Indian Competition Law in the Digital Markets

General antitrust

The Indian Government enacts the comprehensive Information Technology Rules providing governance structures for social media and related companies
Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs
,
Auro University (Surat)
Introduction The Indian Government in February, 2021 enacted the comprehensive Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021 (“Media Code”) providing governance structures for social media and related companies. It encompasses an embargo of (...)

Anticompetitive practices

The Karnataka High Court dismisses petitions by two Big Tech companies challenging the probe ordered by the Competition Authority against them for alleged violations of Competition Law (Amazon / Flipkart) New
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
Amazon and Flipkart lose (first) battle against Antitrust probe -Karnataka High Court dismisses the writ petition against CCI prima facie order* So, is it the beginning of the end of the Amazon (and Flipkart’s) combined market dominance or, at least, their allegedly vertical anti-competitive (...)

The Gujarat High Court grants a stay on the Competition Authority’s interim order to re-list the properties of two hotel companies on several online hotel booking portals (MMT-Go / Treebo / FabHotels)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (Mumbai)
The CCI issued an interim order under Section 33 of the Competition Act directing MakeMy Trip India Pvt. Ltd. (MMT) and Ibibo Group Private Limited (Go-Ibibo) (together MMT-Go) to re-list properties of FabHotels and Treebo on their online hotel booking portals. This order was passed in the (...)

The Indian Competition Authority launches an investigation into two major e-commerce platforms for alleged vertical agreements in the sale of smartphones (Amazon / Cloudtail India) New
Lakshmikumaran & Sridharan (New Delhi)
,
Lakshmikumaran & Sridharan (New Delhi)
,
Lakshmikumaran & Sridharan (New Delhi)
Looking into the alleged violation of Competition Act based on four alleged practices, namely, exclusive launch of mobile phones, preferred sellers on the marketplaces, deep discounting and preferential listing/promotion of private labels, being followed by two major e-commerce platforms, the (...)

The Indian Competition Authority approves a deal between an online platform and a telecom network provider aiming at providing local grocery stores access to e-commerce services (Facebook / JIO)
Saikrishna (New Delhi)
,
National University of Study and Research in Law (Ranchi)
Background The Indian antitrust watchdog Competition Commission of India (‘CCI’) approved the popular Facebook-JIO deal (‘the deal’) on June 25, 2020. The approval came two months after Facebook announced to invest whopping $5.7 billion in Reliance Industries Limited’s (‘RIL’) subsidiary JIO (...)

The Indian Company Law Appellate Tribunal clarifies the emerging jurisprudence on hub-and-spoke cartel and standing requirements in a case concerning two ride-hailing platforms in the automobile services market for fixing cab fares through their apps (Uber / Ola)
Khaitan (New Delhi)
,
Khaitan (New Delhi)
In a relief to the multinational giant, Uber, and home-grown Ola (collectively, Ride-hailing Platforms), the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) – India’s appeal tribunal for competition matters – dismissed an appeal filed by Samir Agrawal (Informant). In doing so, the NCLAT has upheld (...)

The Indian Competition Authority investigates allegations of anti-competitive agreements between e-commerce marketplaces (Amazon / Flipkart)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
The Competition Commission of India (CCI) has directed an investigation into allegations of anti-competitive agreements between e-commerce marketplaces Amazon and Flipkart, on the one hand, and sellers on these marketplaces, on the other. A Delhi based traders’ body alleged that Amazon and (...)

The Indian Competition Authority orders an investigation against online travel agencies for possible abuse of dominance and for imposing vertical restrictions (Federation of Hotel & Restaurant Associations of India / MMT-Go)
Trilegal (Mumbai)
,
Trilegal (Bangalore)
,
Trilegal (Mumbai)
Introduction The Federation of Hotel & Restaurant Associations of India (Informant), an association of hotels and restaurants in India, filed an Information with the Competition Commission of India (CCI) against MakeMyTrip India Pvt. Ltd. (MMT), Ibibo Group Private Limited (GoIbibo), (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegations of resale price maintenance against a manufacturer and seller of kitchen appliances due to a lack of witnesses and manufacturers’ distribution rights (Jasper Infotech / Kaff Appliances)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI finds no evidence of resale price maintenance on sale of KAFF appliances on Snapdeal* CCI, by way of order dated 15.01.2019 under Section 26(6) the Act, has dismissed allegations of Resale Price Maintenance (“RPM”) against Kaff Appliances (India) Pvt. Ltd. ( “KAFF/ OP”).The information was (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses cartel allegations against taxi app drivers on the basis that they were following the algorithm pricing and not actively colluding to fix prices (Samir Agrawal / ANI Technologies / Uber India)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI closes allegation of cartelization between taxi aggregators* By way of an order dated November 6, 2018, the CCI dismissed allegations of concerted action against Ola and Uber Group (OPs). Allegations were levelled against the pricing algorithm adopted by the OPs which allegedly manipulated (...)

The Indian Competition Authority initiates an investigation concerning resale price maintenance in the e-commerce sector (Jasper Infotech / KAFF Appliances)
Sarvada Legal (New Delhi)
The CCI has in 2014 initiated two investigations into the alleged imposition of minimum resale price maintenance (RPM). The first one was against Hyundai Motor India Ltd (‘Hyundai Case’) and I had written on the legal standard adopted by the Competition Commission of India to initiate (...)

Unilateral Practices

The Indian Competition Authority opens investigation into Big Tech company for abusing its dominance in the market for smart TV operating systems and market for related mobile apps (Google / Xiaomi / TCL) New
National Law University Odisha (Cuttack)
,
National Law University Odisha (Cuttack)
In its order dated 22nd June 2021, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) directed an investigation against Google after being prima facie convinced of it abusing its dominance in the market of licensable smart TV device operating systems (OS) as well as the market for app store for Android (...)

The Indian Competition Authority orders an investigation against a Big Tech company for imposing restrictive obligations on smart TV original equipment manufacturers (Google / Xiaomi / TCL) New
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
The CCI directed an investigation against Google for alleged abuses in relation to its TV operating system, Android TV OS. The two Informants in the case alleged that Google had imposed restrictive obligations on smart TV original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) in breach of Section 4 of the (...)

The Delhi High Court refuses to intervene in the Competition Authority’s investigation against a Big Tech company (Whatsapp) New
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
By way of its judgement dated 22 April 2021, the Delhi High Court dismissed the writ petitions filed by WhatsApp and Facebook challenging the order dated 24 March 2021 passed by the CCI under Section 26(1) of the Act (‘Impugned Order’). By way of the Impugned Order, the CCI had directed the (...)

The Delhi High Court upholds the Indian Competition Authority’s order of directing an investigation into the privacy policy rolled out by a Big Tech company (WhatsApp) New
Lakshmikumaran & Sridharan (New Delhi)
,
Lakshmikumaran & Sridharan (New Delhi)
,
Lakshmikumaran & Sridharan (New Delhi)
KEY POINTS Mere pendency of some issues before the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India (“Supreme Court”), or any of the High Courts does not necessarily bar CCI from exercising jurisdiction otherwise vested with it under the Act. BRIEF FACTS Whatsapp LLC (“WhatsApp”) is the proprietor of the popular (...)

The Delhi High Court reviews the Indian Competition Authority’s inquiry into a Big Tech company’s data privacy policy (WhatsApp) New
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
Delhi High Court Judgement on CCI Inquiry into WhatsApp’s new data privacy policy in India* While reporting on the initial media news in my earlier blog on the same topic published on 23 April 21 , I had promised to come back with a detailed reporting on the above judgment which was then not (...)

The Indian Competition Authority grants interim relief to hotel franchisees in the online travel agents’ market (MMT-Go / Treebo / FabHotels)
Khaitan (New Delhi)
,
Khaitan (New Delhi)
Although India’s competition law has contained an interim measure provision since inception, two things stood about the Competition Commission’s (“Commission”) usage of interim measures – (i) the overall frequency (or lack) of its usage; and (ii) its limited usage in a low shelf-life Bollywood (...)

The Indian Competition Authority issues an interim behavioral remedy to relist franchise hotel properties on certain platforms before concluding the abuse of dominant position investigation against them (MMT-Go / Treebo / FabHotels)
CUTS Institute of Regulation & Competition (New Delhi)
In a first-of-its-kind order, the Competition Commission of India (“CCI”) has used its power to grant interim relief to applicants in a two-sided digital market. On 9 th March 2021, CCI ordered MMT-Go to relist properties of Treebo and FabHotels on its platform. CCI received information against (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegation of leverage of dominance by a Big Tech company (Google) New
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI dismisses allegation of leveraging of dominance for Google Meet Application* The Competition Commission of India (CCI) vide its order dated 29 January 2021 has dismissed an apparently speculative and mischievous information filed by a law student against Google’s alleged leverage of its (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses leveraging of dominance allegation against Big Tech company’s direct messaging and video-conferencing app due to emailing and direct messaging not being part of the same relevant market (Google Meet) New
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
By way of an order dated 29 January 2021, the CCI dismissed allegations that Google LLC and its subsidiary, Google India Digital Services Private Limited (collectively, ‘Google’) had abused its dominant position in the e-mailing and direct messaging market. The Informant alleged that Google by (...)

The Indian Competition Authority orders another investigation against a Big Tech’s alleged abuse of dominance in the market for online app-based payments (Google) New
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI ORDERS ANOTHER INVESTIGATION AGAINST GOOGLE’S ALLEGED ABUSE OF DOMINANCE BY GOOGLE PAY IN THE MARKET FOR ONLINE APP BASED PAYMENTS* By way of order dated 09/11/2020, the Competition Commission of India (“Commission/CCI”) has directed the Director-General to cause an investigation against (...)

The Indian Competition Authority receives an anonymous complaint on alleged dominance by a Big Tech company through the Android ecosystem (Google)
National University of Study and Research in Law (Ranchi)
,
National University of Study and Research in Law (Ranchi)
Introduction Pursuant to the scrutiny of WhatsApp over allegation of abusive dominance regarding its Payment app, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) warranted a detailed investigation against Google to monitor its anti-competitive practices over multiple facets including a violation of (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegations of abuse of dominance and exclusive arrangements against a Big Tech company in the menswear fashion retail market (Lifestyle Equities / Amazon) New
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI dismisses allegations of abuse of dominance and exclusive arrangements against Amazon in the menswear fashion retail market* By way of order dated 11.09.2020, the Competition Commission of India (“Commission/CCI”) has dismissed allegations of: (i) abuse of dominance and (ii) concluding (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegations of abuse of dominance and exclusive arrangements against an e-commerce company in the market for fashion merchandise (Lifestyle Equities / Amazon)
National University of Study and Research in Law (Ranchi)
In an order dated 11.09.2020, the Competition Commission of India (hereinafter ‘CCI’ or ‘the Commission’) dismissed the allegations of abuse of dominance and, entering into anti- competitive agreements against Amazon and the other opposite parties. The Indian Antitrust watchdog observed that Amazon (...)

The Indian Competition Authority clears a mobile application from tying allegations (Harshita Chawla / Whatsapp)
Gujarat National Law University (Gandhinagar)
The Competition Commission of India (CCI), the country’s judicial authority for competition matters rendered decision in the case of Harshita Chawla v. WhatsApp Inc. and ors in August, 2020 wherein it inter-alia cleared the mobile messaging service, WhatsApp Inc. from allegations of abuse of (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegations of abuse of dominance in the digital payments market for two Big Tech companies (WhatsApp / Facebook) New
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI dismisses allegations on WhatsApp and Facebook for abuse of dominance in digital payments market* By way of order dated 18.08.2020, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) has dismissed allegations of abuse of dominance by WhatsApp Inc (“WhatsApp”) and Facebook Inc (“Facebook”) in the (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses a complaint by a Fintech company for becoming dominant in the market after purchasing a technology provider in the financial services industry (Satyen Narendra Bajaj / PayU)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
It is trite law that, while the Competition Act prohibits an abuse of a dominant position, the mere existence of a dominant position with no evidence of abuse is not prohibited. This was made clear by the CCI in dismissing a complaint that PayU, a fintech company that provides payment (...)

The Indian Competition Authority orders investigation into a multinational technology company with the aim of protecting Micro-processors importers from the company’s discriminatory practices (Intel)
Gujarat National Law University (Gandhinagar)
On 9th August 2019, the Competition Commission of India directed the Director General to carry out investigations against Intel Corporation for allegedly violating Section 3 and 4 of the Indian Competition Act, 2002 (the ‘Act’). The case in hand was filed by Matrix Info Systems Pvt. Ltd. (the (...)

The Indian Competition Authority opens an investigation into abuse of dominance by a microprocessor manufacturer for having a more restrictive warranty policy in India than in the rest of the world (Intel)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI directs investigation into India specific warranty policy of Intel finding it potentially abusive of dominance* By way of order dated 09.08.2019, CCI has directed the Director General (DG) to undertake investigation with respect to Intel’s India specific warranty policy in regard to its (...)

The Indian Competition Authority declares that an undertaking has not abused its dominant position in the budget hotels market without having determined dominance (Rkg / Oyo)
National University of Study and Research in Law (Ranchi)
CCI in its recent judgements has exhibited a wide-ranging determinant quotient while examining the status of dominant position of the market players. While it is commendable that CCI defines relevant market in every dispute incorporating the facts of the particular dispute and bases its further (...)

The Indian Competition Authority rejects a complaint according to which an online booking accommodation provider abused its dominant position (Rkg / Oyo)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
In a case with important implications for the budget hotel sector, the CCI rejected at prima facie stage a complaint by RKG Hospitality, a hotelier, that Oravel Stays (OYO), which provides budget accommodation through online booking, had abused its dominant position by imposing one-sided, (...)

The Indian Competition Authority orders a probe against a multinational technology company for abusing its dominant position in clear violation of Section 4 of the Indian Competition Act (Google)
Gujarat National Law University (Gandhinagar)
COMPETITION COMMISSION OF INDIA STRIKES ANOTHER BLOW TO GOOGLE FOR ABUSE OF DOMINANT POSITION* On 16th April 2019, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) ordered a probe against the multinational technology company, Google, for abusing its dominant position in clear violation of Section 4 (...)

The Indian Competition Authority opens an investigation into a manufacturer of processors for abuse of dominant position (Intel)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI directs investigation against Intel for abuse of dominant position* The CCI by way of order dated November 9, 2018 under section 26(1) of the Act, directed the DG to investigate Intel Corporation (the Opposite Party/ OP/Intel) for alleged abuse of dominant position in the market for (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses abuse of dominance allegations in the market for online marketplace platforms because it finds no dominance in the relevant market (All India Online Vendors Association / Flipkart India)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI defines online sale platform as a separate relevant market -holds neither Flipkart nor Amazon as dominant in the market for online marketplace platforms* CCI, by way of order dated 06.11.2018 has dismissed allegations against Flipkart India Private Limited (“Flipkart India”) and Flipkart (...)

The Indian Competition Authority fines a company for search bias in the search engine market (Google)
Indian Competition Commission (New Delhi)
The Competition Commission of India (CCI) has found Google to have abused its dominant position in online general web search and web search advertising services in India. The order was passed in response to informations filed by Matrimony.com Limited and Consumer Unity & Trust Society (...)

The Indian Competition Authority fines a company for search bias and exclusive agreements (Google)
Gujarat National Law University (Gandhinagar)
,
Gujarat National Law University (Gandhinagar)
On 8th February 2018, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) imposed a fine of INR 135.86 Crores (approximately $ 1.36 Billion) on Google, for abusing its dominant position striking the mandate of Section 4 of the (Indian) Competition Act, 2002 (‘Act’). The comment herein highlights the (...)

The Indian Competition Authority fines a Big Tech company for abuse of dominance in the market of online search and related advertising services (Google)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI imposes penalty of INR 136 Crores on Google for abuse of dominant position* The Indian anti-trust regulator, the Competition Commission of India (“CCI/ Commission”) seems to have let Google off with just a rap on the knuckles. CCI vide order dated February 8, 2018 has imposed a penalty of (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegations of abuse of dominance against a company in the market for radio taxi services and holds that a high market share does not in and of itself constitute dominance (Fast Track Call Cab / ANI Technologies / OLA Cabs)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI closes case of alleged abuse of dominance by ANI Technologies Pvt. Ltd. (OLA)* The CCI vide order dated July 19, 2017 closed the case of alleged abuse of dominant position by OLA. The complaint against OLA was filed by Fast Track Call Cab Pvt. Ltd. and Meru Travel Solutions Pvt. Ltd. (...)

The Indian Competition Authority clears dominant mobile messaging service from abuse of dominance allegations (Fight for Transparency Society / WhatsApp)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI closes allegation of abuse of dominance against WhatsApp* CCI vide its recent order dated June 01, 2017 has closed an allegation of abuse of dominant position against popular message service WhatsApp. The complaint against WhatsApp was filed by an individual Vinod Kumar Gupta on behalf of (...)

The Indian Competition Appellate Tribunal requests an investigation into an abuse of dominance by a global taxi services company (Meru Travels Solutions / Uber India)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
COMPAT directs investigation against Uber India for Abuse of Dominance* COMPAT by its order dated December 7, 2016, has set aside the order dated February 10, 2016 of CCI closing the information filed against Uber India Systems Private Limited (“Uber”) for alleged abuse of dominant position and (...)

The Indian Competition Appellate Tribunal upholds the Competition Authority’s decision and clarifies requirements for an interim injunction (Fast Track Call Cab / ANI Technologies / OLA Cabs)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
COMPAT refuses interim relief to Fast Track Call Cabs in ongoing investigation against Ola for predatory pricing in radio taxi services in Bengaluru* COMPAT by its order dated March 9, 2016 has upheld the CCI order dated September 3, 2015 refusing to grant interim injunction against (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegations of predatory pricing in the market for taxi services due to lack of dominance (Meru Travel Solutions / Uber India)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI dismisses case alleging predatory pricing against Uber India* CCI on December 22, 2015 ordered prima-facie closed the case for an alleged abuse of dominance under section 4 of the Act against taxi services provider, Uber. The case was filed by Meru Travel Solutions Private Ltd. (Meru) (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegations of abuse of dominance against a state-owned miner but as a concession asks the miner to review its scheme for e-auctions of coal (DB Power / Coal India)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI dismisses allegations of abuse of dominant position against Coal India Ltd. (CIL) and directs CIL to examine the e-auction scheme afresh* CCI in its order dated November 17, 2015 dismissed allegations of unfair business practices against the state owned miner, CIL. In a complaint filed by (...)

The Indian Competition Authority dismisses allegations of abuse of dominance against a newspaper’s online portal (Cloudwalker Streaming Technologies / Bennett / Coleman and Company)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI closes case against a daily newspaper of Times Group in Mumbai* The CCI by its order dated September 29, 2015 dismissed case against a daily newspaper of Times Group Bombay Times online portal www.halfticket.tv, managed by Cloudwalker Streaming Technologies Private Limited (“Informant”) and (...)

The Indian Competition Authority penalizes an investigated company for non-disclosure of information (Google)
Centre for Internet and Society (Bangalore)
CCI penalises Google for non-disclosure of information; fines it one crore rupees* Earlier in March, Google was fined one crore rupees by the Competition Commission of India (CCI) for not cooperating with the Director General’s (DG’s) investigations into its operations. The DG had served seven (...)

Mergers

The Indian Competition Authority approves the acquisition of two online suppliers by a technology company providing services related to identity & access management loyalty programs, offers, and payments (Tata Digital / Supermarket Grocery Supplies / Innovative Retail Concepts) New
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
The CCI approved the acquisition by Tata Digital Limited (TDL) of up to 64.3% of the total share capital of Supermarket Grocery Supplies Limited (SGS) and a potential subsequent acquisition by SGC of sole control over Innovative Retail Concepts Private Limited (IRC). TDL provides technology (...)

The Indian Competition Authority clears acquisition by a major Big Tech company of a minority shareholding in a company with whom it has a commercial agreement to develop new low-cost smartphones (Google / Jio Platforms)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (Mumbai)
The CCI cleared the acquisition by Google International LLC (Google) of approximately 7.73% of the equity share capital in Jio Platforms Limited (Jio Platforms), a subsidiary of Reliance Industries Limited (RIL). Google group entities also entered into a commercial agreement with Jio Platforms (...)

The Indian Government proposes to introduce an additional threshold test based on the deal size or the value of a transaction
Khaitan (Mumbai)
,
Khaitan (Mumbai)
Introduction “We are all now connected by the internet like neurons in a giant brain,” these were the words of renowned theoretical physicist, Stephen Hawking, and he couldn’t have said it better. In today’s digital age, internet and technology have permeated every sphere of one’s life. Be it (...)

The Indian Competition Authority approves a joint venture between a global consumer healthcare conglomerate and a global technology conglomerate (Johnson and Johnson / Ethicon / Google)
Vaish Associates Advocates (New Delhi)
CCI approves the joint venture between Google and Johnson and Johnson for the research and development in respect of the robotic system for surgical intervention* CCI by its order dated July 10, 2015 approved the proposed combination for creation of a JV between Google and Johnson and Johnson (...)

The Indian Competition Authority rules on an anomaly of asset acquisitions under Indian merger control (Intel / Motorola) (Magma / Religare) (NHK Automotive Components / Bombay Burmah Trading) (Aica / Bombay Burmah Trading)
Trilegal (Mumbai)
This article analyses the treatment of asset acquisitions under India’s merger control regime in light of certain specific precedents set by the Competition Commission of India (“CCI”) in its assessment of merger notifications to date. Under the Competition Act, 2002 (“Act”), acquisitions of (...)

Regulatory

The Indian Competition Authority publishes its market study on e-commerce platforms New
Trilegal (Mumbai)
,
Trilegal (Bangalore)
,
Trilegal (Mumbai)
The growth of e-commerce and online marketplaces has had a significant impact on businesses and consumer behaviour. Competition authorities worldwide are increasingly focused on assessing competition concerns on online platforms, including United Kingdom (UK), Australia, the European Commission (...)

The Indian Competition Authority publishes its market study on e-commerce in India focusing on the three broad categories of e-commerce in consumer goods, accommodation services, and food services
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (Mumbai)
,
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
The CCI published a report on its Market Study on E-Commerce in India. The Study focused on the three broad categories of e-commerce in consumer goods, accommodation services and food services. After giving an overview of trends in and features of e-commerce, the CCI identified and discussed (...)

The Indian Competition Authority releases its market study on e-commerce
National Law University (Punjab)
Introduction In April 2019, the Competition Commission of India (“Commission”) had announced a market study into the functioning of ‘E-Commerce’ in India. The focus area of the study was to gather information relating to “trends, practices and issues” which are relevant to the fair and competitive (...)

All issues

  • Latest News issue 
  • All News issues
  • Latest Special issue 
  • All Special issues