I. Introduction 1. The implementation of competition law in agriculture and, more broadly, the food sector constitutes an important area of study.  First, the food supply chain connects three economically important sectors: the agricultural sector, the food processing industry and the distribution sectors. As the food processing industry and the distribution sectors have many interactions with other sectors, market malfunctioning along the food supply chain can have significant repercussions. Second, the important mutations that have characterized this industry in recent years, in particular technological development in food production, processing and distribution, as well as important changes in the preferences of consumers, but also more general societal trends (e.g. healthy
Competition law, as well as its many implications in the food sector, is imperative in the analysis of repercussions that come along with market malfunction. The control of economic power equally ensures that food markets greatly benefit consumers, which in turn garners benefits and drawbacks. This article focuses on the many challenges that the global food system currently faces and the intentions behind the actions of the various public authorities involved in the regulation of economic activities in the food industry.
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