October 1996

Anticompetitive practices

The EU Commission fines five cross-channel ferry companies for operating a price cartel (Stena-Sealink / Brittany Ferries / Sea France / North Sea Ferries)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
The commission fines five cross-channel ferry companies a total 645,000 ecufor operating a price cartel in 1992* The Commission decided to fine P&O (UK), Stena-Sealink (S), Brittany Ferries (F), Sea France (F) and North Sea Ferries (NL-UK) for having agreed, in 1992, to impose a (...)

The EU Court of Justice upholds that a parent company and its subsidiaries are forming a single economic unit as the subsidiaries do not enjoy real autonomy (Viho)
European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
Case C-73/95 P Viho Europe BV v Commission of the European Communities* 1. When a parent company and its subsidiaries form a single economic unit within which the subsidiaries do not enjoy real autonomy in determining their course of action in the market, but carry out the instructions issued (...)

The EU Court of Justice clarifies the notion of qualitative requirement in a selective distribution system (Leclerc)
European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
Case T-19/92 Groupement d’Achat Edouard Leclerc v Commission of the European Communities* 1. An intervener is not entitled to raise an objection of inadmissibility not set out in the form of order sought by the defendant. 2. A decision granting exemption to a selective distribution system (...)

The EU Court of First Instance annuls a Commission’s decision granting an exemption to the agreement for the Tunnel due to the misinterpretation of the facts of the case (SNCF / British Railways)
European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
Joined Cases T-79/95 and T-80/95 Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer Français and British Railways Board v Commission of the European Communities* A decision which applies the competition rules to an agreement between undertakings in the rail transport sector must be annulled if the legal (...)

The OECD holds a roundtable on competition issues related to sports
OECD - Competition Division (Paris)
Satellite television with dedicated sports channels considerably increased the market for sports broadcasts. Sports bodies and event organisers perceive that they have market power to influence competition among TV channels and the market for sports equipment. Sports federations and leagues (...)

Mergers

The European Commission approves the creation of a joint venture in the television and radio broadcasting sectors (Bertelsmann/CLT)
DG GROW (Brussels)
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European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
"Mergers - Summary of the most important recent developments"* In the television/broadcasting sector, the European Commission decided on 7th October 1996 to declare the creation of the joint venture CLT-UFA compatible with the common market. CLT is the holding company of the CLT group which (...)

State Aid

The EU Commission holds that no aid was involved in the financing of public TV in Portugal (RTP)
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
"Financing of Public TV in Portugal: No aid involved"* The public financing received by the Portuguese public television channel RTP (Radiotelevisão Portuguesa), including payments - averaging some ECU 35 million a year between 1992 and 1995 – in respect of its public service obligations, does (...)

Procedures

The EU Court of Justice states that an appeal may rely only on grounds relating to the infringement of rules of law, to the exclusion of any appraisal of the facts (Roger Tremblay)
European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
Case C-91/95 P Roger Tremblay and Others v Commission of the European Communities* 1. The fact that, contrary to the requirements of Article 112 of the Rules of Procedure of the Court of Justice, an appeal fails to name the other parties to the proceedings before the Court of First Instance (...)

The EU Commission issues a report on the application of the agreement between the EC and the government of the USA on the application of their competition laws
European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
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European Commission - DG COMP (Brussels)
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World Trade Organization (Geneva)
"Report on the application of the agreement"* At the time of Council’s approval of the 1991 Agreement between the European Communities and the Government of the United States of America on the application of their competition laws, the Commission undertook to make an annual report to the (...)

The OECD holds a roundtable on judicial enforcement of competition law
OECD - Competition Division (Paris)
Key documents: Executive Summary with key findings, Detailled Summary of the discussion, Background note Executive summary, by the Secretariat Introduction An effective competition policy is a necessary element in the efficient operation of market economies, and the significance of (...)

Regulatory

The OECD holds a roundtable on application of competition policy to the electricity sector
OECD - Competition Division (Paris)
Key documents: Executive Summary with key findings, Detailled Summary of the discussion, Background note Liberalisation of this sector, underway in many Member countries, can have significant effects and can benefit consumers. Country contributions addressed several questions. Is structural (...)

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