THE AUTORITÉ DE LA CONCURRENCE AND BUNDESKARTELLAMT REPORT ON “ALGORITHMS AND COMPETITION”* I. Introduction Algorithms may raise competition concerns especially when assessing collusive practices. Very often, the term “algorithm” is used improperly. When we imagine the cartels of the future, we are not talking, in fact, about a simple “algorithm”, which in itself is a neutral instrument. Rather, we refer to much more specific techniques for implementing artificial intelligence: we are talking about machine learning algorithms or, better still, of deep learning. The OECD has tried to define algorithmic collusion as thus: “Algorithmic collusion consists in any form of anti-competitive agreement or coordination among competing firms that is facilitated or implemented through means of
The French Competition Authority publishes alongside the German Competition Authority a report on algorithms and competition law
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