Market definition in mergers

Mergers

The French Competition Authority publishes its study on competition and e-commerce
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité has published a study on competition and e-commerce* The growth of e-commerce is profoundly changing distribution. The physical distribution model is facing strong competition from the growth of online sales, which may be the result of “pure play” online retailers and strategies (...)

The French Competition Authority launches public consultation on the freedom of establishment of notaries that will account for effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the activity of notaries Free
French Competition Authority (Paris)
New opinion on the freedom of establishment of notaries: the Autorité launches a consultation* The Autorité de la Concurrence launches a public consultation with a view to preparing a new opinion on the freedom of establishment of notaries and proposing a revision of the map that was published (...)

The EU General Court annuls the Commission’s decision prohibiting an oligopolistic merger between two mobile network operators in the telecommunication sector on the basis that it did not result in the creation or strengthening of a dominant position (Hutchison / Telefónica UK)
Herbert Smith Freehills (London)
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Herbert Smith Freehills (Brussels)
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Herbert Smith Freehills (London)
On 28 May 2020 the General Court handed down its ruling in CK Telecoms UK Investment Ltd v European Commission (Case T-399/16) in which it annulled the EU Commission’s decision which prohibited the proposed acquisition by CK Hutchison Holdings Ltd (Hutchison) of Telefónica Europe plc (O2). The (...)

The US DoJ moves to vacate its loss in a booking services market acquisition decision on the basis that the competition effects may heighten the agencies’ burden of proof and merger enforcement (Sabre / Farelogix)
Baker Botts (Washington)
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Baker Botts (Washington)
On May 12, 2020, the Department of Justice moved the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit to vacate the U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware’s U.S. v. Sabre Corp. opinion. In an opinion released on April 7, the court rejected DOJ’s challenge to the proposed merger of Sabre and (...)

The French Competition Authority clears merger in the conference organization markets (Europa Group / Comexposium)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité clears the takeover of the group Europa by Comexposium* The Autorité de la concurrence has examined the proposed acquisition of full control of the group Europa, which is active in the organisation of conferences and other events sector, by Comexposium. The parties to the (...)

The Spanish Competition Authority clears merger of travel agencies (Barceló / Globalia) Free
Spanish Competition Authority (Madrid)
The CNMC authorises Barceló to purchase Globalia’s travel agency business* The CNMC has authorised, in the first phase, Barceló to acquire exclusive control of Globalia’s travel agency business. We do not anticipate this operation to have any adverse effects on competition in the markets affected (...)

The French Competition Authority clears without commitments a multidisciplinary healthcare group’s takeover of a mental health services group (Orpea group / Sinoué group)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence clears, without commitments, the acquisition of sole control of Sinoué group by Orpea group* On 20 March 2020, the Orpea group notified the Autorité de la concurrence of its plan to acquire sole control of the Sinoué group. Parties to the transaction The Orpea (...)

The EU Commission launches a consultation for the review of the 1997 Notice on the definition of the relevant market
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 3 April 2020, the Commission launched a six-week consultation on its roadmap for the review of the 1997 Notice on the definition of the relevant market for the purposes of Community competition law (the “Market Definition Notice”). Overall, the review aims at determining whether the Market (...)

The US DoJ challenges a merger which highlights key considerations for antitrust reviews of aerospace and defence industry transactions (United Technologies / Raytheon)
McDermott Will & Emery (Washington)
The DOJ Antitrust Division’s recent challenge to the United Technologies/Raytheon merger highlights a few key considerations for antitrust reviews of aerospace and defense industry transactions. The case is a useful illustration of important principles applicable to this unique industry. IN (...)

The Hungarian Competition Authority reopens a previously approved acquisition between two telecommunication players on the basis that the parties submitted false and misleading data during the notification and approval procedure (Invitel / GVH)
Bird & Bird (Budapest)
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Bird & Bird (Budapest)
The Hungarian Competition Authority (GVH) finally approved the acquisition of Invitel by DIGI, both significant players on the Hungarian telecoms market. However, with with a complex remedies package as published on 18 March 2020 (Vj/42/2018). As we already reported, the approval of the merger (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the insurance market (Macif / Aésio)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence clears the merger of the Macif and Aésio insurance groups* On 7 February 2020, the Macif and Aésio groups notified the Autorité de la concurrence of their planned merger. Parties to the transaction The MACIF group is a French insurance group active mainly in the (...)

The UK Court of Appeal seeks to reinstate record fines totaling £89.4m imposed on pharmaceutical companies for abuse of dominant position through excessive and unfair pricing of an anti-epilepsy drug (Flynn Pharma / Pfizer)
Herbert Smith Freehills (London)
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Herbert Smith Freehills (Brussels)
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Herbert Smith Freehills (London)
On 10 March 2020 the UK Court of Appeal handed down its hotly anticipated judgment in Flynn Pharma Limited & Anr vs Competition and Markets Authority. The UK Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) was seeking to reinstate record fines totalling £89.4m imposed on pharmaceutical companies (...)

The UK Court of Appeal considers the test for excessive pricing after an undertaking had charged unfairly high prices for phenytoin sodium capsules (Pfizer / Flynn)
Bristow (London)
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Bristows (London)
Introduction In December 2016, the UK’s Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) found that Pfizer and Flynn had charged unfairly high prices for phenytoin sodium capsules, an important anti-epilepsy drug, in breach of competition law. The CMA imposed fines totalling £90 million. Pfizer and Flynn (...)

The UK Court of Appeal imposes agency discretion in the methodology to establish the unfairness of prices, thereby increasing the burden of proof on companies to avoid a finding of excessive pricing (Flynn / Pfizer)
Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (Brussels)
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Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (Brussels)
The UK Court of Appeal Overturns the CAT & Imposes Agency Discretion on Excessive Price Benchmark* On March 10, 2020, the England and Wales Court of Appeal (CoA) handed down a significant ruling that reintroduces agency discretion in the methodology used to establish the unfairness of (...)

The UK Court of Appeal upholds the ruling of the UK Competition Appeal Tribunal in its schemes governing suppliers’ access to its infrastructure (Network Rail / RISQS)
Ashurst (London)
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Ashurst (London)
The Court of Appeal on 5 March 2020 handed down a judgment upholding the ruling of the Competition Appeal Tribunal ("CAT") of July 2019 which found Network Rail had infringed the Chapter I and II prohibitions of the Competition Act 1998 by requiring, in its schemes governing suppliers’ access to (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger in the market for manufacturing chocolate and nougat spreads (Krüger Group / Peeters)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Chocolate and nougat spreads – Merger between Krüger Group and Peeters cleared* Bonn, 2 March 2020: The Bundeskartellamt has cleared the acquisition of the Dutch Peeters group, a manufacturer of chocolate and nougat spreads, by Wilhelm Reuss GmbH, a member of the Krüger Group based in (...)

The EU Commission unconditionally approves proposed acquisition of joint control in the telecommunications market (Prosegur Alarmas / Telefónica / Prosegur)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission approves acquisition of joint control over Prosegur Alarmas by Telefónica and Prosegur* The European Commission has approved unconditionally, under the EU Merger Regulation, the proposed acquisition of joint control over Prosegur Alarmas by Telefónica and Prosegur. The (...)

The Italian Competition Authority, Communications Authority, and Data Protection Authority publish the findings of a joint sector inquiry into the field of big data
Portolano Cavallo (Milan)
On February 10, 2020 the Italian Authorities for Communications, Competition and Data Protection published the findings of a joint sector inquiry into the field of Big Data (“Investigation”), which lasted almost three years. It was launched on May 30, 2017 to study the functioning and impact of (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority clears a merger in the pay television transmission services market (Slovenia Broadband / Tele2)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
Slovenia Broadband and Tele2 merger approved* In the assessment procedure of the concentration between the undertakings Slovenia Broadband and Tele2 the CCA took into account all relevant facts, the results of the legal and economic analysis and the effects of the vertical concentration on (...)

The EU Court of Justice clarifies the conditions under which ‘pay-for-delay’ agreements preventing generic versions of a patented medicine from entering the market or delaying such entry may constitute a restriction of competition ‘by object’ or ‘by effect” as well as an abuse of dominant position (Generics - UK)
University of Liège
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University of Liège
On 30 January 2020, the Court of Justice of the EU (‘CJEU’) ruled on the applicability of competition law to settlement agreements between a holder of a pharmaceutical patent and manufacturers of generic medicines. In a judgment issued only a week after Advocate General Kokott delivered her (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority imposes interim measures against a sport’s association because of its anticompetitive rules (Belgian Bumper Pool Association)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
Interim measure imposed on the Belgian Bumper Pool Association concerning the bumper pool balls that may be played with in competitions and matches* At the request of HCSB BVBA (manufacturer of bumper pool balls), the Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA) has imposed (...)

The French Competition Authority issues a study on behavioural remedies in competition law
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence publishes a new study on Behavioural remedies in competition law* In 2018, together with La Documentation française, the Autorité created a new collection, Les Essentiels, to further understanding of competition. After an initial study on loyalty rebates (2018), it (...)

The French Competition Authority publishes a new study on behavioural remedies in competition law
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 17 January 2019, the French Competition Authority (“FCA”) published a new study on behavioural remedies in competition law. The study is available on the FCA’s web- site in both French and English. The assessment was carried out by comparing behavioural commitments to structural commitments (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the newspaper market (Groupe Nice Matin / NJJ)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of Groupe Nice Matin by NJJ, controlled by Xavier Niel* The Autorité de la concurrence examined the acquisition of sole control of the Nice Matin newspaper group (GNM), which publishes the Nice-Matin, Var-Matin and Monaco-Matin newspapers, by (...)

The Mexican Competition Authority informs that concentration notifications may only be filed electronically
Mexican Competition Authority (Mexico City)
As of January, concentration notifications may only be filed through electronic means* As of January 24, notification of concentrations that COFECE must review by law, will only be received through the Electronic Procedure System at the Commission’s website. This measure simplifies the (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the distribution of frozen food products market (Picard Group / Zouari family/ Lion Capital)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Distribution of frozen food products* The Autorité de la concurrence clears the joint takeover of Picard Group by the Zouari family and Lion Capital. The Zouari family, together with Lion Capital investment fund, notified the Autorité de la concurrence of its plan to acquire joint control of (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority starts a phase II investigation into the acquisition of two companies active in the sector of production and sales of soft wheat flour (Ceres / Dossche Mills)
Bird & Bird (Brussels)
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Bird & Bird (Brussels)
At the beginning of the year, the Belgian Competition Authority ("BCA") started a second phase investigation into the acquisition of Ceres NV by Dossche Mills, two companies active in the sector of production and sales of soft wheat flour for human consumption. The main issue concerned the (...)

The US DoJ and FTC issue draft vertical merger guidelines
Baker Botts (Washington)
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Baker Botts (Washington)
Update: On February 3, 2020, the DOJ and FTC announced that the deadline for submitting public comments on the draft vertical merger guidelines has been extended to February 26, 2020. The agencies also announced two public workshops – on March 11 and March 18 – to solicit dialogue on the draft (...)

The US FTC files an administrative complaint challenging consummated acquisition and non-reportable transactions in the body-worn camera market (Axon / Safariland)
McDermott Will & Emery (Washington)
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McDermott Will & Emery (Washington)
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McDermott Will & Emery (Washington)
FTC CHALLENGES AXON’S CONSUMMATED ACQUISITION OF BODY-WORN CAMERA COMPETITOR* The US antitrust regulators continue to challenge consummated transactions. On January 3, 2020, the FTC filed an administrative complaint against Axon Enterprise, Inc., challenging its consummated acquisition of (...)

The Chinese State Administration for Market Regulation releases its draft proposing amendments to the Chinese Anti-Monopoly Law
Dacheng - Dentons (Beijing)
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Dacheng - Dentons (Shanghai)
On 2 January 2020, the State Administration for Market Regulation of China (“SAMR”) released a draft of the proposed amendment to the Anti-Monopoly Law of China (“Draft Amendment”) to solicit public comments from different sectors of society. It indicates that after twelve years, at the beginning (...)

The French Competition Authority opens an in-depth investigation into a proposed merger in the petroleum product storage services market (Trapil / Pisto)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence has begun an in-depth examination into the acquisition of Société des Transports Pétroliers par Pipelines (Trapil) by Pisto SAS* Acquisition of France’s largest pipeline On 5 November 2019, Pisto SAS, which is active in the petroleum product storage services (...)

The Vice-President Margrethe Vestager announces the intention to launch the review of the Commission Notice on the definition of relevant market
Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
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Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
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Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
On 9 December 2019, the Commission’s Executive Vice-President Margrethe Vestager announced the Commission’s intention to launch the review of the Commission Notice on the definition of relevant market for the purposes of Community competition law (‘the Notice’). The Notice dates back from 1997 and (...)

The French Competition Authority clears two separate mergers of companies in the same group in the transport sector (Capelle / AltéAd Marchal Levage and Mediaco-Capelle / AltéAd)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence clears two separate acquisitions but concerning companies belonging to the same group, AltéAd* These decisions are made following the opening of judicial reorganisation proceedings regarding AltéAd. On 25 June 2019, Mediaco Levage and Capelle Investissements (...)

The Australian Competition Authority launches its first enforcement proceedings under the new ’effects test’ prohibition on misuse of market power (Tasmanian Ports)
Herbert Smith Freehills (Sydney)
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Herbert Smith Freehills (Sydney)
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Herbert Smith Freehills (Sydney)
On 6 December 2019, the ACCC launched its first enforcement proceedings under the new ‘effects test’ prohibition on misuse of market power. The proceedings will provide much needed guidance as to how the much-debated ‘effects test’ will apply to unilateral conduct. It is noteworthy that the two (...)

The French Competition Authority conditionally clears a merger in the construction industry (Point P Travaux Publics / Frans Bonhomme)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Green light, subject to conditions, to the acquisition of Point P Travaux Publics by Frans Bonhomme* On 18 October 2019, Frans Bonhomme notified the Autorité de la concurrence of its plan to acquire control of one of its competitors, Distribution de Matériaux pour les Travaux Publics (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger in the market of processed meat and sausages products (Reinert / Kemper)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Processed meat and sausage producers Kemper and Reinert can merge* The Bundeskartellamt has today cleared the merger between the Reinert Group (H. & E. Reinert Holding GmbH & Co. KG) and the Kemper Group (H. Kemper GmbH & Co. KG /P.F.C. Pro Food Company GmbH & Co. KG). The (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation into proposed merger between the two leading copper scrap refiners in Europe (Metallo / Aurubis)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission opens in-depth investigation into proposed acquisition of Metallo by Aurubis* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed acquisition of Metallo by Aurubis, under the EU Merger Regulation. The Commission is concerned that the (...)

The French Competition Authority decides to not renew remedies previously imposed to clear a merger in the telecommunications sector (SFR / Altice)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Acquisition of SFR by Altice: the Autorité de la concurrence will not renew the commitments and maintains certain injunctions* Given changes to the markets, the Autorité de la concurrence will not renew the commitments made by Altice upon acquiring SFR. However, the injunctions with penalty (...)

The Austrian Competition Authority fines two companies for gun-jumping in the motorcycle and sports car manufacturing market (KTM / Kiska )
Austrian Competition Authority (Vienna)
KTM AG and Kiska GmbH fined for illegal merger* The Cartel Court, at the Austrian Federal Competition Authority’s request, has imposed a fine of € 60,000 on KTM AG and Kiska GmbH. The first respondent had held a 26% stake in the second respondent during the period from 7 October 2015 to 29 (...)

The French Competition Authority opens an in-depth investigation relating to a merger in the food retail market (Casino / Leclerc)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Acquisition of a Casino hypermarket located in the Troyes urban area: The Autorité de la concurrence opens an in-depth examination phase* The Autorité de la concurrence opens an in-depth examination phase for the acquisition of a Casino hypermarket located in the Troyes urban area by Soditroy (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the energy efficiency sector (Économie d’Énergie / La Poste)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of Économie d’Énergie by Le Groupe La Poste.* Le Groupe La Poste notified the Autorité of its plans to take exclusive control of Économie d’Énergie. This transaction is part of Le Groupe La Poste’s strategy to diversify its activities, resulting in (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation relating to a proposed joint venture by aircraft manufacturers (Boeing / Embraer)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission opens in-depth investigation into joint ventures proposed by Boeing and Embraer* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed creation of two joint ventures by aircraft manufacturers Boeing and Embraer, under the EU Merger Regulation. (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the production of aluminium automotive body sheets market (Novelis / Aleris)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission clears Novelis’ acquisition of Aleris, subject to conditions* The European Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, the acquisition of Aleris by Novelis. The decision is conditional on the divestiture of Aleris’ aluminium automotive body sheets business in (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger, subject to pre-acquisition divestitures in the food and non-food wholesale and semi-wholesale sector (Cayenne supermarket / Super NKT)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Acquisition of Cayenne supermarket Super NKT* The Autorité de la concurrence cleared the acquisition, subject to conditions, of the company NDIS and its subsidiary NG Kon Tia by SAFO (Huyghues-Despointes Group), which will be conditional on a divestiture prior to the acquisition of the (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the distribution of automotive parts market (TODD group / Alliance Automotive France)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Distribution of automotive parts* The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of TODD group by the company Alliance Automotive France On 2 September 2019, the company Alliance Automotive France (hereinafter « AAF ») notified the Autorité de la concurrence of its plan to take over TODD (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger in the hospital sector in spite of the high market shares of the clinics (Klinikverbund Kempten-Oberallgäu / Kreiskliniken Unterallgäu)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt clears hospital merger in the Allgäu region* In the first phase of examination the Bundeskartellamt has cleared the planned merger of the hospital group Klinikverbund Kempten-Oberallgäu gGmbH, Immenstadt, with the district clinics Kreiskliniken Unterallgäu AöR, Mindelheim, (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the coach transport market (CarPostal France / Keolis)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Coach transport* The Autorité has given the green light to the acquisition of CarPostal France by Keolis Keolis notified the Autorité de la concurrence of its planned acquisition of CarPostal France. Following an examination of the effects of this transaction on the urban and interurban public (...)

The UK Competition Authority considers that a merger in the sports fashion market raises competition concerns (JD Sports / Footasylum)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
Sports fashion merger raises competition concerns* The CMA has found that JD Sports’ takeover of close competitor Footasylum could be bad for shoppers. The Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) is concerned that the loss of competition brought about by the merger could result in a worse deal (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority clears a merger in the hospital market in applying the failing firm defence (HSGL / HPA Group)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
The AdC adopts a clearance decision on the Grupo HPA Saúde / Hospital São Gonçalo de Lagos merger* The AdC (Autoridade da Concorrência – Portuguese Competition Authority) has adopted a clearance decision on the merger concerning the acquisition of sole control of Hospital São Gonçalo de Lagos (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the markets of cosmetics and perfumes (Colgate Palmolive / Laboratoires Filorga Cosmétiques)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Cosmetic products* The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of Laboratoires Filorga Cosmétiques by Colgate Palmolive On 7 August 2019, Colgate-Palmolive notified the Autorité de la concurrence of its plan to take over Laboratoires Filorga Cosmétiques . By a decision issued today, the (...)

The US DoJ agrees to use binding arbitration to resolve merger disputes for a new approach in antitrust enforcements (Novelis / Aleris)
Constantine Cannon (New York)
DOJ AGREEMENT TO USE BINDING ARBITRATION TO RESOLVE MERGER DISPUTE COULD HERALD NEW APPROACH IN ANTITRUST ENFORCEMENT* Federal antitrust enforcers may be increasingly looking to arbitrators—instead of federal courts—to be the arbiters of competition law if a new approach in enforcement takes (...)

The US DoJ provides details on the use of arbitration to resolve a challenge to a proposed acquisition in the market of the aluminum sheet (Novelis / Aleris)
Jones Day (Washington DC)
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Jones Day (New York)
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Jones Day (Washington DC)
In Short: The Situation: The United States Department of Justice Antitrust Division ("DOJ") has provided details on the unprecedented use of arbitration to resolve its challenge to the proposed acquisition of Aleris Corporation by Novelis Inc. The Significance: Companies now have greater (...)

The US DoJ agrees to refer the product market definition to binding arbitration (Aleris / Novelis)
Jones Day (Washington DC)
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Jones Day (Washington DC)
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Jones Day (New York)
For the first time in history, DOJ’s Antitrust Division plans to use binding arbitration to resolve an important element of a merger challenge. As part of its lawsuit to block the proposed acquisition of Aleris Corporation by Novelis Inc., the parties and DOJ agreed to resolve the issue of (...)

The US DoJ submits a market definition question to the binding arbitration (Aleris / Novelis)
Constantine Cannon (San Francisco)
MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS, MARKET DEFINITION, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, ARBITRATION, ALUMINUM FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS* On September 4, 2019, the United States Department of Justice’s Antitrust Division sued to block Novelis, Inc.’s acquisition of Aleris Corporation, alleged to be a “new and (...)

The Higher Regional Court of Düsseldorf suspends an order of the German Competition Authority on an alleged abuse of dominance in the social networks (Facebook)
Baker Botts (London)
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Baker Botts (Washington)
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Baker Botts (Brussels)
On 26 August 2019, a German appeal court suspended an order of the German competition authority (the “FCO”) which had found that Facebook’s data processing practices in Germany constituted an abuse of dominance in breach of German antitrust rules (the “decision”). Expressing serious doubts as to the (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the car publication market (Mondadori / Reworld Media)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Magazines* The Autorité de la concurrence clears, subject to conditions, the acquisition of Mondadori France (Biba, Grazia, Modes & Travaux) by Reworld Media (Marie France, Maison & Travaux, Auto Moto) Background Press group Reworld Media notified the Autorité of its planned (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the jewellery market (Mauboussin / Guérin Joaillerie / Galeries Lafayette / CFN)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Jewellery industry* The Autorité clears the acquisitions of Mauboussin and Guérin Joaillerie by Galeries Lafayette and La Compagnie Financière Nemarq & Co Background The Autorité de la concurrence approves the acquisition of joint control by the group Galeries Lafayette and La Compagnie (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the telecommunication market (Vodafone / Liberty Global)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission clears Vodafone’s acquisition of Liberty Global’s cable business in Czechia, Germany, Hungary and Romania, subject to conditions* The European Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, the proposed acquisition by Vodafone of Liberty Global’s cable business in (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority clears a merger in the liquified petroleum gas wholesale and retail market (Petrol / Crodux Plin)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
CCA approved Petrol/Crodux Plin LPG part of business concentration* By implementing the concentration Petrol will acquire the Crodux Plin LPG part of the business, including the undertaking Adria-Plin that operates in the LPG retail at the regional level, at one point of sale in Split-Dalmatia (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the air transport of passengers market (Flybe / Connect Airways)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission approves the acquisition of Flybe by Connect Airways, subject to conditions* The European Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, the acquisition of UK regional air carrier Flybe by Connect Airways, a consortium by Virgin Atlantic, Stobart Aviation and (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger in the paper wholesale market (Papyrus Deutschland / Papier Union)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt clears merger between the paper wholesalers Papyrus Deutschland and Papier Union* The Bundeskartellamt has cleared the acquisition of Papyrus Deutschland by Papier Union’s mother company, Inapa Group, in second phase proceedings. The wholesalers in paper, Papier Union and (...)

The EU General Court rejects a legal challenge to conditional clearance of a joint venture in the wholesale provision of premium pay-TV sports channels market (Vodafone / Liberty Global)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 23 May 2019, the General Court of the European Union (“GC”) rejected a legal challenge brought against the European Commission’s (“Commission”) conditional clearance of the Liberty Global / Vodafone joint venture in the Netherlands by rival KPN (see VBB on Competition Law, Volume 2016, No. 8). (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the sector of retail distribution of clothing and footwear (The Kooples / Maus Frères)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Clothing and footwear* The Autorité de la concurrence clears the takeover of the company The Kooples Group by the group Maus Frères (Lacoste, Aigle and Gant) On 17 April 2019, the group Maus Frères notified the Autorité de la concurrence his project of taking over the company The Kooples Group. (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the metalworking market (Ascoval / British Steel)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Metalworking industry* The Autorité de la concurrence clears the takeover of the Ascoval company by the British Steel group. After the decision of the Strasbourg General court of first instance of 2 May 2019, which validated the takeover of the steel plant Ascoval by the British Steel group, (...)

The Polish Competition Authority conditionally clears merger between two cinema operators (Multikino / Cinema 3D)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
CONDITIONAL CONSENT: MULTIKINO - CINEMA 3D* UOKiK gave consent to Multikino taking over Cinema 3D. The transaction may take place provided that the cinema of the acquired company will be sold in Galeria Morena in Gdańsk. The parties to the transaction are cinema operators. Multikino runs 32 (...)

The Polish Competition Authority conditionally clears a merger between multiplex cinema operators (Multikino / Cinema 3D)
White & Case (Warsaw)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
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White & Case (Warsaw)
THE POLISH PRESIDENT OF THE OFFICE OF COMPETITION AND CONSUMER PROTECTION CONDITIONALLY CLEARED A MERGER BETWEEN MULTIPLEX CINEMA OPERATORS* Background On 11 July 2018, the President of the Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (the “OCCP”) initiated merger clearance proceedings (...)

The Polish Competition Authority conditionally clears a merger in the fuel retail market (BP Europe / ARGE)
White & Case (Warsaw)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
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White & Case (Warsaw)
Background On 29 June 2018, the OCCP initiated the merger proceedings concerning acquisition of ARGE Nieruchomości sp. z o.o. (“ARGE RE”) and ARGE Paliwa sp. z o.o. (“ARGE”)’s assets from BP Europa (“BP”). More specifically, the proposed transaction considered the acquisition of several real estates (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation regarding a merger in the audiovisual sector (Telia / Bonnier Broadcasting)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission opens in-depth investigation into Telia Company’s proposed acquisition of Bonnier Broadcasting* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed acquisition of Bonnier Broadcasting by Telia Company under the EU Merger Regulation. The (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger in the book retail sector (Thalia / Mayersche Buchhandlung)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Merger between Thalia and Mayersche Buchhandlung cleared* The Bundeskartellamt has today cleared the merger between the two bookstore chains Thalia and Mayersche Buchhandlung. Thalia and Mayersche are both large bookstore chains which altogether operate 288 bookstores in Germany. Andreas (...)

The German Competition Authority prohibits a merger in the printing industry (MBO / Heidelberger Druckmaschinen)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt prohibits acquisition of MBO group by Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG* Bonn, 7 May 2019: The Bundeskartellamt has today prohibited the proposed acquisition of all the shares in HB Vermögensverwaltungsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG by Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG. HB (...)

The French Competition Authority innovates by analyzing the online and in-store sales of toys as a single market (Luderix International / Jellej Jouets)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Distribution of toys* The Autorité de la concurrence innovates by analyzing the online and in-store sales of toys as a single market. The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of joint control of Luderix International (Picwic) by Jellej Jouets (Toys’R’Us) and by the undivided (...)

The EU Commission publishes a report on competition policy for the digital sector
Hogan Lovells (Brussels)
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Hogan Lovells (Brussels)
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Hogan Lovells (Brussels)
On 4 April 2019, the European Commission published the much anticipated Report Competition Policy for the digital era (hereinafter referred to as the "Report"). Authored by a panel of special advisers (all academics) appointed by Competition Commissioner, Margrethe Vestager, the Report explores (...)

The EU Commission publishes a report on competition policy for the digital era
Simmons & Simmons (London)
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Simmons & Simmons (London)
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Simmons & Simmons (London)
On 04 April 2019, the European Commission (EC) published a report commissioned by the EU’s Competition Commissioner, Margrethe Vestager. The report looks at how competition policy should continue to evolve in the digital age and is written jointly by an economist, a lawyer and an engineer. The (...)

The EU Commission publishes a report on competition policy for the digital era
Norton Rose Fulbright (Brussels)
“Digital Era” Report Bolsters Commissioner Vestager’s Digital Legacy* On April 4, 2019, the European Commission published a report by Jacques Crémer, Yves-Alexandre de Montjoye, and Heike Schweitzer on competition policy for the digital era (the Digital Era Re port, or the Report), the culmination (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the markets of insurance broking services (JLT / MMC)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission approves acquisition of Jardine Lloyd Thompson by Marsh & McLennan Companies, subject to conditions* The European Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, the acquisition of Jardine Lloyd Thompson (“JLT”) by Marsh & McLennan Companies (“MMC”). The (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the motor vehicle distribution sector and establishes a new method for analysing mergers in this sector (Bernard Participations / Emil Frey Motors France and Fiber)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Distribution of motor vehicles* The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of joint control of the company Bernard Participations SAS by the company Emil Frey Motors France and the company Fiber. This transaction led the Autorité to review its method for analysing mergers in the (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation concerning a merger in retail markets for electricity and gas (E.ON / Innogy)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission opens in-depth investigation into E.ON’s proposed acquisition of Innogy* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed acquisition of Innogy by E.ON under the EU Merger Regulation. The Commission has concerns that the proposed (...)

The Indian Competition Authority finds no violation in a cinema chain exclusively selling one beverage producer’s products (Inox / Coca-Cola)
Vaish (New Delhi)
CCI holds no violation in exclusive selling beverages of Coca-Cola by INOX Theatres at higher rates than the retail price* The Competition Commission of India (“CCI/ Commission”) by way of order dated 28.02.2019 exonerated INOX Leisure Ltd (“INOX”) and Hindustan Coca-Cola Beverages Private Ltd (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the markets of wine and spirits (Marie Brizard / COFEPP)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Wine and spirits* The Autorité de la concurrence clears - subject to conditions - the acquisition of the group Marie Brizard On 3 January 2019, the Compagnie Financière Européenne de Prises de Participation (“Cofepp”) notified the Autorité de la concurrence its intention to acquire sole control of (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the aquaculture sector (Amerra and Mubadala / Andromeda / Nireus and Selonda)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission approves the acquisition of joint control of Andromeda, Nireus and Selonda by Amerra and Mubadala, subject to conditions* The European Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, the acquisition of joint control over Andromeda, Nireus and Selonda, all active in (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the flexible packaging for medical use and for food products sectors (Amcor / Bemis)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission approves merger between Amcor and Bemis, subject to conditions* The European Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, the merger between Amcor and Bemis. Both companies manufacture flexible packaging products worldwide. The approval is conditional on the (...)

The German Competition Authority prohibits a social network company for abusing its dominant position by combining its user data from different sources (Facebook)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt / Digital Economy Bundeskartellamt prohibits Facebook from combining user data from different sources* Bonn, 7 February 2019: The Bundeskartellamt has imposed on Facebook far-reaching restrictions in the processing of user data. According to Facebook’s terms and conditions (...)

The German Competition Authority orders to a social network company to stop collecting and matching data of its users without explicit consent as it constitutes an abuse of dominance (Facebook)
Heinz & Zagrosek (Köln)
Bundeskartellamt hits „don’t like“-button on Facebook* On February 7, 2019, Germany’s Federal Cartel Office (“FCO”) issued its long-awaited decision in the Facebook case, see press release and background paper in English here. It qualifies Facebook’s current practice of collecting and matching data (...)

The German Competition Authority finds that the data gathering practices of a social network are an abuse of its dominant position, and orders amendments in its data processing policy (Facebook)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 6 February 2019, the German Federal Cartel Office (“FCO”) concluded administrative proceedings concerning the data gathering practices of Facebook Inc., Facebook Ireland and Facebook Germany (together “Facebook”). The FCO found that Facebook abused its dominant position by making the private use (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger by approving in advance remedies in the market of fabrication and marketing of baking aids (Alsa / Dr. Oetker)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Confection and marketing of baking aids* The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of Alsa by Dr. Oetker (Ancel) by approving a commitment which addresses in advance competition issues (“fix-it-first” commitment), by granting a credible market player a license for the Ancel brand On (...)

The French Competition Authority issues an opinion in favour of extending ex-ante regulation of the upstream wholesale digital terrestrial television broadcasting services market by three years
French Competition Authority (Paris)
DTT Broadcasting* The Autorité de la concurrence is in favour of extending ex-ante regulation of the upstream wholesale DTT broadcasting services market by three years. Background Following a referral by the French Telecommunications Regulator (ARCEP), the Autorité de la concurrence today (...)

The Indian Competition Authority approves merger of multinational companies with non-exclusive consignment selling agency arrangement in OTC and oral healthcare markets (Hindustan Unilever / GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare)
Vaish (New Delhi)
CCI approves amalgamation of GlaxoSmithKline into Hindustan Unilever Limited* The Commission, by way of order dated 23.01.2019, has approved the amalgamation of GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare Limited (“GSKCH”) into Hindustan Unilever Limited (“HUL”) and subsequently cleared HUL to enter into (...)

The German Competition Authority prohibits a merger in the bearing production sector (Miba / Zollern)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt prohibits merger between Miba and Zollern in bearing production sector* The Bundeskartellamt has prohibited the launch of a joint venture between Miba AG, Laakirchen (Austria), and Zollern GmbH & Co. KG, Sigmaringen. The companies had planned to pool their hydrodynamic (...)

The Irish Competition Authority opens an in-depth investigation regarding a merger in the music entertainment market (MCD Productions / LN-Gaiety Holdings)
Irish Competition Authority (Dublin)
CCPC to carry out a phase 2 investigation of LN-Gaiety/MCD Productions merger* The Competition and Consumer Protection Commission (CCPC) has decided to carry out a full Phase 2 investigation in relation to the proposed acquisition of MCD Productions Unlimited Company by LN-Gaiety Holdings (...)

The EU General Court offers a mixed review of patent settlement agreements in the pharmaceutical sector (Servier)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 12 December 2018, the General Court (“GC”) once again passed judgment on a number of patent settlement agreements in the pharmaceutical sector. It had already reviewed such agreements in September 2016 when it upheld the decision of the European Commission (the “Commission”) in the Lundbeck (...)

The EU General Court annuls a decision of the Commission for wrongly qualifying agreements as "pay for delay" and improperly qualifying an abuse of dominance, thus reducing the fine imposed on a pharmaceutical company (Servier)
Dechert (Paris)
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Dechert (Paris)
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Dechert (Paris)
On 12 December 2018, the General Court (“Court”) partially annulled the European Commission’s decision of 9 July 2014 in the Servier case and consequently reduced Servier’s fine by more than 30%, from €330.99 million to €228.32 million. After the Lundbeck judgment of 8 September 2016, this second (...)

The EU General Court holds that patent settlements may be deemed “pay-for-delay” agreements only if there are reverse payments, and the originator may not be held dominant if the market is not assessed rigorously (Servier)
Portolano Cavallo (Milan)
The Servier judgments: patent settlements may be deemed “pay-for-delay” agreements, and thus by-object infringements of Article 101 TFEU only if Commission substantiates strong indication of “reverse payment” or “abnormal inducement” from the originator to the generic; further, the originator cannot (...)

The COMESA Competition Commission’s second investigation into restrictive vertical distribution ends with a beverage company avoiding a fine after agreeing to eliminate price maintenance clauses (Coca-Cola)
Primerio (Washington)
COMESA’S SECOND RESTRICTIVE TRADE PRACTICES INVESTIGATION ENDS INCONCLUSIVELY* Having now concluded two non-merger cases (the first was an exclusivity issue in football broadcasting and sponsorship agreements, see here), the COMESA Competition Commission’s (“CCC”) second investigation into (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority holds that online sales channels exert competitive pressure in traditional sales channels in the market of sales of books (Doğan Müzik Kitap Mağazacılık ve Pazarlama)
ACTECON (Istanbul)
Should Traditional and Online Sales Channels Constitute Separate Relevant Markets? (The TCA’s D&R Decision) On November 23, 2018, the Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) published its reasoned decision (“D&R Decision”) concerning the investigation conducted against Doğan Müzik Kitap (...)

The Italian Competition Authority conditionally clears a merger in the optical sector (Luxottica / Barberini)
Desogus Law Office (Cagliari)
Closing a Second Phase investigation in the Luxottica/Barberini case, the Italian Competition Authority (ICA) has conditionally cleared a merger between two major players in the optical industry. After an in-depth review of the transaction, the ICA took the view that the notified merger may (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation related to a merger on the steel supply market (Tata Steel / ThyssenKrupp)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission opens in-depth investigation into new joint venture proposed by steel suppliers Tata Steel and ThyssenKrupp* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed creation of a joint venture by Tata Steel and ThyssenKrupp, under the EU Merger (...)

The UK Competition Authority imposes structural remedies to clear a merger in the market of the supply of managed laundry services (JLA / Washstation)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
University laundry merger broken up by CMA* The CMA has decided that JLA must sell Washstation to preserve competition in the supply of managed laundry services to higher education providers. The decision by the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) comes following an in-depth investigation (...)

The Indian Competition Authority fines MRI manufacturer for abuse of dominance, with the Chairman dissenting due to different market definition that would conclude no dominance (House of Diagnostics / Esaote Asia Pacific)
Vaish (New Delhi)
CCI imposes penalty on Esaote SPA and its Indian subsidiary for abusing its dominant position in the sale of specialized MRI machines* The CCI vide its order dated September 27, 2018 has imposed a penalty of INR 9.33 lakhs on Esaote S.p.A and its Indian subsidiary, Esaote Asia Pacific (...)

The Irish Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the media sector (Reach / Northern / Shell Network)
Irish Competition Authority (Dublin)
CCPC clears media merger subject to confidentiality commitments* Following an extensive two-phase investigation, the Competition and Consumer Protection Commission (CCPC) has cleared, subject to binding commitments, the acquisition by Reach Plc (Reach) (formerly Trinity Mirror Plc) of Northern (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger in the market of music recognition for smartphones, tablets and PCs (Apple / Shazam)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission clears Apple’s acquisition of Shazam* The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of Shazam by Apple. The Commission concluded that the merger would not adversely affect competition in the European Economic Area or any (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the retailing of gardening products market (Jardiland / InVivo)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Retailing of gardening products* The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of Jardiland group by InVivo group (Gamm Vert, Delbard) subject to divestiture of 11 stores Parties to the transaction On 29 June 2018, InVivo Retail group, a subsidiary of InVivo cooperative union, which (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the food retail distribution sector (Bernard Hayot / Géant Casino)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Distribution in Martinique* The Autorité de la concurrence clears, subject to conditions, the acquisition by Bernard Hayot Group of a Géant Casino hypermarket in Martinique On 20 June 2018, Bernard Hayot Group (‘BHG’) notified the Autorité de la concurrence of its planned acquisition of a Géant (...)

The Italian Competition Authority unconditionally approves the creation of a cooperative banking group (Cassa Centrale Bancaria)
Desogus Law Office (Cagliari)
Merger, notification, autohorisation, banking, market definition, : clearance Phase (I) merger, economic efficiency, high market shares, relevant market, By a recent decision the Italian Competition Authority (ICA) has unconditionally approved the creation of a cooperative banking group. The (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the fresh produce distribution market (Total Produce / Dole)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission approves Total Produce’s acquisition of Dole, subject to conditions* The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the acquisition by Total Produce of joint control over Dole. Both companies supply bagged salads, bananas and other fresh fruit and (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation to assess a merger in the market of the supply of rolled copper products and sanitary copper tubes (MKM /KME)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission opens in-depth investigation into KME’s proposed acquisition of competing copper products supplier MKM* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed acquisition of MKM by KME, under the EU Merger Regulation. The Commission is concerned (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation to assess a merger in the hardware security modules market (Gemalto / Thales)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission opens in-depth investigation into proposed acquisition of Gemalto by Thales* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed acquisition of Gemalto by Thales under the EU Merger Regulation. The Commission is concerned that the merger (...)

The EU Commission fines a multinational technology company for abuse of dominance by imposing illegal restrictions on device manufacturers and mobile network operators (Google Android)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission fines Google €4.34 billion for illegal practices regarding Android mobile devices to strengthen dominance of Google’s search engine* The European Commission has fined Google €4.34 billion for breaching EU antitrust rules. Since 2011, Google has imposed illegal restrictions (...)

The EU Commission fines a multinational technology company for abuse of dominant position in the smartphone operating system sector (Google Android)
Baker McKenzie (London)
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Baker McKenzie (Brussels)
This article has been nominated for the 2020 Antitrust Writing Awards. Click here to learn more about the Antitrust Writing Awards. On 18 July 2018 the European Commission imposed a record fine of €4.34 billion on Google. In such an innovative and competitive industry, a decision and fine on (...)

The EU Commission fines a tech company for illegal tying in the market for third-party mobile device manufacturing (Google Android)
Economists Incorporated (Washington)
European Commission Fines Google for Illegal Tying* The European Commission (“EC”) recently fined Google €4.34 billion, stating that “Google has imposed illegal restrictions on Android device manufacturers and mobile network operators to cement its dominant position in general internet search.” (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation to assess a proposed merger in the rail sector (Siemens / Alstom)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission opens in-depth investigation into Siemens proposed acquisition of Alstom* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed acquisition of Alstom by Siemens, under the EU Merger Regulation. The Commission is concerned that the merger may (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the titanium dioxide pigment market (Tronox / Cristal)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission approves Tronox’s acquisition of Cristal, subject to conditions* The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the acquisition of Cristal by Tronox, both major suppliers of titanium dioxide pigment. The approval is conditional on full compliance with (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the manufacturing of pool equipment products market (Zodiac / Fluidra)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION CLEARS ZODIAC AND FLUIDRA POOL EQUIPMENT JOINT VENTURE, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed creation of a joint venture between the swimming pool equipment businesses of Zodiac and Fluidra. The approval is (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation concerning a merger in the nylon production market (BASF / Solvay)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION OPENS IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATION INTO PROPOSED ACQUISITION OF SOLVAY’S NYLON BUSINESS BY BASF* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed acquisition of Solvay’s global nylon business by BASF, under the EU Merger Regulation. The Commission (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation concerning a merger in the Dutch retail mobile telecommunications market (Tele2 / T-Mobile)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION OPENS IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATION INTO PROPOSED ACQUISITION OF TELE2 NL BY T-MOBILE NL IN THE NETHERLANDS* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed acquisition of Tele2 NL by T-Mobile NL under the EU Merger Regulation. The Commission is (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority clears a merger between wind power electricity producers (New Finerge / Empreedimentos Eólicos do Rego / Eolcinf / Parque Eólico do Vale de Abade / Biowatt / Eolflor)
Morais Leitão, Galvão Teles, Soares da Silva (Porto)
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Morais Leitão, Galvão Teles, Soares da Silva (Porto)
On May 4th 2018, the Portuguese Competition Authority (PCA) was notified of a merger where New Finerge, S.A. (New Finerge), a company operating in the electricity production market, aimed to acquire exclusive control over five wind farm management companies: Empreedimentos Eólicos do Rego, S.A. (...)

The UK Competition Appeal Tribunal announces its provisional judgment in an appeal against the Competition Authority’s infringement decision in an excessive price case (Pfizer / Flynn)
White & Case (Brussels)
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White & Case (Brussels)
I. Introduction In the last couple of years, there has been a trend for antitrust watchdogs around the world to investigate excessive pricing, especially in the phar- maceutical sector. Last year, the European Commission opened its first investigation into excessive pricing in the (...)

The OECD holds a roundtable on market concentration
OECD - Competition Division (Paris)
Executive Summary 1. In recent years, there has been growing concern that a trend has emerged in which markets around the world are becoming more concentrated and less competitive. This is sometimes attributed to the increasingly digital and globalised nature of many markets and the firms that (...)

The French Competition Authority clears merger between two domestic electrical goods companies after concluding that the transaction is unable to give rise to anticompetitive effects in Guadeloupe (Cafom / Dimeco)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
RETAIL OF DOMESTIC ELECTRICAL GOODS IN THE FRENCH OVERSEAS DEPARTMENTS* The autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of the Dimeco society (connection , Circuit Ménager) bu the Cafom Group (But and Darty) Parties to the transaction On 18 April 2018, the Cafom group notified the (...)

The Supreme Court of India clarifies that the determination of relevant market is not a mandatory pre-condition for initiating investigations of alleged anticompetitive agreements (Co-ordination Committee of Artists and Technicians of West Bengal Film and Television Industry)
Vaish (New Delhi)
Supreme Court clears air on definition of relevant market in Section 3 (anti-competitive agreement) cases* The Supreme Court by its order dated May 7, 2018 has clarified that the determination of a ‘relevant market’ is not a mandatory pre-condition for undertaking an assessment of an alleged (...)

The Irish Competition Authority obtains remedies in order to clear a merger in the wholesale and retail market (4 Aces / BWG)
Irish Competition Authority (Dublin)
CCPC COMMITMENTS FROM BWG TO SECURE APPROVAL FOR PROPOSED ACQUISITION OF 4 ACES WHOLESALE* Following an extensive investigation, the Competition and Consumer Protection Commission (CCPC) has today cleared the proposed acquisition of 4 Aces Wholesale Limited (“4 Aces”) by BWG Foods Unlimited (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the steel wheels manufacturing market (Mefro Wheels / Accuride)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES ACQUISITION OF MEFRO WHEELS BY ACCURIDE, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, the acquisition of steel wheels manufacturer Mefro Wheels by its competitor Accuride. The decision is conditional on the divestment (...)

The OECD holds a roundtable on taxi, ride-sourcing and ride-sharing services
OECD - Competition Division (Paris)
Introduction 1. Over the last 10 years, disruptive innovation in transportation radically changed the regulatory and competitive landscape, raising new questions for regulators and competition law enforcers. 2. Different services with different business models entered into the provision of (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies on the seeds, pesticides and digital agriculture market (Bayer’s Crop Science / BASF)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION CLEARS ACQUISITION OF PARTS OF BAYER’S CROP SCIENCE BUSINESS BY BASF, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has conditionally approved under the EU Merger Regulation the acquisition of parts of Bayer’s Crop Science business by BASF. This transaction is related to the (...)

The OECD holds a roundtable on blockchain technology and competition policy
OECD - Competition Division (Paris)
1. Introduction 1. Blockchain is a general-purpose technology that threatens to disrupt markets and institutions across the world. Where the internet enabled the publishing and digital transfer of information, blockchain authenticates the ownership of assets, makes them unique, traceable, and (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger on the online advertising market (Aufeminin / TF1)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Online advertising* The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of Aufeminin by TF1 On 16 March 2018, TF1 notified the Autorité de la concurrence of its acquisition of sole control of Aufeminin. Following the consultation of competitors and TF1’s clients along with an analysis of the (...)

The Romanian Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the pharmaceutical sector (A&D Pharma / Glebi)
Romanian Competition Council (Bucharest)
THE COMPETITION COUNCIL AUTHORIZED WITH CONDITIONS THE TAKING OVER OF A&D PHARMA HOLDINGS NV BY GLEBI HOLDINGS PLC* The Competition Council authorised with conditions the transaction by which Glebi Holdings PLC takes over A&D Pharma Holdings NV. Glebi Holdings PLC is part of Penta (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation concerning a merger in the market of music recognition for smartphones, tablets and PCs (Apple / Shazam)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSIONS OPEN IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATION INTO APPLE’S PROPOSED ACQUISITION OF SHAZAM* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed acquisition of Shazam by Apple under the EU Merger Regulation. The Commission is concerned that the merger could (...)

The French Competition Authority clears two separate mergers in the footwear distribution market (Monoprix / Sarenza ; Spartoo / André)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
FOOTWEAR DISTRIBUTION* The Autorité de la concurrence clears two separate acquisitions but which raise similar questions: Sarenza by Monoprix (Casino group) André by Spartoo On 16 March Monoprix, and subsequently on 4 April 2018, Spartoo notified the Autorité de la concurrence of two distinct (...)

The Spanish Supreme Court orders restarting the investigation of a complaint about abuse of dominant position (Oracle)
Callol, Coca & Asociados (Madrid)
On 26 February 2013, Hewlett Packard and Hewlett Packard Española, S.L. (jointly, HP) filed a complaint against Oracle Corporation and Oracle Ibérica, S.R.L. (jointly, Oracle) before the NMCC denouncing restrictive practices of competition in the field of relational database management systems, (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority clears the acquisition of a Belgian football club by an investment company (Royal Sporting Club Anderlecht / Alychlo)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
THE BELGIAN COMPETITION AUTHORITY APPROVES THE ACQUISITION OF ROYAL SPORTING CLUB ANDERLECHT BY ALYCHLO* The Investigation and Prosecution Service of the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA) has approved on 28 March 2018 the acquisition of Royal Sporting Club Anderlecht by Alychlo. The (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority clears a merger between tour operators (Escalatur / Nortravel)
Morais Leitão, Galvão Teles, Soares da Silva (Porto)
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Morais Leitão, Galvão Teles, Soares da Silva (Porto)
On March 23rd 2018, the Portuguese Competition Authority (PCA) was notified of a merger where Escalatur – Viagens e Turismo, Unipessoal, Limitada (Escalatur), a company within the Barceló Group, which operates in the tourism sector and is active in various countries, aimed to acquire exclusive (...)

The EU Commission opens a formal investigation into German grid operator for limiting cross border electricity capacity with Denmark (TenneT)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission opens investigation into German grid operator TenneT for limiting cross border electricity capacity with Denmark* The European Commission has opened a formal investigation to assess whether German grid operator TenneT’s limitation of capacity from Western Denmark into (...)

The US FTC challenges a merger due to the potential negative effects it caused in the market for marine water treatment for chemicals (Drew Marine Group / Wilhelmsen Maritime Services)
Economists Incorporated (Washington)
FTC ALLEGES "GLOBAL FLEETS" IN CHALLENGE TO WILHELMSEN’S ACQUISITION OF DREW MARINE* The Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) recently issued an administrative complaint and amended complaint challenging the proposed acquisition of Drew Marine Group (“Drew”) by Wilhelmsen Maritime Services (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the market of garages for maintenance and repairs of trucks (Kant / Volvo)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
THE COMPETITION COLLEGE OF THE BCA AUTHORISES CONDITIONALLY THE ACQUISITION OF GARAGES OF THE GROUP KANT BY VOLVO GROUP BELGIUM* The Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA) has authorised on 31 January 2018 the acquisition of garages of Kant NV by Volvo Group Belgium NV. (...)

The German Competition Authority indicates in its preliminary assessment of possible abuse of dominance case that data collection and use from third-party sources is abusive (Facebook)
Heinz & Zagrosek (Köln)
Bundeskartellamt sends preliminary assessment to Facebook* On December 19, 2017, the Federal Cartel Office (“FCO”) published a press release on its preliminary assessment in the ongoing Facebook dominance probe, accompanied by a background paper (available in English here). The FCO considers (...)

The Chinese Supreme People’s Court finds no abuse of dominance in the central heating market (Bayannuer Sunshine Energy / Linhe Thermal Power Plant / Northern United Electric Power)
Beijing Foreign Studies University (Beijing)
Identification and Abuse Analysis of Market Dominance of Public Utilities: Thoughts of the Supreme People’s Court of China on Antitrust Litigation of Heating Units In December 2017, the Supreme People’s Court of China decided to reject the retrial application of Sunshine Energy Co., Ltd. in the (...)

The UK Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the cinema sector (Odeon / Vue)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA ACCEPTS MANCHESTER CINEMAS SALE* In December, the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) announced that AMC (UK) Acquisition Ltd’s (AMC’s) purchase of Odeon and UCI Cinemas Holdings Ltd (Odeon) would face an in-depth investigation, unless AMC could address concerns over the merger’s effect (...)

The Finnish Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the hotel accommodation market (Scandic / Restel)
Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority (Helsinki)
The FCCA approves Scandic’s acquisition of Restel, with conditions* Today, the FCCA has approved the acquisition of Restel Hotellit Oy by Scandic Hotels Oy, with conditions. As a condition for the approval of the sale, the FCCA obliged Scandic to sell one hotel in Pori, Lahti and Kuopio to its (...)

The EU Commission refers back a merger to the Polish Competition Authority in the pork meat sector (Pini Polonia / Smithfield)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION REFERS THE ACQUISITION OF PINI POLONIA BY SMITHFIELD TO THE POLISH COMPETITION AUTHORITY* The European Commission has referred the proposed transaction between Smithfield Foods of the US and Pini Polonia of Poland to the Polish Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority prohibits a merger in the shipping market despite remedies offered by the merging parties (UN Ro-Ro / Ulusoy)
Erdem & Erdem (Istanbul)
The Competition Board (“Board”), in its decision dated 9.11.2017 and numbered 17-36/595-259 (“Decision”), has rejected the acquisition of the full shares of Ulusoy Deniz Taşımacılığı A.Ş., Ulusoy Gemi İşletmeleri A.Ş., Ulusoy Ro-Ro İşletmeleri A.Ş., Ulusoy Ro-Ro Yatırımları A.Ş., Ulusoy Gemi Acenteliği A.Ş., (...)

The Cypriot Competition Authority sends a statement of objections to a chemical and consumer goods company suspected to have abused of its dominance (Henkel)
Commission for the Protection of Competition of the Republic of Cyprus (Nicosia)
The Commission for the Protection of Competition announces that it has notified Statements of Objections to Henkel AG & Co KGaA and its subsidiary GPM Henkel Ltd jointly and severally regarding a prima facie infringement of Section 6(1)(b) of the Protection of Competition Laws of 2008 and (...)

The EU Commission refers back to the French Competition Authority a merger in the waste management sector (La Poste / Suez groups)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
WASTE MANAGEMENT SECTOR* The European Commission has referred the review of the creation of a joint venture between the La Poste and Suez groups, in the waste management sector The European Commission referred the review of the creation of a joint venture between the La Poste and Suez groups. (...)

The French Competition Authority opens an in-depth investigation concerning a merger in the online property advertising (SeLoger.com / Logic-Immo.com)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
ONLINE PROPERTY ADVERTISING* The Autorité de la concurrence has begun an in-depth examination as part of the review of the take-over of Concept Multimédia (Logic-Immo.com) by the Axel Springer group (SeLoger.com) The Axel Springer group, which is active mainly on the online property adverting (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the vending services market (Pelican Rouge / Selecta)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES ACQUISITION OF PELICAN ROUGE BY SELECTA, SUBJECT TO CONDITION* The European Commission has cleared under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of vending services provider Pelican Rouge of the Netherlands by Selecta of Switzerland. The clearance is (...)

The OECD holds a roundtable on competition issues in aftermarkets
OECD - Competition Division (Paris)
Aftermarkets are widespread across the economy. From a competition perspective, the manufacturer of the primary good is often a major supplier in the aftermarket and may enjoy market power in the secondary market, which raises questions as to whether antitrust intervention is warranted to (...)

The US FTC sues to block the proposed physician acquisition group by a health system due to the possibility to create very high market shares (Sanford Health / Mid-Dakota Clinic)
McDermott Will & Emery (Washington)
With its latest lawsuit to block an acquisition of physicians, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) confirmed last week that monitoring physician consolidation is a priority. The FTC and North Dakota Attorney General sued to block the proposed acquisition by a health system (Sanford Health) of (...)

The OECD holds a roundtable on market study methodologies for competition authorities
OECD - Competition Division (Paris)
Executive Summary, by the Secretariat* Working Party No. 3 of the OECD Competition Committee held a Roundtable on the subject of Methodologies for conducting market studies on 20 June 2017. Based on the background paper prepared by the OECD Secretariat, written submissions from delegates, and (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies on the markets for debt collection and debt purchasing (Intrum Justitia / Nordic Capital)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES ACQUISITION OF INTRUM JUSTITIA BY NORDIC CAPITAL, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the acquisition of Intrum Justitia by Nordic Capital. The decision is conditional on the divestment of the companies’ (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies on the telecommunication market (Coditel / Telenet)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
THE BCA HAS APPROVED CONDITIONALLY THE ACQUISITION OF CODITEL BY TELENET* The Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA) has approved conditionally on 12 June 2017 the acquisition of Coditel Brabant SPRL and her subsidiary Coditel SARL (hereafter ‘Coditel’) by Telenet Group (...)

The EU Commission clears the acquisition of a pharmaceutical company by a global conglomerate subject to commitment that clinical development of innovative insomnia drugs will not be adversely affected by the merger (Johnson & Johnson / Actelion)
DG COMP (Brussels)
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Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness (Madrid)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
J&J/Actelion - falling asleep fast and deeply while staying fully awake on innovation * In a nutshell: The Commission found competitive concerns due to the combination of two development programmes for insomnia drugs, currently in Phase II of clinical trials. These pipeline drugs are based (...)

The OECD holds a roundtable on rethinking the use of traditional antitrust enforcement tools in multi-sided markets
OECD - Competition Division (Paris)
A key challenge for competition agencies, particularly in digital markets, is the multi-sided nature of some of the markets that they analyse. In June 2017 the OECD held a hearing to look at an important question that competition agencies face: Are the tools traditionally used to define (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the telecommunication market (Telecom Italia / Vivendi)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES VIVENDI’S ACQUISITION OF TELECOM ITALIA, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has approved the acquisition of de facto control over Telecom Italia by Vivendi. The decision is conditional on the divestment of Telecom Italia’s stake in Persidera. Telecom (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the market of semiconductor devices (Brocade / Broadcom)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION CLEARS ACQUISITION OF BROCADE BY BROADCOM, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has cleared under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of networking products supplier Brocade (US) by semiconductor manufacturer Broadcom (US/Singapore), subject to (...)

The French Competition Authority issues an opinion to the Electronic Communications Authority concerning the fixed broadband and superfast broadband wholesale markets
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence issues an opinion to ARCEP (France’s Electronic Communications and Postal Regulatory Authority), in the framework of the fifth cycle of analysis of the fixed broadband and superfast broadband wholesale markets.* The Autorité de la concurrence agrees with most of (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the cured meat products market (Financière Turenne Lafayette / Coorperl Arc Atlantique)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of full control of the cured meats’ division of Financière Turenne Lafayette (Paul Prédault, Madrange…) by Coorperl Arc Atlantique (Brocéliande)* Parties to the operation On 4 May 2017, Cooperl Arc Atlantique (VériTable, L’atout prix or (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the commercial restaurant sector (Flo / Bertrand)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
RESTAURANT SECTOR* As part of group Flo’s takeover by group Bertrand, the Autorité de la concurrence considered the case under merger control. The Autorité has authorized the transaction for which the agreement protocols have to be approved by Nanterre’s commercial court. Group Bertrand notified (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the identity and security solutions market (Morpho / Advent International)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION CLEARS ACQUISITION OF SMART CARD MAKER MORPHO BY ADVENT INTERNATIONAL, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has cleared under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of identity and security solutions provider Morpho, based in France, by Advent (...)

The UK Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the market of payment systems (MasterCard / VocaLink)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA accepts Mastercard/VocaLink undertakings* The CMA has today accepted undertakings offered by Mastercard to address competition concerns arising from its purchase of VocaLink. On 18 January 2017, the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) announced it would look in detail at whether the (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the container shipping services market (Hamburg Süd / Maersk Line)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES ACQUISITION OF HAMBURG SÜD BY MAERSK LINE, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has cleared under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of container liner shipping company Hamburg Südamerikanische Dampfschifffahrts-Gesellschaft KG (HSDG) of (...)

The EU Commission approves the acquisition of leading global R&D crop protection company by a leading global generic crop protection company, subject to remedies (ChemChina / Syngenta)
DG COMP (Brussels)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
ChemChina/Syngenta: when growth is no longer organic* In a nutshell: This case concerned the acquisition of Syngenta by ChemChina, which already controlled Adama, the largest supplier of generic crop protection products. Adama is the largest generic company in this industry worldwide and in (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies on the pesticides and plant growth regulators market (ChemChina / Syngenta)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION CLEARS CHEMCHINA ACQUISITION OF SYNGENTA, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of Syngenta (based in Switzerland) by ChemChina. The approval is conditional on the divestiture of significant parts (...)

The EU Commission prohibits a merger in the financial markets (Deutsche Börse / London Stock Exchange)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION BLOCKS PROPOSED MERGER BETWEEN DEUTSCHE BÖRSE AND LONDON STOCK EXCHANGE * The European Commission has prohibited the proposed merger between Deutsche Börse AG and London Stock Exchange Group under the EU Merger Regulation. The Commission’s investigation concluded the merger (...)

The EU Commission issues a decision prohibiting a merger between two stock exchange companies due to the risk of foreclosure in the markets for post-trade services (Deutsche Börse / London Stock Exchange Group)
Compass Lexecon (London)
Introduction On 29 March 2017, the European Commission issued its decision prohibiting the merger between Deutsche Börse AG (“DBAG”) and London Stock Exchange Group (“LSEG”). The Commission was concerned about, inter alia, the risk of foreclosure in the markets for post-trade services. In this (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger, subject to remedies, on the chemicals market (FMC / Dupont)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION CLEARS BOTH FMC’S ACQUISITION OF PARTS OF DUPONT’S CROP PROTECTION BUSINESS AND DUPONT’S ACQUISITION OF FMC’S HEALTH AND NUTRITION BUSINESS* The European Commission has conditionally approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, FMC’s proposed acquisition of parts of DuPont’s crop (...)

The German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy proposes establishing a Digital Agency for the regulation of digital markets
Hogan Lovells (Brussels)
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Hogan Lovells (Munich)
Germany suggests ramping up regulation of digital platforms by establishing Digital Agency with robust antitrust mandate* Will Germany establish a “Digital Agency” to monitor compliance with competition law rules in digital markets? Will a German “Digital Antitrust Enforcer” become a role model (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger in the sanitary wholesale market (Wilhelm Gienger / Cordes & Graefe)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
BUNDESKARTELLAMT CLEARS MERGER BETWEEN SANITARY WHOLESALERS* The Bundeskartellamt has cleared the acquisition of the business operations of Wilhelm Gienger GmbH, Stuttgart, by Cordes & Graefe KG, Bremen, after the companies changed their original plans in response to concerns expressed by (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger in the energy sector (Gamesa / Siemens)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION CLEARS ACQUISITION OF GAMESA BY SIEMENS* The European Commission has cleared unconditionally under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of wind turbine manufacturer Gamesa by Siemens. The Commission found that the transaction raises no competition concerns, (...)

The Russian Competition Authority sends a warning to a multinational technology company suspected of abuse of dominance (Apple)
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
FAS issued a warning to “Apple Rus” Ltd.* By 1 May 2017 the company should open a unified service centre in the Russian Federation On 20 February 2017, the FAS Commission investigated a case against “Apple Rus” Ltd. According to a statement received by FAS, in 2016 service centres failed to (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger on the upstream markets of broadcasting rights of television programmes (Shine / Endemol)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
THE AUTORITÉ DE LA CONCURRENCE CLEARS THE ACQUISITION OF SHINE FRANCE BY THE ENDEMOL SHINE GROUP * On 2 February 2017, Endemol Shine notified the Autorité de la concurrence of its planned acquisition of sole control of the company Shine France which, prior to the transaction, it controlled (...)

The EU Commission refers the review of a merger concerning two private hospital groups back to the French Competition Authority (Médipôle-Partenaires / Elsan)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION HAS REFERRED THE REVIEW OF THE ACQUISITION OF MÉDIPÔLE-PARTENAIRES BY ELSAN BACK TO THE AUTORITÉ DE LA CONCURRENCE* On 31 January 2017, the European Commission has referred the review of the acquisition of sole control of Médipôle-Partenaires by Elsan, two private hospital (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a wet-lease agreement concerning aircrafts in accordance with German merger rules (Lufthansa / Air Berlin)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
LUFTHANSA MAY LEASE AIRCRAFT FROM AIR BERLIN * Today the Bundeskartellamt has cleared the wet-lease agreement on 38 passenger aircraft between Lufthansa and Air Berlin. The agreement was proactively notified by the parties according to German merger control rules. With the wet-lease agreement (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger in the voltage cable business and power cable accessories business markets (ABB’s / NKT)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION CLEARS ACQUISITION OF ABB’S HIGH VOLTAGE CABLE AND CABLE ACCESSORIES BUSINESSES* The European Commission has cleared unconditionally under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of ABB’s high voltage cable business and power cable accessories business by NKT. The (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the threat detection equipment business market (Morpho Detection / Smiths Group)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION CLEARS ACQUISITION OF MORPHO DETECTION BY SMITHS, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has cleared under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of Morpho Detection, the threat detection equipment business of Safran of France, by Smiths of the UK. The (...)

The EU Commission clears an acquisition between two leading global manufacturers of threat detection equipment, subject to remedies (Smiths / Morpho Detection)
DG COMP (Brussels)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
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University of Tokyo
SMITHS GROUP / MORPHO DETECTION: MAINTAINING SECURITY THROUGH INNOVATION * In a nutshell: Smiths’ acquisition of Morpho Detection brought together two leading suppliers of the equipment used to detect explosives and narcotics. This equipment is omnipresent at security checks in airports and is (...)

The Polish Supreme Court finds that a decision of the Competition Authority and the judgement of the Court of Appeal failed to establish a sufficiently precise relevant market definition to enable the finding of an abuse of dominance in the natural gas sector (PGNiG)
Utrecht University
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Affre i Wspólnicy (Warsaw)
In the judgment of the Supreme Court (“SC”) of 10 January 2017, (III SK 61/15) concerning the alleged abuse of dominant position by PGNiG S.A. – a Polish natural gas company, the case was referred back to the Court of Appeal in Warsaw (“CA”). The SC found that neither the President of the Office of (...)

The Spanish Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the healthcare sector (Fresenius Helios / Quironsalud)
Callol, Coca & Asociados (Madrid)
The acquisition (Transaction) of Quironsalud by Fresenius Helios had been initially notified to the European Commission, who referred the Transaction to the SCA under Article 9 of the EU Merger Regulation. On 22 December 2016, the SCA issued its phase I decision authorizing the Transaction (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the market of dairy products (WhiteWave / Danone)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES ACQUISITION OF WHITEWAVE BY DANONE, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has cleared under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of WhiteWave, a US-based manufacturer of packaged foods and beverages, by the French Danone group. The clearance (...)

The Polish Competition Authority clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the wholesale and retail sale of everyday consumer goods market (Dystrybucja Alkoholi / Eurocash)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
CONDITIONAL CONCENTRATION CLEARANCE: EUROCASH - PDA* The President of the Office of Competition and Customer Protection (UOKiK) gave his consent to a takeover of Polska Dystrybucja Alkoholi by Eurocash. The transaction may take place providing the purchase of a warehouse in Pabianice is (...)

The Polish Competition Authority gives conditional consent to a merger of undertakings operating on the market for wholesale and retail sale of alcoholic beverages (Eurocash / Polska Dystrybucja Alkoholi)
WKB Wierciński Kwieciński Baehr (Warsaw)
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WKB Wierciński Kwieciński Baehr (Warsaw)
In its decision of December 2016, the Polish Competition Authority (Prezes Urzędu Ochrony Konkurencji i Konsumentów, the “OCCP President” or the “Authority”) has given his conditional consent for Eurocash to take control over Polska Dystrybucja Alkoholi (hereinafter the “PDA”). Both undertakings (...)

The Dutch Competition Authority clears a merger in the telecommunication market (Vodafone Thuis / T-Mobile)
Netherlands Authority for Consumers & Markets (The Hague)
ACM CLEARS ACQUISITION OF VODAFONE THUIS BY T-MOBILE* Telecom provider T-Mobile is allowed to acquire the fixed-telecom division of Vodafone Netherlands. Vodafone has branded this division ‘Vodafone Thuis,’ which offers services for fixed telephony, TV, and internet. The Netherlands Authority (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies on the professional social networks market (Microsoft / LinkedIn)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES ACQUISITION OF LINKEDIN BY MICROSOFT, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of LinkedIn by Microsoft. The decision is conditional on compliance with a series of commitments aimed at (...)

The EU Commission conditionnaly clears a merger in the professional social network market (Microsoft / LinkedIn)
McDermott Will & Emery (Brussels)
European Commission Approves Microsoft Acquisition of LinkedIn Subject to Conditions* On 6 December 2016, the European Commission cleared the acquisition of LinkedIn by Microsoft, subject to Microsoft granting LinkedIn’s competitors access to certain LinkedIn tools. “BIG DATA” CONCERNS ANALYSED (...)

The UK Competition Authority launches a market test concerning a merger in the fruit juice market (Hain / Orchard)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA CONSULTS ON FRUIT JUICE MERGER UNDERTAKINGS* The CMA is consulting on undertakings offered by Hain to address merger competition concerns arising from its purchase of Orchard. Hain Frozen Foods UK Limited (Hain) and Orchard House Foods Limited (Orchard) are the only 2 suppliers of (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the food wholesale sector and breaks with its previous practice concerning the delimitation of the market (Metro / Colruyt France)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
THE AUTORITÉ DE LA CONCURRENCE CLEARS METRO’S ACQUISITION OF COLRUYT FRANCE (PRO-À-PRO)* On 28 November 2016, the European Commission referred the review of the acquisition of Colruyt France SAS (“Colruyt France”) by Metro AG (“Metro) back to the Autorité de la concurrence (see note on referrals in (...)

The OECD holds a roundtable on geographic market definition across national borders
OECD - Competition Division (Paris)
Executive summary, by the Secretariat* Working Party No. 3 held a roundtable discussion on 28 November 2016 to discuss geographic market definition across national borders. Considering the roundtable discussion, the delegates’ written contributions, presentations from the expert panellists and (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the container liner shipping market (Hapag-Lloyd / UASC)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES CONTAINER LINER SHIPPING MERGER BETWEEN HAPAG-LLOYD AND UASC, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has cleared under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of United Arab Shipping Company ("UASC") by Hapag-Lloyd of Germany, subject to (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the pharmaceutical sector (Abbott Laboratories / St Jude Medical)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES ACQUISITION OF ST JUDE MEDICAL BY ABBOTT LABORATORIES, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of St Jude Medical by Abbott Laboratories, both US based companies that develop and market (...)

The Turkish Competition Board publishes its reasoned decision on the investigations conducted upon the allegation of resale price fixing in the auto gas market (Aygaz)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses the Turkish Competition Board’s (“Board”) Aygaz decision dated 16.11.2016 with No. 16-39/659-294. The Board assessed allegations that Aygaz and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Mogaz A.Ş. (“Mogaz”), had engaged in resale price maintenance (“RPM”). Background The Board initiated (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the animal health market (Boehringer Ingelheim / Sanofi)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES ACQUISITION OF SANOFI’S ANIMAL HEALTH BUSINESS MERIAL BY BOEHRINGER INGELHEIM, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the acquisition of the animal health business of Sanofi (Merial) of France by Boehringer (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the sector of newspapers distribution and delivery of small parcels (AMP / LS Distribution Benelux / bpost)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
THE COMPETITION COLLEGES OF THE BCA HAS APPROVED CONDITIONALLY THE ACQUISITION OF AMP AND LS DISTRIBUTION BENELUX BY BPOST* The Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority has on 8 November 2016 conditionally approved the acquisition of AMP NV and LS Distribution Benelux NV by (...)

The French Competition Authority fines €80 million a multinational telecom company for the premature completion of two mergers (Altice & SFR / OTL)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence fines the Altice group 80 million euros for the premature completion of two mergers notified in 2014* The Autorité de la concurrence issued a decision today to fine jointly Altice Luxembourg and SFR Group 80 million euros, in application of Section II of Article (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the slaughtering and meat processing market (Sicavyl / Sicarev)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
THE AUTORITÉ DE LA CONCURRENCE CLEARS THE MERGER BETWEEN SICAVYM AND SICAREV, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* Parties to the operation On 4 November 2016, the agricultural cooperatives Sicarev and Sicavyl, mainly active in the meat sector, notified the Autorité de la concurrence of their intended (...)

The US Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit overturns a district court decision which denies a motion by the FTC to enjoin the proposed merger in a hospital merger case (FTC / Advocate Health Network)
McDermott Will & Emery (Chicago)
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McDermott Will & Emery (Washington)
On October 31, 2016, the US Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit handed another important victory to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and the State of Illinois in a hospital merger case in Chicago, Illinois. This decision follows closely on the heels of the FTC’s victory earlier this year (...)

The UK Competition Authority accepts merger remedies proposed by petrol and diesel retailers (Dover / Wayne)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA ACCEPTS REMEDIES IN FUEL PUMPS MERGER* The CMA has accepted undertakings from Dover to remedy competition concerns arising from its merger with Wayne. This follows the Competition and Markets Authority’s (CMA) intervention to ensure that choice is maintained for petrol and diesel retailers (...)

The US Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit considers potential discrimination between taxis and transportation network providers (Illinois Transport Association / City of Chicago)
Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (Warsaw)
Sharing and traditional economy: matter of substitutability ... between cats and dogs?* Sharing economy firms are disrupting traditional industries across the globe. As Tom Goodwin once put it: “Uber, the world’s largest taxi company, owns no vehicles. Facebook, the world’s most popular media (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the line products and travel services markets (Bazarchic / Galeries Lafayette)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
THE AUTORITÉ DE LA CONCURRENCE CLEARS THE ACQUISITION OF THE BAZARCHIC BY THE GALERIES LAFAYETTE GROUP* The Galeries Lafayette group notified the Autorité de la Concurrence on 27 September 2016 of its intention to acquire the Bazarchic Company. After considering the transaction’s effects on the (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation regarding a merger in the market of railway equipment manufacturing (Wabtec / Faiveley)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION OPENS IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATION INTO WABTEC’S PROPOSED TAKEOVER OF RAILWAT EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURER FAIVELEY* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess whether the proposed acquisition of Faiveley Transport of France by Westinghouse Air Brake (...)

The UK Competition Authority accepts merger remedies proposed by a leading global interdealer broker (Tullett Prebon)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA ACCEPTS BROKER MERGER UNDERTAKINGS* The CMA has accepted undertakings from Tullett Prebon and will not refer its merger with IGBB for an in-depth investigation. Tullett Prebon plc and ICAP plc are leading global interdealer brokers, companies that sit between investment banks helping to (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the airports market (Aéroports de Lyon / Vinci Airports)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
THE AUTORITÉ DE LA CONCURRENCE CLEARS THE ACQUISITION OF AÉROPORTS DE LYON BY VINCI AIRPORTS, SUBJECT TO COMMITMENTS* On 6 September 2016, Vinci Airports, a subsidiary of the Vinci group, notified the Autorité de la concurrence of its acquisition of sole control of Aéroports de Lyon, the company (...)

The UK Competition Authority issues its final report on private healthcare
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA publishes final report on private healthcare remittal* The CMA has decided, following new evidence, that extra remedies in London’s private healthcare market would not be proportionate. The Competition Commission, a predecessor body of the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA), started a (...)

The UK Competition Authority opens an in-depth investigation concerning a merger in the market of supply of ATMs (Diebold / Wincor)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CASHPOINT MERGER FACES IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATION* Diebold and Wincor face an in-depth merger investigation by the CMA unless the companies offer undertakings to address competition concerns. Diebold, Incorporated (Diebold) and Wincor Nixdorf AG (Wincor) both supply ATMs (cashpoints) to banks and (...)

The UK Competition Authority opens an in-depth investigation concerning a merger between two toy suppliers (VTech / LeapFrog)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
MERGER OF TOY SUPPLIERS COULD FACE IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATION* VTech could face an in-depth merger investigation over competition concerns arising from its completed merger with LeapFrog. VTech Holdings Ltd (VTech) and LeapFrog Enterprises Inc (LeapFrog) are 2 of the 3 largest suppliers of (...)

The EU Commission clears merger, subject to remedies, in the lifting equipment market (Konecranes / Terex)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES KONECRANES’ ACQUISITION OF TEREX’S CRANE AND CONTAINER HANDLING BUSINESS, SUBJET TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has cleared under the EU Merger Regulation the acquisition by Konecranes of Terex’s crane and container handling business, MHPS. The decision is (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the pharmaceutical sector (Boehringer Ingelheim / Sanofi)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION CLEARS ACQUISITION OF BOEHRINGER INGELHEIM’S CONSUMER HEALTH BUSINESS BY SANOFI, SUBJEC TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of the consumer health business of Germany’s Boehringer Ingelheim by Sanofi of (...)

The EU Commission clears acquisition that creates global number two animal health company, subject to fix-it-first remedy including a technology transfer of vaccines (Boehringer Ingelheim / Sanofi)
DG COMP (Brussels)
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Sullivan & Cromwell (Brussels)
BOEHRINGER INGELHEIM/SANOFI ANIMAL HEALTH - THE TIMELY INJECTION OF A FIX-ITFIRST REMEDY* In a nutshell: The acquisition of Sanofi’s animal health business by Boehringer Ingelheim led to competition concerns in a number of animal vaccine and pharmaceutical markets. The remedy put forward (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the telecommunication market and rejects a referral request issued by the Dutch competition authority (Vodafone / Liberty Global)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION CLEARS VODAFONE/LIBERTY GLOBAL TELECOMS JOINT VENTURE, SUBJECT TO CONDITION; REJECTS REFERRAL REQUEST BY DUTCH COMPETITION AUTHORITY * The European Commission has cleared under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed creation of a joint venture in the Netherlands by mobile (...)

The EU Commission conditionally clears the creation of a joint venture between two mobile telecom operators (Vodafone / Liberty Global)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 3 August 2016, the European Commission conditionally cleared the creation of a joint venture between mobile telecom operator Vodafone and cable company Liberty Global in the Netherlands. The joint venture will offer unified communications services and will compete with KPN, the only other (...)

The German Competition Authority informs the public that manufacturers of glass fibre nonwovens has withdrawn their merger notification (Ahlstrom / Owens Corning)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
MANUFACTURERS OF GLASS FIBRE NONWOVENS WITHDRAW MERGER NOTIFICATION * The Bundeskartellamt confirms that the notification of the planned merger between European Owens Corning Fiberglas Sprl, Watermael-Boitsfort, Belgium (’Owens Corning’) and Ahlstrom Glassfibre Oy, Kotka, Finland (’Ahlstrom’) (...)

The German Competition Authority issues its preliminary assessment concerning a merger in the food retail market (Rewe / Coop)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
BUNDESKARTELLAMT ISSUES PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT OF THE PLANNED REWE/COOP MERGER* In response to enquiries the Bundeskartellamt confirms that on 25.07.2016 it sent the parties concerned in the Rewe/Coop merger control proceedings its draft decision in the matter. In addition to the parties to (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the markets for satellites and launch services (Arianespace / ASL)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES ACQUISITION OF ARIANESPACE BY ASL, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* Following an in-depth review, the European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation, the acquisition of Arianespace by Airbus Safran Launchers (ASL), a joint venture between Airbus and Safran. (...)

The French Competition Authority holds that the relevant market for retail distribution of electronic products comprises both physical and online stores (Fnac / Darty)
Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (Rome)
THE FRENCH COMPETITION AUTHORITY HOLDS THAT THE RELEVANT MARKET FOR RETAIL DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC PRODUCT COMPRISES BOTH PHYSICAL AND ONLINE STORES* On 18 July 2016, the French Competition Authority (FCA or the Authority) cleared the acquisition of Darty by the Fnac group, a move which will (...)

The EU Commission considers comparison shopping services and advertising related practices (Google AdSense)
International Center for Law & Economics (Portland)
Everything is amazing - and no-one at the European Commission is happy* Since the European Commission (EC) announced its first inquiry into Google’s business practices in 2010, the company has been the subject of lengthy investigations by courts and competition agencies around the globe. (...)

The EU Commission clears acquisition between two automotive component manufacturers in the markets for plastic front bumpers, rear bumpers, and front end modules (FEM), subject to conditions (Plastic Omnium / Faurecia )
DG COMP (Brussels)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
Plastic Omnium/Faurecia Exterior Business: The use of delivery distances in defining the geographic market and how supplyside concentration cancels out buyer power* In a nutshell: An in-depth assessment of the customers’ sourcing behaviour and of the Parties delivery distance allowed the (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the market for the production and supply of plastic bumpers (Plastic Omnium / Faurecia)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION CLEARS ACQUISITON OF AN AUTOMOTIVE COMPONENT BUSINESS OF FAURECIA BY PLASTIC OMNIUM, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The Commission has cleared under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of the automotive plastic exterior component business of Faurecia by Compagnie (...)

The US District Court for the Northern District of Illinois Eastern Division denies preliminary injunction on the basis that geographic market analysis was erroneous in a hospital merger case (Advocate Health / NorthShore)
Constantine Cannon (Washington)
GEOGRAPHIC MARKET DEFINITION TRIPS UP FTC AS FEDERAL COURT REJECTS CHALLENGE TO ADVOCATE-NOTHSHORE HOSPITAL MERGER* The loss of the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) in a hospital merger case in the U. S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois last week highlights just how tricky (...)

The UK Competition Authority accepts merger remedies proposed by a company specialised in the records management services (Iron Mountain)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA ACCEPTES RECORDS MANAGEMENT UNDERTAKINGS* The CMA has accepted undertakings from Iron Mountain Inc to sell C21 Data Services in Aberdeen and Dundee to an approved buyer. Iron Mountain and Recall both provide records management services, which comprise the storage and retrieval of paper (...)

The German Competition Authority issues a working paper on the market power of platforms and networks
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt publishes working paper on "Market Power of Platforms and Networks"* The Bundeskartellamt has today published a working paper which deals with the "Market Power of Platforms and Networks" in the Internet. The report focuses on the factors relevant for assessing the market (...)

The German Competition Authority launches a sectoral inquiry into hospitals to examine and analyse competitive conditions in the sector
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
SECTOR INQUIRY INTO HOSPITALS* The Bundeskartellamt has launched a sector inquiry into the hospital service to examine and analyse competitive conditions in the sector. In the light of increasing consolidation the authority frequently has to deal with planned mergers between different hospital (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the market of building materials (Italcementi / HeidelbergCement)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES ACQUISITION OF BUILDING MATERIALS GROUP ITALCEMENTI BY HEIDELBERGCEMENT, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has cleared under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of Italian building materials group Italcementi by its German competitor (...)

Market definition in merger control: An overview of EU and national case law
RBB Economics (London)
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RBB Economics (London)
1. Introduction Market definition has long played a central role in the conceptual and practical application of competition law, often having a decisive impact on the outcome of merger investigations. Deutsche Börse/NYSE, for example, was cleared in the US but blocked by the European (...)

The French and German Competition Authority publish a joint study on competition law and data
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The French Autorité de la concurrence and the German Bundeskartellamt publish joint paper on data and its implications for Competition Law* The increasing collection, processing and commercial use of data in digital markets has prompted a broad debate about the role of data in corporate (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger between producers of equipment for semiconductor manufacture (KLA-Tencor Corporation / Milpitas / Lam Research Corporation / Fremont)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
BUNDESKARTELLAMT CLEARS PLANNED MERGER OF PRODUCERS OF EQUIPMENT FOR SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURE* The Bundeskartellamt has cleared the planned merger between KLA-Tencor Corporation, Milpitas, USA, and Lam Research Corporation, Fremont, USA. Both parties to the merger are internationally active (...)

The EU Commission clears, subject to remedies, a merger between two container liner shippers (CMA CGM / NOL)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES CONTAINER LINER SHIPPING MERGER BETWEEN CMA CGM AND NOL, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has cleared under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of Neptune Oriental Lines ("NOL") of Singapore by rival CMA CGM, a French shipping company (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority unconditionally clears the acquisition of a 5-star hotel chain (Marriott / Starwood)
University of Sussex (Brighton)
This case note analyses the decision of the Turkish Competition Authority (TCA) in which it has unconditionally cleared in Phase I the acquisition of the sole control of Starwood by Marriott in the market for 4- and 5-star hotels. The Operation On March 1, 2016, the TCA received a (...)

The Finnish Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies on the food retail market (Kesko Food / Suomen Lähikauppa)
Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority (Helsinki)
FCCA TO APPROVE A MERGER BETWEEN KESKO FOOD AND SUOMEN LÄHIKAUPPA, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority (FCCA) has approved Kesko Food Ltd’s acquisition of Suomen Lähikauppa Oy, subject to certain conditions. The conditions imposed by the FCCA are an obligation to (...)

The Dutch Competition Authority clears a merger between two rivals in the pharmaceutical sector (DA group / Holland Pharma)
Netherlands Authority for Consumers & Markets (The Hague)
ACM CLEARS ACQUISITION OF DA GROUP BY RIVAL HOLLAND PHARMA* The Netherlands Authority for Consumers and Markets (ACM) has cleared the acquisition of the DA group by Holland Pharma Exploitatie B.V. Both Holland Pharma and DA are wholesale companies that trade in drugstore items. In addition, DA (...)

The German Competition Authority approves a merger between two central banks in the cooperative banking sector (DZ Bank / WGZ Bank)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt clears merger of the two central banks in the German cooperative banking sector* The Bundeskartellamt has cleared the merger of the two central banks in the German cooperative banking sector, DZ BANK AG (Frankfurt) and WGZ BANK AG (Düsseldorf). The cooperative banks are (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the market of multiplex cinemas (Kinepolis / Utopolis)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
THE BELGIAN COMPETITION AUTHORITY (BCA) HAS APPROVED WITH REMEDIES THE ACQUISITION BY KINEPOLIS OF TWO OF THE FOUR MULTIPLEX CINEMAS OF UTOPOLIS The Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority has approved on 25 March 2016 the acquisition by Kinepolis of two of the four Utopolis (...)

The French Competition Authority opens an in-depth investigation regarding a merger on the market of retail of cultural and electronic products (Fnac / Darty)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
THE AUTORITÉ DE LA CONCURRENCE IS OPENING A PHASE 2 EXAMINATION OF THE ACQUISITION OF THE DARTY COMPANY BY THE FNAC GROUP* On 17 February 2016, the Fnac group notified the Autorité of its proposed acquisition of the Darty company. Under its examination of the case, and following an initial (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the food retail market (Ahold / Delhaize)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
THE COMPETITION COLLEGE OF THE BCA HAS AUTHORISED THE MERGER OF AHOLD AND DELHAIZE WITH REMEDIES* The Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority has authorised on the 15th of March 2016 the merger of Delhaize SA and Royal Ahold NV with the remedies proposed by the parties. The (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the pharmaceutical market (Teva / Allergan Generics)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES ACQUISITION OF ALLERGAN GENERICS BY TEVA, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of the generics business of Allergan of Ireland, by Teva of Israel, subject to conditions. Both companies (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority clears a merger in the car manufacturing sector (Frey / Peugeot / Citroen)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
Frey Automobil takes over Peugeot Hrvatska and Citroen Hrvatska* The Croatian Competition Agency (CCA) deemed compatible the concentration on the basis of which Frey Automobil acquires control over the undertakings Peugeot Hrvatska and Citroen Hrvatska. The acquisition of Peugeot Hrvatska and (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation concerning a merger in the satellite and launch service markets (Arianespace / Airbus Safran Launchers)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION OPENS IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATION INTO ASL’S ACQUISITION OF ARIANESPACE* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed acquisition of Arianespace by Airbus Safran Launchers (ASL) under the EU Merger Regulation. The Commission has concerns (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the market of consumable dental products for professional dental (Dentsply / Sirona)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES DENTSPLY ACQUISITION OF DENTAL EQUIPMENT SUPPLIER SIRONA, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS * The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of dental equipment supplier Sirona by Dentsply, both of the US, subject to conditions. (...)

The Indian Competition Authority exonerates television audience measurement agency from allegations of abuse of dominance due to lack of dominance in the relevant markets (Prasar Bharati / TAM Media Research)
Vaish (New Delhi)
CCI closes case against television audience measurement services agency* CCI by its order dated February 25, 2016 has closed a case alleging abuse of dominant position by the television audience measurement services agency, TAM Media Research Private Limited, in relation to the procedure (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the market of retail of cultural and electronic products (Fnac / Darty)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
RETAILING OF "BROWN" AND "GREY" PRODUCTS* The Autorité de la concurrence clears, subject to the divestiture of 6 stores in Paris and the Parisian region, the acquisition of the Darty company by the Fnac group On 17 February 2016, the Fnac group notified its project to take over Darty to the (...)

The EU Commission approves acquisition of a mobile network operator by virtual mobile network operator, subject to fix-it-first remedies (Liberty Global / BASE)
DG COMP (Brussels)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
LIBERTY GLOBAL / BASE: FIWING IT FIRST IN THE BELGIAN MOBILE MARKET* In a nutshell: Liberty Global/BASE entailed the acquisition of a mobile network operator by a mobile virtual network operator. The transaction prompted an in-depth investigation and was ultimately cleared with a fix-it-first (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger concerning several retail markets (Charentes Alliance / Coréa cooperatives)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
AUTORITÉ DE LA CONCURRENCE AUTHORISES THE MERGER BETWEEN THE CHARENTES ALLIANCE AND CORÉA COOPERATIVES* On December 23rd 2015, the Charentes Alliance and Coréa cooperatives notified the Autorité that their organisations were planning to merge. Having undertaken a detailed analysis of the local (...)

The UK Competition Authority accepts a remedy concerning a merger in the serviced office space market (Regus / Avanta)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA ACCEPTS REMEDY IN SERVICED OFFICE SPACE MERGER * The Competition and Markets Authority has today accepted a remedy to resolve competition concerns arising from Regus’ acquisition of Avanta. The Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) announced on 18 November 2015 that it would consider in (...)

The Latvian Competition Authority prevents anticompetitive amendments to VAT Law (Positivus Festival)
Konkurences padome (Riga)
The CC through Advocacy timely prevents Anti-competitive Amendments to VAT Law* The Competition Council (CC) of Latvia through competition advocacy prevented anticompetitive amendments to Latvia’s Value Added Tax Law (VAT Law). Draft amendments were discriminatory to private companies - (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the media market (Newen / TF1)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
TELEVISION/AUDIOVISUAL PRODUCTION* The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of sole control of Newen by TF1 On 21 January 2016, the Autorité de la concurrence cleared the acquisition of joint control of Newen, which produces programmes broadcasted on television such as the series (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the market of production of programmes broadcast on television (Newen / TF1 / FIFL)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
THE AUTORITÉ DE LA CONCURRENCE CLEARS THE ACQUISITION OF JOINT CONTROL OF NEWEN BY TF1 AND FIFL* On 27 November 2015, TF1 and FIFL notified the Autorité de la concurrence of the acquisition of joint control of the FLCP (Fabrice Larue Capital Partners) Group, for which the principal company, (...)

The French Competition Authority opens an in-depth investigation concerning a merger in the advertising sector (Metrobus / JCDecaux)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
THE AUTORITÉ DE LA CONCURRENCE HAS DECIDED TO OPEN AN IN-DEPTH EXAMINATION OF THE ACQUISITION OF THE METROBUS GROUP BY THE JCDECAUX GROUP * On 23 November 2015, JCDecaux SA notified the Autorité of its proposed acquisition of the Régie Publicitaire des Transports Parisiens Metrobus Publicité SA (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger in the market of airline computer reservations systems (Amadeus / Navitaire)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES ACQUISITION OF NAVITAIRE BY AMADEUS* The Commission approved under the EU Merger Regulation the acquisition of airline software provider Navitaire by rival Amadeus. The Commission concluded the companies’ IT solutions target different types of airlines and are (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the market of beverage can manufacturing (Ball / Rexam)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES BALL’S ACQUISITION OF REXAM, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* Following an in-depth review, the Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the acquisition of beverage can manufacturer Rexam by rival Ball, subject to the divestment of 12 plants in the EEA. Ten of (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation concerning a merger in the market of oilfield service (Halliburton / Baker Hughes)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION OPENS IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATION INTO ACQUISITION OF OILED SERVICE PROVIDER BAKER HUGHES BY HALLIBURTON* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess whether the proposed acquisition of oilfield service supplier Baker Hughes by rival Halliburton would (...)

The EU Commission unconditionally clears acquisition between two out of four integrators in the European small package delivery services market (FedEx / TNT)
DG COMP (Brussels)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
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European Commission (Brussels)
FEDEX / TNT: SIGNED, SEALED, DELIVERED: CLEARANCE WITHOUT REMEDIES OF 4-TO-3 MERGER IN THE SMALL PACKAGE DELIVERY SERVICES SECTOR* In a nutshell: This is the second major merger review in the small package delivery services markets, following the prohibition by the Commission of the proposed (...)

The Lithuanian Competition Authority announces the entry into force of a new merger notification and examination procedure
Lithuanian Competition Authority (Vilnius)
New merger notification and examination procedure came into force in Lithuania* Lithuanian Competition Council (the Council) announced that the new Merger Notification and Examination Procedure (the Merger Procedure) had come into force on 1 January 2016. As of that date, all merger (...)

The French Competition Authority opens an in-depth investigation concerning a merger in the food retail sector (Auchan / System U)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
RETAILING SECTOR* The Autorité de la concurrence has decided to open an in-depth examination regarding the de facto merger of Auchan and System U. Auchan and System U groups have notified the Autorité de la concurrence of their merger project on December 30th 2015, after a referral of the (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the market of heating products (Elster / Honeywell)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES ACQUISITION OF ELSTER BY HONEYWELL, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of Elster by Honeywell, subject to divestment of Honeywell’s gas metering business. The activities of the Elster (...)

The US FTC challenges office supplies merger, focusing exclusively on the business-to-business market (Staples / Office Depot)
Constantine Cannon (Washington)
FTC Moves To Break Up Staples Office Depot Merger* The Federal Trade Commission filed an administrative complaint yesterday seeking to block Staples, Inc.’s proposed $6.3 billion acquisition of rival Office Depot, Inc., claiming the merger would violate the antitrust laws by significantly (...)

The EU Commission pursues its in-depth investigation on a merger in the mobile telecommunications services market without referral to the UK NCA (Hutchison / Telefónica UK)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION CONTINUES INVESTIGATION OF HUTCHISON 3G / TELEFÓNICA UK MERGER WITHOUT REFERRAL TO UK* Commission does not refer investigation of Hutchison/Telefónica UK merger to UK The European Commission has decided not to refer the planned acquisition of Telefónica UKby Hutchison to the (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger in the online advertising sector (Ströer / OMS)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
CLEARANCE OF TAKEOVER BU STÖER OF ONLINE MARKETING COMPANY OMS* In first phase proceedings the Bundeskartellamt has cleared plans by Ströer SE, Cologne, to acquire all the shares in OMS-Vermarktungs GmbH & Co. KG, Düsseldorf. The merger project affects the online advertising sector. Andreas (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger in the waste management market (Remondis / Cortek Group)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
REMONDIS CAN ACQUIRE CORTEK GROUP * In second phase proceedings the Bundeskartellamt has cleared the acquisition of the Cortek group by REMONDIS GmbH & Co. KG, Kloster Lehnin. The Cortek group includes the following companies: Cortek Gesellschaft für Recycling und Entsorgungsleistungen mbH, (...)

The EU Commission approves the acquisition by rival of a data centre operator subject to the divestment of a number of data centres in Amsterdam, London and Frankfurt (Telecity / Equinix)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION CLEARS ACQUISITION OF TELECITY BY EQUINIX, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has approved the proposed acquisition of data centre operator Telecity by rival Equinix subject to the divestment of a number of data centres in Amsterdam, London and Frankfurt. The (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation concerning a merger in the mobile telecommunications market (Hutchison / Telefónica UK)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION OPENDS IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATION INTO HUTCHISON’S PROPOSED ACQUISIITON OF TELEFÓNICA UK* The European Commission will investigate in-depth Hutchison’s takeover of Telefónica UK. The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation under the EU Merger Regulation to assess (...)

The UK Competition Authority provisionally clears a merger in the retail mobile market (BT / EE)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA PROVISIONALLY CLEARS BT/EE MERGER * The Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has provisionally cleared BT’s anticipated acquisition of EE. BT Group plc (BT) and EE Limited (EE) are large telecommunications companies in the UK. They operate largely in separate areas with BT strong in (...)

The French Competition Authority issues a second opinion concerning the competitive impact of the switchover to free digital terrestrial television of several pay TV channels (LCI)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Under the new procedure initiated by the CSA, the Autorité de la concurrence has issued a second opinion concerning the competitive impact of the switchover to free DTT by the LCI, Paris Première and Planète + pay TV channels* The Autorité releases an opinion issued today to the CSA (French (...)

The French Competition Authority clears an acquisition in the overseas’s mobile telecom market (Iliad / Hiridjee)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
THE AUTORITÉ DE LA CONCURRENCE CLEARS THE ACQUISITION OF JOINT CONTROL OF OUTREMER TELECOM’S MOBILE ACTIVITIES BY ILIAD ALONGSIDE HIRIDJEE* The Autorité de la concurrence has reviewed the acquisition by Iliad of 50% of the capital of the company Telecom Reunion Mayotte, which will henceforth be (...)

The Romanian Competition Authority clears a merger in the pharmaceutical sector (Centrofarm / Help Net Farma)
Romanian Competition Council (Bucharest)
THE COMPETITION COUNCIL HAS AUTHORIZED THE TAKEOVER OF 19 PHARMACIES CENTROFARM BY HELP NET * The Competition Council has authorized the take over of 19 pharmacies Centrofarm by Help Net Farma SA. By this transaction, Help Net take over the 19 pharmacies Centrofarm from 10 localities: (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority clears a merger on the air transport market (TAP)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
ADC CLEARS THE ACQUISITION OF TAP * The Portuguese Competition Authority (PCA) adopted a clearance decision on the merger concerning the acquisition of joint control of the air transport undertaking TAP – Transportes Aéreos Portugueses, SGPS, S.A. by HPGB, SGPS, S.A. and DGN Corporation, through (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger on the market of high definition digital maps for cars (BMW / Daimler / Audi / HERE)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
BMW, DAIMLER AND AUDI CAN ACQUIRE NOKIA’S HERE MAPPING SERVICE * In the first phase of merger control the Bundeskartellamt has cleared the acquisition of the HERE mapping service, which until now has belonged to the Finnish Nokia Corporation, by a consortium of the German car manufacturers BMW, (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation regarding a takeover in the mobile phone retail market (Liberty Global / BASE)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION OPENS IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATION INTO PROPOSED ACQUISITION OF BASE BELGIUM BY LIBERTY GLOBAL* The European Commission will investigate in-depth the Liberty Global/BASE Belgium takeover. The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation under the EU Merger Regulation (...)

The German Competition Authority publishes discussion paper on internet platforms in merger control, contractual restrictions of competition and abuse of dominance scenarios
Heinz & Zagrosek (Köln)
The FCO publishes discussion paper on internet platform markets* On October 1, 2015, the FCO published a paper entitled “Digital economy – internet platforms between competition law, privacy and consumer protection” on the occasion of a conference of the working group competition law (consisting (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation concerning a merger in the office supplies market (Staples / Office Depot)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION OPENS IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATION INTO STAPLES’ PROPOSED TAKEOVER OF OFFICE DEPOT* The European Commission will investigate in-depth the acquisition of office supplies distributor Office Depot by its competitor Staples. The European Commission has opened an in-depth (...)

The Latvian Competition Authority clears a merger in the dairy products market (Meridian Capital / SIA Rīgas piensaimnieks)
Konkurences padome (Riga)
THE CC CLEARS PURCHASE OF SIA RĪGAS PIENSAIMNIEKS* On 25 September, the Competition Council (CC) of Latvia cleared Meridian Capital CIS Fund purchase of SIA Rīgas piensaimnieks. In the decision, the competition authority foresees that such merger will not to distort competition and will develop (...)

The Finnish Competition Authority clears a merger on the publishing market (Bonnier / Stockmann)
Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority (Helsinki)
FCCA APPROVES ACQUISITION OF ACADEMIC BOOKSTORE BY BONNIER* On 24 September 2015, the Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority (FCCA) approved an acquisition whereby Bonnier Books Retail Finland Ltd, part of the Bonnier Media Group, will acquire the businesses of Academic Bookstore from (...)

The UK Competition Authority considers merger remedies proposed by a supplier of legal information (Reed Elsevier / Jordan Publishing)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA CONSIDERS REMEDIES IN FAMILY LAW INFORMATION MERGER* The CMA has decided to consider in detail whether to accept remedies offered by Reed Elsevier (UK) Limited. Earlier this month, the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) announced that it would refer the anticipated acquisition by (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the radio frequency power transistors market (NXP / Freescale)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES NXP’S ACQUISITION OF FREESCALE, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* The European Commission has approved the acquisition of Freescale by NXP, subject to divestment of NXP’s radio frequency power business, where the takeover could have led to higher prices and less competition. (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger in the vehicle glass repair service market (Carglass / Junited Autoglas)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt clears merger between Carglass and junited AUTOGLAS* The Bundeskartellamt has cleared the acquisition of the "junited AUTOGLAS" network and three individual garages that offer vehicle glass repair services by Belron GmbH, Cologne, the parent company of Carglass GmbH. The (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation regarding a merger in the market of packaging materials (Walki / Mondi)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION OPENS IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATION INTO ACQUISITION OF PARTS OF WALKI’S INDUSTRIAL PACKAGING DIVISION BY MONDI * The Commission has concerns that Mondi’s acquisition of two of Walki’s packaging plants could lead to less choice and higher prices for customers of certain packaging (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegations of abuse of dominance against an agent distributing academic journals, finds that agent is not dominant in the national market (Global Information Systems Technology)
Vaish (New Delhi)
CCI dismisses case against agent of global academic journal publishers in India* CCI by its order dated August 25, 2015 has dismissed a case against Global Information Systems Technology Pvt. Ltd. (GIST) for alleged abuse of dominance. It was alleged that the All India Council for Technical (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the market of automotive spare parts (Trost Auto Service Technik / Wessels & Müller)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
MERGER OF WHOLESALERS OF AUTOMOTIVE SPARE PARTS CLEARED SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS PRECEDENT* After an in-depth examination the Bundeskartellamt has cleared the acquisition of Trost Auto Service Technik SE, Stuttgart, by Wessels & Müller SE, Osnabrück, subject to conditions. Both companies sell (...)

The UK Competition Authority orders licensing remedy to meet concerns over horizontal unilateral effects resulting from a merger in the personal lubricants market (Reckitt Benckiser / Johnson & Johnson)
Herbert Smith Freehills (Brussels)
Introduction and background On 4 November 2015, the UK Competition and Markets Authority ("CMA") accepted final undertakings from Reckitt Benckiser Group plc ("RB") and Johnson & Johnson ("J&J") in relation to RB’s proposed acquisition from J&J of the K-Y brand of personal lubricant (...)

The UK Competition Authority imposes remedies to clear an acquisition in the market of personal lubricants (Reckitt Benckiser / Johnson & Johnson)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA ORDERS REMEDY TO MEET CONCERN OVER LUBRICANTS MERGER * The CMA has found that Reckitt Benckiser’s anticipated acquisition of the K-Y brand could lead to higher prices for personal lubricants. In its final report published today, the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has concluded the (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority approves several acquisitions subject to remedies in the publishing market (De Persgroep / Humo)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
The Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority has approved on 4 August 2015 the acquisition of Humo NV (publishers of the magazine Humo) and of the magazines Story, Teve-blad, and Vitaya by De Persgroep Publishing NV (publishers of newspapers and magazines with interests in (...)

The EU Commission clears acquisition of pharmaceutical company, with effects in the market for biosimilars, subject to remedies that ensure innovation competition (Pfizer / Hospira)
DG COMP (Brussels)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
Pfizer / Hospira: Through the lookingglass: assessing competition by biosimilars* In a nutshell In Pfizer/Hospira, the Commission assessed biosimilar drugs in detail for the first time. Biosimilars aim to have the same therapeutic mechanism as, and be clinically equivalent to, original (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority conditionally approves merger in highly concentrated print magazines market (De Persgroep / Humo)
Simmons & Simmons (Brussels)
Conditional approval of media merger defuses the risk of four popular Dutch language magazines disappearing from the Belgian market. On 04 August 2015, and in the context of a Phase I procedure, the Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority conditionally approved the acquisition (...)

The EU Commission open an in-depth investigation concerning a merger in the market of small package delivery, freight forwarding and cargo transportation services (TNT / FedEx)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION OPENS IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATION INTO PROPOSED TNT BY FEDEX * The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess whether the proposed acquisition of TNT Express by FedEx Corporation is in line with the EU Merger Regulation. Both companies are major global (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger beetwen two mobile network equipment manufacturers (Nokia / Alcatel-Lucent)
DG COMP (Brussels)
MERGERS: COMMISSION APPROVES NOKIA’S ACQUISITION OF ALCATEL-LUCENT* The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of Alcatel-Lucent by Nokia. Both companies are global providers of telecommunications equipment and related services. The Commission (...)

The English High Court awards the claimant in an abuse of dominance case an injunction to prevent a service being discontinued (Packet Media / Telefónica)
Simmons & Simmons (London)
The English High Court has awarded the claimant in an abuse of dominance case an injunction to prevent a service being discontinued - once the claim had been amended over the weekend after an unfinished hearing. In brief Working through the weekend proved worthwhile for Packet Media Limited (...)

The EU Commission clears acquisition of third largest company by second largest company in the market for industrial chocolate, subject to conditions (Cargill / ADM)
European Commission (Brussels)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
Cargill/ADM: How far would you go for chocolate?* In a nutshell: This case involved assessing the horizontal overlaps between two of the top three producers of industrial chocolate in Europe. Key elements were the reconstruction of market shares based on a customer- and plant-based definition (...)

The Italian Competition Authority conditionally clears a baby products merger (Enrico Preziosi-Artsana / Newco-Bimbo Store)
Desogus Law Office (Cagliari)
In Baby Products by a decision made on 9 July 2015 the Italian Competition Authority (ICA) has conditionally cleared a merger between retailers of baby products (Case C11982, Enrico Preziosi-Artsana/Newco-Bimbo Store) . The ICA started a phase II investigation into the notified merger since it (...)

The EU Commission unconditionally clears acquisition of one equipment manufacturer by another in the market for the supply of aero-derivative gas turbines (Siemens / Dresser-Rand)
DG COMP (Brussels)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
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German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Siemens / Dresser* In a nutshell The Commission was concerned that the acquisition of Dresser-Rand by Siemens would reduce the number of significant suppliers from 3 to 2 for rotating equipment in the oil and gas industry. The in-depth investigation showed that the parties’ activities in gas (...)

The US District Court for the District of Columbia grants the FTC a preliminary injunction to halt the proposed merger between the largest US food distributors, leading them to abandon the merger plans (Sysco / US Foods)
Constantine Cannon (Washington)
Sysco Scraps US Foods Merger After FTC Victory In Court* Sysco Corp. announced yesterday that it is abandoning its plans to acquire food service rival US Foods Inc., following last week’s setback to the deal in federal court. In an opinion that closely tracked the FTC/DOJ Merger Guidelines, (...)

The Indian Competition Authority exonerates global computer manufacturer from allegations of abuse of dominance in the market for x86 servers (Surana and Surana / Dell India)
Vaish (New Delhi)
CCI exonerates Dell India Pvt. Ltd against allegations of abuse of dominant position* CCI by its order dated 10 June 2015 dismissed from allegations of involvement in anti-competitive practices and abuse of dominant position against Dell India Pvt. Ltd (DIPL). The case was filed by M/s Surana (...)

The UK Competition Authority begins an in-depth investigation concerning a merger between two water companies (Bournemouth Water / South West Water)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
SOUTH WEST AND BOURNEMOUTH WATER MERGER REFERRED FOR AN IN-DEPTH INVESTIGATION * The CMA today referred the merger of Bournemouth Water with South West Water for an in-depth phase 2 investigation. Currently the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has a duty to refer mergers involving (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority clears a merger on the markets for industrial scaffolding services and industrial isolation services already approved by the German and Dutch competition authorities (Hertel Holding / Altrad Investment Authority)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
On 8 June, the Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority has, on proposal of the Competition prosecutor, cleared the acquisition of Hertel Holding NV by Altrad Investment Authority SAS* The acquisition concerns the markets for industrial scaffolding services and industrial (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority clears a merger in the electronic publishing market and in the electronic publishing advertising market (Adriatic Media / Sedam Mora)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
CCA CLEARS ELECTRONIC MEDIA MERGER BETWEEN SEDAM MORA AND ADRIATIC MEDIA* The CCA cleared in the first phase the acquisition of direct control of the undertaking Sedam Mora over the undertaking Adriatic Media given that its assessment proved that the concentration concerned would not produce (...)

The Indian Competition Commission fines pharmaceutical companies for bid rigging in a public tender sector (GlaxoSmithKline / Sanofi)
Amit Sibal (New Delhi)
CCI fines GSK and Sanofi for bid rigging* It has been quite a while since I posted an India update on Cartel Capers. This was partly due to the fact that the CCI has been relatively quiet on the cartel front for the last few months and partly because I have also been relatively busy with (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the daily newspaper market (Libération and L’Express / Mr Drahi)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of Libération, on the one hand, and L’Express on the other hand, by Mr. Patrick Drahi.* The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition by Mr. Patrick Drahi of the daily newspaper Libération (held by NewsCo Group and PMP Holding), on the (...)

The UK Competition Authority clears a merger, following an in-depth investigation in the market of chilled savoury pastry (Pork Farms Caspian / Kerry Foods)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA CONFIRMS CLEARANCE OF PORK FARMS / KERRY FOODS MERGER* The CMA has today cleared the completed acquisition by Pork Farms Caspian of the chilled savoury pastry business of Kerry Foods. This confirms April’s provisional findings by the group of Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) (...)

The UK Competition Authority provisionally clears a merger in the packaging market (Sonoco / Weidenhammer)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA PROVISIONALLY CLEARS PACKAGING MERGER* The CMA has provisionally cleared the completed acquisition by Sonoco Products Company of Weidenhammer Packaging Group. Sonoco and Weidenhammer both produce composite cans (rigid tubes with closures on each end) which are supplied to customers for (...)

The Mexican Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the cut bond paper market (Bio Pappel / Scribe)
Mexican Competition Authority (Mexico City)
COFECE CONDITIONS MERGER BETWEEN BIO PAPPEL AND SCRIBE * The Mexican Federal Economic Competition Commission (COFECE) accepted commitments presented by Bio Pappel Group to merge with Scribe Corporation. COFECE deemed these commitments would avoid risks to competition and free market access in (...)

The Japan FTC clears a merger subject to remedies in the market of manufacture and retail of paper and pulp products (Chuetsu Pulp & Paper / Oji Holdings)
Japan Fair Trade Commission (Tokyo)
THE JTFC REVIEWED THE PROPOSED ACQUISITION OF SHARES OF CHUETSU PULP & PAPER CO., LTD. BY OJI HOLDINGS CORPORATION * Receiving notification regarding the proposed acquisition of shares of Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as “Chuetsu”) by Oji Holdings Corporation (...)

The UK Competition Authority provisionally judges that an anticipated merger between pharmaceuticals enterprises could lead to higher prices in the personal lubricants market (Reckitt Benckiser / Johnson & Johnson)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA SETS OUT PROVISIONAL CONCERNS OVER LUBRICANTS MERGER* The CMA has provisionally found that Reckitt Benckiser’s anticipated acquisition of the K-Y brand could lead to higher prices for personal lubricants. Reckitt Benckiser (RB) and Johnson & Johnson (J&J) supply personal lubricants (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority issues an opinion concerning the exclusionary effect of a new prescription drugs reimbursement model
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
Exclusionary effect of the new prescription drugs model* Based on the complaint made by the Croatian Employers’ Association – Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association, Innovative Medicines Initiative and Generic Drugs Manufacturers Association, the Croatian Competition Agency (CCA) carried out a (...)

The UK Competition Authority publishes an updated issues statement of its investigation concerning the market of the supply of personal current accounts and retail banking services to SMEs
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA publishes updated issues statement in banking market investigation* The CMA has today published an updated issues statement as part of its investigation into the supply of personal current accounts and retail banking services to SMEs. The updated issues statement summarises the (...)

The Polish Competition Authority clears a merger in the market of production and retail of home appliances (FagorMastercook / BSH Hausgeräte)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
POLAND’S COMPETITION AUTHORITY OKAYS SALE OF BOSCH-FAGORMASTERCOOK* UOKiK has given BSH Hausgeräte its approval to purchase FagorMastercook, stating the acquisition will not significantly limit competiton on the market. Poland’s Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (UOKiK) has approved (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger in the agricultural trading and feed production sectors (Getreide / Agravis Raiffeisen)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
AGRAVIS AG AND DANISH AGRO CAN TAKE OVER LARGE PARTS OF GRETEIDE AG* The Bundeskartellamt has cleared the proposed takeover of large parts of the agribusiness activities and the production of seeds and feedstuffs of Getreide AG by Agravis Raiffeisen AG and its Danish cooperation partner Danish (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the retail markets involving fixed internet access services (Orange / Jazztel)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Commission clears acquisition of Jazztel by Orange, subject to conditions* The European Commission has approved under the EU Merger Regulation the proposed acquisition of Jazztel plc, a telecommunications company registered in the UK but mainly active in Spain, by rival Orange SA of France. (...)

The EU Commission clears an international telecom’s merger subject to conditions of another national telecom (Orange / Jazztel)
European Commission (Brussels)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
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DG COMP (Brussels)
Orange/Jazztel: Convergence meets Consolidation in the Spanish Telecoms Sector* In a nutshell: The Orange/Jazztel transaction takes place in a market that tipped toward fixed-mobile multiple play offers. The forward-looking analysis included an assessment of the parties’ likely future roll-out (...)

The UK Competition Authority seeks permission to appeal in a case regarding trans-channel ferry transport services (Eurotunnel / SeaFrance / MyFerryLink)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA SEEKS PERMISSION TO APPEAL IN EUROTUNNEL CASE * The CMA today announced that it will seek permission to appeal following last week’s Court of Appeal judgment in the Eurotunnel case. The judgment upheld a challenge to the Competition and Markets Authority’s (CMA) jurisdiction over (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies between two gas providers in the intermediate and large-bulk LPG market (UGI France / Totalgaz)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
THE AUTORITÉ DE LA CONCURRENCE CLEARS, SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS, THE ACQUISITION OF TOTALGAZ BY UGI FRANCE, THE PARENT COMPANY OF ANTARGAZ * Among the commitments discussed and negotiated with the Autorité, UGI shall, in particular, be obliged to divest its stakes in the capital of several LPG (...)

The Chinese NDRC targets price-related illegal conducts in the pharmaceutical sector
King & Wood Mallesons (Beijing)
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Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer (Beijing)
NDRC Targets Price-related Illegal Conducts in the Pharmaceutical Sector* On May 4, 2015, the NDRC published Notice on Reinforcing Supervision over Medical Prices (“Notice”). In the Notice, the NDRC issued a range of specific opinions on the supervision over medical price, including immediately (...)

The UK Competition Authority formally clears a merger in the insurance sector following an in-depth enquiry (Xchanging / Agencyport)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA FORMALLY CLEARS SPECIALIST INSURANCE MERGER* The CMA has formally cleared the completed acquisition by Xchanging of certain companies comprising all of the European operations of Agencyport. Xchanging plc (Xchanging) and Agencyport Software Group (Agencyport) supply specialist software to (...)

The UK Competition Authority provisionally clears a merger in the market of chilled savoury pastry (Pork Farms Caspian / Kerry Foods)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA PROVISIONALLY CLEARS PORK FARMS / KERRY FOOD MERGER* The CMA has provisionally cleared the completed acquisition by Pork Farms Caspian of the chilled savoury pastry business of Kerry Foods. Pork Farms Group Limited, through the Pork Farms Caspian Limited subsidiary, and Kerry Foods (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger on the market of online real estate portals (Immonet / Immowelt)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
CLEARANCE OF MERGER BETWEEN IMMONET AND IMMOWELT* In the first phase of merger control the Bundeskartellamt has cleared plans by Axel Springer SE, Berlin to acquire sole control of Immowelt AG, Nuremberg and the launch of a joint venture between Immowelt AG and Immonet GmbH, Hamburg. The (...)

The Finnish Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the telephone and data communications services markets (Elisa Oyj / Anvia Oyj)
Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority (Helsinki)
THE FINNISH COMPETITION AND CONSUMER AUTHORITY (FCCA) GIVES CONDITIONAL ACCEPTANCE OF ACQUISITION OF ANVIA BY ELISA* The FCCA has today accepted conditionally the transaction whereby Elisa Oyj will gain control over Anvia Oyj. The conditions relate to broadband services on a landline network (...)

The German Competition Authority blocks a merger between two food retailers with a strong position in different regional markets as it would impede effective competition in the food retail market (Kaiser’s Tengelmann / EDEKA)
Berlin School of Economics and Law
At the beginning of April 2015, the Bundeskartellamt blocked the merger between Edeka and Kaiser’s Tengelmann ("Tengelmann"), which had been notified in October 2014. In the proposed merger, Edeka intends to acquire approximately 450 outlets of Tengelmann. Both companies are food retailers with (...)

The UK Competition Authority clears provisionally a merger in the insurance sector (Xchanging / Agencyport)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA PROVISIONALLY CLEARS SPECIALIST INSURANCE MERGER* The CMA has provisionally cleared the completed acquisition by Xchanging of certain companies comprising all of the European operations of Agencyport. Xchanging plc (Xchanging) and Agencyport Software Group (Agencyport) supply specialist (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a partial acquisition in the market of the production and repair armoured vehicles (Diehl Defence Land Systems / Krauss-Maffei Wegmann)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt clears partial acquisition of Diehl Defence Land Systems GmbH by Krauss-Maffei Wegmann* In the first phase of merger control the Bundeskartellamt has cleared the planned acquisition of a part of Diehl Defence Land Systems GmbH, Freisen, by Krauss-Maffei Wegmann GmbH & Co. (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority declares the extinction of the merger proceedings following an in-depth investigation in the field of outdoor advertising (JCDecaux / Cemusa)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
The PCA declared the extinction of the proceedings of the JCDecaux/Cemusa merger* On March 19, 2015, the Portuguese Competition Authority (PCA) declared the extinction of the merger proceedings concerning the acquisition of sole control of Cemusa by JCDecaux, in the field of outdoor (...)

The Italian Competition Authority changes the turnover threshold beyond which a merger must be notified
Italian Competition Authority (Rome)
PRIOR NOTIFICATIONS OF MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS: UPDATING OF TURNOVER THRESHOLDS* The Competition Authority has resolved that as from 16 March 2015 the thresholds beyond which prior notification must be submitted for all acquisitions and mergers is raised to 492 million euro for the aggregate (...)

The Russian Competition Authority publishes a new order on analyzing the state of competition on the markets
Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (Moscow)
A new version of FAS Order on analyzing the state of competition on the markets came into effect* On 15 March 2015 came into force No. 33/15 FAS Order “On Introducing Changes to the Procedure for Analyzing the State of Competition on the Markets Approved by No. 220 Order of the Federal (...)

The Polish Competition Authority clears a merger in the rail freight market (PKP Cargo / Advanced World Transport)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
UOKiK clears PKP Cargo to take over advanced world transport* Poland’s Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (UOKiK) has cleared PKP Cargo, Polish railway freight transport operator, to take over rail freight services provider Advanced World Transport. The Authority’s analysis concluded (...)

The Lisbon Appeal Court confirms 2.7 million € fine for discriminatory pricing under Art. 102 national equivalent, and revolutionizes access to information for third parties (Sport TV)
New University of Lisboa - Faculty of Law
On 11 March 2015, the Lisbon Appeal Court (LAC) rejected all arguments put forward by the appellant and confirmed the judgment of the Competition, Regulation and Supervision Court (CSRC) of 4 June 2014, which had, in turn, confirmed (with a reduction of the fine, from 3.7 to 2.7 million EUR) (...)

The Hellenic Competition Authority clears, following an in-depth investigation, a merger in the market for the production and distribution of beer in Greece (Mythos Brewery / Olympic Brewery)
Hellenic Competition Authority (Athens)
The HCC clears the notified merger between Mythos Brewery (a subsidiary of Carlsberg Breweries) and Olympic Brewery * By its unanimous Decision 606/2015, the Hellenic Competition Commission (HCC) approved, on the basis of Art. 8, para. 6 of the Greek Competition Act, the notified (...)

The EU General Court upholds a Commission’s decision to prohibit a merger of two stock exchanges of financial derivatives (NYSE Euronext / Deutsche Börse)
Ramón y Cajal (Madrid)
Background information The ruling of the EU General Court of 9 March 2015 has fully upheld the decision in which the European Commission (the “Commission”) blocked the concentration between NYSE Euronext (“NYX”) and Deutsche Börse. NYX is a U.S holding formed in 2007 through the merger of NYSE (...)

The Polish Competition Authority accepts several merger remedies and clears two acquisitions in the sector of grocery stores (Auchan)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
Auchan to implement conditions, Proceed with merger* Poland’s Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (UOKiK) has approved two transactions that will allow Auchan Polska to implement the conditions required for it to proceed with its acquisition of the Real company. Both mergers involve (...)

The Canadian Competition Authority clears a transaction in the media sector revealing a possible shift in the Bureau’s analytical framework for media mergers (TVA Group / Transcontinental)
Stikeman Elliott (Toronto)
MEDIA MERGERS AND THE COMPETITION BUREAU: IS THE MEDIUM THE MARKET? * The rapid growth of digital media in recent years and the simultaneous pressures on traditional media have led to a number of fascinating media transactions in which the Competition Bureau has had to confront the difficult (...)

The US District Court for the Eastern District of New York reminds that potential defendants cases should be prepared to address a plaintiff’s “direct evidence” of harm to competition and may not be able to solely rely on its relative market share as a defence (American Express)
Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler (New York)
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Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler (New York)
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Patterson Belknap Webb & Tyler (New York)
Court Rules Against American Express Based on Both Direct and Indirect Evidence of Harm to Competition* On February 19, 2015, the District Court for the Eastern District of New York issued its ruling on liability in United States v. American Express. Following a seven-week trial, the Court (...)

A US District Court reminds the need for a harmonious and supportable market definition to win an antitrust case (Live nation)
Constantine Cannon (Washington)
Federal Court Rings Down The Curtain On Baltimore-D.C. Rock Promoters’ Antitrust Case Against Live Nation* A long-running antitrust battle of the bands between a Baltimore-D.C. area regional concert promoter and venue operator and the concert colossus Live Nation got the hook in the U.S. (...)

The German Competition Authority issues a preliminary assessment relating to a merger in the food retail sector (Edeka / Tengelmann)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt issues preliminary assessment of the takeover of Kaiser’s Tengelmann by EDEKA* In the EDEKA/Tengelmann merger control proceedings the Bundeskartellamt has today informed the parties of its preliminary assessment of the takeover plans. Andreas Mundt, President of the (...)

The Irish Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the retail market (Valeo Foods / Wardell / Robert Roberts)
Irish Competition Authority (Dublin)
Commission approves proposed acquisition by Valeo Foods UK Limited of sole control of Wardell Roberts Limited and Robert Roberts (NI) Limited, subject to binding divestiture commitments* The Competition and Consumer Protection Commission (Commission) has today cleared the proposed acquisition (...)

The UK Court of Appeal upholds the judgment of the Competition Appeal Tribunal requiring an airline to reduce its minority shareholding in rival airline (Ryanair / Aer Lingus)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA welcomes Court of Appeal Judgment on Ryanair/Aer Lingus* The CMA welcomes today’s judgment by the Court Of Appeal dismissing Ryanair’s challenge on all 3 grounds. The judgment followed an appeal by Ryanair Holdings plc (Ryanair) against an earlier decision made by the Competition Appeal (...)

The US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit provides significant judicial guidance for future health care mergers, casting serious doubt on the viability of a “post-merger efficiencies defense” to a prima facie case of a Section 7 violation (St. Luke’s Health System / Saltzer Medical Group)
Sheppard Mullin (San Francisco)
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Sheppard Mullin (Century City)
In Highly-Anticipated Decision, Ninth Circuit Affirms That Hospital-Physician Group Merger in St. Luke’s Violated Section 7 And Casts Serious Doubt on Viability of Efficiencies Defense* On February 10, 2015, the Ninth Circuit issued its highly-anticipated decision at the intersection of health (...)

The Swedish Market Court dismisses an abuse of dominance action because the relatively scarce market data presented was not sufficient to define the relevant market and establish dominance (Pizza24 Nordic / OnlinePizza Norden)
Vinge (Stockholm)
Online Food For Thought* The Swedish Market Court’s judgment in Pizza24 / OnlinePizza A judgment of the Swedish Market Court from February 2015 is an unfortunate missed opportunity to grapple with interesting issues around online intermediary services. The case concerned online services for (...)

The Pakistan Competition Commission clears an acquisition, following an in-depth investigation, in the pharmaceutical sector (Novartis / GSK)
Competition Commission of Pakistan (Islamabad)
The Competition Commission clears phase II review of the proposed acquisition by novartis ag of the business relating to a portfolio of oncology products (excluding manufacturing) from GlaxoSmithKline plc* ISLAMABAD, MONDAY, 09 FEBRUARY 2015: The Competition Commission of Pakistan (...)

The Romanian Competition Authority clears a merger in the banking sector although the parties have realized the merger before clearance (Transilvania Bank / Volksbank Romania)
Romanian Competition Council (Bucharest)
Transilvania Bank can involve in the activity of Volksbank Romania* The Competition Council issued a derogation decision from the provisions of the Competition Law so that Transilvania Bank to involved in the activity of Volksbank Romania and Volksbank Services Romania before obtaining the (...)

The US FTC and the Canadian Competition Authority adopt a similar approach to grocery mergers, requiring structural remedies (Albertsons / Sobeys / Loblaw)
Stikeman Elliott (Toronto)
GROCERY MERGERS IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA: SOMETHING TO CHEW ON* On January 27, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission announced a competition law remedy in respect of the Albertsons / Safeway grocery merger, requiring the divestiture of 168 supermarkets in 130 local markets in numerous (...)

The EU General Court explains that in the field of State aid it is not necessary to define precisely the relevant market in order to determine the existence of an advantage (Club Hotel Loutraki)
College of Europe (Bruges)
ii) Monopolies and the market economy investor principle* Several casinos in Greece appealed against Commission decision SA.33988 which found that an exclusive licence granted to OPAP, the Greek betting undertaking, to operate 35,000 video lottery terminals [exclusive rights 1] and the (...)

The Indian Competition Authority directs for the first time a divestiture of assets in a merger case (Sun Pharma / Ranbaxy)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (Mumbai)
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Economic Laws Practice (Mumbai)
Introduction The Competition Commission of India (“CCI”) for the first time has directed divestitures of assets, before granting its final approval, in a combination relating to merger of Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited (“Ranbaxy”) into Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Limited (“Sun Pharma”) (referred (...)

The Japan FTC opens in-depth investigation on a merger in the market of manufacturing and selling paper and pulp products and launches a market inquiry (Chuetsu Pulp & Paper / Oji Holdings)
Japan Fair Trade Commission (Tokyo)
The JFTC Opens Secondary Review Concerning the Proposed Acquisition of Shares of Chuetsu Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd. by Oji Holdings Corporation and Solicits Comments from Third Parties* The Japan Fair Trade Commission (JFTC) received the notification pursuant to the provision of the (...)

The German Competition Authority authorizes cooperation agreements between two telecommunication companies for developing fast broadband connections (Telekom Deutschland / Telefónica O2 Germany)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
No objections to cooperation between Telekom and Telefónica for the supply of fast broadband services* The Bundeskartellamt has no objections to the cooperation between Telekom Deutschland GmbH, Bonn, and Telefónica O2 Germany GmbH & Co. OHG, Munich for the provision of fast broadband (...)

The Federal Court of Australia finds no breach of legislation in air cargo cartel case on ground that it did not involve a ‘market in Australia’ (Air New Zealand)
Deakin University (Geelong)
The Australian Federal Court recently handed down a decision relating to the international air cargo cartel (the Air NZ case). Despite finding that the defendants, Air New Zealand Limited (Air NZ) and PT Garuda Indonesia Ltd (Garuda), had engaged in price fixing conduct which might have (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger following an in-depth examination on the production of foreign identity documents market (Giesecke & Devrient / Bundesdruckerei)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt clears joint venture between Giesecke & Devrient and Bundesdruckerei for the production of foreign identity documents* Following an in-depth examination the Bundeskartellamt has cleared the establishment of a joint venture for the production of foreign identity documents (...)

The French Competition Authority clears, subject to remedies, an acquisition in the high-speed broadband access market (SFR / Numéricable)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence gives conditional clearance to the acquisition of SFR by Numericable, an Altice subsidiary. * Among the commitments discussed and negotiated with the Autorité de la concurrence, Numericable commits to give competitors (internet service providers, MVNO) access to (...)

The Hellenic Competition Authority clears an acquisition of sole control in the insurance market (ERGO International / Agrotiki Asfalistiki)
Hellenic Competition Authority (Athens)
Clearance of the proposed acquisition by “ERGO International Aktiengesellschaft” of the insurance company “AGROTIKI ASFALISTIKI S.A.”. * By its unanimous Decision 594/2014, the Hellenic Competition Commission (HCC) approved, under Greek merger control rules, the proposed acquisition of sole (...)

The German Competition Authority clears an acquisition of sole control in the gas markets and changes its practice of defining these markets (EWE / VNG)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt clears EWE’s acquisition of a majority interest in VNG* Today the Bundeskartellamt has cleared the acquisition of a further 15.79% of the shares in VNG AG, Leipzig, by EWE AG, Oldenburg. EWE AG acquired the shares from Wintershall Holding GmbH, Kassel. EWE AG will now hold a (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority closes its investigation into an electricity distribution and retail company for increasing the switching costs for eligible customers and impeding the opportunities of competitors (Ayedas)
University of Sussex (Brighton)
This case note analyses the decision of the Turkish Competition Authority (TCA) in which it has closed the investigation it launched into an electricity retail sale company, AYESAS, for unilaterally including most of the eligible customers into its own portfolio without signing an agreement (...)

The Finnish Competition Authority clears, subject to remedies, an acquisition in the chicken feed market (DAVA Foods / Muna Foods)
Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority (Helsinki)
The Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority approved egg business acquisition subject to conditions* On 21 October 2014, the Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority (FCCA) approved an acquisition whereby DAVA Foods Holding A/S, a Danish company, acquires control of the Finnish company (...)

The Chinese Supreme Court issues the first decision based on the economic analysis under Anti-Monopoly Law (Qihoo / Tencent)
Deacons (Hong Kong)
On October 16, 2014, the Chinese Supreme People’s Court (SPC) announced its ruling on the landmark antitrust litigation brought by Qihoo 360 against Tencent. The decision marked the SPC’s first ruling on a matter filed under China’s Anti-Monopoly Law (AML), which came into effect in August 2008. (...)

The Chinese Supreme Court elaborates detailed fundamental principles of anti-monopoly law, in particular in the context of abuse of dominance on the internet market, in its first anti-monopoly case (Qihoo / Tencent)
King & Wood Mallesons (Beijing)
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King & Wood Mallesons (Beijing)
The Supreme Court Goes Online with Anti-Monopoly Law Principles:A Review of Qihoo v.s. Tencent Abuse of Market Dominance Case* Introduction On 15 November 2011, Qihoo issued proceedings against Tencent in the Guangdong Higher Court, asserting that Tencent had abused its dominant position, (...)

The EU Commission explains that a system which is predominantly based on solidarity does not become economic in nature when operators have a small degree of discretion to compete on quality and to make profit from efficient provision of services (Spoločná zdravotná poisťovňa)
College of Europe (Bruges)
* Article published on State Aid Hub (click here), republished in e-Competitions with the courtesy of the author(s). The original title of this article appears below the e-Competitions title. Authors are welcome to write an alternative article on this case/text, provided they have no (...)

The Lithuanian Competition Authority conditionally clears an acquisition on the market of the insurance of land vehicles and the market of property insurance (Lietuvos draudimas / PZU)
Lithuanian Competition Authority (Vilnius)
COMPETITION COUNCIL CLEARS ACQUISITION OF AB LIETUVOS DRAUDIMAS BY PZU S.A., SUBJECT TO CONDITIONS* On 9 October, the Competition Council (KT) cleared the acquisition of 100 per cent of AB Lietuvos draudimas shares by PZU S.A. The merger was cleared upon the condition that PZU S.A. would sell (...)

The German Competition Authority clears an acquisition on the food retail market (Jibi Handel / J. Bünting Beteiligungs)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt clears takeover of Jibi by Bünting* The Bundeskartellamt has today cleared the complete acquisition of Jibi Handel GmbH & Co. by J. Bünting Beteiligungs AG in the first phase of merger control. Andreas Mundt, President of the Bundeskartellamt: "By acquiring 88 Jibi outlets (...)

The Polish Competition Authority clears the creation of a joint undertaking in the power generation and distribution market (Polska Grupa Energetyczna / Polska Miedź)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
The OCCP approves the formation of PGE EJ 1* The Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (OCCP) has approved the formation of PGE EJ 1, a joint undertaking of the energy groups PGE Polska Grupa Energetyczna, Tauron, and Enea and of the mining group KGHM Polska Miedź to build Poland’s (...)

The Netherlands Competition Authority clears a merger of three care providers in the northern Dutch province of Friesland (Kwadrantgroep, Antonius Zorggroep and Nij Smellinghe / Pasana)
Netherlands Authority for Consumers & Markets (The Hague)
ACM clears merger between three northern care providers* The Netherlands Authority for Consumers and Markets (ACM) has cleared the merger of three care providers in the northern Dutch province of Friesland, which are Kwadrantgroep, Antonius Zorggroep and Nij Smellinghe/Pasana. These three care (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority clears a merger in the market of guest accommodation and catering services in hotels, apartments and campsites and in the market of guest accommodation (Plava laguna / Istraturist)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
Approved merger between Plava laguna and Istraturist* The Croatian Competition Agency approved the implementation of the proposed concentration between the undertakings Plava laguna and Istraturist. The concentration in question will produce effects in the following relevant markets: guest (...)

The EU Commission approves without commitments an acquisition in the information technology sector (Facebook / WhatsApp)
Squire Patton Boggs (Brussels)
EU Commission approves Facebook’s acquisition of WhatsApp* On 3 October 2014, the European Commission of the European Union (the “Commission”) approved the acquisition without any commitments. After the approval of the acquisition of Skype by Microsoft in 2011 and of the acquisition of Nokia by (...)

The Polish Competition Authority clears an acquisition in the small package delivery sector (DPD / seven)
WKB Wierciński Kwieciński Baehr (Warsaw)
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Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer (Brussels)
In its decision of 1 October 2014, the Polish competition authority (Urząd Ochrony Konkurencji i Konsumentów, the "UOKiK") unconditionally cleared DPD’s 100% acquisition of shares in a fellow small package delivery company, Siódemka (in English: “seven”). This decision is one of a limited number of (...)

The Hellenic Competition Authority clears an acquisition of sole control in the banking sector (Alpha Bank / Diners Club of Greece Finance Company)
Hellenic Competition Authority (Athens)
Clearance of the proposed acquisition by ALPHA BANK S.A. of CITIBANK Ιnternational PLC’s retail banking activities in Greece and of the shares of DINERS CLUB OF GREECE FINANCE COMPANY S.A.* By its unanimous Decision 592/2014, the Hellenic Competition Commission (HCC) approved, under Greek merger (...)

The Danish Competition Authority clears an acquisition of sole control on the production and sale of gas springs market (Triton / Scandinavian Business Seating Holding)
Danish Competition and Consumer Authority (Copenhagen)
Approval of Triton’s acquisition of Scandinavian Business Seating Holding AS, cf. Section 12c(2) of the Competition Act* On 11th September 2014, the Danish Competition and Consumer Authority (“the Authority”) received a full notification of a proposed merger pursuant to Section 12b(1) of the (...)

The UK Competition and Markets Authority issues its report wherein measures are proposed to increase competition in the private motor insurance market
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
The CMA has today published measures it expects to increase competition in the car insurance market and reduce the cost of premiums for drivers.* The measures are included in the final report of its investigation, conducted by an independent panel of members, into the private motor insurance (...)

The Slovak Competition Authority clears an acquisition taking the form of direct joint control in the market of products for automobile (Bolten Family / Fehrer Group)
Slovak Competition Authority (Bratislava)
MERGERS: AMO SR approved merger of Bolten Family and Fehrer Group* On 22 September 2014 the Antimonopoly Office of the Slovak Republic, Division of Concentrations approved the merger consisting in acquisition of direct joint control of undertakings undertakings Carl Conrad Bolten, Martina (...)

The Lithuanian Competition Authority launches a market test following merger commitments proposed on the market of the insurance of land vehicles and the market of property insurance (PZU)
Lithuanian Competition Authority (Vilnius)
Competition Council calls for opinions on merger commitments proposed by PZU S.A.* Competition Council (KT) calls stakeholders to express their grounded opinions on PZU S.A. (Powszechny Zakład Ubezpieczeń Spółka Akcyjna) commitments to the merger wherein the latter acquires up to 100 per cent of (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger on the component suppliers to the automotive market (Veyance Technologies / Continental)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt clears acquisition of Veyance by Continental* In second phase proceedings the Bundeskartellamt has cleared the acquisition of Veyance Technologies, Inc., Fairlawn, Ohio/USA, by Continental AG. Both companies are component suppliers to the automotive industry. The merger (...)

The German Competition Authority clears an acquisition on the market of management of waste after the abandonment by the buyer to acquire seven site of management of waste (Remondis / Sita)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt clears acquisition by the Remondis group of four Sita waste management sites in Baden-Württemberg* The Bundeskartellamt has cleared the acquisition by Remondis of four waste management sites belonging to the Sita group at Radolfzell, Talheim, Trossingen and Pfullingen. The (...)

The French Competition Authority accepts commitments in the market for coffee capsules (Nespresso)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence has obtained a commitment from Nespresso to lift barriers to entry for other coffee capsule makers – compatible with Nespresso coffee machines – as well as barriers to their growth* The final commitments made by Nespresso – the first in the world – have been (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger by applying the failing firm defence on the daily newspapers market (Westfälische Nachrichten / Münstersche Zeitung)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Regional daily Westfälische Nachrichten can take over Münstersche Zeitung* The Bundeskartellamt has cleared plans by the Münster-based publishing house Aschendorff Verlag (which publishes Westfälische Nachrichten) to acquire the regional daily Münstersche Zeitung. The daily is sold by the (...)

The UK Competition Authority clears an acquisition on the adherence packaging market (Omnicell / SurgiChem)
United Kingdom’s Competition Authority - CMA (London)
The Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has cleared Omnicell/MTS’s proposed acquisition of SurgiChem.* This confirms the CMA’s provisional decision which was published last month and has been made by a group of independent CMA panel members. Omnicell, Inc./MTS Medication Technologies, Inc. (...)

The Indian Competition Appellate Tribunal upholds that the relevant product market determined in case of abuse of dominance must remain broader than in cases of merger (National Stock Exchange of India)
Eastern Book Company (Maine)
India – Competition Appellate Tribunal on determination of relevant product market* In its order passed on 5th August, 2014 the Indian Competition Appellate Tribunal upheld the decision given by the Competition Commission of India (CCI) holding the National Stock Exchange of India Ltd. (NSE) (...)

The French Competition Authority issues an opinion on the international business support sector (Ubifrance)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Press Release published on the official website of the French Competition Authority. Ubifrance – Supporting French business for their international development* Following a referral from a professional organization (the OSCI), the Autorité de la concurrence has delivered an opinion and (...)

The French Competition Authority opens in-depth investigation on an acquisition in the telecom market (Altice Group / SFR)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence has decided to open an in-depth investigation into the acquisition of SFR by the Altice Group* On 4 June 2014, the Numericable Group, a subsidiary of the Altice Group, filed a merger notification to the Autorité de la Concurrence relating to its plan to acquire SFR (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority imposes fines on an electricity provider for having abused its dominance in the market of the electricity production, wholesale and trade (Electrabel)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
Press Release published on the official website of the Belgian Competition Authority . Decision of the Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority holding an infringement of the prohibition of abuse of a dominant position by Electrabel* The Competition College of the Belgian (...)

The South African Competition Authority issues the terms of reference for the liquefied petroleum gas sector
Nortons (Sandton)
Second market inquiry focuses on energy sector (LPG)* “Highly regulated” liquefied petroleum gas at center of second sectoral Commission inquiry According to the South African Competition Commission, the agency has issued “Terms of Reference for the market inquiry into the Liquefied Petroleum (...)