Middle East & North Africa Research Program

General antitrust

The Hellenic Competition Authority and the Egyptian Competition Authority sign a memorandum of partnership extending their cooperation on a bilateral level
Hellenic Competition Commission (Athens)
Memorandum of Partnership between the HCC and the Egyptian Competition Authority* Subject: MEMORANDUM OF PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN THE HCC AND THE EGYPTIAN COMPETITION AUTHORITY On 04 October 2022, the Hellenic Competition Commission, in the context of its strategic planning to strengthen its (...)

The South African Competition Authority and the Egyptian Competition Authority join forces to strengthen anti-monopoly competition laws
South African Competition Commission (Pretoria)
South African and Egyptian Competition Authorities join forces to strengthen anti-monopoly competition laws* The Competition Commission South Africa this morning, 31 August 2022, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Egyptian Competition Authority to establish a general framework (...)

The Middle East and North Africa Competition Authorities launch the Arab Competition Network
Allen & Overy (Brussels)
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Allen & Overy (Brussels)
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Allen & Overy (Brussels)
Middle East and North Africa Competition Authorities launch the Arab Competition Network Enhanced cooperation among antitrust regulatory authorities in the MENA region On 16 March 2022, Middle East and North Africa (MENA) competition authorities officially launched the Arab Competition (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority recommends opening the network between person-to-person mobile payment applications
Israel Competition Authority (Jerusalem)
The Israel Competition Authority Recommends Opening the Network between P2P Payment Apps* The first study conducted by the Israel Competition Authority (ICA) in the digital economy arena demonstrates how the presence of a "network effect" enables a single firm to dominate the market. The vast (...)

The Moroccan Competition Authority publishes its first annual report since the adoption of the Moroccan competition law in 2014
UGGC Avocats (Paris)
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UGGC Avocats (Paris)
The Moroccan Competition Council has published, during the summer of 2020, its first annual report since the adoption of the new Moroccan competition law in 2014 and the reactivation of the Competition Council at the end of 2018. Indeed, as stated in a previous article published in the (...)

The Moroccan Government sees its new competition regime enter into force
Norton Rose Fulbright (Paris)
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Norton Rose Fulbright (Paris)
Introduction More than four years after the enactment of the new competition laws of June 2014, the new Competition Council, institutional cornerstone of the new regime, is finally active since all its members were appointed on December 17, 2018. The long awaited new antitrust and merger (...)

The UNCTAD and Egyptian Competition Authority launch regional training centre for competition in Cairo for 7 national competition authorities in the Middle East and North Africa region
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
Cairo home to new competition-focused training centre* Competition agencies from seven Middle East and North African countries will benefit from world-class courses offered at innovative training hub in Egypt. Implementing competition law and policy has an increasingly regional flavour as (...)

The Tunisian Parliament adopts a new reform of the national Competition Act
Tunisian Competition Council (Tunis)
1. Introduction 1. On September 25th, 2015 a new reform of the Tunisian competition Act (TCA) has taken place, after the publication of Act n° 2015-36 of September 15, 2015 in the Tunisian official Gazette. This reform comes after ten years from the last amendments of the TCA and has been (...)

The Moroccan Parliament enacts competition law reforms enshrining free competition constitutionally and institutionalizing the Competition Authority
Moroccan Competition Authority (Rabat)
The competition’s regulation institutional architecture is expected to undergo a radical change in its structure. The first harbingers of this long-awaited reform were substantially announced in the text of the constitution. The latter has not only enshrined "free competition" as a (...)

The Moroccan Competition Authority publishes the conclusions of its sector inquiry on competition in regulated profession
Moroccan Competition Authority (Rabat)
The Moroccan Competition Council has recently issued the final report of its sector inquiry launched in 2012 on “competition in regulated professions”. For methodological considerations and because of the multiplicity of the regulated professions, the Competition Council has mainly focused its (...)

The United Arab Emirates Government enacts the first national regulatory framework governing anti-competitive behavior and monopoly practices
Jones Day (Dubai)
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Bird & Bird (Abu Dhabi)
The United Arab Emirates (the "UAE") is soon to enact its first regulatory framework governing anti-competitive behavior and monopoly practices. Federal Law No. 4 of 2012 Concerning Regulating Competition (the "UAE Competition Law") is to come into effect on February 23, 2013 and is set to (...)

The Moroccan Government approves competition law reforms enshrining free competition as a constitutional principle and institutionalizing competition regulation embodied by the Competition Authority
Moroccan Competition Authority (Rabat)
The competition’s regulation institutional architecture is expecting to have a radical change in its structure. The first aspects of this long-awaited overhaul were substantially announced in the constitutional text. The latter has not only enshrined "free competition" as a constitutional (...)

Anticompetitive practices

The Israeli District Court in Jerusalem imposes prison sentences on all defendants convicted in the schoolbooks cartel case (Sefer Lakol / Mada / Yesh Distribution)
Israel Competition Authority (Jerusalem)
Verdict in the Book Cartel Case* The Jerusalem District Court imposed prison sentences on all the defendants that were convicted in the schoolbooks cartel case On Wednesday 14/3/2021, the Jerusalem District Court (His Honor Judge Oded Shacham) imposed actual prison sentences on all (...)

The Saudi Arabian Competition Authority announces its plans to impose penalties on companies in the pharmaceutical sector
Saudi Arabian Competition Authority (Riyadh)
General Authority for Competition Announces Penalties Imposed Against Some Pharmaceutical Companies* Based on the mandate and functions of the General Authority for Competition regarding enforcement of the Competition Law, and as part of its role in protecting and encouraging fair competition (...)

The Saudi Arabian Competition Authority fines 4 office furniture retailers for collusion in government procurement (Riyadh House / Manar Almahmal / Hassan Isam Kabbani / Stars Furniture)
Saudi Arabian Competition Authority (Riyadh)
GAC Announces Penalties Against Several Entities Operating in Retail Sector for Office Furniture* Pursuant to the mandate of the GAC with regard to the enforcement of the Competition Law; and as part of its role in protecting and encouraging fair competition and combating monopolistic (...)

The Saudi Arabian Competition Authority imposes fines on 4 companies in the cement sector for price-fixing (Abdulaziz Sulaiman Al-Mohileb / Bader Khaled Al Shehili Remicon / Nasser Al-Faraj Ready Mix Concrete / Al-Wadi Remicon)
Saudi Arabian Competition Authority (Riyadh)
GAC Announces Penalties Against Several Entities Operating in Cement Sector for Agreeing to (Price Fixing Agreement)* Pursuant to the mandate of GAC with regard to the enforcement of the Competition Law; and as part of its role in protecting and encouraging fair competition and combating (...)

The Israeli Competition Tribunal upholds the Competition Authority’s instruction prohibiting an importer from reporting to a multinational consumer products company on parallel imports of the company’s toothpaste (Schestowitz / Colgate-Palmolive)
Israel Competition Authority (Jerusalem)
The Competition Tribunal has confirmed an instruction of the Director-General, which prohibits Schestowitz from reporting to Colgate-Palmolive on parallel imports of Colgate toothpaste* The Competition Tribunal granted the force of a judgment to a new instruction of the Director-General to (...)

The Jerusalem District Court sentences to imprisonment a member of a tree-pruning cartel following a joint investigation of the Israeli Competition Authority and the National Fraud Investigations Unit (Zohar Katz)
Israel Competition Authority (Jerusalem)
The Jerusalem District Court sentenced a member of the tree-pruning cartel to 11 months’ imprisonment* The Jerusalem District Court (Judge A. Rubin) sentenced today (Wed.) the defendant Zohar Katz to 11 months’ imprisonment, a fine of NIS 100,000 and forfeiture of an additional sum of NIS (...)

The Saudi Arabian King enacts the country’s new Competition Law (Royal Decree M/75)
Shearman & Sterling (Dubai)
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Gibson Dunn (Dubai)
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Shearman & Sterling (Riyadh)
The new Competition Law (the “Competition Law”) of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (the “Kingdom”) was enacted by Royal Decree M/75 on 29/06/1440 Hijri (corresponding to 6 March 2019) and came into force on 24/01/1441 Hijri (corresponding to 23 September 2019). The Implementing Regulations of the (...)

The Egyptian Competition Authority decides to invalidate clauses between a Big Tech company and its distributors for exclusive agreements considered as restrictive (Apple)
Egyptian Competition Authority (Cairo)
Unofficial convenience translation: In case of any discrepancy in this translation the Arabic wording only would prevail.* The Board of Directors of the Egyptian Competition Authority (“ECA”) has decided that Apple and its distributors have infringed the Egyptian Competition Law (“ECL”). The ECA (...)

The Egyptian Competition Authority refers 70 clay brick factories to prosecution for price fixing (Clay Bricks Cartel) New
Helmy, Hamza & Partners (Baker McKenzie Cairo)
In brief In 2018, the Egyptian Competition Authority [the ’ECA’] referred 70 clay brick factories to public prosecution after issuing an infringement decision where it has established that they have engaged in a price fixing cartel in the clay bricks market. Main takeaways Important comments (...)

The Egyptian Competition Authority issues its first bid-rigging cartel decision (Heart and chest surgeries cartel)
Helmy, Hamza & Partners (Baker McKenzie Cairo)
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Helmy, Hamza & Partners (Baker McKenzie Cairo)
On 7 March 2017, the Egyptian Competition Authority (ECA) issued its first bid-rigging cartel decision. The cartel involved seven of the biggest suppliers in Egypt of heart and chest valves and antioxidants for heart and chest surgeries, and related to public tenders for governmental and (...)

The Israeli Ministry of Justice publishes a bill regarding an amendment to the Penal Code on the criminal responsibility of corporations
B. Golan Law Firm (Tel Aviv)
Criminal offence for foreign corporations failing to supervise antitrust violations In November 2014, the Israeli Ministry of Justice has published a bill regarding an amendment to the Penal Code (Criminal Responsibility of Corporations), 2014 (" the Bill"). Among others, the Bill updates the (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority publishes a green paper regarding a block exemption for collaborations among competitors regarding export cartels in the defence industry
B. Golan Law Firm (Tel Aviv)
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B. Golan Law Firm (Tel Aviv)
Recently, the Israeli Antitrust Authority’s ("IAA") has published a green paper regarding a new Block Exemption for collaborations among competitors regarding Export Cartels in the Defense Industry (the "Green Paper" and the "Block Exemption for Defense Industry Export Cartels"). A. Background (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority announces its intention to fine monopolies for charging excessive prices
Barnea Jaffa Lande (Tel Aviv)
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Bennett Jones (Toronto)
A. Introduction On April 9, 2014, the Restrictive Trade Practices General Director (the "General Director") published a directive regarding excessive prices charged by monopolies (the "Directive"). In the Directive, the General Director officially announced, for the first time, that he (...)

The Israeli District Court of the City of Jerusalem convicts for the first time defendants in an antitrust case for attempting to engage in illegal vertical restrictive arrangements and for violating merger conditions (Shufersal)
Barnea Jaffa Lande (Tel Aviv)
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Bennett Jones (Toronto)
On December 23, 2013, The Israeli District Court of the City of Jerusalem found the company operating the leading nationwide supermarket chain in Israel - Shufersal Ltd. ("Shufersal"), its CEO, Mr. Ephraim (Effie) Rosenhaus ("Rosenhaus") and its Deputy VP Commerce and Marketing, Mr. Eliezer (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority applies a "self-assessment" regime on non-horizontal restrictive arrangements
Barnea Jaffa Lande (Tel Aviv)
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Bennett Jones (Toronto)
Introduction On July 25, 2013, the Restrictive Trade Practices General Director (the "General Director") issued a new block exemption - the Restrictive Trade Practices Rules (Block Exemption for Non-Horizontal Arrangements which do not Include Certain Price Restrictions), 2013 (the "Block (...)

Unilateral Practices

The Israeli Competition Authority fines an importer of power tools for setting a minimum resale price (Argentools)
Israel Competition Authority (Jerusalem)
NIS 5.5 Million imposed on the Israeli Importer of the Power Tools brand Makita, for setting a Minimum Resale Price* Administrative fines, in the sum of approximately NIS 250,000-320,000 were also imposed on three senior executives in the company A few days ago, the Director General of (...)

The Saudi Arabian Competition Authority fines national gas and industrialization company for abusing its dominant position in the market through imposing special conditions on sales and purchases (GASCO)
Saudi Arabian Competition Authority (Riyadh)
General Authority for Competition Announces Penalties against GASCO* In accordance with the mandate and jurisdiction of the General Authority for Competition (GAC) to enforce the Competition Law, in fulfillment of its role in the protection and promotion of fair competition and combating of (...)

The Moroccan Telecommunications Authority issues the first enforcement decision under the national competition regime by imposing a maximum fine on the incumbent telecom for failing to unbundle the local loop (Maroc Telecom)
Norton Rose Fulbright (Paris)
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Norton Rose Fulbright (Paris)
First enforcement decision under Moroccan competition regime* On 17 January 2020, the Agence Nationale de Réglementation des Télécommunications (ANRT), the Moroccan telecoms regulator, imposed a fine of MAD 3.3bn (approx. USD340m) on Maroc Telecom, the incumbent telecoms operator, for failing to (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority fines a company for abuse of its monopoly status, refusal to supply, and for the violation of merger conditions in the soft drink market (Coca Cola)
Israel Competition Authority (Jerusalem)
THE COMMISSIONER OF COMPETITION FINED COCA COLA ISRAEL APPROXIMATELY NIS 39 MILLION* The Commissioner of Competition decided today (Tuesday) to impose a monetary sanction of approximately NIS 39 Million on the Central Company for Sales and Distribution, for abusing its monopoly status, for (...)

The Egyptian Economic Court fines the president and the secretary general of a sports association for abuse of dominance regarding an exclusive licensing agreement (Confederation of African Football)
Egyptian Competition Authority (Cairo)
Economic Court has Fined Mr. Isaa Hayatou (President of CAF) and Mr. Hicham El Amrani (Secretary General of CAF) 500 Million EGP Each*
 Background of the case: 
January 3rd 2017, the Egyptian Competition Authority (ECA) requested the Prosecutor’s Office to press criminal charges pursuant to (...)

The Egyptian Competition Authority orders interim measures against a football organization which granted exclusive rights in absence of fair, or transparent or non-discriminatory tendering procedures (FIFA)
Egyptian Competition Authority (Cairo)
The ECA orders interim measures against the FIFA to make available on free-to-air terrestrial channels the 2018 World Cup Russia* The ECA has ordered interim measures against FIFA based on prima facie finding of infringements to articles 7 and 8 of the Egyptian competition law as it was (...)

The Cairo Economic Court upholds the recommendation of the Egyptian Competition Authority and fines a TV broadcasting company for abusive bundling of international football events (Nasser Al-Khulaifi / beIN Media)
Fingleton (London)
The Cairo Economic Court upholds the recommendation of the Egyptian Competition Agency and fines a TV broadcasting company for abusive bundling of international football events (Nasser Al-Khulaifi / beIN Media) On 29th January 2018 the Cairo Economic Court found that beIN had abused its (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority announces intention to declare two seaports companies ’an oligopoly’ (Ports of Haifa and Ashdod)
Barnea Jaffa Lande (Tel Aviv)
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Bennett Jones (Toronto)
On May 16, 2013, according to a press release published by the Antitrust Authority (the "Press Release"), the Restrictive Trade Practices General Director (the "General Director") informed the Ashdod Port Company Ltd. and the Haifa Port Company Ltd., the governmental companies operating the (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority declares certain entities "monopolies" in the supply of non-liquefied natural gas (Noble Energy Mediterranean / Delek Drilling / Avner Oil & Gas Exploration)
Barnea Jaffa Lande (Tel Aviv)
Introduction On November 13, 2012, the Restrictive Trade Practices General Director (the “General Director”) declared a few entities engaged in the exploration, production and sale of natural gas - Noble Energy Mediterranean, Delek Drilling and Avner Oil & Gas Exploration (both of the Delek (...)

Mergers

The Saudi Arabian Competition Authority blocks a partial vertical acquisition between the national gas distribution company and a gas transporter (GASCO / Best Gas)
White & Case (Brussels)
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White & Case (Washington)
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White & Case (Brussels)
On 16 June 2022, Saudi Arabia’s General Authority for Competition announced its decision to block National Gas and Industrialization Company from acquiring a majority stake in Best Gas Carrier on the basis of vertical competition concerns. This is the first vertical merger prohibited by the GAC (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority publishes a call for public comments regarding the analysis of conglomerate mergers
Israel Competition Authority (Jerusalem)
The Israel Competition Authority is publishing a call for public comments regarding the analysis of conglomerate mergers* The Israel Competition Authority is now calling for the public’s consideration with respect to the manner of examining conglomerate mergers and the competitive (...)

The Saudi Arabian Competition Authority announces, following the adoption of the new Merger Review Guidelines, that it has blocked its first deal between two online food-delivery services due to their failure to provide sufficient information to enable the evaluation of the proposed acquisition (Delivery Hero / The Chefz)
White & Case (Washington)
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White & Case (Dusseldorf)
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White & Case (Brussels)
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s General Authority for Competition (the “GAC”) has been ramping up its merger control activities and recently—at least initially—blocked its first transaction, signaling plans for more active merger enforcement. Although Saudi Arabia’s current merger control regime is (...)

The Saudi Arabian Competition Authority, in a first of its kind decision, blocks an acquisition of a national food delivery app by a German rival in part because the parties failed to disclose the necessary information to evaluate potential remedies (Delivery Hero / The Chefz)
Jones Day (Washington)
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Jones Day (Brussels)
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Jones Day (Houston)
Saudi Antitrust Regulator Blocks First Acquisition Under New Merger Control Law Saudi Arabia competition authority blocks its first transaction under the Kingdom’s 2019 Competition Law. The Saudi Arabian General Authority for Competition ("GAC") announced this week that its board had blocked (...)

The Saudi Arabian Competition Authority unconditionally clears the merger of a ride-sharing company and its competitor (Uber / Careem)
Saudi Arabian Competition Authority (Riyadh)
A Statement Announcing the Executive Summary of Uber’s Economic Concentration Application to Acquire Careem* Given the General Authority for Competition (GAC) role in protecting markets, encouraging fair competition and combating monopolistic practices that affect them; and in a desire to (...)

The Kuwait Government amends its competition law to include for the first time a pre-merger notification regime based on turnover thresholds
White & Case (Washington)
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White & Case (Brussels)
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White & Case (Washington)
The Government of Kuwait has recently amended its competition law to include for the first time a pre-merger notification regime based on turnover thresholds. Kuwait’s Competition Protection Agency has started to apply the new thresholds and has already launched inquiries into transactions that (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority reaches an agreed consent decree with a digital broadcasting company (Ynet)
Israel Competition Authority (Jerusalem)
The Competition Authority reaches an agreed consent decree with Ynet* Pursuant to this consent decree, Ynet will pay the State Treasury one million shekels Today, 22 August 2021, the Competition Authority published a consent decree with Ynet (Yediot Internet), for comments by the public. (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority considers imposing a fine on a Big Tech company for gun jumping in two takeovers of national companies (Facebook / RedKix / Service Friend)
Israel Competition Authority (Jerusalem)
The Director General for Competition is considering to impose monetary sanctions on Facebook a for a violation of the Economic Competition Law by consummating transactions in Israel without the Director General’s consent* The Director General for Competition notified Facebook on 11 May 2021, (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority examines 21 national start-ups that were acquired by giant technology companies and submits the findings to the OECD
Israel Competition Authority (Jerusalem)
Are there ‘Killer Acquisitions’ in Israel?* The Israel Competition Authority examined what happened to 21 Israeli “start-ups” that were acquired by giant technology companies the findings were submitted to the OECD The digital economy giants provide new challenges to competition authorities (...)

The Egyptian Government approves its first pre-notification merger regime
White & Case (Washington)
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White & Case (Washington)
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White & Case (Cairo)
Egypt is getting closer to adopting a new merger control regime that would transform the system from a post-closing to a pre-closing filing regime. The Egyptian Council of Ministers has approved a draft proposal to amend Egypt’s antitrust legislation accordingly. If enacted, the amendments would (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority files an indictment against a major film distributor and a cinema company for breach of merger conditions due to refusal to supply the competing cinemas with major movies for which it is the sole distributor (Mooki Greidinger / Forum Film)
Israel Competition Authority (Jerusalem)
The Competition Authority has filed an indictment against Mooki Greidinger and Forum Film Ltd. for breach of merger conditions committed under aggravating circumstances* According to the Indictment, the defendants have systematically refused to supply movies to Lev Tel Aviv Cinema, a (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority approves under remedies the merger of two building material companies (Çimsa / Cemex)
Israel Competition Authority (Jerusalem)
The Competition Commissioner has Approved under Remedies the International Merger between Çimsa and Cemex, for the Acquisition of a White Cement Factory in Spain* Under the remedies, Cemex’s operations in Israel will not be sold to Çimsa, and Cemex will be required to start selling white cement (...)

The COMESA Competition Authority encourages electronic merger notifications, extends deadline for document submission, suspends physical meetings, and warns of possible investigation delays due to COVID-19 pandemic Free
COMESA (Lusaka)
NOTICE OF INTERIM MEASURES IN MERGER REVIEW OF THE COMESA COMPETITION COMMISSION DUE TO THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC* The COMESA Competition Commission (the Commission) is aware that these are unprecedented, uncertain and challenging times for undertakings and other stakeholders. In view of this, the (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority reaches a consent decree after fining foreign company for failing to notify its acquisition of a domestic medical equipment manufacturer (Visionsense / Medtronic)
Israel Competition Authority (Jerusalem)
Notice of intent to file an agreed order for court approval* I hereby announce that in thirty days I intend to request the Competition Tribunal to exercise its permanent jurisdiction in section 50B of the Economic Competition Act, 1988 (hereinafter the Act), and give the agreement between me (...)

The Egyptian Competition Authority imposes interim measures on the two ride-hailing applications available in Egypt to preserve the competitive structure of the market (Uber / Careem)
Egyptian Competition Authority (Cairo)
Egyptian Competition Authority (ECA) imposes Measures on Uber and Careem to regulate competition between them and safeguard the competitive structure of the market.
* Dr. Amir Nabil, Chairman of the Egyptian Competition Authority, said: “Uber and Careem are the only ride-hailing applications (...)

The Egyptian Competition Authority sends official notice and request of information to the two ride-hailing companies of Egypt (Uber / Careem)
Egyptian Competition Authority (Cairo)
Attempted merger agreement between the two main competitors in the ridesharing market in Egypt, Uber Group and Careem Group
* Based on several reported information concerning an attempted merger agreement between the two main competitors in the ridesharing market in Egypt, Uber Group and Careem (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority announces fines against a supermarket chain and its senior officer for not divesting an acquired competitor’s branches in the agreed upon time (Bitan Wines / Mega)
Israel Competition Authority (Jerusalem)
The Antitrust Authority Has Announced Its Intention to Impose Financial Sanctions on Bitan Wines and a Senior Officer Thereof for Violation of the Terms of the Merger with Mega* The Antitrust Authority has announced today (Sunday) its intention to impose a financial sanction in the sum of (...)

The District Court of Jerusalem condemns a former CEO for actual imprisonment time (Mr. Roznhoiz / Mr. Gidor / Supersal)
B. Golan Law Firm (Tel Aviv)
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B. Golan Law Firm (Tel Aviv)
Recently, the District Court of Jerusalem has sentenced the former CEO of the largest supermarket chain in Israel for actual imprisonment time. This verdict is very significant and is most likely to be a mile stone in the evolution of sanctioning for violations of antitrust law. It is (...)

The Algerian Competition Authority clears acquisition of control over the country’s largest mobile phone operator by the Government’s national investment fund (Orascom Telecom Algérie / Fonds National d’Investissement)
Clifford Chance (Paris)
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Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe (Paris)
On 18 April 2014, VimpelCom announced that it and Global Telecom Holding S.A.E. (GTH) had signed a share purchase agreement for the sale by GTH of a 51% interest in Orascom Telecom Algérie (OTA), which includes Djezzy, the largest mobile-phone operator in Algeria, to the Fonds National (...)

The Tunisian Competition Authority rules on a merger case and considers that it lies within the notification threshold of national competition law (Carlyle Group / Gores Broadband)
Tunisian Competition Council (Tunis)
I. Introduction 1. Tunisia has been the first country in the Arab world in enacting a competition law since 1991. The enactment of the Tunisian competition law was a normal result of the open trade policy adopted by Tunisia in the earliest of 1990s. At that period, Tunisia has established a (...)

Procedures

The Egyptian Competition Authority publishes guidelines for obtaining amnesty or leniency from criminal prosecution for antitrust cartel violations
White & Case (Washington)
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White & Case (Washington)
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White & Case (Cairo)
The Egyptian Competition Authority recently published the first Egyptian guidelines on the process for obtaining amnesty or leniency from criminal prosecution for antitrust cartel violations, signaling the agency’s intent to activate this tool in future enforcement activities. The guidelines (...)

The Moroccan Competition Authority defines its analytical framework for abuse of economic dependence cases when examining a complaint related to luxury hotels market (JK.hotel / Oriental Mandarin)
Moroccan Competition Authority (Rabat)
The Moroccan Competition Council has recently had the opportunity to decide for the first time on an abuse of economic dependence case. This infringement widely inspired from the German and French regulations is framed by the article 7 of the law n° 06-99 on freedom of prices and competition. (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority publishes a bill which seeks to enhance private enforcement of antitrust laws
Barnea Jaffa Lande (Tel Aviv)
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Bennett Jones (Toronto)
Introduction On April 24, 2013, the Antitrust Authority (the "IAA") published a bill (the "Bill") in proposal to amend the Restrictive Trade Practices Law, 1988 (the "Law"). The Bill is yet to be approved by the Israeli government and parliament. The Bill proposes to amend various aspects of (...)

The Israeli Competition Authority proposes a statutory amendment to introduce trebling antitrust damages
University Bar-Ilan - Department of Economics
Israeli antitrust law draws from both European and American sources, with its structure and most statutory language leaning towards the former, while case law and regulation often relies on the latter. Currently, the legislature is considering a statutory amendment which, if signed into law, (...)

The Moroccan Government considers amending law on prices and competition freedom
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
In a global context characterized by the proliferation of regulatory competition, a wind of change is blowing across the Moroccan competition law. A draft law amending law 06-99 on prices and competition freedom has been submitted to the "Secrétariat Général du Gouvernement" (SGG). The Bill takes (...)

The Israeli Parliament adopts administrative financial sanctions for antitrust violations
University Bar-Ilan - Department of Economics
Israeli antitrust law is in upheaval, initiated by the antitrust authority and implemented through legislative amendments. These amendments, some enacted and some pending, expand the authority’s discretion and grant it new tools in administering the nation’s competition policy. First and foremost (...)

The Egyptian Prime Minister approves amendment to the national Competition Act granting independence of its Competition Authority
Meta (Washington DC)
The Egyptian Competition Authority (ECA) as established in the Egyptian Competition Act approved in 2005, lacked of autonomous decision-making powers relating to the possibility to settle or litigate antitrust related cases. As of December 2011, the veto power that the Competition Law granted (...)

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