Latest Special issue: Turkish Antitrust

Anticompetitive practices

The Turkish Competition Board persists in its assessment concerning exclusivity practices of a company dealership agreements concerning the sales of chicken meat and eggs (Abalıoğlu)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
In a preliminary investigation in 2011 on the allegations that Abalıoğlu Yem Soya ve Tekstil A.Ş. (“ Abalıoğlu ”) had exclusivity clauses in its dealership agreements concerning the sales of chicken meat and eggs under “Lezita” brand, the Board had decided that Abalıoğlu had not violated the Law No. (...)

The Turkish Competition Board finds no-poaching clauses in a gym company franchising agreements to be against competition law (BFIT)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case summary includes an analysis of Turkish Competition Board’s (the “Board”) BFIT preliminary investigation decision (07.02.2019, 19-06/64-27) in which the Board evaluated non-compete and no-poaching obligations imposed by Bfit Sağlık ve Spor Yatırım ve Tic. A.Ş. (“BFIT”) to its franchisees. (...)

The Ankara 7th Administrative Court annuls the Turkish Competition Board’s dismissal decision regarding the restriction of parallel imports allegations faced by a company in the market of energy system (Mastervolt / Eltesan)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
The Ankara 7th Administrative Court (“Court”) annulled the dismissal decision of the Turkish Competition Board (“Board”) concerning the allegations that Mastervolt International Holding B.V. (“Mastervolt”) and its exclusive distributor in Turkey, Artı Marin Elektrik Dış Tic. Ltd. Şti. (“Artı Marin”), (...)

The Turkish Competition Board publishes a decision regarding an agreement granting access to infrastructure and support services between two telecom companies (Vodafone / Superonline)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
The Competition Board recently published its reasoned decision on the application filed by Vodafone Net İletişim Hizmetleri AŞ regarding an agreement signed with Superonline İletişim Hizmetleri AŞ. The agreement concerns Vodafone and Superonline granting each other access to their respective (...)

The Turkish Competition Board prohibits the publishing of price lists by two professional federations of translators and translation offices (TUÇEF / TURÇEF)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case summary includes an analysis of the Turkish Competition Board’s (“Board”) TUÇEF and TURÇEF decision (03.05.2018; 18-13/230-105). The Board reviewed the allegations put forward by Berkay Gökçe, a real person, against TURÇEF Yeminli Çevirmenlik Federasyonu (“TURÇEF”) and TUÇEF Uluslararası (...)

The Turkish Competition Board publishes its reasoned decision regarding anticompetitive practices in the pharmaceutical sector and provides explanations on the calculation of the fine after its first decision was annulled on appeal (Turkish Pharmacists Association)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
A. Introduction The Competition Board (“Board”) has recently published its reasoned decision in its reassessment of the Turkish Pharmacists Association (Türk Eczacıları Birliği) (“TPA”) case, following the annulment decision rendered by the 13th Chamber of the High State Court (“High State Court”). (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority publishes revised Guidelines on vertical agreements
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
The Turkish Competition Authority (“Authority”) completed its work in progress on revising the Guidelines on Vertical Agreements (“Guidelines”) that was issued based on the Block Exemption Communiqué on Vertical Agreements (“Communiqué No. 2002/2”). It took approximately 2 years for the Authority to (...)

The Turkish Competition Board decides not to open an investigation against a company active in online sales of flowers, edible flowers and gifts following allegations of predatory pricing (Çiçek Sepeti)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case summary includes an analysis of the Turkish Competition Board’s (“Competition Board” or “Board”) Çiçek Sepeti decision (08.03.2018; 18-07/111-58). The Board reviewed the allegations put forward by Çiçek Satış A.Ş. (“Çiçek Satış”) against Çiçek Sepeti İnternet Hizmetleri A.Ş. (“Çiçek Sepeti”) (...)

The Turkish Competition Board publishes a decision concerning resale prices and sales conditions of authorised dealers in the paint sector (Jotun Boya Sanayi / Ticaret AŞhad)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
Introduction On May 5 2018 the Competition Board published its reasoned decision of February 15 2018 (18- 05/74-40) following its preliminary investigation into allegations that Jotun Boya Sanayi ve Ticaret AŞhad violated Article 4 of Law 4054 on the Protection of Competition. The allegations (...)

The Turkish Competition Board concludes its preliminary investigation into possible abusive pricing policies in the furnishing sector (Doğtaş Kelebek Mobilya / Yataş Yorgan ve Yatak)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
Introduction On January 9 2018 the Competition Board published a reasoned decision dated September 27 2017 (17-30/487-211) following its preliminary investigation into allegations by Doğtaş Kelebek Mobilya San ve Tic AŞ that Yataş Yorgan ve Yatak San ve Tic AŞ had violated Article 4 of Law 4054 on (...)

The Turkish Competition Board concludes its investigation into ready-mixed concrete companies engaging in allegedly concerted practices and decides not to impose any administrative fines (Çimbeton)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
The Competition Board launched a fully-fledged investigation into 10 ready-mixed concrete companies active in the city of Izmir, which had been accused of undertaking a concerted practice for three months and thus violating Article 4 of Law 4054. Following a 16-month investigation, on August 22 (...)

The Turkish Competition Board publishes its reasoned decision on the preliminary investigation on the allegations that a white goods manufacturer restricted online sales of its dealers (BSH)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case summary includes an analysis of the Turkish Competition Board’s (“Board”) BSH decision (22.08.2017; 17-27/454-195). The Board reviewed the allegations put forward by Ersan Pazarlama Tic. Ltd. Şti. (“Ersan Pazarlama”) against BSH Ev Aletleri Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. (“BSH”). The Board assessed (...)

The Turkish Competition Board publishes the new block exemption for vertical agreements in the motor vehicle sector
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
Introduction The New Block Exemption Communique 2017/3 for Vertical Agreements in the Motor Vehicle Sector in Turkey was published in the Official Gazette on February 24 2017. Communique 2017/3 revoked the Block Exemption Communique 2005/4 for Vertical Agreements and Concerted Practices in the (...)

The Turkish High State Court annuls the Competition Board’s decision concerning parallel export restrictions in a vertical agreement (Roche / Corena)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case summary includes an analysis of the annulment decision of 13th Chamber of the High State Court (2010/4617 E., 2016/4241 K) (“High State Court”). The High State Court cancelled the Turkish Competition Board’s (the “Board”) decision on parallel export restrictions in vertical agreements. In (...)

The Turkish Competition Board publishes its reasoned decision on the investigation conducted upon allegations of resale price fixing in the auto gas market (Aygaz)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses the Turkish Competition Board’s (“Board”) Aygaz decision dated 16.11.2016 with No. 16-39/659-294. The Board assessed allegations that Aygaz and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Mogaz A.Ş. (“Mogaz”), had engaged in resale price maintenance (“RPM”). Background The Board initiated (...)

The Turkish Prime Minister sends a draft competition law piece of legislation to the Parliament
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
Long-awaited amendments to the Law on Protection of Competition No. 4054 ("Competition Law") became a hot topic when the Turkish Parliament announced that the draft law containing the amendments ("Draft Law") was officially added to the drafts and proposals list. The Prime Ministry sent the (...)

The Turkish Competition Board confirms that the geographical scope of an ancillary restraint should be limited to the “area of operation of the seller before the transaction and its natural sales hinterland" (Cementeire Aldo Barbetti / Çimko)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
In Turkey, non-compete obligations may be evaluated under the scope of “agreements that restrict competition” or “abusive conducts of dominant undertakings” (Article 4 and 6 of Law No. 4054 on Protection of Competition (“Law No. 4054”), akin to Article 101 and 102 of TFEU, respectively). However, (...)

Unilateral Practices

The Turkish Competition Board fines a company for resale price maintenance after the Council of State annulled its first decision finding no infringement regarding prepaid card prices (Turkcell II)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
The Turkish Competition Board published its reasoned decision on an additional investigation on whether Turkcell İletişim Hizmetleri A.Ş. has violated the Law No. 4054 on the Protection of Competition through resale price maintenance and exclusivity practices (19-03/23-10; 10.01.2019). The (...)

The Turkish Competition Board fines a consumer electronics company for resale price maintenance on online sales channels (Sony)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case summary includes an analysis of the Turkish Competition Board’s (the “Board”) Sony decision (22.11.2018; 18-44/703-345) in which the Board evaluated the allegations concerning resale price maintenance (“RPM”) against Sony Eurasia Pazarlama A.Ş. (“Sony”) upon complaint of a former distributor (...)

The Turkish Competition Board finds that an online platform services for real estate and vehicle sales abused of its dominant position through implementing excessive prices (Sahibinden)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses the Turkish Competition Board’s (“Board”) recently published Sahibinden.com decision of October 1st, 2018 numbered 18-36/584-285 in which the Board assessed whether Sahibinden Bilgi Teknolojileri Paz. ve Tic. A.Ş. (“Sahibinden.com”) –an online platform which acts as an (...)

The Turkish Competition Board finds abuse of dominant positions in the electricity sector and so imposes fines (Enerjisa)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses the Turkish Competition Board’s (“Board”) recently published Enerjisa decision of 8 August 2018 numbered 18-27/461-224 in which the Board assessed whether Enerjisa and its subsidiaries, all active in the electricity sector in Turkey, violated Article 6 of Law No. 4054 (...)

The Turkish Competition Board rejects exclusivity allegations against a packaged chips producer (Frito Lay)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses the Turkish Competition Board’s (“Board”) Frito Lay decision, dated 12.06.2018 and numbered 18-19/329-163. The Board has recently published its reasoned decision regarding the preliminary investigation that was launched against Frito Lay Gıda San. Tic. A.Ş. (“Frito Lay”) (...)

The Turkish Competition Board fines an electricity distributor and its subsidiary for abuse of dominance (Akdeniz Elektrik)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
Upon a number of complaints, the Turkish Competition Board (the “Board”) opened an in-depth investigation against Akdeniz Elektrik Dağıtım A.Ş. (“Akdeniz Elektrik”), CK Akdeniz Elektrik Perakende Satış A.Ş. (“CK Akdeniz”) and AK DEN Enerji Dağıtım ve Perakende Satış Hizmetleri (“AK DEN”), which were all (...)

The Turkish Competition Board publishes a reasoned decision on pharmaceutical industry (Pharmacists’ Association)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
Introduction The Competition Board recently published a reasoned decision (December 6 2016; 16-42/699-313) following its investigation into whether the Pharmacists’ Association (TEB) and the Pharmacists’ Association Commercial Enterprise (TEBII) had violated Article 6 of Law 4054 on the (...)

The Turkish Competition Board imposes administrative monetary fine on an expo centre operator for abuse of dominance through refusal to deal (Congresium)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses the Turkish Competition Board’s (“Board”) Congresium ATO decision dated 27.10.2016 and numbered 16-35/604-269. The Board’s decision comes following the judgment of the Ankara 3rd Administrative Court which annulled the Board’s previous decision with respect to the same case (...)

The Turkish Competition Board takes legal action against an undertaking for abuse of dominance and restrictive agreements (Soda Sanayii)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
Introduction On April 20 2016 the Turkish Competition Board published reasoned Decision 16-14/205-89, following its preliminary investigation into allegations that Soda Sanayii AŞ had violated: Article 6 of Law 4054 on the Protection of Competition by abusing its dominant position in the basic (...)

The Turkish Competition Board concludes that a new turnover rebate system does not constitute an abuse of dominance in the fuel wholesale market (Tüpraş / Ader)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses the Turkish Competition Board’s (“Board”) TÜPRAŞ decision of 16.03.2016, No. 16-10/159-70. The Board reviewed the allegations of abuse put forward by Akaryakıt Ana Dağıtım Şirketleri Derneği (“ADER”) against Türkiye Petrol Rafinerileri A.Ş. (“TÜPRAŞ”). TÜPRAŞ allegedly abused its (...)

Mergers

The Ankara 9th Administrative Court orders a stay of execution on a port acquisition after the Competition Board’s conditional clearance with behavioural remedies (Kumport)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
Background Limar Liman ve Gemi İşletmeleri A.Ş. (“Limar”), which is controlled by Arkas Holding A.Ş. (“Arkas”) notified to the Turkish Competition Authority (the “Authority”) its acquisition of the sole control over Mardaş Marmara Deniz İşletmeciliği A.Ş. (“Mardaş” or the “Target”) operating the Ambarlı (...)

The Turkish Competition Board assesses the creation of two separate joint ventures by four companies and decides that it is necessary that a merger control review be completed (GE / Sumitomo / Shikoku / Sharjah / Projectco / O&MCO)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
The Turkish Competition Board (" Board ") assessed the creation of two separate JVs by General Electric Company (" GE "), Sumitomo Corporation (" Sumitomo "), Shikoku Electric (" Shikoku "), and Sharjah Asset Management Holding (“ Sharjah ”) for the wholesale trade of electric and the generation (...)

The Turkish Competition Board holds that the indirect changes on the shareholding structures of two companies do not constitute concentrations and grants, therefore, negative clearance to the transaction (Turkland / Groupmed)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
The Turkish Competition Board (“ Board ”) resolved that the transaction would not be deemed as a concentration requiring mandatory merger control filing before the Turkish Competition Authority (the “ Authority ”), given that the transaction would result in shifting alliances. To that end, the (...)

The Turkish Competition Board clears a merger between retailers in the bookselling industry (Turkuvaz / D&R)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses the Turkish Competition Board’s (“ Board ”) decision of May 29th, 2018 numbered 18-16/293-146 in which the Board assessed the acquisition of Doğan Müzik Kitap Mağazacılık Pazarlama AŞ (“ D&R ” or “ Target ”) and its two subsidiaries, namely, Hür Servis Sosyal Hizmetler ve Tic (...)

The Turkish Competition Board approves the acquisition of control over chemical company based on commitments submitted to the EU Commission (Bayer / Monsanto)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
The Turkish Competition Board (“ Board ”) granted conditional approval to the acquisition of sole control over Monsanto Company (“ Monsanto ”) by Bayer Aktiengesellschaft (“ Bayer ”), by way of taking into account the commitments submitted before the European Commission (“ Commission ”). This case (...)

The Turkish Competition Board approves acquisition of IT company subject to a mandatory merger control despite the fact that the transaction does not satisfy the jurisdictional turnover thresholds on a stand-alone basis (Zirve / Mikro)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
By way of taking into account another transaction realized by the same acquirer within the same relevant product market previously, the Turkish Competition Board (“ Board ”) resolved that the contemplated transaction is subject to a mandatory merger control filing, although it does not satisfy (...)

The Turkish Competition Board unconditionally approves the acquisition of sole control realized by way of a reverse-triangular merger (UTC / Rockwell)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
The Turkish Competition Board (“ Board ”) unconditionally approved the acquisition of sole control over Rockwell Collins, Inc. (“ Rockwell ”) by United Technologies Corporation (“ UTC ”) which will be realized by way of a reverse-triangular merger. This case summary concerns an analysis of the (...)

The Turkish Competition Board clears a conglomerate merger by granting unconditional approval to the transaction (Vive / Toyota)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses the Turkish Competition Board’s (the “ Board ”) Vive B.V./Toyota decision of 6 April 2017 numbered 17-12/143-63 regarding the transaction by which Toyota Industries Corporation (“ TICO ”), through its subsidiary Toyota Industries Europe AB (“ Toyota Europe ”) will acquire all (...)

The Turkish Competition Board rules that the existence of a casting vote should not hinder the acquisition of indirect joint control over a company in the healthcare sector (PSPIB / Partners Group)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
“The Turkish Competition Board (“ Board ”) unconditionally approved the transaction concerning the acquisition of joint control over Cerba Healthcare (“ Cerba ”) by Public Sector Pension Investment Board (“ PSPIB ”) and Partners Group AG (“ Partners Group ”). To that end, the Board resolved that a (...)

The Turkish Competition Board introduces substantial amendments to the mergers and acquisitions rules
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
Communique 2017/2 on the Amendment of Communique 2010/4 on Mergers and Acquisitions Subject to the Approval of the Competition Board was published in the Official Gazette on February 24 2017 and entered into force the same day. This update outlines the substantive amendments introduced by (...)

The Turkish Competition Board grants unconditional approval to a merger between a producer and a distributor of paper (International Paper Company / Weyerhaeuser)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses the Turkish Competition Board’s (“ Board ”) International Paper Company / Weyerhaeuser decision of 23 September 2016 numbered 16-31/519-233 on the transaction concerning the acquisition of Weyerhaeuser Company’s paper pulp business unit (“ WHPP ”) through the transfer of (...)

The Turkish Competition Board decides to grant conditional approval to a transaction based on the commitments offered by the acquiring company after evaluating the parties’ market positions and potential anticompetitive concerns (Bekaert / Pirelli)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
The Turkish Competition Board’s (the " Board ") assessed the transaction concerning the acquisition of Pirelli Tyre SpA’s (“ Pirelli ”) steel tire cord business by NV Bekaert SA (" Bekaert ") in Turkey. During the Phase II review, the Board evaluated the parties’ market position and the potential (...)

Procedures

The Turkish Competition Board fines a fertiliser supplier for hindering an on-site inspection (Ege Gübre Sanayii)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
On May 3rd, 2019 the Turkish Competition Board (“Board”) published its reasoned decision dated February 7th, 2019 and numbered 19-06/51-18 with respect to the hindering of the on-site inspection conducted in Ege Gübre Sanayii A.Ş. (“Ege Gübre”). The decision concerns the evaluation on whether Ege (...)

The Turkish Competition Board fines a company for obstructing an on-site inspection by cutting off electricity and preventing internet access (Mosaş)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
Background The Turkish Competition Board (“Board”) initiated a preliminary investigation on March 8, 2018 (Decision No. 18-07/124-M), in the traffic signalization sector. Subsequently, the Turkish Competition Authority’s (“TCA”) case handlers conducted an on-site inspection on June 5, 2018, at the (...)

The Turkish Competition Board fines an undertaking operating in the wholesale market for fresh fruits and vegetables for hindering an on-site inspection (Çekok Gıda)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
This case note analyses the Turkish Competition Board’s (“Board”) Çekok Gıda decision dated 03.07.2017 and numbered 17-20/318-140. The Board had initiated an ex-officio preliminary investigation and assessed allegations that eight undertakings operating in the Turkish wholesale market for fresh (...)

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