The Polish Act on creation and operation of large surface retail facilities deals with land use restriction as a barrier to entry in the retail distribution markets (Act of 11 May 2007)

Introduction 1. What can and cannot be done with land or how it can be used is governed by land use restriction. The present study relates to a type of such limitation namely the act on large surface retail stores. It introduces a limitation in creating new large surface retail facilities, consisting in the obligation to obtain a permit granted by the local government unit, and its impact on the competitiveness on the market. Following a brief presentation of the provisions of the act, there is an assessment of the compliance of this regulation to the competitiveness rules resulting from the European Community Treaty, taking as the basis the position of the European Court of Justice. Moreover, in the study one can find analysis of the effect the regulation may have on the competition on

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