November 1998

Anticompetitive practices

The EU Commission finds that a "beer tie" agreement between a pub landlord and brewer does not fall within article 85(1) (Greene King / Roberts)
Competition Economists Group (CEG)
"Greene King / Roberts"* Mr and Mrs Roberts operate a pub owned by Greene King. They complained in May 1997 to the European Commission asking the Commission to conclude that the beer tie (the obligation to buy most beer they sell only from Greene King, their landlord-brewer) in their lease (...)


The EU Commission clears, subject to remedies, a merger between Swedish and Finnish companies creating the largest integrated paper and board group in the world (Enso / Stora)
DG COMP (Brussels)
"Mergers : Recent Developments and Important Decisions"* In Enso/Stora, the Commission’s initial analysis suggested that oligopoly issues were likely to arise. The merging parties – Enso of Finland and Stora of Sweden, would together make the largest integrated paper and board group in the (...)

The European Commission clears, subject to remedies, a concentration in the markets for concrete and cement (Skanska/Scancem)
DG COMP (Brussels)
"Mergers : Recent Developments and Important Decisions"* In (Skanska/Scancem) the Commission’s investigation focussed on the markets for cement and concrete (both dry and ready-mixed) and concrete products in Sweden, Finland and Norway. The combined market shares produced by the merger were in (...)

The Hungarian Competition Office prohibits a merger in the telecommunications sector (MATÁV/JÁSZ-TEL)
Hungarian Competition Authority (Budapest)
"HUNGARY : MATÁV / JÁSZ-TEL"* The Hungarian Telecommunication joint stock company (hereinafter: MATÁV) notified to the Competition Office its intention of acquiring control over JÁSZ-TEL Telecommunications Developing and Servicing joint stock company (hereinafter: JÁSZ-TEL) by buying 95 per cent of (...)

State Aid

The French Supreme Administrative Court welcomes actions claiming release or reimbursement of a tax financing a State aid in case of absence of notification of the statute setting up the tax (CNIH)
University of Aix-Marseille
Background It is settled case law that the implementation of the system of supervising State aid is a matter for both the Commission and, having regard to the direct effect of the last sentence of article 88 (3) EC, the national courts. The European Court of Justice ruled in two historical (...)

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