (Uber) v. Competition Commission of India (CCI) appears to have flipped the jurisprudence on abuse of dominance under the Indian Competition Act, 2002 (the “Act”) by requiring the assessment of the (...)

The Indian Supreme Court dismisses an appeal against an investigation into allegations of abuse of dominance (Uber)
Jindal Initiative on Research in IP and Competition (Delhi)
SUPREME COURT OF INDIA UPHOLDS INVESTIGATION AGAINST UBER* The Hon’ble Supreme Court of India has dismissed an appeal[Uber India Systems Pvt. Ltd v Competition Commission of India, Civil Appeal No. 641 of 2017] filed by Uber India Systems Pvt. Ltd. (‘Uber’) against an order of the erstwhile (...)

The Indian Supreme Court requests the Competition Authority’s Director General to continue the investigation allegations relating the abuse of dominance in the radio taxis sector (Uber)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
Deciding on an appeal from the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT), the Supreme Court requested the Director General, CCI (DG) to continue investigating allegations relating to abuse of dominance by Uber in the National Capital Region (NCR). [1] In considering whether the (...)

The Mauritian Competition Authority orders two multinational financial companies to reduce their banking interchange fees in order to promote competition (Visa / MasterCard)
Primerio Limited (Johannesburg)
Mauritius: Competition Commission orders VISA and MasterCard to lower interchange fees* On 13 August 2019, the Competition Commission of Mauritius (CCM) has, following a lengthy investigation, ordered VISA and MasterCard (Respondents) to reduce their banking interchange fees from 1% to 0,5%. (...)

The Indian Competition Authority orders investigation into a multinational technology company with the aim of protecting Micro-processors importers from the company’s discriminatory practices (Intel)
Gujarat National Law University (Gandhinagar)
On 9th August 2019, the Competition Commission of India directed the Director General to carry out investigations against Intel Corporation for allegedly violating Section 3 and 4 of the Indian Competition Act, 2002 (the ‘Act’). The case in hand was filed by Matrix Info Systems Pvt. Ltd. (the (...)

The Indian Competition Authority rejects a complaint according to which an online booking accommodation provider abused of its dominant position (RKG / OYO)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
In a case with important implications for the budget hotel sector, the CCI rejected at prima facie stage a complaint by RKG Hospitality, a hotelier, that Oravel Stays (OYO), which provides budget accommodation through online booking, had abused its dominant position by imposing one-sided, (...)

The Indian Competition Authority declares that an undertaking has not abused of its dominant position in the budget hotels market without having determined dominance (Rkg / Oyo)
National University of Study and Research in Law (Ranchi)
CCI in its recent judgements has exhibited a wide-ranging determinant quotient while examining the status of dominant position of the market players. While it is commendable that CCI defines relevant market in every dispute incorporating the facts of the particular dispute and bases its further (...)

The EU Commission opens investigation into the allegedly anticompetitive conduct of a multinational online platform focused on e-commerce (Amazon)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission opens investigation into possible anti-competitive conduct of Amazon* The European Commission has opened a formal antitrust investigation to assess whether Amazon’s use of sensitive data from independent retailers who sell on its marketplace is in breach of EU competition (...)

The German Competition Authority obtains amendments of seller rules active on a major online marketplace (Amazon)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt obtains far-reaching improvements in the terms of business for sellers on Amazon’s online marketplaces* In response to the competition concerns expressed by the Bundeskartellamt, Amazon is amending its terms of business for sellers on Amazon’s online marketplaces. Andreas (...)

The German Competition Authority ends an abuse probe after an online market place agrees to change business terms for dealers (Amazon)
Heinz & Zagrosek (Köln)
Bundeskartellamt ends abuse probe after Amazon agrees to changing business terms for dealers* On July 17, 2019, the German Bundeskartellamt (Federal Cartel Office, “FCO”) terminated its dominance probe into Amazon’s business terms towards sellers on its marketplace after Amazon agreed to various (...)

The District Court of Rotterdam annuls a €41 million fine imposed by the Dutch Competition Authority on a railway operator for allegedly abusing its dominant position (Nederlandse Spoorwegen)
Bird & Bird (The Hague)
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Bird & Bird (Amsterdam)
ABUSE OF DOMINANCE FINE OF € 41 MILLION FOR DUTCH RAILWAY OPERATOR ANNULED* Introduction The Authority for Consumers and Markets (“ACM“, the Dutch competition authority) was in 2017 – after years of silence – finally able to fine an undertaking for abuse of dominance. A heavy fine of almost € 41 (...)

The EU Commission opens an investigation into semiconductor company for exclusionary conduct and uses interim powers for the first time in two decades (Broadcom)
Callol, Coca & Asociados (Madrid)
The European Commission has announced that it has opened an investigation against Broadcom in connection with various practices such as between Broadcom products and other products. The case follows precedents in the microchips market, particularly echoing the investigation against Intel which (...)

The Brazilian Competition Authority enters into a settlement agreement with a major refining company for the sale of oil refineries (Petrobras)
Mattos Filho Veiga Filho Marrey Jr & Quiroga (New York)
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Mattos Filho, Veiga Filho, Marrey Jr. & Quiroga (Sao Paulo)
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Mattos Filho, Veiga Filho, Marrey Jr. & Quiroga (Rio de Janeiro)
During a hearing held on June 11, 2019, the Administrative Council for Economic Defense (CADE) entered into a Settlement Agreement with Petrobras for the sale of eight oil refineries and associated infrastructure. The agreement was approved by the majority of CADE’s Commissioners and has in (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority finds that the national taekwondo federation did not abuse of its dominant position (Hrvatskog taekwondo saveza)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
Croatian Taekwondo Federation did not abuse dominant position* The Croatian Competition Agency (CCA) found that the latter that was sent by the Croatian Taekwondo Federation (CTF) to all its members including the complainant – the undertaking LMK, potentially limited access only to a smaller (...)

The Spanish Competition Authority fines a company for abuse of dominant position in the management and exploitation of intellectual property rights of authors and publishers of musical and audiovisual works (SGAE)
Callol, Coca & Asociados (Madrid)
The NMCC has fined the Spanish Society of Authors, Composers and Publishers (SGAE) €2.95 million for abusing its dominant position in the management and exploitation of intellectual property rights of authors and publishers of musical and audiovisual works (Articles 2 SCA and 102 TFEU). The (...)

The EU Commission fines a company for restricting cross-border sales in the Belgian beer market (AB InBev)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 13 May 2019, the European Commission (the “Commission”) announced that it had issued a decision imposing a fine of just over € 200 million on AB InBev for breaching Article 102 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (“TFEU”). According to the Commission, AB InBev abused its dominant (...)

The Italian Competition Authority launches an investigation against a search engine company suspected to abuse of its dominant position (Google)
Italian Competition Authority (Rome)
ICA: investigation launched against Google for alleged abuse of a dominant position* In the meeting of 8 May 2019, the Italian Competition Authority decided to launch an investigation against Alphabet Inc., Google LLC and Google Italy S.r.l. (indicated together as Google) to ascertain an (...)

The Shanghai Market Regulation Bureau fines a chemical firm for abuse of dominance (Eastman)
AnJie Law (Beijing)
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AnJie Law (Beijing)
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AnJie Law (Beijing)
Chemical Giant Eastman is Slapped with a Fine for Abuse of Market Dominance in China* China’s competition watchdog SAMR made a penalty decision, adopted by its Shanghai branch Shanghai Market Regulation Bureau (“SMRB”), publicized on its official website1 on April 29, 2019, right before the (...)

The Italian Competition Authority opens an antitrust investigation against a major e-commerce company for alleged abuse of dominance (Amazon)
Giannino SI (Monserrato)
The Italian Competition Authority (ICA) has opened an Article 102 TFEU investigation against several undertakings belonging to the Amazon group in the FBA case. The targets of the ICA investigation are Amazon Services Europe (ASE), Amazon Europe Core (AEC), Amazon EU (AEU), Amazon Italia (...)

The High Court of Delhi challenges the constitutional validity of provisions of the Competition Act on a complaint by a car manufacturer accused of abusing its dominant position (Mahindra & Mahindra)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
On 10 April 2019, a Division Bench of the High Court of Delhi pronounced its judgment in Mahindra & Mahindra v. Competition Commission of India, which challenged the constitutional validity of a number of provisions of the Competition Act, 2002 (Competition Act). In addition to holding the (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority finds no abuse of market power from a dominant company in the food supply sector (Zagrebačka pivovara)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
Lack of standing to act against Zagrebačka pivovara* On 1 June 2018 the Croatian Competition Agency (CCA) received an anonymous complaint regarding the alleged anti-competitive practices of Zagrebačka pivovara in the sense of abuse of the dominant position in the market, including the allegedly (...)

The Belgian parliament adopts law regarding abuse of economic dependency prohibiting unfair, misleading and aggressive practices between undertakings
Simmons & Simmons (Brussels)
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Simmons & Simmons (Brussels)
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Simmons & Simmons (Brussels)
On 21 March 2019, the Belgian parliament adopted a law (i) expanding the scope of Belgian competition law to also cover abuses of economic dependency, (ii) introducing a greylist and a blacklist of clauses in B2B agreements and (iii) prohibiting certain unfair, misleading and/or aggressive (...)

The Italian Competition Authority opens an investigation against several incumbent gas distribution operators suspected to have abused individually of their dominance (Ireti / Italgas Reti / 2i Rete Gas)
Italian Competition Authority (Rome)
Antitrust investigation against Ireti, Italgas Reti and 2i Rete Gas for an alleged abuse of dominant position in the distribution of gas* On 12 March 2019 the ICA (Italian Competition Authority) has opened an investigation to assess whether Ireti Spa, Italgas Reti Spa and 2i Rete Gas Spa - the (...)

The German Competition Authority opens a consultation regarding its draft guidelines for the control of abusive practices in the electricity generation and wholesale trade sector
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Consultation on the control of abusive practices in electricity generation/wholesale trade: Bundeskartellamt and Bundesnetzagentur publish draft guidelines* The Bundeskartellamt and the Bundesnetzagentur are today starting a consultation process on draft guidelines for the control of abusive (...)

The EU Commission fines a company for abusing its dominant position in online advertising (Google AdSense)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 20 March 2019, the European Commission (the “Commission”) announced that it had issued a decision imposing a € 1.49 billion fine on Google for breaching Article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. According to the Commission, Google abused its dominant position in online (...)

The EU Commission imposes a fine of € 1.49 billion on a search engine company for abusing its dominant position by imposing restrictive clauses in contracts with third-party websites (Google AdSense)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission fines Google €1.49 billion for abusive practices in online advertising* The European Commission has fined Google €1.49 billion for breaching EU antitrust rules. Google has abused its market dominance by imposing a number of restrictive clauses in contracts with third-party (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority launches an investigation into a search engine company for alleged abuse of dominance in the online search market (Google)
University of Sussex (Brighton)
Background Competition authorities all over the world, including the European Commission, German, French, Italian and Indian competition authorities, have launched many investigations against the well-known online search engine company Google, many of which ended with imposition of huge (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority opens an ex-officio proceeding against a dominant reseller suspected to impose restrictive clauses to its suppliers (Plodine)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
CCA opens UTPs infringement proceeding against re-seller PLODINE* The Croatian Competition Agency (CCA) opened the infringement proceeding against the undertaking Plodine from Rijeka after having detected one or more unclear and possibly contestable provisions in the contracts concluded (...)

The Danish Competition Authority issues a study on excessive pricing in pharmaceutical markets
Danish Competition and Consumer Authority (Copenhagen)
Excessive Pricing in Pharmaceutical Markets* Intervention against possible exploitative and excessive prices should always be considered carefully. However, the dynamics of pharmaceutical markets makes it particularly relevant for competition authorities to prioritise cases on unfair (...)

The Czech Competition Authority fines a food retailer for abuse of dominance consisting of payments without consideration (Rewe group)
Czech Competition Authority (Brno)
The retail chains of Rewe group abused the significant market power, the settlement procedure set their fine to czk 164 million* The Office for the Protection of Competition imposed a fine for abuse of significant market power in the amount of CZK 164 372 000 on the retail chains BILLA, spol. (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority refuses to impose an interim measure on a meteorological institute accused of abuse of dominance in the market of meteorological data (Royal Meteorological Institute)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
The Competition College of the BCA has refused to impose an interim measure on the Royal Meteorological Institute as requested by The Great Circle* The Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA) has refused on 15 February 2019 to impose an interim measure on the Belgian (...)

The German Competition Authority orders to a social network company to stop collecting and matching data of its users without explicit consent as it constitutes an abuse of dominance (Facebook)
Heinz & Zagrosek (Köln)
Bundeskartellamt hits „don’t like“-button on Facebook* On February 7, 2019, Germany’s Federal Cartel Office (“FCO”) issued its long-awaited decision in the Facebook case, see press release and background paper in English here. It qualifies Facebook’s current practice of collecting and matching data (...)

The German Competition Authority holds that matching the data collected by a social network company constitutes an antitrust violation (Facebook)
International Center for Law & Economics (Portland)
Doing double damage: The German competition authority’s Facebook decision manages to undermine both antitrust and data protection law* The German Bundeskartellamt (Federal Cartel Office or FCO) this week reached a decision in its nearly 3-year-old Facebook investigation. The decision appears to (...)

The German Competition Authority finds the merging of user data from multiple sources to be both anti-competitive and in breach of the GDPR (Facebook)
Simmons & Simmons (London)
In one of the first decisions to consider data protection and competition issues side by side, the German competition regulator (the Bundeskartellamt) last week found that Facebook had both abused its market power in Germany and breached EU data protection laws in the way in which it collects (...)

The German Competition Authority prohibits a social network company for abusing its dominant position by combining its user data from different sources (Facebook)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt / Digital Economy Bundeskartellamt prohibits Facebook from combining user data from different sources* Bonn, 7 February 2019: The Bundeskartellamt has imposed on Facebook far-reaching restrictions in the processing of user data. According to Facebook’s terms and conditions (...)

The German Competition Authority finds that the data gathering practices of a social network are an abuse of its dominant position, and orders amendments in its data processing policy (Facebook)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 6 February 2019, the German Federal Cartel Office (“FCO”) concluded administrative proceedings concerning the data gathering practices of Facebook Inc., Facebook Ireland and Facebook Germany (together “Facebook”). The FCO found that Facebook abused its dominant position by making the private use (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority finds that a distributor and aftersales service provider of cancer diagnosis and treatment devices abused its dominant position through excessive pricing and refusal to supply (Radontek Medikal / Duzey)
ACTECON (Istanbul)
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On 1 February 2019, Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) published its reasoned decision regarding the full-fledged investigation conducted against Radontek Medikal İthalat İhracat San. ve Tic. Ltd. Şti. (“Radontek Medikal”) upon a complaint submitted to the TCA by Düzey Tıbbi Sistemler Bilgisayar ve (...)

The French Competition Authority orders a search engine company to review and clarify the rules of its online advertising service (Amadeus / Google)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 31 January 2019, the French Competition Authority (the “FCA”) ordered Google to review the rules of its Google Ads service. The FCA’s Order follows a complaint by Amadeus, an operator of online enquiry services – such as “a directory that provides call or text numbers for business/ residential (...)

The French Competition Authority orders interim measures against a search engine company in the online advertising market (Amadeus / Google)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Online advertising by directory enquiry services* The Autorité de la concurrence has ordered interim measures against Google. Google will need to quickly clarify the rules for its Google Ads online advertising platform that apply to electronic paid information services in order to make them (...)

The Danish Competition Authority finds that the largest provider of ambulances services abused its dominant position by excluding its competitor from the market (Falck / BIOs)
Szecskay Attorneys at Law (Budapest)
A new standard for abusive denigration? Danish NCA condemns covert media campaign* Antitrust enforcers are good at regularly reminding the competition law community that the various forms of abuse of dominance listed in Article 102 TFEU are not exhaustive. Indeed, the idea of what conduct (...)

The Danish Competition Authority reaches a decision regarding abuse of dominant position that leads to a huge damages settlement (Falck / BIOS)
Szecskay Attorneys at Law (Budapest)
HUGE DAMAGES SETTLEMENT FOLLOWING LANDMARK ABUSE OF DOMINANCE DECISION On January 30 2019, the Danish Competition Council (the “DCC”) found that ambulance services provider, Falck, had abused its dominant position under Article 102 TFEU. The DCC held that following a failed tender bid to the (...)

The EU Commission issues a report on competition enforcement in the pharmaceutical sector covering the years 2009-2017
DG COMP (Brussels)
Report on Competition enforcement in the pharmaceutical sector (2009-2017)* On 28 January 2019, the European Commission adopted the Report ‘European competition authorities working together for affordable and innovative medicines’ on competition enforcement in the pharmaceutical sector. The (...)

The EU Commission publishes a report on competition enforcement in the pharmaceutical sector between 2009 and 2017
Court of First Instance of Namur (Namur)
On 28 January 2019, the European Commission adopted a report on competition enforcement in the pharmaceutical sector between 2009 and 2017. The report provides an overview on the enforcement of antitrust and merger rules in the pharmaceutical sector and describes how competition law enforcement (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority imposes interim measures on a broadcaster in order to ensure the continuity of the FM broadcasts in the execution of its public service mission (Norkring)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
The Competition College of the BCA imposed an interim measure on Norkring België* On 22 January 2019, the Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA) imposed an interim measure on NV Norkring België (Norkring) in order to ensure the continuity of the FM broadcasts of VRT in (...)

The Swedish Patent and Market Court finds that a dominant company’s termination of an access agreement with a downstream competitor constitutes an abuse (FTI)
Baker McKenzie (Stockholm)
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Baker McKenzie (Stockholm)
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Baker McKenzie (Stockholm)
In January 2019, the Swedish Patent and Market Court found that a dominant company’s termination of an access agreement with a downstream competitor constituted an abuse. By finding that the refusal had to be able to eliminate all effective competition on the downstream market in order to be (...)

The South African Competition Tribunal fines an undertaking in the ticketing services market for an abuse of dominance (Computicket)
Primerio Limited (Johannesburg)
South Africa: Competition Tribunal Fines Computicket For Abusing Its Dominance* On 21 January 2019, the South African Competition Tribunal (Tribunal), ruled in favour of the South African Competition Commission (SACC) who prosecuted Computicket (Pty) Ltd. (Computicket) for abuse of dominance (...)

The Romanian Competition Authority fines a phone company for abuse of dominance (Orange Romania)
Romanian Competition Council (Bucharest)
The Competition Council sanctioned Orange Romania with fines of €14 million* The Competition Council sanctioned Orange Romania with fines of 64.915.183 Lei (approximately €14 MILLION) for abuse of a dominant position. The Competition Authority found that, in 2011-2015, the telephone operator (...)

The Romanian Competition Authority opens an investigation for abuse of dominance against a distributor in the gas sector (Delgaz Grid)
Romanian Competition Council (Bucharest)
The Competition Council opened an investigation on a possible abuse of dominant position of Delgaz Grid SA* The Competition Council opened an investigation on a possible abuse of dominant position of Delgaz Grid SA, a member of E.ON Romania Group, manifested through a differentiated treatment (...)

The Russian Presidium of the Supreme Court considers a competition case for the first time, granting the appeal of Europe’s largest port operator concerning sanctions for abuse of dominance (Novorossiysk Commercial Sea Port)
ALRUD (Moscow)
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ALRUD (Moscow)
THE FIRST COMPETITION CASE IN THE PRESIDIUM OF THE SUPREME COURT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION – RESOLUTION OF THE DISPUTE BETWEEN THE FAS AND THE LARGEST STEVEDORE* Background and main problems Novorossiysk Commercial Sea Port PJSC (“NCSP”) is one of the Europe’s largest port operator in terms of (...)

The EU Commission fines €77 million an energy company for abuse of dominance on Bulgarian gas markets (BEH)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 17 December 2018, the European Commission (the “Commission”) adopted a decision imposing a fine of € 77,068,000 on Bulgarian Energy Holding (“BEH”), its gas supply subsidiary Bulgargaz, and its gas infrastructure subsidiary Bulgartransgaz (together, the “BEH Group”) for infringing Article 102 of (...)

The EU General Court slightly reduces the fine in a case of abuse of dominance in the telecom sector to account for the Commission’s failure to establish exclusionary effects over a limited period (Slovak Telekom)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 13 December 2018, the General Court (the “GC”) issued a judgment upholding in large part an October 2014 decision of the European Commission (the “Commission”) against Slovak Telekom, in which it found that Slovak Telekom had abused its dominant position by engaging in a constructive refusal to (...)

The EU General Court holds that patent settlements may be deemed pay-for-delay agreements only if there are reverse payments, and the originator may not be held dominant if the market is not assessed rigorously (Servier)
Portolano Cavallo (Milan)
The Servier judgments: patent settlements may be deemed “pay-for-delay” agreements, and thus by-object infringements of Article 101 TFEU only if Commission substantiates strong indication of “reverse payment” or “abnormal inducement” from the originator to the generic; further, the originator cannot (...)

The EU General Court annuls a decision of the Commission for wrongly qualifying agreements as "pay for delay" and improperly qualifying an abuse of dominance, thus reducing the fine imposed on a pharmaceutical company (Servier)
Dechert (Paris)
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Dechert (Paris)
,
Dechert (Paris)
The General Court annuls in part the European Commission’s decision finding the existence of restrictive agreements and an abuse of a dominant position on the market for perindopril, a medicine used to treat hypertension and heart failure* On 12 December 2018, the General Court (“Court”) (...)

The EU General Court offers a mixed review of patent settlement agreements in the pharmaceutical sector (Servier)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 12 December 2018, the General Court (“GC”) once again passed judgment on a number of patent settlement agreements in the pharmaceutical sector. It had already reviewed such agreements in September 2016 when it upheld the decision of the European Commission (the “Commission”) in the Lundbeck (...)

The EU Commission imposes binding remedies on a German grid operator to increase electricity trading (TenneT)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission imposes binding obligations on TenneT to increase electricity trading capacity between Denmark and Germany* The European Commission has adopted a decision rendering legally binding commitments offered by German grid operator TenneT to significantly increase cross-border (...)

The Cypriot Commission Authority rejects allegations of abuse of dominance regarding an exclusive dealing agreement for the supply of hairdressing salon products (Angela Antoniadou / A.J. Vouros)
Harris Kyriakides LLC (Cyprus)
Introduction On 30 November 2018, the Cyprus Commission for the Protection of Competition (the Commission) rejected a cοmplaint for infringement of Section 6 of the Protection of Competition Law (Law 13(I)/2008), as amended (the Law). The aforementioned alleged infringement was based on the (...)

The Danish Competition Appeals Tribunal upholds decision fining a pharmaceutical distributor for excessive pricing (CD Pharma)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 29 November 2018, the Danish Competition Appeals Tribunal upheld a 31 January 2018 decision of the Danish Competition Authority (“DCA”) finding that CD Pharma abused its dominant position on the Danish market by charging excessive prices for the sale of oxytocin, a hormone that acts as a (...)

The German Competition Authority initiates an abuse of dominance proceeding against a major e-commerce company (Amazon)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt initiates abuse proceeding against Amazon* The Bundeskartellamt has today initiated an abuse proceeding against Amazon to examine its terms of business and practices towards sellers on its German marketplace amazon.de. Andreas Mundt, President of the Bundeskartellamt: “Amazon (...)

The Cyprus Commission for the Protection of Competition clears the biggest shopping mall in Cyprus of allegations of concerted practices and abuse of dominant position (Beautyline / The Mall of Cyprus)
Elias Neocleous (Cyprus)
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Elias Neocleous (Cyprus)
Introduction On the 16th of November 2018, the Cyprus Commission for the Protection of Competition (the “Commission”), delivered a decision concerning a complaint filed by Beautyline Stores CA Papaellinas Limited (“Beautyline”) against the Mall of Cyprus (MC) PLC (“The Mall of Cyprus”), in relation (...)

The Indian Competition Authority finds no abuse of dominance in long-term contracts by a dominant firm on the basis that the plaintiffs had the possibility of shorter contracts (Gail India)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI finds no abuse of dominance by GAIL in enforcing one-sided clauses in long-term supply contracts in the natural gas market* The CCI by way of order dated November 8, 2018 exonerated GAIL (India) Ltd (of allegations of abusing its dominant position in the Re-gasified Liquified Natural Gas (...)

The US Northern District Court of California requires the holder of a standard-essential patent for cellular communication to license it to all those willing to pay a fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory rate (Qualcomm)
Crowell & Moring (Washington)
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McDermott Will & Emery (Washington)
This article has been nominated for the 2019 Antitrust Writing Awards. Click here to learn more about the Antitrust Writing Awards. FTC Secures Partial Victory Requiring SEP Holder to License to All Comers in Antitrust Case* Summary Recently, a federal district court in California granted (...)

The UK Court of Appeal upholds a decision qualifying an essential patent offer to be FRAND (Unwired Planet / Huawei)
Jindal Global University (Sonipat)
UK COURT OF APPEAL UPHOLDS FRAND INJUNCTION* Last week, the UK Court of Appeal upheld the findings of the High Court in an important case regarding standard essential patents (SEPs). Of particular significance, the Court of Appeal upheld the finding that the defendant, an implementer of SEPs, (...)

The Spanish Competition Authority fines a company for an abuse of dominance in the cemetery services market (Cementerios de Leganés)
Gómez-Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
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Gómez-Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
Background In December 1996, Servicios Funerarios Funemadrid, S.A. (“FUNEMADRID”) was granted with the concession to build and exploit the public municipal cemetery of Leganés, a city located in the Region of Madrid, for a 49-year period. The concession contract established that FUNEMADRID would (...)

The Cypriot Competition Authority sends a statement of objection to a community council over possible excessive pricing on the market of water supply (Community Council of Kouklia)
Commission for the Protection of Competition of the Republic of Cyprus (Nicosia)
The Commission for the Protection of Competition announces that it has notified a Statement of Objections to the Community Council of Kouklia regarding a prima facie infringement of Section 6(1)(a) of the Protection of Competition Laws of 2008 and 2014.* The Commission for the Protection of (...)

The French Competition Authority fines an undertaking for excessive pricing in the market of waste disposal for hospitals and clinics in Corsica (Sanicorse)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Management of infectious medical waste generated by healthcare activities* The Autorité de la concurrence has fined the company Sanicorse for increasing abruptly, significantly, durably and in an unjustified manner the waste disposal prices it charged hospitals and clinics in Corsica. The (...)

The Romanian Competition Authority opens an investigation regarding an alleged dominant position on the market of energy production and trading (Hidroelectrica)
Romanian Competition Council (Bucharest)
THE COMPETITION COUNCIL INVESTIGATES A POSSIBLE ABUSE OF DOMINANT POSITION OF HIDROELECTRICA SA* The Competition Council opened an investigation concerning an alleged dominant possition of Hidroelectrica SA on the market of Romanian market energy production and trading. The Competition (...)

The Danish Competition Authority finds that a payment cards company has abused its dominance by using conditional rebates and provisions regarding exclusivity (Teller)
Danish Competition and Consumer Authority (Copenhagen)
Teller has abused its dominant position by using rebates conditional on exclusivity and provisions regarding exclusivity* On the 29th of August 2018 the Danish Competition Council (“DCC”) ruled in a case concerning Teller’s (a merchant acquirer) abuse of dominant position by use of rebates (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority fines a company for abuse of dominant position in the electricity sector (Enerjisa)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses the Turkish Competition Board’s (“Board”) recently published Enerjisa decision of 8 August 2018 numbered 18-27/461-224 in which the Board assessed whether Enerjisa and its subsidiaries, all active in the electricity sector in Turkey, violated Article 6 of Law No. 4054 (...)

The EU Court of Justice holds that the actual effects of infringement do not have to be taken into account as part of the fine calculation in abuse of dominance cases (Orange Polska)
McDermott Will & Emery (Brussels)
,
McDermott Will & Emery (Paris)
,
Norton Rose Fulbright (Brussels)
On 25 July 2018 the CJEU dismissed an appeal by Orange Polska SA against a GCEU judgment upholding an EC decision that imposed a fine of more than EUR 127 million on Orange for abusing its dominant position. The CJEU confirmed that, as in the case of a cartel, the EC does not have to take (...)

The French Competition Authority renders legally binding a set of remedies proposed by a media company, leaving its subscribers free to choose their TV decoder to watch its programmes (Canal Plus)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Satellite Pay TV* The Autorité de la concurrence makes the commitments of Groupe Canal Plus binding, leaving its subscribers free to choose their TV decoder to watch its programmes. The complaint A satellite decoder manufacturer lodged a complaint with the Autorité de la concurrence relating (...)

The EU Commission sends a supplementary statement of objection to a manufacturer of LTE baseband chipsets for predatory pricing practices (Qualcomm)
Rosenblatt Limited (London)
QUALCOMM RECEIVES SUPPLEMENTARY STATEMENT OF OBJECTIONS FROM THE EU COMMISSION IN PREDATORY PRICING INVESTIGATION* Hot on the heels of the announcement of a record antitrust fine imposed by the European antitrust regulator upon another US technology company , the European Commission announced (...)

The EU Commission fines a Big Tech company €4.34 billion for illegal practices (Google)
International Center for Law & Economics (Portland)
The EU’s Google Android antitrust decision falls prey to the nirvana fallacy* Today the European Commission launched its latest salvo against Google, issuing a decision in its three-year antitrust investigation into the company’s agreements for distribution of the Android mobile operating (...)

The EU Commission fines a multinational company prompting it to announce new licensing options and structure its business model to comply with the Commission’s decision (Google Android)
Bruegel (Brussels)
Google has announced new licensing options and structure in its business model to comply with the Commission’s Android decision. These options came into effect on October 29, 2018. While full details over the announced chances are not yet known, in this piece we attempt to analyze the (...)

The EU Commission fines a multinational technology company for abuse of dominance by imposing illegal restrictions on device manufacturers and mobile network operators (Google Android)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission fines Google €4.34 billion for illegal practices regarding Android mobile devices to strengthen dominance of Google’s search engine* The European Commission has fined Google €4.34 billion for breaching EU antitrust rules. Since 2011, Google has imposed illegal restrictions (...)

The EU Commission fines a technology company for abuse of dominance through its smartphone operating system and platform (Google Android)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 18 July 2018, the European Commission adopted a decision fining Google €4.34 billion for abusing its dominant position by allegedly engaging in various illegal practices regarding the Android mobile platform. According to its press release, the Commission found that Google holds a dominant (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority renders legally binding a set of remedies that expand the scope of postal network access offer of a postal operator to competing operators (CTT)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
AdC’s intervention expands the scope of CTT postal network access offer to competing operators and broadens consumer choice* The Portuguese Competition Authority (AdC) adopted a decision which renders legally binding a set of commitments that expand the scope of CTT’s Postal Network Access Offer (...)

The Russian Competition Authority reduces prices on 11 medicines of a dominant pharmaceutical company from the list of vital and essential medicines (AstraZeneca)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
FAS reduced prices on 11 medicines of “Astrazeneca” from the list of vital and essential medicines* Prices for the medicines aimed at treating socially important diseases reduced on average 12 to 92% As a result of a constructive dialogue between FAS and “AstraZeneca” the maximum ex-works prices (...)

The Lithuanian Competition Authority closes its investigations against a bank for abuse of dominance (Swedbank)
Lithuanian Competition Authority (Vilnius)
Competition Council closes the investigation into Swedbank actions* The Competition Council closed the investigation into the compliance of Swedbank actions with the requirements of the Law on Competition upon Swedbank submitting written commitments suitable for the elimination of the alleged (...)

The UK Competition Appeal Tribunal finds an incorrect application of the legal test for dominance and quashes the Competition Authority’s record fines imposed to two pharmaceutical companies for charging excessive prices for an anti-epilepsy drug (Pfizer / Flynn)
Rosenblatt Limited (London)
EXCESSIVE PRICE? COMPARED TO WHAT?* On 7 June 2017, the Competition Appeal Tribunal (“CAT”) set aside parts of the Competition & Market Authority’s (“CMA”) decision in relation to the CMA’s finding that Pfizer and Flynn charged excessive and unfair prices for phenytoin sodium capsules and (...)

The German Competition Authority considers that an abuse of dominance investigation is not justified in a case where a dominant airline company significantly increased prices on certain routes where it had a monopoly (Lufthansa)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Lufthansa tickets 25-30 per cent more expensive after Air Berlin insolvency – "Price increase does not justify initiation of abuse proceeding"* After the insolvency of Air Berlin, Lufthansa held a monopoly position for a few months on some German domestic routes. After receiving numerous (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority finds that a dominant telecommunication company did not abuse its dominance through predatory pricing (VIPnet)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
VIPnet – no abuse of dominant position* The Croatian Competition Agency (CCA) found that VIPnet did not abuse a dominant position in the access to public telephone network at a fixed location for residential and/or non-residential customers, retail fixed broadband access and Pay television in (...)

The Italian Competition Authority opens an investigation on alleged abuse of dominant position in the post-trading sector (Monte Titoli)
Italian Competition Authority (Rome)
Investigation initiated against Monte Titoli for possible anti-competitive behaviour in the post-trading sector* On May 9, 2018 the Italian Competition Authority opened an investigation concerning an alleged abuse of dominant position carried out by Monte Titoli – a company belonging to the (...)

The US District Court of Rhode Island finds that a dominant health insurer’s refusal to negotiate in good faith with a healthcare provider in an attempt to block its market entry can be contrary to the Sherman Act (Steward Health Care System / Blue Cross)
Polsinelli (Washington)
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Polsinelli (Washington)
This article has been nominated for the 2019 Antitrust Writing Awards. Click here to learn more about the Antitrust Writing Awards. On April 23, a federal court in Rhode Island fired a warning shot over the bow of dominant health insurers across the country, holding that a refusal to negotiate (...)

The EU Court of Justice clarifies the concept of a "competitive disadvantage" arising from discriminatory pricing by a dominant undertaking on a downstream market (MEO / Serviços de Communicações e multimedia)
McDermott Will & Emery (Brussels)
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McDermott Will & Emery (Paris)
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Norton Rose Fulbright (Brussels)
The CJEU held that a finding of a “competitive disadvantage” as the result of discriminatory pricing by a dominant undertaking on a downstream market does not require demonstration of an actual and quantifiable deterioration of a customer’s competitive situation on that market. This notion (...)

The Latvian Competition Authority fines a waste management company for abuse of dominance (ZAAO)
Konkurences padome (Riga)
The CC imposes a fine on SIA “ZAAO” for abuse of market power* On 21 March, the Competition Council of Latvia (the CC), imposed a fine of EUR 36 665 on the waste management company SIA “ZAAO”, owned by several municipalities, for abuse of dominant position. The CC detected, that the waste manager (...)

The EU Commission opens a formal investigation into German grid operator for limiting cross border electricity capacity with Denmark (TenneT)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission opens investigation into German grid operator TenneT for limiting cross border electricity capacity with Denmark* The European Commission has opened a formal investigation to assess whether German grid operator TenneT’s limitation of capacity from Western Denmark into (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority decides not to open an investigation against a company active in online sales of flowers, edible flowers and gifts following allegations of predatory pricing (Çiçek Sepeti)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case summary includes an analysis of the Turkish Competition Board’s (“Competition Board” or “Board”) Çiçek Sepeti decision (08.03.2018; 18-07/111-58). The Board reviewed the allegations put forward by Çiçek Satış A.Ş. (“Çiçek Satış”) against Çiçek Sepeti İnternet Hizmetleri A.Ş. (“Çiçek Sepeti”) (...)

The French Competition Authority issues an opinion concluding its sector-specific investigation into online advertising
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Sector-specific investigation into online advertising* The Autorité de la concurrence has made public its opinion in which it analyses a very complex market characterised by a fragile competitive equilibrium. Given the concerns of stakeholders in the sector, the General Rapporteur announced (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority fines an electricity distributor and its subsidiary for abuse of dominance (Akdeniz Elektrik)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
Upon a number of complaints, the Turkish Competition Board (the “Board”) opened an in-depth investigation against Akdeniz Elektrik Dağıtım A.Ş. (“Akdeniz Elektrik”), CK Akdeniz Elektrik Perakende Satış A.Ş. (“CK Akdeniz”) and AK DEN Enerji Dağıtım ve Perakende Satış Hizmetleri (“AK DEN”), which were all (...)

The Indian Competition Authority fines a global tech company for abuse of dominance in the market for online search and related advertising services (Google)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI imposes penalty of INR 136 Crores on Google for abuse of dominant position* The Indian anti-trust regulator, the Competition Commission of India (“CCI/ Commission”) seems to have let Google off with just a rap on the knuckles. CCI vide order dated February 8, 2018 has imposed a penalty of (...)

The Indian Competition Authority fines a company for search bias and exclusive agreements (Google)
Gujarat National Law University (Gandhinagar)
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Gujarat National Law University (Gandhinagar)
On 8th February 2018, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) imposed a fine of INR 135.86 Crores (approximately $ 1.36 Billion) on Google, for abusing its dominant position striking the mandate of Section 4 of the (Indian) Competition Act, 2002 (‘Act’). The comment herein highlights the (...)

The German Competition Authority launches a sector inquiry into market conditions in the online advertising sector
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt launches sector inquiry into market conditions in online advertising sector* The Bundeskartellamt has launched a sector inquiry into the online advertising sector. Andreas Mundt, President of the Bundeskartellamt: "Online advertising has experienced an extraordinarily high (...)

The Danish Competition Authority fines a pharmaceutical company for abuse of dominance by charging unfair prices (CD Pharma)
Danish Competition and Consumer Authority (Copenhagen)
CD Pharma has abused its dominant position by increasing their price by 2,000 percent* On 31 January 2018, the Danish Competition Council (“DCC”) ruled in a case concerning CD Pharma’s (a pharmaceutical distributor) abuse of dominant position by charging unfair prices for the drug Syntocinon. (...)

The EU Commission fines a manufacturer of baseband chipsets for abusing its dominant position by using loyalty rebates (Qualcomm)
McDermott Will & Emery (Brussels)
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McDermott Will & Emery (Paris)
,
Norton Rose Fulbright (Brussels)
On 24 January 2018 the EC fined Qualcomm EUR 997 million for hindering competition on the market for Long-Term Evolution (LTE) basebands chips, in breach of Article 102 TFEU. Baseband chipsets, which enable smartphones and tablets to connect to cellular networks, are used both for voice and (...)

The EU Commission fines a baseband chipset manufacturer for abusing its dominant position (Qualcomm)
Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (Rome)
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Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe (Rome)
This article has been nominated for the 2019 Antitrust Writing Awards. Click here to learn more about the Antitrust Writing Awards. On January 24, 2018, the European Commission announced that it had fined Qualcomm EUR 997,439,000. The Commission thinks that Qualcomm had abused its dominant (...)

The German Competition Authority closes proceeding on the conditions of supply for raw milk in a case against Germany’s largest dairy (Deutsche Milchkontor)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Proceeding against DMK dairy discontinued* The Bundeskartellamt has discontinued its proceeding on the conditions of supply for raw milk which was conducted as a sample case against Germany’s largest dairy, Deutsche Milchkontor eG. Andreas Mundt, President of the Bundeskartellamt: "We have (...)

The Romanian Competition Authority opens a procedure against a company suspected of abuse of dominance in the mediation services market through online platforms (Dante International)
Romanian Competition Council (Bucharest)
The Competition Council analyses a possible abuse of dominant position of Dante International SA* The Competition Council opened an investigation on a possible abuse of dominant position by Dante International SA on the mediation services market through online platforms in Romania. Dante (...)

The Russian Competition Authority sanctions a manufacturer of wheels for shunting locomotives for abuse of dominance (Evraz)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
FAS found that “evraz” group violated the antimonopoly law* In 2013-2015 the cost-effectiveness of production of 1058-mm wheel for locomotives was unreasonably excessive The case was opened upon documents and information obtained by FAS in the course of analyzing the state of competition on the (...)

The German Competition launches a market inquiry on remedies proposed by German Olympic Sports Confederation and the International Olympic Committee suspected to abuse of their dominant position (DOSB / IOC)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Market test on commitments of DOSB and IOC* The Bundeskartellamt is currently conducting an administrative proceeding against the German Olympic Sports Confederation (Deutscher Olympischer Sportbund, DOSB) and the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The Bundeskartellamt suspects that the (...)

The US District Court of California uses an economic approach to determine frand loyalty rates (TCL / Ericsson)
CRA International (Oakland)
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CRA International (San Francisco)
On November 8, 2017, Judge James Selna of the US District Court in the Central District of California issued a decision (published later on December 21st) in TCL v. Ericsson determining fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory (FRAND) royalty rates for Ericsson’s standard essential patent (SEP) (...)

The French Competition Authority fines a pharmaceutical laboratory €25 million for delaying entry into the market of the generic version of a drug and for hindering its development through disparagement campaigns (Janssen-cilag / Johnson & Johnson)
Franklin (Paris)
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McDermott Will & Emery (Paris)
THE FRENCH COMPETITION AUTHORITY FINES A PHARMACEUTICAL LABORATORY EUR 25 MILLION FOR ANTI-GENERIC PRACTICES* On 20 December 2017, the French Competition Authority (the FCA) imposed a EUR 25 million fine on a pharmaceutical laboratory, for delaying entry onto the market of the generic version (...)

The French Competition Authority fines €25 million a pharmaceutical laboratory for having first prevented then restricted the development of generic versions of a drug (Janssen-Cilag / Johnson & Johnson)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence imposes a fine of 25 million euros on Janssen-Cilag laboratory and its parent company Johnson & Johnson for having first prevented then restricted the development of generic versions of Durogesic, its originator medicinal product.* Background Following a (...)

The German Competition Authority indicates in its preliminary assessment of possible abuse of dominance case that data collection and use from third-party sources is abusive (Facebook)
Heinz & Zagrosek (Köln)
Bundeskartellamt sends preliminary assessment to Facebook* On December 19, 2017, the Federal Cartel Office (“FCO”) published a press release on its preliminary assessment in the ongoing Facebook dominance probe, accompanied by a background paper (available in English here). The FCO considers (...)

The Chinese Supreme People’s Court finds no abuse of dominance in the central heating market (Bayannuer Sunshine Energy / Linhe Thermal Power Plant / Northern United Electric Power)
Beijing Foreign Studies University (Beijing)
Identification and Abuse Analysis of Market Dominance of Public Utilities: Thoughts of the Supreme People’s Court of China on Antitrust Litigation of Heating Units In December 2017, the Supreme People’s Court of China decided to reject the retrial application of Sunshine Energy Co., Ltd. in the (...)

The Russian Competition Authority finds that a State-run undertaking abused its dominant position on the market of offering mooring in Moscow (Gormost)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
Moscow fas found that “gormost” violated the antimonopoly law* The “Gormost” Procedure for concluding contracts created discriminatory conditions and could have restricted competition Moscow OFAS found that “Gormost” violated the antimonopoly law in the part of abusing dominance of a natural (...)

The German Competition Authority prohibits exclusive contracts between a seller of tickets and event organisers and advance booking offices (CTS Eventim)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt prohibits exclusive contracts between CTS Eventim and event organisers and advance booking offices* The Bundeskartellamt has prohibited CTS Eventim from using exclusive contracts which it has concluded with organisers of live entertainment events and advance booking offices. (...)

The German Competition Authority terminates its administrative proceeding against a national sports association suspected of abuse of dominance (DFB - German Football Association)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
DFB eases conditions for purchase of tickets for World Cup 2018* The Bundeskartellamt has terminated its administrative proceeding against the German Football Association (DFB) which it had initiated on the suspicion that the association had abused its dominant position. Before this DFB had (...)

The EU Commission sends a statement of objections to a brewing company suspected to have abused its dominance (AB InBev)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission sends Statement of Objections to AB InBev for preventing cheaper imports of beer into Belgium* The European Commission has informed AB InBev of its preliminary view that the company has abused its dominant position on the Belgian beer market, by hindering cheaper imports (...)

The Slovenian Competition Authority accepts commitments by the incumbent gas importer and supplier addressing concerns relating to long-term contracts on natural gas supply with industrial customers (Geoplin)
Fatur Law Firm (Ljubljana)
Introduction On 10 November 2017, the Slovenian Competition Protection Agency (hereinafter referred to as the CPA) has adopted a decision that renders legally binding the commitments offered by GEOPLIN LLC. (hereinafter referred to as GEOPLIN ), incumbent gas importer and supplier in the (...)

The Indian Competition Authority opens investigation into abuse of dominance by state housing developer (Gurgaon Institutional Welfare Association / Haryana Urban Development Authority)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI finds a prima facie case of abuse of dominance against HUDA* The CCI vide its order dated October 31, 2017 found a prima facie case of abuse of dominant position by Haryana Urban Development Authority “HUDA” (Opposite Party). The informant, Gurgaon Institutional Welfare Association, is a (...)

The Italian Competition Authority finds an abuse of dominant position in the single-wrapped ice cream market (Unilever / Distribuzione Gelati)
Giannino SI (Monserrato)
In the recent Unilever/Distribuzione Gelati case, the Italian Competition Authority (ICA) has dealt with the issue whether the commercial policies of the leading player in the ice cream impulse sector breached 102 TFEU. The conduct of the dominant firm, Unilever, consisted in a number of (...)

The Moldovan Supreme Court of Justice quashes a Competition Authority’s decision regarding refusal to supply in the context of public procurement of pharmaceutical products (Esculap-Farm)
University of Macau - Faculty of Law (Macau)
On 25 October 2017 the Supreme Court of Justice (SCJ) of the Republic of Moldova has quashed the decision issued by the Competition Council (CC) in a case concerning the refusal to supply pharmaceutical products purchased in the context of public procurement by public hospitals and other public (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegations of abuse of a dominant position against the largest national energy conglomerate (Tata Power Delhi Distribution / NTPC)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI dismisses allegations of abuse of dominance against NTPC -India’s largest energy conglomerate* The CCI vide its order dated 12.10.2017 has dismissed allegation of abuse of dominance and anti-competitive conduct against NTPC Limited, India’s largest public electricity generator (the Opposite (...)

The Moldovan Supreme Court of Justice upholds the NCA decision concerning refusal to supply in the context of public procurement of pharmaceutical products (Medeferent)
University of Macau - Faculty of Law (Macau)
On 4 October 2017 the Supreme Court of Justice (SCJ) of the Republic of Moldova has upheld the decision issued by the Competition Council (CC) in a case concerning the refusal to supply pharmaceutical products purchased in the context of public procurement by public hospitals and other public (...)

The Cypriot Competition Authority sends a statement of objections to a chemical and consumer goods company suspected to have abused of its dominance (Henkel)
Commission for the Protection of Competition of the Republic of Cyprus (Nicosia)
The Commission for the Protection of Competition announces that it has notified Statements of Objections to Henkel AG & Co KGaA and its subsidiary GPM Henkel Ltd jointly and severally regarding a prima facie infringement of Section 6(1)(b) of the Protection of Competition Laws of 2008 and (...)

The EU Court of Justice renders its judgment in a case regarding loyalty rebates granted by dominant companies (Intel)
Baker Botts (Brussels)
An alternative view on accuracy and administrability Introduction In its judgment in Intel of 6 September 2017, the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) rejected the notion that particular loyalty rebates granted by a dominant company are subject to a per se illegality standard of (...)

The Dutch Competition Authority, after its market study into online video platforms, finds no dominant market power among online video streaming platforms (Youtube / Facebook / Netflix / Dumpert)
Netherlands Authority for Consumers & Markets (The Hague)
No dominant market power among online video streaming platforms* The Netherlands Authority for Consumers and Markets (ACM) has conducted a market study into online video platforms such as YouTube, Facebook, Netflix, and Dumpert. ACM did not find any indications for anticompetitive risks on the (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority decides that a worldwide manufacturer of luxury sunglasses abused its dominant position by granting rebates and resorting to other exclusionary practices (Luxottica)
University of Sussex (Brighton)
This case note analyses the decision of the Turkish Competition Authority (TCA) in which it has decided that the worldwide manufacturer of luxury sunglasses, Luxottica, abused its dominant position it held in the market for the wholesale of branded sunglasses by its rebate schemes which include (...)

The French Competition Authority accepts remedies proposed by a sugar producer suspected to have abused its dominant position (Tereos)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Sugar production / Picardie* Tereos takes commitments under the French competition authority that it will open up its procurement contracts. Sugar beet growers will benefit from greater freedom to choose the sugar groups that they want to supply. The complaint by Saint-Louis Sucre France’s (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegations of abuse of dominance against a pharmaceutical manufacturer due to lack of evidence of dominance (Sanofi)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI closes allegation of abuse of dominance against Sanofi* CCI vide its order dated July 19, 2017 has closed an allegation of abuse of dominant position against Sanofi India Limited (Sanofi). The Informant in the case sought confidentiality of his identity and hence was not named. The (...)

The Indian Competition Authority opens the third investigation in a short amount of time into the abuse of dominance by one of the largest national energy companies (Mohan Meakin / Gail India)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
GAIL comes under CCI scanner once again* The Competition Commission of India (‘CCI’) on a complaint filed by Mohan Meakin Ltd. has directed yet another investigation into alleged unfair market practices leading to abuse of dominant position by GAIL (India) Ltd. (‘GAIL’), vide its latest order (...)

The EU Commission fines a multinational technology company for abuse of dominance on the market of online comparison shopping service (Google)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission fines Google €2.42 billion for abusing dominance as search engine by giving illegal advantage to own comparison shopping service* The European Commission has fined Google €2.42 billion for breaching EU antitrust rules. Google has abused its market dominance as a search (...)

The Russian Competition Authority fines a gas producer for abuse of dominance (Gazprom)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
Ingushia OFAS fined “Gazprom Mezhregiongaz Pyatigorsk” Ltd. 140 million RUB* Fines are imposed for infringing the interests of small companies The decisions on abusing dominance were made after investigating several cases upon statements of small companies in the Republic of Ingushetia with (...)

The Russian Competition Authority issues a warning letter to a multinational technology company to prevent abuse of dominance (Microsoft)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
FAS warned “Microsoft” not to create discriminatory conditions* On 13 June 2017, FAS issued warnings to “Microsoft” to stop actions that have signs of violating the antimonopoly law (Clause 8 Part 1 Article 10 and Articles 14.2, 14.8 of the Federal Law “On Protection of Competition”). (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegations of abuse of dominance against government-controlled coal production company due to lack of dominance and lack of jurisdiction in other matters of the case (Singareni Collieries)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI closes allegation of abuse of dominance against Singareni Collieries Company Ltd.* The CCI vide its order dated June 12, 2017 has closed an allegation of abuse of dominant position against Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL) in an information filed by Karnataka Power Corporation (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegations of abuse of dominance against a company in the market for wireless telecommunications services and holds that financial strength does not by itself constitute dominance (Reliance Jio Infocomm)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI closes allegations of abuse of dominance against Reliance Jio* CCI vide its orders dated June 9, 2017 and June 15, 2017 closed allegations of abuse of dominant position against Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited (RJIL). The Informant in the first case was Bharti Airtel Limited (Airtel) and the (...)

The French Competition Authority dismisses a complaint accusing the incumbent railway company of abuse of dominance (Transdev)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence examines the state of competition in the coach transport sector and dismisses the complaint lodged by TRANSDEV against SNCF* Having been referred to by TRANSDEV GROUP (TRANSDEV) regarding practices implemented by the SNCF group in the intercity coach transport (...)

The EU Commission opens a formal investigation to assess whether Romania’s gas transmission system operator has abused its dominant position (Transgaz)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission opens investigation into gas export restrictions from Romania* The European Commission has opened a formal investigation to assess whether Romania’s gas transmission system operator Transgaz has been hindering gas exports from Romania to other EU Member States. The (...)

The EU Commission opens formal investigation into a pharmaceutical company for excessive pricing practices (Aspen Pharma)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission opens formal investigation into Aspen Pharma’s pricing practices for cancer medicines* The European Commission has opened a formal investigation into concerns that Aspen Pharma has engaged in excessive pricing concerning five life-saving cancer medicines. The Commission (...)

The Russian Competition Authority sanctions an energy company for abuse of dominance in the electricity market (Novgorodoblenergo)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
“Novgorodoblenergo” JSC abused market dominance* Novgorod OFAS found that the company violated the Federal Law “On Protection of Competition” The antimonopoly body opened a case upon complaint from “Elkom” Ltd. Prior to initiating the proceedings Novgorod OFAS issued a warning to (...)

The French Competition Authority fines an energy company for abuse of dominance on the retail gas supply market (ENGIE)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 22 March 2017, the French Competition Authority (“FCA”) fined ENGIE (formerly known as GDF-Suez) € 100 million for abusing its dominant position on the retail gas supply market by using the customer database and business infrastructure it inherited from its former monopoly status in order to (...)

The French Competition Authority fines an energy provider for abuse of dominance (ENGIE)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence fines ENGIE 100 million euros for abusing its dominant position by using in particular its historical data file to convert its customers on regulated gas tariffs to market-based contracts for gas and electricity.* Furthermore, in another case regarding ENGIE (...)

The EU Commission launches a market test on an energy company’s commitments relating to the Central and Eastern European gas markets (Gazprom)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 13 March 2017, the European Commission launched a market test on commitments submitted by Gazprom aimed at addressing concerns over its alleged abuse of dominance on Central and Eastern European gas supply markets. In April 2015, the European Commission announced that it had sent a (...)

The Chinese Administration for Industry and Commerce of Hubei Province decides that a company attained market dominance through multiple contractual arrangements (Xinxing Jingying Pharmaceuticals)
Global Law Office (Beijing)
From 2015 to 2017, Wuhan Xinxing Jingying Pharmaceuticals, LLC ("Xinxing Pharmaceuticals") monopolized methyl salicylate active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) market of China through multiple contractual arrangements. In January 2017, Xinxing Pharmaceuticals was fined RMB2.2 million by the (...)

The Indian Competition Authority opens an investigation into bid-rigging by a state government department (Government of Haryana Public Works Department)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI initiates investigation against Public Works Department (PWD), Government of Haryana* CCI by its order dated 27 February 2017 has initiated investigation against PWR, Govt. of Haryana for abuse of dominance in relation to inviting of bids for construction of rail over bridge in Karnal (...)

The Russian Competition Authority sends a warning to a multinational technology company suspected of abuse of dominance (Apple)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
FAS issued a warning to “Apple Rus” Ltd.* By 1 May 2017 the company should open a unified service centre in the Russian Federation On 20 February 2017, the FAS Commission investigated a case against “Apple Rus” Ltd. According to a statement received by FAS, in 2016 service centres failed to (...)

The French Competition Authority conducts an initial intermediary assessment of the commitments made by an online accommodation booking company (Booking.com)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence conducts an initial intermediary assessment of the commitments made by Booking.com.* The Autorité has not ruled out the possibility of issuing an opinion at its own initiative if the change in competition so requires, and is actively contributing to all of the (...)

The French Supreme Court recalls the maximum fine incurred by associations compared to companies and clarifies the concept of undertaking underlying such distinction (ECMA)
Epex Spot (Paris)
In its confirmatory ruling issued on 8 February 2017, the French judicial supreme court (Cour de cassation, chambre commerciale, hereafter the “Supreme Court”) specifies that the concept of “undertaking” used to subject any entity engaged in an economic activity, whatever its legal form, to the (...)

The Indian Competition Authority finds no abuse of dominance in the market for industrial bearings (Shah Associates / Timken India)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
Background and Allegation Information was filed before the Competition Commission of India (“CCI/Commission”) by M/s Shah Associates (“Informant”) alleging abuse of dominance by Timken India Limited (“Timken”). The informant is engaged in the business of trading in bearings, gear boxes and chains (...)

The Italian Administrative Court of Lazio partially upholds the fine imposed on the company managing the Milan airports for abusive practices in the general aviation sector (SEA / AGCM)
Giannino SI (Monserrato)
Introduction By an appeal judgment released in the SEA v AGCM case , the Administrative Court for the Region of Latium (the Court) has partially upheld the challenged decision made by the Italian Competition Authority (ICA) in Cedicor/SEA , by which the ICA fined the manager of the Milan (...)

The Polish Supreme Court finds that a decision of the Competition Authority and the judgment of the Court of Appeal failed to establish a sufficiently precise relevant market definition to enable the finding of an abuse of dominance in the natural gas sector (PGNiG)
Utrecht University
,
Affre i Wspólnicy (Warsaw)
In the judgment of the Supreme Court (“SC”) of 10 January 2017, (III SK 61/15) concerning the alleged abuse of dominant position by PGNiG S.A. – a Polish natural gas company, the case was referred back to the Court of Appeal in Warsaw (“CA”). The SC found that neither the President of the Office of (...)

The German Competition Authority ends proceedings against a dominant firm on the antennas market (Funkturm)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt ends proceedings against Deutsche Funkturm after pricing structure amendments* The Bundeskartellamt has terminated the administrative proceedings which it initiated against Deutsche Funkturm GmbH, Münster in January 2015. In the proceedings the authority investigated suspected (...)

The Paris Commercial Court declares void price and availability parity clauses formerly implemented by a hotel online booking company (Booking.com)
Epex Spot (Paris)
In a ruling issued on November 29th, 2016, the Paris commercial court (hereafter the “court”) declared void several provisions, including price and availability parity clauses previously in force, of Booking.com’s general terms of service governing its B2B relationships with hotels. Following an (...)

The French Competition Authority issues its opinion on the access to information on the prices of lands for development
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Land available for development* The Autorité de la concurrence recommends providing professionals and private individuals with improved access to information on the prices of lands for development. It welcomes the recent measures taken to improve cost transparency within the sector and (...)

The EU Commission launches an investigation into a Czech railway incumbent for possible abuse of dominance (České dráhy)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission investigates practices of Czech railway incumbent České dráhy in passenger transport* The European Commission has opened an investigation to assess whether the Czech railway incumbent České dráhy, a.s. (ČD) charged prices below costs with the aim of shutting out competition in (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority imposes administrative monetary fine on an expo centre operator for abuse of dominance through refusal to deal (Congresium)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses the Turkish Competition Board’s (“Board”) Congresium ATO decision dated 27.10.2016 and numbered 16-35/604-269. The Board’s decision comes following the judgment of the Ankara 3rd Administrative Court which annulled the Board’s previous decision with respect to the same case (...)

The Russian Competition Authority fines a supplier of water for abuse of dominance (Sevkavkazenegro)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
Five fines upon a monopolist* On 26 October, the Office of the Federal Antimonopoly Service in the Republic of North Ossetia – Alania imposed five fines upon “Sevkavkazenegro” JSC, totalling 2,812,500 RUB. The penalty is imposed for abusing dominance. In April 2015, “Sevkavkazenegro” JSC (...)

The Chinese Kunming Intermediate People’s Court decides a refusal to purchase in the market of refined oil not to be anti-competitive (Yunnan Yingding Biological Energy / Sinopec)
Hogan Lovells (Beijing)
,
University of Melbourne
,
China Competition Bulletin (Beijing)
On 8 October 2016, the Kunming Intermediate People’s Court amended its first-instance decision in the refusal to deal dispute between Yunnan Yingding Biological Energy, a biodiesel company, and Sinopec’s branch in Yunnan. In December 2014, the court had originally decided the case in the (...)

The Latvian Competition Authority fines two plasterboard suppliers for abuse of dominance (Knauf / Norgips)
Konkurences padome (Riga)
The CC fines with EUR 1.6 million two Plasterboard Suppliers of Knauf Group* On 30 September, the Competition Council of Latvia (the CC) fined SIA Knauf and Norgips sp. z o. o. (Poland), a parent company of SIA Norgips that is also a part of a Knauf Group, for abusing their market power by (...)

The EU Commission sends a statement of objections to an international sports association suspected to have breached EU antitrust rules (International Skating Union)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission sends Statement of Objections to International Skating Union on its eligibility rules* The European Commission has informed the International Skating Union (ISU) of its preliminary view that the ISU rules under which athletes face severe penalties for participation in (...)

The Arbitration Court of Moscow confirms that a technology company has abused its dominance on the market of pre-installed app stores (Google)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
Appeal Court supported FAS in a dispute with “Google”* On 17 August 2016, the 9th Arbitration Appeal Court pronounced legitimacy and reasonableness of the decision of the Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS Russia) on a case against “Google” abusing dominance on the market of preset application (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority sends a statement of objections to a company specialized in standard mail services suspected to abuse of dominance (CTT)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
The Portuguese Competition Authority sends Statement of Objections to CTT – Correios de Portugal S.A.* The Portuguese Competition Authority (Autoridade da Concorrência – AdC) confirms having sent a Statement of Objections to CTT – Correios de Portugal S.A. (CTT) outlining its preliminary view that (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority refuses to open infringement proceedings on the market of telecommunications equipment because the alleged infringer does not hold a dominant position (Ericsson NT)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
Ericsson Nikola Tesla: Initiative for abuse of dominance dismissed* The Croatian Competition Agency (CCA) dismissed the initiative for the initiation of the infringement proceedings for the establishment of abuse of a dominant position against the undertaking Ericsson Nikola Tesla (Ericsson (...)

The EU Commission accepts remedies proposed by companies active on the credit default swaps market (ISDA / Markit)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission accepts commitments by ISDA and Markit on credit default swaps* The European Commission has adopted a decision that renders legally binding commitments to licence inputs for credit default swaps, offered separately by the International Swaps and Derivatives Association (...)

The EU Commission considers comparison shopping services and advertising related practices (Google AdSense)
International Center for Law & Economics (Portland)
Everything is amazing - and no-one at the European Commission is happy* Since the European Commission (EC) announced its first inquiry into Google’s business practices in 2010, the company has been the subject of lengthy investigations by courts and competition agencies around the globe. (...)

The EU Commission takes further steps concerning the case involving comparison shopping services and advertising-related practices (Google AdSense)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission takes further steps in investigations alleging Google’s comparison shopping and advertising-related practices breach EU rules* The Commission has sent two Statements of Objections to Google. The Commission has reinforced, in a supplementary Statement of Objections, its (...)

The EU Commission opens a formal investigation concerning potential abuse of dominance on the Belgian beer market (AB InBev)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission opens formal investigation into AB InBev’s practices on Belgian beer market* The European Commission has opened an investigation, on its own initiative, to assess whether Anheuser-Busch InBev SA (AB InBev) has abused its dominant position on the Belgian beer market by (...)

The French Competition Authority fines a supplier of rolled zinc for abuse of dominance (Umicore)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence fines UMICORE, one of the global leaders in zinc, €69 million for abuse of dominant position towards its competitors by practicing during 9 years a trade policy aiming at constraining its distributors to supply themselves exclusively from the company.* In brief (...)

The German Competition Authority issues its annual report for 2015
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
2015 Annual Report of the Bundeskartellamt* Today, the President of the Bundeskartellamt, Andreas Mundt, presented the authority’s annual report for 2015. Digital economy New digital products and business models have created new challenges for competition policy and competition law (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority renders legally binding the commitments offered by a food retailer (Dia)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
The PCA adopts a decision which renders legally binding the commitments offered by Dia Portugal related to Minipreço franchise* The Portuguese Competition Authority (PCA) adopted a decision which renders legally binding the commitments offered by Dia Portugal Supermercados, Sociedade (...)

The OECD holds a roundtable on fidelity rebates and competition
OECD - Competition Division (Paris)
Executive summary, by the Secretariat * From the discussion at the hearing, the delegates’ and experts’ written submissions, several key points emerged: 1. Fidelity rebates or loyalty discount schemes are widely used and are often beneficial for consumers. Rebates based on quantity, and in some (...)

The German Competition Authority issues a working paper on the market power of platforms and networks
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt publishes working paper on "Market Power of Platforms and Networks"* The Bundeskartellamt has today published a working paper which deals with the "Market Power of Platforms and Networks" in the Internet. The report focuses on the factors relevant for assessing the market (...)

The Hungarian Competition Authority pursues the monitoring of the online booking market after closing its sector inquiry
Hungarian Competition Authority (Budapest)
The GVH continues to monitor the hotel booking market after closing its sectoral inquiry* The Hungarian Competition Authority (Gazdasági Versenyhivatal, GVH) prepared its report on its sectoral inquiry on the online accommodation booking market. Due to the positive changes that took place on (...)

The German Competition Authority announces that, following its investigations, a railway company has decided to make far-reaching changes to the sale of passenger tickets (Deutsche Bahn)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Deutsche Bahn AG to make changes to ticket sales* Following investigations by the Bundeskartellamt, Deutsche Bahn AG has undertaken to make far-reaching changes to the sale of passenger tickets. The measures will improve the ticket sales possibilities of its competitors. In early 2014 the (...)

The German Competition Authority terminates proceedings regarding possible abuse of dominance in the market for the distribution of passenger train tickets and accepts several commitments by the incumbent train company (Deutsche Bahn)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
By a decision of 24 May 2016, the German Federal Cartel Office (“FCO”) announced that it had terminated proceedings against Deutsche Bahn AG after having accepted several commitments. In 2014, the FCO initiated an investigation against Deutsche Bahn AG and reached the preliminary conclusion that (...)

The French Competition Authority gathers informations to assess data processing in the on-line advertising sector
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence begins, at its own initiative, gathering information in order to assess data processing in the on-line advertising sector* The Autorité has decided, at its own initiative, to gather information with a view to assessing competition in the internet advertising sector (...)

The French and German Competition Authority publish a joint study on competition law and data
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The French Autorité de la concurrence and the German Bundeskartellamt publish joint paper on data and its implications for Competition Law* The increasing collection, processing and commercial use of data in digital markets has prompted a broad debate about the role of data in corporate (...)

The Moldovan Competition Authority prosecutes suppliers of pharmaceutical products for the failure to supply to the public health care institutions (Esculap)
University of Macau - Faculty of Law (Macau)
On 21 April 2016 the Moldovan Competition Authority (CC) has issued an infringement decisions against six suppliers of various pharmaceutical products for their failure to deliver the agreed quantities of medicines to the public health care institutions. The fines imposed on the undertakings (...)

The EU Commission sends a statement of objections to a technology company suspected of imposing restrictions on device manufacturers and mobile network operators (Google Android)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission sends Statement of Objections to Google on Android operating system and applications* The European Commission has informed Google of its preliminary view that the company has, in breach of EU antitrust rules, abused its dominant position by imposing restrictions on (...)

The EU Commission sends a statement of objections to a technology company suspected of imposing restrictions on device manufacturers and mobile network operators (Google Android)
Constantine Cannon (London)
,
Constantine Cannon (London)
EU Commission Hits Google With Abuse Of Dominance Charges Over Android*Just as expected, following a one-year investigation and a number of information requests, the European Commission formally announced today that it is accusing Google’s parent company, Alphabet, of abusing its dominant (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority adopts interim measures aiming at ending abusive behaviour implemented by an undertaking in the burial service market (Flora VTC)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
Proceeding and interim measure for undertaker Flora VTC* Within the proceeding against the undertaker Flora VTC from Virovitica the CCA will establish whether the undertaking in question has been engaged in abusive behaviour on the basis of the applicable Prices for Funeral Services in the (...)

The Lithuanian Competition Authority terminates the investigation of alleged abuse of dominance in the maritime industry (Vakarų Laivų Gamykla)
Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (Munich)
On 19 April 2016 the Competition Council terminated the investigation against AB “Vakarų Laivų Gamykla“ (AB VLG) with regard to an alleged infringement of Article 102 TFEU and Article 7 of the Law on Competition of the Republic of Lithuania. During the investigation, which the Competition Council (...)

The German Competition Authority approves marketing model for the award of football championship rights from 2017/18 season onwards (DFL)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt approves marketing model for award of Bundesliga rights from 2017/18 football season onwards – DFL undertakes for first time to observe ’no single buyer’ rule* The German League Association and the German Football League (DFL) have submitted a commitment to the Bundeskartellamt (...)

The EU Commission allows the early termination of commitments made by a railway power supplier, following the entry of new competitors to the market (Deutsche Bahn)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: successful market opening allows early termination of commitments in Deutsche Bahn case* The European Commission has relieved Deutsche Bahn ahead of schedule from commitments made binding in December 2013, as several competitors have now entered the German railway traction current (...)

The EU Commission relieves an undertaking in the railway sector of its obligation to comply with a commitments decision, following market developments (Deutsche Bahn)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 8 April 2016, the Commission announced that it had adopted a decision to relieve Deutsche Bahn of its obligation to comply with a commitments decision made binding on the company in December 2013. According to the Commission, the commitments decision had achieved its “main purpose”, which it (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority accepts commitments proposed by an undertaking suspected to abuse of dominance in the newspapers market (Tisak)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
Tisak reviews the commission rates in newspapers sales* The Croatian Competition Agency (CCA) accepted the committments of the undertaking Tisak with the view to eliminating possible anticompetitive effects in the commission sales of newspapers in the proceedings that has been carried out by (...)

The UK Competition Authority issues a provisional decision on remedies to increase competition in the private healthcare market (HCA)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA’s private healthcare provisional decision on remedies* The CMA has provisionally found that likely changes in London’s private healthcare market mean that extra remedies would not be proportionate. In April 2012, the Competition Commission, a predecessor body of the Competition and Markets (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority concludes that a turnover rebate system does not constitute an abuse of dominance in the fuel wholesale market (Tüpraş / Ader)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
,
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses the Turkish Competition Board’s (“Board”) TÜPRAŞ decision of 16.03.2016, No. 16-10/159-70. The Board reviewed the allegations of abuse put forward by Akaryakıt Ana Dağıtım Şirketleri Derneği (“ADER”) against Türkiye Petrol Rafinerileri A.Ş. (“TÜPRAŞ”). TÜPRAŞ allegedly abused its (...)

The German Competition Authority opens a proceeding against a social network company suspected to have abused its dominance by infringing data protection rules (Facebook)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt initiates proceeding against Facebook on suspicion of having abused its market power by infringing data protection rules* The Bundeskartellamt has initiated a proceeding against Facebook Inc., USA, the Irish subsidiary of the company and Facebook Germany GmbH, Hamburg. The (...)

The German Competition Authority initiates proceedings against a social network company regarding potential abuse of dominance (Facebook)
Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (Brussels)
,
Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (Brussels)
,
Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (Brussels)
The German Federal Cartel Office (the FCO) has announced that it has initiated proceedings against Facebook for the company’s alleged abuse of its dominant position in a market for social networks. The FCO appears to be taking the position that, as a firm with a possibly dominant position, (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority renders binding commitments proposed by car manufacturer regarding motor vehicle warranties (Fiat)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
The PCA adopts a decision which renders legally binding the commitments offered by Fiat regarding motor vehicle warranties* The Portuguese Competition Authority (PCA) adopted a decision which renders legally binding the commitments offered by FCA Portugal, S.A., in relation to Fiat brands (...)

The Indian Competition Authority exonerates television audience measurement agency from allegations of abuse of dominance due to lack of dominance in the relevant markets (Prasar Bharati / TAM Media Research)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI closes case against television audience measurement services agency* CCI by its order dated February 25, 2016 has closed a case alleging abuse of dominant position by the television audience measurement services agency, TAM Media Research Private Limited, in relation to the procedure (...)

The Indian Competition Authority opens investigation into abuse of dominance by global hybrid seeds manufacturer through its alleged excessive royalties (Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare / Mahyco Monsanto Biotech)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI to investigate global hybrid seeds giant Monsanto for abuse of dominance in relation to excessive royalties for Bt cotton seeds* CCI by its majority order dated February 10, 2016 has initiated a detailed investigation into the allegedly excessive royalty fee charged by Monsanto, Inc. (USA) (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority closes its infringement procedure in the case of motor vehicles warranties (SEAT Portugal)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
Intervention of the Portuguese Competition Authority led to positive changes in the motor vehicles warranties* The Portuguese Competition Authority (PCA) decided to close the infringement procedure against SEAT Portugal, Unipessoal, Lda. (SEAT Portugal) because the company, diligently, (...)

The Hellenic Competition Authority accepts remedies proposed by an electricity producer ending competition concerns (PPC)
Hellenic Competition Authority (Athens)
HCC has accepted commitments proposed by the PPC S.A. to address competition concerns with regard to the supply of electricity to Aluminium of Greece S.A.* By a unanimous decision, the Hellenic Competition Commission (HCC) accepted commitments proposed by the Public Power Corporation S.A. (PPC (...)

The Polish Competition Authority fines a rail freight company for abuse of dominance (PKP Cargo)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
PKP Cargo fined for limiting competition on the rail freight market* UOKiK found that PKP Cargo (Poland’s largest rail freight operator) abused its dominant position, resulting in limited competition on the rail freight market, fining the company 14,2 million PLN [3,3 million EUR] Poland’s (...)

The Indian Competition Authority opens an investigation into possible abuse of dominance by a seaport and coal terminal (Tamil Nadu Power Producers Association / Chettinad International Coal Terminal)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI to investigate the Chettinad International Coal Terminal Pvt. Ltd. and Kamarajar Port Ltd. for alleged abuse of dominance* CCI by its order dated January 4, 2016 has initiated an investigation against Kamarajar Port Ltd. (the erstwhile Ennore Port) and Chettinad International Coal Terminal (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority receives remedies from an automobile constructor regarding motor vehicles warranties (Fiat)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
Fiat offers commitments regarding motor vehicles warranties* The Portuguese Competition Authority (PCA) opened proceedings against Fiat Group Automobiles Portugal, S.A., now FCA Portugal, S.A. (Fiat), in relation to the Fiat brand, for alleged infringements of competition rules. The (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority rejects the complaint that agreements between a major IT company and several OEMs on the exclusive pre-installation of mobile apps infringed competition rules (Yandex / Google)
University of Sussex (Brighton)
This case note analyses the decision of the Turkish Competition Authority (TCA) in which it has rejected the complaint of a rival IT company, Yandex, that agreements of a major IT company, Google, with a number of original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) on the exclusive pre-installation of its (...)

The German Competition Authority prohibits "best price" clauses implemented by an online hotel booking company (Booking.com)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Narrow ’best price’ clauses of Booking also anticompetitive* Today the Bundeskartellamt prohibited Booking (Booking.com Deutschland GmbH, Berlin, and Booking.com B.V., Amsterdam) from continuing to apply its ’best price’ clauses and ordered the hotel booking portal to completely delete the clauses (...)

The Dutch Competition Authority pronounces an order obliging a dominant postal service company to transmit its price list to its competitors (PostNL)
Netherlands Authority for Consumers & Markets (The Hague)
ACM: postal company PostNL must stop frustrating its competitors* Dutch postal company PostNL failed to share clearly with other postal companies part of its tariffs and conditions for mail delivery. Consequently, Van Straaten Post and Intrapost, two smaller rival postal companies, did not (...)

The Hellenic Competition Authority fines a brewer for abuse of dominance on the Greek beer market (Athenian Brewery)
Hellenic Competition Authority (Athens)
Decision concerning an infringement of Articles 2 of the Competition Act and 102 TFEU by Athenian Brewery S.A. in the Greek beer market * Following an investigation (ex officio and upon a complaint by Mythos Brewery S.A.), the Hellenic Competition Commission found that Athenian Brewery S.A., a (...)

The French Competition Authority fines a telecommunications company for implementing abusive practices on the “business” market (SFR)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence fines SFR and its subsidiary in La Réunion 10.7 million euros for implementing abusive practices on the “business” market.* In brief The Autorité de la concurrence issues today a decision in which it fines SFR and SRR, SFR’s subsidiary in La Réunion, a total of 10.7 (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegations of abuse of dominance against educational trust and real estate developer due to lack of dominance (Geeta Kapoor / DLF Qutab Enclave Complex Educational Charitable Trust)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI dismisses allegation of anti-competitive practices against DLF Ltd* The CCI by its order dated November 17, 2015 dismissed allegations against DLF Qutab Enclave Complex Educational Charitable Trust (the Trust) and DLF Ltd.. It was alleged by the Informant, Ms. Geeta Kapoor, that the Trust (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegations of abuse of dominance against petroleum refiner due to lack of dominance (AnjaniSut Fuel / Reliance Industries)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI closes two cases against Reliance Industries Limited* CCI by its order dated November 17, 2015 ordered dismissed allegations of violation of Section 4 of the Act, in an information filed by AnjaniSut Fuel (Informant) against Reliance Industries Ltd.(RIL) In order to obtain the dealership (...)

The Mexican Competition Authority launches a public consultation on guidelines for performing absolute monopolistic practices investigations
Mexican Competition Authority (Mexico City)
COFECE initiates public consultation on Guidelines for performing Absolute Monopolistic Practices investigations* The draft describes the nature of the investigation procedure for absolute monopolistic practices, how it is started and its main stages, among other aspects Mexico City, September (...)

The Polish Competition Authority accepts commitments proposed by insurers in the life insurance market (Allianz)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
UOKiK issues commitment decisions in unit-linked life insurance cases as part of wide investigation of consumer abuses in the sector* Three insurance companies – Polish units of Aviva, Allianz and Nationale Nederlanden – have committed to significantly reduce cancellation fees in existing (...)

The Irish Competition Authority publishes commitments made by an online hotel booking company (Booking.com)
Irish Competition Authority (Dublin)
Commission secures 5-year commitments from Booking.com* Commission secures 5-year commitments from Booking.com Accommodation providers in Ireland will have increased ability to offer lower prices Consumers will have greater access to more competitive rates Tuesday, 6th October 2015: The (...)

The Polish Competition Authority fines a gas supplier for failing to fully comply with a commitment decision (PGNiG)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
PGNiG, Poland’s leading gas supplier, fined for failing to fully comply with a commitment decision* UOKiK has fined Polskie Górnictwo Naftowe i Gazownictwo (PGNiG), a leading Polish oil and gas company, EUR 2.45 mln for failing to comply with a part of the commitment decision it had accepted in (...)

The Lithuanian Competition Authority fines a retailer for using unfair practices against distributors (Rimi Lietuva)
Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition (Munich)
On 18 September 2015 the Competition Council fined UAB RIMI LIETUVA (hereinafter: RIMI) for an infringement of Article 3(1) point 8 of the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on the Prohibition of Unfair Practices of Retailers. During the investigation the Competition Council analyzed whether the (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority accepts commitments proposed by a car manufacturer related to vehicle warranties’ restrictions (Ford)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
The PCA converts into mandatory conditions the commitments presented by Ford Lusitana regarding motor vehicle warranties* The Portuguese Competition Authority (PCA) converts into mandatory conditions all the commitments presented by Ford Lusitana, S.A. (Ford), in order to address the (...)

The German Competition Authority decides not to open formal proceedings against a search engine company in ancillary copyright dispute (Google)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt takes decision in ancillary copyright dispute* Bonn, 09 September 2015: In the dispute between the copyright collecting society VG Media and Google, the Bundeskartellamt has decided not to open formal proceedings against Google regarding its conduct in connection with the (...)

The Latvian Administrative Regional Court upholds the decision of the Competition Authority that fined and imposed remedies on the national gas supplier in a case of abuse of dominance (Latvijas Gāze)
Konkurences padome (Riga)
Court agrees with the Competition Authority to fine the National Gas Supplier* On 2 September, the Administrative Regional Court confirmed the Competition Council’s (CC) decision to impose the only natural gas supplier in Latvia – AS "Latvijas Gāze" – remedies to change the practice of debt (...)

The Russian Competition Authority fines an electricity provider for abuse of dominance (Dagenergoset)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
Dagestan OFAS fined “Dagenergoset”* The Office of the Federal Antimonopoly Service in the Republic of Dagestan (Dagestan OFAS Russia) found that “Dagenergoset” OJSC abused its market dominance (Part 1 Article 10 of the Federal Law “On Protection of Competition”) and fined the company 1.5 million (...)

The Chinese NDRC finds that a municipal health and family planning commission has abused its administrative power in its drug procurement practices (Bengbu Health Commission)
University of Melbourne
,
China Competition Bulletin (Beijing)
,
Hogan Lovells (Beijing)
On 17 August 2015, the NDRC found that the Bengbu Municipal Health and Family Planning Commission (Bengbu Health Commission) had abused its administrative power in its drug procurement practices. This is the NDRC’s first published antitrust enforcement decision in the pharmaceutical industry (...)

The UK Competition Authority issues statements of objection to a pharmaceutical company and its distributors suspected of abuse of dominance in the market of phenytoin sodium capsules (Pfizer / Flynn)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA issues statement of objections to Pfizer and Flynn Pharma in anti-epilepsy drug investigation* The CMA has today issued a statement of objections to the pharmaceutical suppliers Pfizer and Flynn Pharma alleging that they have breached competition law. The Competition and Markets (...)

The Russian Competition Authority welcomes the payment of a fine imposed on a gas provider for abuse of dominance (Gazprom)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
“Gazprom Gazoraspredelenia Sever” OJSC paid a 3.5 million RUB* “Gazprom Gazoraspredelenia Sever” OJSC paid a 3.5 million RUB for abusing dominance on the market of gas transportation services. The fine reached 1% of the annual company revenue. The Office of the Federal Antimonopoly Service in (...)

The Hellenic Competition Authority issues a provisional order against an undertaking suspected of abuse of dominance in the markets for the production and trade of electricity (PPC)
Hellenic Competition Authority (Athens)
Adjournment of hearing of interim measures and issuance of provisional order against PPC SA* The Hellenic Competition Commission (HCC) has deferred the hearing of the case concerning ex officio adoption of interim measures against Public Power Corporation S.A. Greece (PPC) until September (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority opens an ex officio investigation regarding an apps sales market (Google)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
CCA investigation in Android apps sales market* Following some press articles claiming that the Croatian software companies were forced to open branch offices or find partners abroad because Google did not allow them to register for direct sale of their apps via the Google Play store, the (...)

The Hungarian Competition Authority fines a water supplier for abuse of dominance (Tettye Zrt.)
Hungarian Competition Authority (Budapest)
Tettye Zrt. abused its dominant position* According to the decision of the Hungarian Competition Authority (GVH), Tettye Forrásház Zrt. (Tettye Zrt.) abused its dominant position by setting, from May 2011, excessive prices for its consumers for the proficiency test of subsidiary water-meters (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority receives commitments proposed by a car manufacturer to end the competition concerns regarding motor vehicles warranties (Ford)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
Ford offers commitments to the Portuguese Competition Authority regarding motor vehicles warranties* The Portuguese Competition Authority has opened proceedings against Ford Lusitana, S.A. (Ford) for alleged infringements of the competition rules, on January 2015. The Portuguese Competition (...)

The Latvian Competition Authority concludes that competition is distorted on the market of funeral services and recommends the establishment of a regulatory framework
Konkurences padome (Riga)
Funeral Service Industry Needs to be Reformed* The Competition Council (CC) of Latvia together with the Consumer Rights Protection Centre (CRCP) and the State Revenue Service (SRS) conclude that the market of funeral services lacks a regulatory framework, therefore the competition is distorted (...)

The Russian Competition Authority fines a gas provider for abuse of dominance (Gazprom)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
Dagestan OFAS fined “Gazprom Regiongaz Pyatigorsk” 8.6 million RUB* The Office of the Federal Antimonopoly Service in the Republic of Dagestan (Dagestan OFAS) found that “Gazprom Regiongaz Pyatigorsk” Ltd. violated the antimonopoly law. The company shall pay over 8.6 million RUB as a fine for (...)

The Pakistani Competition Authority opens an inquiry against dominant manufacturers in the automobile industry (Indus Motor / Pak Suzuki Motor)
Competition Commission of Pakistan (Islamabad)
CCP initiates inquiry into unfair trading conditions imposed by dominant manufacturers in the automobile industry* The Competition Commission of Pakistan (CCP) has initiated an inquiry under Section 37 of the Competition Act, 2010 into the possible anti-competitive behaviour of the two (...)

The Russian Competition Authority sends a warning to a gas provider suspected to impose disadvantageous contract conditions (Gazprom)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
“Gazprom” received a FAS warning* On 18 June 2015, the Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS Russia) issued a warning to “Gazprom” OJSC to eliminate elements of violating the antimonopoly law (Clause 3 Part 1 Article 10 of the Federal Law “On Protection of Competition”). “Gazprom” OJSC avoided (...)

The Chinese Liaoning Administration for Industry and Commerce fines a tobacco company for abuse of dominance (Fushun)
University of Melbourne
,
China Competition Bulletin (Beijing)
,
Hogan Lovells (Beijing)
On 12 August 2015, the SAIC published a decision made by the Liaoning Administration for Industry and Commerce (Liaoning AIC) on 1 June 2015 to sanction the Fushun branch of the Liaoning Tobacco Company (Fushun Tobacco) for abuse of dominance. The investigation was initiated in June 2014 in (...)

The Chinese NDRC targets price-related illegal conducts in the pharmaceutical sector
King & Wood Mallesons (Beijing)
,
Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer (Beijing)
NDRC Targets Price-related Illegal Conducts in the Pharmaceutical Sector* On May 4, 2015, the NDRC published Notice on Reinforcing Supervision over Medical Prices (“Notice”). In the Notice, the NDRC issued a range of specific opinions on the supervision over medical price, including immediately (...)

The East Kazakhstan Judicial Appeal Board fines a group of companies for refusing to conclude a contract with the customer (AES Ust / Kamenogorsk HPS)
Center for Development and Protection of Competition Policy (Astana)
,
Kazakhstan Association of Mining and Metallurgical Companies (Astana)
,
Center for Development and Protection of Competition Policy (Astana)
On April 13, 2015 Judicial Appeal Board on civil and administrative cases of East Kazakhstan region considered the petition of appeal filed by “AES Ust-Kamenogorsk HPP” LLP against the order of the specialized administrative court of Ust-Kamenogorsk dated March 16, 2015 (Court of first (...)

The Canadian Competition Authority holds that the exit of a dominant firm from the relevant market does not end the abuse of dominance claim (Direct Energy)
Cassels Brock (Toronto)
Not out of hot water: Direct Energy’s exit does not end abuse case* Direct Energy’s exit from the hot water heater rental market did not turn down the heat from the Commissioner The exit of a respondent in an abuse of dominance case does not mean the case cannot continue, the Competition (...)

The Moscow Arbitration Appeal Court confirms that the Federal railway transport agency has unreasonably refused to open a railway station (Roszheldor)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
An unreasonable refusal to open a railway station resulted in violating the law* On 24 February 2015, the 9th Arbitration Appeal Court pronounced legitimacy of the decision and determination issued by the Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS Russia) against the Federal Railway Transport Agency (...)

The Romanian Competition Authority proposes several recommendations to improve the competition in the life insurance sector
Romanian Competition Council (Bucharest)
Low development level of life insurance sector in Romania* One of the conclusions of the sector inquiry conducted by the Competition Council on life insurance market is that this sector in Romania has a low level of development, the penetration decree is far behind that of other European (...)

The Swedish Market Court dismisses an abuse of dominance action because the relatively scarce market data presented was not sufficient to define the relevant market and establish dominance (Pizza24 Nordic / OnlinePizza Norden)
Nasdaq (Stockholm)
Online Food For Thought* The Swedish Market Court’s judgment in Pizza24 / OnlinePizza A judgment of the Swedish Market Court from February 2015 is an unfortunate missed opportunity to grapple with interesting issues around online intermediary services. The case concerned online services for (...)

The Federal State of Baden-Württemberg withdraws its remedies proposed to the German Competition Authority aiming at bringing the state’s timber marketing practices in line with competition law (Federal state of Baden-Württemberg)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Baden-Württemberg withdraws its commitments in round timber proceedings* Today the federal state of Baden-Württemberg withdrew the commitments it offered in the Bundeskartellamt proceedings initiated against it for its joint marketing of round timber. The commitments were aimed at bringing the (...)

The Russian Competition Authority concludes that a cement producer in Crimea has abused its dominance (Stroiindoustria)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
A cement producer in Crimea unreasonably increased prices* The Federal Antimonopoly Service (Crimea OFAS) found that “Stroiindoustria” Bakhchisarai Works” Shareholding Company violated the antimonopoly law in the part of abusing dominance (Clause 1 Part 1 Article 10 of the Federal Law “In (...)

The French Competition Authority receives commitments from an online hotel booking company aiming at ending practices likely to constitute an abuse of dominance (Booking.com)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Online hotel booking sector* Booking.com has proposed to the Autorité de la concurrence to remove the so-called “pricing parity clause” obliging hotels to grant it pricing conditions that are at least as favorable as those granted to the other online platforms Hotels can now place booking.com in (...)

The Advocate General Whatelet holds that the fact that a company owns a standard-essential patent does not necessarily mean that it holds a dominant position (Huawei / ZTE)
AnJie Law (Beijing)
,
AnJie Law (Beijing)
Huawei vs. ZTE - The Advocate General Has Spoken* Background On April 5, 2013, the Landgericht Düsseldorf (a German regional court) referred a set of questions relating to injunctive relief over standard-essential patents (“SEPs”) to the European Court of Justice (“ECJ”) in connection with a (...)

The Italian Competition Authority initiates an investigation to ascertain an abuse of dominant position in the cancer drugs markets (Aspen)
Bonelli Erede (Rome)
,
Bonelli Erede (Rome)
With its decision of 19 November 2014, the Italian Competition Authority (“ICA” or the “Authority”) initiated an investigation into Aspa Pharma Trading Ltd and Aspen Italia S.r.l. (“Aspen”) - both belonging to the South African-based Aspen Group, a leading manufacturer of generic medicines - to (...)

The French Competition Authority receives commitments from a railway company aimed at increasing the autonomy of its subsidiary in the market for advice and technical assistance to transport network operators (SNCF / Keolis / Transdev)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The SNCF takes steps towards the increased autonomy of its subsidiary Keolis in the market of advice and technical assistance to urban transporters. The Autorité de la concurrence consults the market on the proposed commitments* Within the scope of a procedure initiated before the Autorité de (...)

The Irish Competition Authority publishes an enforcement decision concerning state postal services provider (An post)
European Commission (Brussels)
Competition Authority Publishes Enforcement Decision concerning State Postal Services Provider* On 30 October 2014, the Competition Authority (Authority) published an Enforcement Decision following an investigation into how An Post - the State postal service provider - applied its Zonal (...)

The Polish Competition Authority monitors the implementation of commitments by an oil and gas exploration and production company to modify contractual relations with customers (PGNiG)
European Commission (Brussels)
UOKiK Monitors Implementation of Commitments by PGNiG to Modify Contractual Relations with Customers* On 17 October 2014, the Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (UOKiK) initiated proceedings to determine whether Polskie Górnictwo Naftowe i Gazownictwo (PGNiG), Poland’s largest oil and (...)

The Russian Competition Authority welcomes the enforcement of the warning by a gas provider aiming to stop the competition concerns (Gazprom)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
FAS warning solved a consumer problem that could not be resolved for three years* “Gazprom” executed a warning of the Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS Russia) and eliminated elements of violations of the antimonopoly law. The antimonopoly authority was notified about executing the warning on (...)

The Moscow Arbitration Court confirms the fine imposed on an undertaking for monopolization (Deon)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
Arbitration Court dismissed the claim of Chuvash Cabinet of Ministers to invalidate FAS decision* On 15th September 2104, Moscow Arbitration Court dismissed the claim of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Chuvashia to invalidate FAS decision on an antimonopoly case. On 6th March (...)

The Moscow Arbitration Court confirms the warnings addressed to air carriers that have a dominant position on some markets (Aeroflot / Russian Airlines)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
FAS warnings are legitimate* On 15th September 2014, Moscow Arbitration Court dismissed the claim of “Aeroflot – Russian Airlines” OJSC to invalidate a warning of the Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS Russia). In April 2014, the Antimonopoly Service issued warnings to air carriers that have (...)

The US District Court for the Southern district of New York refuses to dismiss a class-action antitrust law suit on the basis that plaintiffs had alleged facts that showed a plausible conspiracy (Credit Default Swaps)
Constantine Cannon (Washington)
Credit Default Swap Class Action Clears Motions To Dismiss And Proceeds To Discovery* On Thursday, Judge Denise Cote of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York refused to dismiss a class-action antitrust lawsuit involving the $21 trillion credit default swap (“CDS”) market, (...)

The US Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit rules that one firm’s ability to break into the relevant market does not foreclose the possibility that another company monopolized or attempted to monopolize that market (Lenox / Medtronic)
Wolters Kluwer (Riverwoods)
Monopoly Claims Can Survive Summary Judgment: Medtronic Must Defend Conduct in “Bone Mill” Market* One firm’s ability to break into the market for “bone mills” used in spinal-fusion surgery did not foreclose the possibility that medical device company Medtronic monopolized or attempted to (...)

The Italian Administrative Court of Second Instance confirms the Italian Competition Authority’s decision concerning an abuse of dominant position in the market for television audience measurement (Auditel)
Lipani Catricalà (Rome)
1. Premise – This work is part of a project (hereinafter, the “Project”) aimed at offering a quarterly overview of all the decisions of Italian administrative courts, which involve the Italian Competition Authority (Autorità Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato, hereinafter the “ICA”). (...)

The EU Court of Justice attempts to clarify its case law on whether actual abuse by the public undertaking must be shown in Article 106 TFEU cases (Greek Lignite case)
University of Groningen
The Appeal in Greek Lignite: Clarification of the Law or Jumpstarting Article 106 TFEU?* Introduction In October 2012 I wrote an entry about the General Court judgment that annulled the Commission decision in the Greek Lignite-saga, concerning the Greek state-owned electricity company DEI (...)

The Latvian Competition Council carries out survey on competition concerns of entrepreneurs
European Commission (Brussels)
Latvia: The Competition Council carries out Survey on Competition Concerns of Entrepreneurs in Latvia* Following a survey carried out in April and May 2014, the Competition Council (CC) concluded on 19 June 2014 that entrepreneurs in Latvia are rather passive in contributing to the assessment (...)

The Russian Competition Authority gives its position on a dispute between vaccine producers (GlaxoSmithKline / Pfizer)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
FAS position on a dispute between vaccine producers* The Federal Antimonopoly Service completed surveying product boundaries of the market of pneumococcal vaccines for children aged from 1.5 month to 5 years. The analysis was initiated upon two mutually exclusive petitions from vaccine (...)

The Australian Competition Authority authorises for the second time arrangements for the acquisition and licensing of performing rights in music, subject to certain conditions (APRA)
Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (Canberra)
ACCC requires improved dispute resolution in performing rights arrangements* The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission has reauthorised the Australasian Performing Right Association’s (APRA) arrangements for the acquisition and licensing of performing rights in music, subject to (...)

The Australian Competition Authority issues its ninth report assessing cross-subsidy between the services provided by a domestic postal service provider (Australia Post)
Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (Canberra)
ACCC report finds no cross-subsidy in Australia Post* The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission has issued its ninth report assessing cross-subsidy between the services provided by Australia Post. The ACCC uses information provided by Australia Post in accordance with ACCC (...)

The IP High Court of Japan considers the enforceability of a standard-essential patent after FRAND declaration (Apple / Samsung)
Fukami Patent Office (Osaka)
Japan IP High Court Decisi on of Samsung vs. Apple - Enforceability of Standard Essential Patent after FRAND declaration- * On May 16, 2014, the Grand Panel of the Japan IP High Court delivered a judgement in Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. vs. Apple Japan LLC concerning three consolidated (...)

The Russian Competition Authority concludes that three producers of crude oils have a dominant position (Gazprom Neft)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
“Gazprom Neft”, “Rosneft” NK”, “LUKOIL” and “Surgutneftegaz” have the dominant position on the market of crude oil* The Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS Russia) analyzed the state of competition on the market of crude oil in 2013. The survey revealed that the aggregate share of “Gazprom Neft” OJSC, (...)

The Moscow Arbitration Court upholds that an electricity provider has abused its dominance (MOESK)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
Cassation Court: “MOESK” OJSC abused market dominance* On 23rd April 2014, the Federal Arbitration Court of the Moscow District supported the rulings of the Court of First Instance and Appeal Court that had pronounced legitimacy of the decision and determination of the Federal Antimonopoly (...)

The Russian Competition Authority issues a warning against an oil manufacturer refusing to supply a company (LUKOIL)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
FAS issued a warning to “LUKOIL” OJSC* On 15th April 2014, the Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS Russia) issued a warning to “LUKOIL” OJSC to eliminate by 20th May 2014 elements of violating the antimonopoly law. The company imposed disadvantageous contract conditions for supplying oil products, (...)

The Dutch Competition Authority receives commitment following an investigation into possible abuse of dominance in the music copyright sector (Buma / Stemra)
Netherlands Authority for Consumers & Markets (The Hague)
Buma/Stemra promises ACM to offer more options in music copyright management* Dutch copyright collecting society Buma/Stemra will offer composers and songwriters more options in the management of their music copyrights. This has been laid down in a commitment Buma/Stemra made to the (...)

The Russian Competition Authority fines an electricity supplier for abuse of dominance (Dagenoset)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
OFAS fined “Dagenoset” OJSC 29 million RUB for violating the Federal Law “On Protection of Competition”* On 4th April 2014, the Office of the Federal Antimonopoly Service in the Republic Dagestan (Dagestan OFAS Russia) fined “Dagenergoset” OJSC over 29 million RUB for abusing market dominance. (...)

The Russian Competition Authority issues a warning against airline companies that have a dominant position on some markets (Aeroflot – Russian Airlines)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
FAS warned airlines to improve the systems of air tickets sales* The Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS Russia) issued a warning to the airlines that have the dominant position on some markets. Elements of violating the antimonopoly law included imposing tariffs upon consumers without taking (...)

The Russian Competition Authority accepts the trading practices of a gas provider on the market of wholesale sales of gasoline and diesel fuel (LUKOIL)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
“LUKOIL” Group agreed its trading practices with FAS Russia* On 26th March 2014, the Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS Russia) agreed upon the trading practices of “LUKOIL” Group on wholesale sales of gasoline and diesel fuel in the Russian Federation. “LUKOIL” devised its trading policies to (...)

The Russian Competition Authority fines a gas provider for abuse of dominance (Dagestangazservice)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
Dagestan OFAS fined “Dagestangazservice” Ltd. 10 million RUB for abusing market dominance* On 14th March 2014, the Office of the Federal Antimonopoly Service in the Republic of Dagestan (Dagestan OFAS Russia) imposed a turnover fine upon “Dagestangazservice” Ltd. for abusing market dominance. The (...)

The Russian Competition Authority fines an electricity manufacturer for abuse of dominance (Dagenergoset)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
“Dagenergoset” OJSC fined 29 million RUB for violating the antimonopoly law* On 13th March 2014, the Office of the Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS Russia) in the Republic of Dagestan (Dagestan OFAS Russia) fined “Dagenergoset” OJSC over 29 million RUB for abusing market dominance. The case was (...)

The Italian Competition Authority closes an Article 102 TFEU investigation against the incumbent in the high speed rail market with a commitment decision (NTV / Fs / High speed trains)
Giannino SI (Monserrato)
The Italian Competition Authority (ICA) has recently closed by a commitment decision an Article 102 TFEU investigation it had opened last year against the previous rail monopolist, the Ferrovie dello Stato (FS) group . In the NTV/Fs/Ostacoli all’accesso al mercato dei servizi passeggeri ad alta (...)

The Russian Competition Authority sends a warning against a rail company having abused of its dominance (Russian Railways)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
“Russian Railways” OJSC executed a FAS determination* The Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS Russia) found that actions of “Russian Railways” OJSC had signs of violating the antimonopoly law (Clause 5 Part 1 Article 10 of the Federal Law “On Protection of Competition”). The company refused to send (...)

The Russian Competition Authority considers that an insurance company has abused of its dominance (Rosgosstrakh)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
“Rosgosstrakh” unlawfully refuses to conclude agreements for mandatory civil liability motor-vehicle insurance with physical persons* On 10th February 2014, the Commission of Arkhangelsk OFAS Russia found that “Rosgosstrakh” Ltd. violated Clauses 3 and 5 Part 1 Article 10 of the Federal Law “On (...)

The French Competition Authority closes the case regarding practices carried out by a local Bar Association (AGN Avocats)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Registering to the Limoges Bar Association* The Autorité de la concurrence closes the case referred to it by AGN Avocats. The company AGN Avocats lodged a complaint with the Autorité relating to a set of practices that is alleged to have been adopted by the Limoges Bar Association Council and (...)

The Italian Competition Authority challenges anticompetitive measures in the Italian slots allocation tender process (Rotte Italia / Israele)
Macchi di Cellere Gangemi (Rome)
Following the Opinion S2138 of January, 30, 2015 (not yet published), the ICA is going to challenge in Court the Italian Civil Aviation Agency (ENAC) method of allocating air traffic rights from Italy to Israel due to hamper of competition and favor of the dominant player . The outcome may (...)

Mergers

The EU Commission clears acquisition of American financial markets data and infrastructure provider by a financial infrastructure company subject to conditions (Refinitiv / London Stock Exchange)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission clears acquisition of Refinitiv by London Stock Exchange Group, subject to conditions* The European Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, the acquisition of Refinitiv by the London Stock Exchange Group (‘LSEG’). The approval is conditional on full (...)

The US DoJ announces that two financial services companies have abandoned their planned merger (Visa / Plaid)
US Department of Justice - Antitrust Division (Washington)
Visa and Plaid Abandon Merger After Antitrust Division’s Suit to Block* Decision to Terminate Deal Preserves Competition The Department of Justice announced today that Visa Inc. and Plaid Inc. have abandoned their planned $5.3 billion merger. The department filed a civil antitrust lawsuit on (...)

The UK Competition Authority gradually moves towards a mandatory notification regime
Bird & Bird (London)
,
Bird & Bird (London)
In recent years, the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has become noticeably more pro-active and interventionist in reviewing transactions. In 2019 more than 50% of mergers referred to Phase 2 were prohibited or abandoned. At Phase 2 in 2020, the CMA has already issued three prohibitions (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority examines 21 national start-ups that were acquired by giant technology companies and submits the findings to the OECD
Israel Competition Authority (Jerusalem)
Are there ‘Killer Acquisitions’ in Israel?* The Israel Competition Authority examined what happened to 21 Israeli “start-ups” that were acquired by giant technology companies the findings were submitted to the OECD The digital economy giants provide new challenges to competition authorities (...)

The US DoJ sues to block a global credit card company’s proposed acquisition of a leading financial data aggregation company (Visa / Plaid)
US Department of Justice - Antitrust Division (Washington)
Justice Department Sues to Block Visa’s Proposed Acquisition of Plaid* Acquisition Would Eliminate Nascent Competitor Plaid and Prevent Disruption of Visa’s Monopoly in Online Debit Today, the Department of Justice filed a civil antitrust lawsuit to stop Visa Inc.’s $5.3 billion acquisition of (...)

The German Competition Authority allows the leading national meat company to bring in house employment contracts it previously had externally with meat cutters through a personnel company as part of a wider change in the meat industry’s staffing due to COVID-19 (Tönnies / Lazar) Free
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Tönnies can take over employment contracts concluded with Lazar GmbH* The Bundeskartellamt has cleared the acquisition of the assets of Lazar GmbH, Crailsheim, by Tönnies Holding, Rheda-Wiedenbrück. Tönnies is by far the leading company in the slaughter and meat industry in Germany. The Lazar (...)

The EU Commission opens in-depth investigation into the proposed acquisition of wearable tech devices by a Big Tech company (Fitbit / Google)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission opens in-depth investigation into the proposed acquisition of Fitbit by Google* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed acquisition of Fitbit by Google under the EU Merger Regulation. The Commission is concerned that the proposed (...)

The Italian Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the natural gas distribution market (AcegasApsAmga / Ascopiave)
Italian Competition Authority (Rome)
Antitrust: The acquisition of control of the business units of AcegasApsAmga S.p.A. by Ascopiave S.p.A. authorized with conditions* On 19 November 2019, the Italian Antitrust Authority authorized, with remedies, the acquisition of control of the business units of AcegasApsAmga S.p.A. by (...)

The Polish Competition Authority clears merger subject to the resulting corporate group’s accepting to sell two fuel stations (BP Europa / Arge Paliwa / Arge Nieruchomości)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
Conditional approval for concentration: BP - Arge* The Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (UOKiK) issued an approval for acquisition, by BP Europa, of control over Arge Paliwa and Arge Nieruchomości. The Transaction may become effective under the condition that the acquiring company (...)

The EU Commission prohibits a merger in the rolled copper products market (Wieland / Aurubis / Schwermetall)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission prohibits Wieland’s proposed acquisition of Aurubis Rolled Products and Schwermetall* The European Commission has prohibited, under the EU Merger Regulation, Wieland’s proposed acquisition of Aurubis Rolled Products and Aurubis’ stake in Schwermetall. It had serious concerns (...)

The Italian Competition Authority unconditionally clears a merger in the motor vehicles distribution market (Eurocar / Dorigoni)
Giannino SI (Monserrato)
By a First Phase decision rendered in Eurocar/Dorigoni, the Italian Competition Authority (ICA) gave an unconditional go-ahead to a merger between two dealers admitted to the Italian distribution network for motor vehicles manufactured by the Volkswagen Group (VW). The ICA considered the (...)

The Italian Competition Authority conditionally clears a merger in the optical sector (Luxottica / Barberini)
Giannino SI (Monserrato)
Closing a Second Phase investigation in the Luxottica/Barberini case, the Italian Competition Authority (ICA) has conditionally cleared a merger between two major players in the optical industry. After an in-depth review of the transaction, the ICA took the view that the notified merger may (...)

The French Competition Authority unconditionally clears a merger between two real estate online platforms (Axel Springer / Concept Multimédia)
Epex Spot (Paris)
On 1st February 2018, the French Competition Authority (“FCA”) unconditionally cleared in Phase II proceedings the planned acquisition of sole control of French company Concept Multimédia - which owns the real estate online platform Logic-Immo.com - by German group Axel Springer - which owns the (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority grants unconditional approval to a merger between a producer and a distributor of paper (International Paper Company / Weyerhaeuser)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses the Turkish Competition Board’s (“ Board ”) International Paper Company / Weyerhaeuser decision of 23 September 2016 numbered 16-31/519-233 on the transaction concerning the acquisition of Weyerhaeuser Company’s paper pulp business unit (“ WHPP ”) through the transfer of (...)

The Lithuanian Competition Authority prohibits a merger between two managers of classified ads websites for real estate and vehicles (AS Eesti Meedia / AllePAL OÜ)
Lithuanian Competition Authority (Vilnius)
Competition Council: Merger between classified ads websites restricted competition* On 6 May 2016, the Competition Council (hereinafter – KT) prohibited a merger whereby in 2014 AS Eesti Meedia acquired 100 per cent of AllePAL OÜ shares. KT found that the merger restricted competition in the (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority unconditionally clears an acquisition in the market for data memory systems (Western Digital / SanDisk)
University of Sussex (Brighton)
This case note analyses the decision of the Turkish Competition Authority (TCA) in which it has unconditionally cleared in Phase I the acquisition of the sole control of SanDisk by Western Digital in the market for data memory systems. The Operation On 4 December 2015, the TCA received a (...)

The Italian Competition Authority conditionally clears a concentration between two regional energy firms (Società Elettrica Altoatesina / Azienda Energetica)
Giannino SI (Monserrato)
By a decision made on 15 July 2015 the Italian Competition Authority (ICA) has conditionally cleared a concentration between two publicly held regional energy firms, Società Elettrica Altoatesina (SEL) and Azienda Energetica (AE), operating in the North-east of Italy in the province of Bolzano. (...)