The French Competition Authority fines three major national companies for implementing a cartel in the public passenger urban transport market, with potential appreciable effect on trade between member States (Keolis, Connex and Transdev)

Last July 2005, the French Competition Authority fined Keolis, Connex and Transdev a total of 11 € million for operating a national cartel in the French market for public passenger urban transport on the basis of article L. 420-1 of the French Commercial Code and article 81 EC. In its decision, the French Authority also confirmed that cartel covering a single Member State may affect trade between Members States. In France, the market for public passenger urban transport is submitted to public tenders generally organized by territorial communities (“collectivités territoriales”). From 1994 to 1999, these companies, which together held 60 % of the market shares, implemented a cartel in order to partition the market during public tenders. Investigations showed that the

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Jean-Patrice de La Laurencie, Maly Courtaigne-Op, The French Competition Authority fines three major national companies for implementing a cartel in the public passenger urban transport market, with potential appreciable effect on trade between member States (Keolis, Connex and Transdev), 7 July 2005, e-Competitions Effect on interstate trade, Art. N° 251

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