Meal Card Companies under the TCA’s Scrutiny: From Full-Functionality to Collusion* Introduction In April 2019, the Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) released its reasoned decision,  as a result of its full-fledged investigation concerning the practices of the companies that operate in the “meal card services” sector.  The TCA found, contrary to its findings in its annulled decision (dated 01.07.2010 and numbered 10-47/862-299), that Sodexo Avantaj ve Ödüllendirme Hizmetleri A.Ş. (“Sodexo”), Edenred Kurumsal Çözümler A.Ş. (“Edenred”), and the joint venture established by those undertakings (namely, Network Servisleri A.Ş. (“Network”)) have breached Article 4 of the Law No 4054 on the Protection of Competition (“Competition Law”) (i.e. the article which prohibits anti-competitive agreements
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