The telecom undertaking Swisscom provides, through its subordinate entity Bluewin, ADSL services (broadband internet) to final consumers (retail market). Furthermore, Swisscom offers the preliminary service which is indispensible for broadband internet. Swisscom/Bluewin's competitors, including Sunrise, Télé2 and Green (wholesale market), are dependent upon such preliminary service in order to offer ADSL services to final consumers. Because of the absence of any actual or potential competition with regard to the preliminary service and given that the competition on the retail market does not have a sufficient disciplinary effect on the wholesale market, Swisscom is
The Swiss Competition Authority fines an ADSL provider for margin squeeze (Swisscom)
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