May 2019

Anticompetitive practices

The Croatian Competition Authority opens an infringement proceeding against a mass retailer following the detection of several possibly contestable provisions in its contracts concluded with its suppliers (PEMO)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
CCA opens UTPs infringement proceeding against re-seller PEMO* The Croatian Competition Agency (CCA) opened the infringement proceeding against the undertaking PEMO from Dubrovnik after having detected one or more unclear and possibly contestable provisions in the contracts concluded between (...)

The Spanish Competition Authority fines non-university textbook publishers and an association for allegedly creating a mechanism to coordinate commercial policies and terms and conditions of trade (ANELE)
Callol, Coca & Asociados (Madrid)
The NMCC has declared that the association ANELE and all the publishers under investigation have breached Article 1 SCA and Article 101 TFEU, in relation to (i) the adoption and implementation of ANELE’S Code of Conduct (CoC), which restricted promotional activities; and (ii) digital books, due (...)

The French Competition Authority fines companies in the chemical pathology products market for failing to apply the legislative changes brought about by the Lurel Act on the implementation of export agreements (bioMérieux / Guyane Service Médical)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité has fined the companies bioMérieux and Guyane Service Médical for continuing to implement an exclusive import agreement, after the Lurel Act came into force.* Following information submitted by the Directorate General for Competition Policy, the Autorité issues a new decision (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority fines the pharmacists’ order for trying to prevent the emergence of new competitors in the market (Orde der apothekers)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
The Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority condemns “l’Ordre des pharmaciens – Orde der apothekers” for having tried to hinder the development of the MediCare-Market group and imposes a fine of 1 million euros* The Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA) (...)

The Spanish Supreme Court confirms the Spanish Competition Authority decision fining a company for agreements and exchange of strategic information on the prices (Repsol)
Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
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Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
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Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
The Spanish Supreme Court has confirmed the penalty against Repsol for anticompetitive practices consisting in agreements and exchange of strategic information on the prices of fuel in Spain. In the judgement, the Supreme Court has upheld the claims of the State Attorney (central government (...)

The French Competition Authority dismisses audiovisual media group’s claim regarding priority and pre-emption rights for French-language films (Canal Plus Group)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Broadcasting rights for catalogue French films* The Autorité de la concurrence dismisses the case brought by the Canal Plus Group against the practices of TF1, France Télévisions, and M6 on priority and pre-emption rights for French-language films. The Canal Plus Group was claiming that the (...)

The UK Competition Authority provisionally finds that four pharmaceutical companies broke competition law by agreeing not to compete in the supply of an anti-nausea drug (Alliance Pharmaceuticals / Focus / Lexon / Medreich)
British Competition Authority - CMA (London)
Drug firms accused of illegal market sharing over anti-nausea tablets* The CMA has provisionally found that 4 pharmaceutical companies broke the law by agreeing not to compete in the supply of an anti-nausea drug in the UK. In a statement of objections issued today, the Competition and (...)

The EU General Court dismisses appeal in the car battery recycling cartel case (Recylex / Fonderie et Manufacture de Métaux / Harz-Metall)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 23 May 2019, the General Court delivered a judgment in which it dismissed the appeal lodged by Recylex against the European Commission’s (“Commission”) decision in the car battery recycling cartel case (Case T-222/17, Recylex and Others v. Commission). In February 2017, the Commission imposed (...)

The French Competition Authority fines a company for obstructing the conduct of inspections in the sectors of engineering and technology consulting, IT services and software publishing (Akka technologies)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Engineering, IT services and software oublishing* The Akka technologies Group is fined a total of 900 000 euros for obstructing the conduct of inspections made by the Autorité On 8 November 2018, the Autorité de la concurrence have raided the premises of companies and organisations in the (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority carries out unannounced inspections in the retail sector
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
The Belgian Competition Authority confirms the inspections at retail chains* The Investigation and Prosecution Service of the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA) confirms that the BCA is conducting inspections at the premises of some companies active in the retail sector. These companies are (...)

The Hungarian Competition Authority fines a retailer for fixing the online retail prices of its products (Husqvarna Magyarország)
Hungarian Competition Authority (Budapest)
The GVH imposes a fine of HUF 100 million on Husqvarna Magyarország Kft. for fixing the online retail prices of its products* The Gazdasági Versenyhivatal (the Hungarian Competition Authority, GVH) imposed a fine of HUF 111 million (approx. EUR 330 thousand) on Husqvarna Magyarország Kft. because (...)

The EU Commission imposes fines totalling over € 1 billion on banks for their involvement in two separate cartels on the spot foreign exchange markets (Barclays / RBS / Citigroup / JPMorgan / MUFG Bank)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 16 May 2019, the European Commission adopted two decisions under its cartel settlement procedure, in which it imposed fines totalling € 1.07 billion on five banks for their involvement in two separate cartels on the spot foreign exchange markets for eleven currencies. The banks involved in (...)

The EU Commission fines five banks for participating in foreign exchange spot trading cartel (Barclays / RBS / Citigroup / JPMorgan / MUFG)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission fines Barclays, RBS, Citigroup, JPMorgan and MUFG €1.07 billion for participating in foreign exchange spot trading cartel* In two settlement decisions, the European Commission has fined five banks for taking part in two cartels in the Spot Foreign Exchange market for 11 (...)

The Cypriot Competition Authority fines several companies for bid-rigging in the supply and transportation of ready-mix concrete market (Mattheos Ioannou Ready Mix Concrete / C. Kythreotis Skyrodema / Skyramix...)
Commission for the Protection of Competition of the Republic of Cyprus (Nycosia)
The Commission for the Protection of Competition with its decision imposed on the following undertakings: 1. Mattheos Ioannou Ready Mix Concrete Ltd, 2. C.Kythreotis Skyrodema Ltd, 3. Skyramix Ltd, 4. Athinodorou & Poullas Super Beton Ltd, 5.Top Mix Concrete Ltd, 6. I & S Kritonis (...)

The EU Commission opens investigation into an insurance association in Ireland to assess whether the conditions of access to its Insurance Link data pooling system may restrict competition (Insurance Ireland)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission opens investigation into Insurance Ireland data pooling system* The European Commission has opened a formal antitrust investigation into Insurance Ireland to assess whether the conditions of access to its Insurance Link data pooling system may restrict competition, in (...)

The EU Commission opens formal investigation into insurance provider to determine whether its access to a data pooling system may breach EU law competition rules (Insurance Ireland)
Norton Rose Fulbright (Brussels)
EU COMMISSION INVESTIGATES INSURANCE INFORMATION EXCHANGE* On May 14, the European Commission announced the opening of a formal antitrust investigation into Insurance Ireland to assess whether the conditions of access to its InsuranceLink data pooling system may restrict competition, in breach (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority confirms dawn raids in the healthcare sector
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
AdC confirms dawn raids in the healthcare sector* The Autoridade da Concorrência (AdC) - Portuguese Competition Authority confirms it has carried out dawn raids in eight locations of nine entities in the healthcare sector in Lisbon, Porto and Algarve, following suspicions of anticompetitive (...)

The French Competition Authority dismisses the complaint filed by several garage owners against an automobile constructor (Hyundai)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Automotive aftermarket* The Autorité de la concurrence dismisses the complaint filed by several garage owners against Hyundai The complaint filed by the garage owners Three car garages referred a case to the Autorité de la concurrence regarding practices that would have been implemented by (...)

The Belgian Markets Court dismisses an appeal against Belgian Competition Authority’s interim measures decision and explains limits of its jurisdiction (The Great Circle)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 8 May 2019, the Markets Court of the Brussels Court of Appeal rejected as inadmissible the appeal lodged by The Great Circle against the decision of the Belgian Competition Authority (“BCA”) to reject its request for interim measures against the Royal Meteorological Institute of Belgium (...)

The Hague Court of Appeal delivers its judgment in a case regarding an alleged infringement of patent which was considered essential to the UMTS standard (Philips / ASUS)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 7 May 2019, the Court of Appeal of the Hague delivered its judgment in a case pitting Philips against ASUS regarding the alleged infringement of Philips’ European patent EP 1 623 511, which was considered essential to the High Speed Uplink Packet Access (“HSUPA”) protocol of the Universal (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority dismisses a complaint that a company violated competition rules in the transport market (HŽ Infrastruktura)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
HŽ Infrastruktura – lack of standing to act* The Croatian Competition Agency (CCA) received an anonymous complaint regarding the alleged infringement of competition rules by the undertaking HŽ Infrastruktura d.o.o. within the meaning of Competition Act. The anonymous complainant basically stated (...)

The Danish City Court of Hillerod fines a demolition company for exchanging prices with a competing company in four cases (Nedrivningsaktieselskabet J. Jensen)
Danish Competition and Consumer Authority (Copenhagen)
Denmark: Demolition Company fined DKK 1 million in bid rigging case* The City Court of Hillerød has fined the demolition company Nedrivningsaktieselskabet J. Jensen DKK 1 million for exchanging prices with a competing demolition company in four cases. Moreover, the City Court fined two members (...)

Unilateral Practices

The Spanish Competition Authority fines a collecting company for abuse of dominant position in the management and exploitation of IP rights (SGAE)
Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
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Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
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Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
The CNMC has fined SGAE (“Sociedad General de Autores y Editores”) with EUR 2.95 million for abusing its dominant position in the market of management and exploitation of musical and audio-visual intellectual property rights. The CNMC investigation started in 2017, following several complaints. (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority finds that the Croatian Taekwondo Federation did not abuse of its dominant position (Hrvatskog taekwondo saveza)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
Croatian Taekwondo Federation did not abuse dominant position* The Croatian Competition Agency (CCA) found that the latter that was sent by the Croatian Taekwondo Federation (CTF) to all its members including the complainant – the undertaking LMK, potentially limited access only to a smaller (...)

The Spanish Competition Authority fines a company for abuse of dominant position in the management and exploitation of intellectual property rights of authors and publishers of musical and audiovisual works (SGAE)
Callol, Coca & Asociados (Madrid)
The NMCC has fined the Spanish Society of Authors, Composers and Publishers (SGAE) €2.95 million for abusing its dominant position in the management and exploitation of intellectual property rights of authors and publishers of musical and audiovisual works (Articles 2 SCA and 102 TFEU). The (...)

The Swedish Appeal Court confirms dismissal of Competition Authority action against a stock exchange company for alleged abuse of dominant position (Nasdaq)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 28 June 2019, the Swedish Patent and Market Court of Appeal (the “Appeal Court”) upheld a ruling of the Swedish Patent and Market Court that rejected an action brought by the Swedish Competition Authority (Konkurrensverket or “KKV”) against Nasdaq Stockholm Aktiebolag and several affiliated (...)

The Italian Competition Authority launches an investigation against a search engine company suspected to abuse of its dominant position (Google)
Italian Competition Authority (Rome)
ICA: investigation launched against Google for alleged abuse of a dominant position* n the meeting of 8 May 2019, the Italian Competition Authority decided to launch an investigation against Alphabet Inc., Google LLC and Google Italy S.r.l. (indicated together as Google) to ascertain an (...)

The EU Commission fines a beer company abusing its dominant position through restrictions of cross-border sales (AB InBev)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission fines AB InBev €200 million for restricting cross-border sales of beer* The European Commission has fined AB InBev €200 409 000 for breaching EU antitrust rules. AB InBev, the world’s biggest beer company, has abused its dominant position on the Belgian beer market by (...)

The EU Commission fines a company for abusing its dominant position on the Belgian market by restricting cheaper imports of beer from the Netherlands into Belgium (AB InBev)
Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
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Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
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Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
The Commission has imposed a fine on AB Inveb for abusing its dominant position on the Belgian market by restricting cheaper imports of Jupiler beer from the Netherlands into Belgium AB Inveb is the largest beer brewer in the world. In Belgium, AB Inveb’s most popular beer is Jupiler, (...)

The EU Commission fines a company for restricting cross-border sales in the Belgian beer market (AB InBev)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 13 May 2019, the European Commission (the “Commission”) announced that it had issued a decision imposing a fine of just over € 200 million on AB InBev for breaching Article 102 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (“TFEU”). According to the Commission, AB InBev abused its dominant (...)

Mergers

The Polish Competition Authority conditionally clears merger between two cinema operators (Multikino / Cinema 3D)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
Conditional consent: Multikino - Cinema 3D* UOKiK gave consent to Multikino taking over Cinema 3D. The transaction may take place provided that the cinema of the acquired company will be sold in Galeria Morena in Gdańsk. The parties to the transaction are cinema operators. Multikino runs 32 (...)

The EU General Court rejects a legal challenge to conditional clearance of a joint venture in the wholesale provision of premium pay-TV sports channels market (Vodafone / Liberty Global)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 23 May 2019, the General Court of the European Union (“GC”) rejected a legal challenge brought against the European Commission’s (“Commission”) conditional clearance of the Liberty Global / Vodafone joint venture in the Netherlands by rival KPN (see VBB on Competition Law, Volume 2016, No. 8). (...)

The Czech Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the bread market (Agrofert / Ub Holding)
Czech Competition Authority (Brno)
AGROFERT IS ALLOWED TO TAKE OVER UNITED BAKERIES, BUT IT HAS TO SELL OFF SEVERAL FACILITIES* On 23 May 2019, the Office for the Protection of Competition issued a decision approving AGROFERT a.s. to take sole control over UB HOLDING a.s. and its subsidiary UNITED BAKERIES a.s., subject to a (...)

The Polish Competition Authority clears merger subject to the resulting corporate group’s accepting to sell two fuel stations (BP Europa / Arge Paliwa / Arge Nieruchomości)
Polish Competition Authority (Warsaw)
Conditional approval for concentration: BP - Arge* The Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (UOKiK) issued an approval for acquisition, by BP Europa, of control over Arge Paliwa and Arge Nieruchomości. The Transaction may become effective under the condition that the acquiring company (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the poultry slaughterhouses market despite very high market shares (Les Volailles Rémi Ramon / Sofral / LDC Volaille)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Poultry industry* The Autorité de la concurrence gives clearance to the takeover of poultry slaughterhouses Les Volailles Rémi Ramon and Sofral by the LDC group (Le Gaulois, Maître Coq et Fermiers de Loué), which contributes to strengthening the French poultry sector. Background The Autorité (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the sector of retail distribution of clothing and footwear (The Kooples / Maus Frères)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Clothing and footwear* The Autorité de la concurrence clears the takeover of the company The Kooples Group by the group Maus Frères (Lacoste, Aigle and Gant) On 17 April 2019, the group Maus Frères notified the Autorité de la concurrence his project of taking over the company The Kooples Group. (...)

The Italian Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the retail pay-TV market (Sky / R2)
Italian Competition Authority (Rome)
ICA: authorisation with measures of the Sky/R2 merger (branch of Mediaset Premium)* On 20 May 2019, the Italian Competition Authority (AGCM) has concluded its investigation regarding the acquisition of certain assets of the digital terrestrial pay-TV owned by Mediaset Premium S.p.A. by Sky (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the metalworking market (Ascoval / British Steel)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Metalworking industry* The Autorité de la concurrence clears the takeover of the Ascoval company by the British Steel group. After the decision of the Strasbourg General court of first instance of 2 May 2019, which validated the takeover of the steel plant Ascoval by the British Steel group, (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the TV channels platforms market (De Vijver Media / Telenet)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
The Competition College of the BCA has approved conditionally the acquisition of sole control of De Vijver Media by Telenet* the Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA) has approved conditionally on 13 May 2019 the acquisition of sole control by Telenet Group BVBA (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation regarding a merger in the audiovisual sector (Telia / Bonnier Broadcasting)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission opens in-depth investigation into Telia Company’s proposed acquisition of Bonnier Broadcasting* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed acquisition of Bonnier Broadcasting by Telia Company under the EU Merger Regulation. The (...)

The Mexican Competition Authority submits to public consultation the draft modifications to the guidelines for concentration notification via electronic means and the draft modifications of the regulatory provisions on the use of electronic means
Mexican Competition Authority (Mexico City)
COFECE submits for public consultation the modification to the Guidelines for Concentration Notification via Electronic Means and the Regulatory Provisions on the Use of Electronic Means* • The consultation period for the Guidelines is 30 working days, while the period for the Provisions is 20 (...)

The Czech Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the distribution market of non-original spare parts for light vehicles (LKQ / Heptus 292)
Czech Competition Authority (Brno)
THE OFFICE APPROVED THE MERGER OF LKQ AND HEPTUS 292 ON THE DISTRIBUTION MARKET OF NON-ORIGINAL SPARE PARTS, SUBJECT TO COMMITMENTS* On 10 May 2019, the Office for the Protection of Competition issued a decision authorizing LKQ German Holdings GmbH to take sole control over the company heptus (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger in the book retail sector (Thalia / Mayersche Buchhandlung)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Merger between Thalia and Mayersche Buchhandlung cleared* The Bundeskartellamt has today cleared the merger between the two bookstore chains Thalia and Mayersche Buchhandlung. Thalia and Mayersche are both large bookstore chains which altogether operate 288 bookstores in Germany. Andreas (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority clears a merger in the sugar market within the context of full liberalization and abolition of production caps on sugar beet in the internal market (Viro Grupa / Tvornica šećera Osijek)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
CCA clears joint venture in sugar market created by Viro Grupa and Tvornica šećera Osijek* The concentration on the basis of which a joint venture is created in the sugar production and the wholesale business means the consolidation of the sugar market in Croatia as a result of full (...)

The German Competition Authority prohibits a merger in the printing industry (MBO / Heidelberger Druckmaschinen)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt prohibits acquisition of MBO group by Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG* Bonn, 7 May 2019: The Bundeskartellamt has today prohibited the proposed acquisition of all the shares in HB Vermögensverwaltungsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG by Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG. HB (...)

State Aid

The EU General Court annuls the Commission decision ordering Spain to recover € 18 million of incompatible State aid (Real Madrid)
Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
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Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
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Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
On 22 May 2019, the General Court rendered its judgment on the action for annulment filed by Real Madrid against the Commission Decision of 4 July 2018 that (i) declared that the football club had been granted incompatible State aid worth EUR 18 million; and (ii) ordered Spain to recover this (...)

The EU General Court holds that the Commission was wrong to classify as State aid a progressive tax on the retail sector involving a high starting threshold (Polish tax on the retail sector)
Simmons & Simmons (Amsterdam)
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Simmons & Simmons (Brussels)
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Simmons & Simmons (London)
The EU’s General Court has rejected the EU Commission’s classification of a Polish tax on the retail sector as State aid: Poland v Commission (Joined Cases T-836/16 and T-624/17). The fact that the tax was progressive in nature with a high threshold was not sufficient to meet the requirement that (...)

The EU Commission approves provisionally under EU State aid rules the support granted by Slovakia to an electric utility company (Slovenské Elektrárne)
DG COMP (Brussels)
State aid: Commission approves provisional measure ensuring security of local electricity supply in Slovakia* The European Commission has approved under EU State aid rules the compensation granted by Slovakia to electric utility company Slovenské Elektrárne a.s. for temporarily supplying a (...)

The EU Court of Justice provides guidance on the assessment of violations of free movement of capital in relation to State aid scheme (A-Fonds)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 2 May 2019, the Court of Justice of the EU (“ECJ”) delivered a judgment on a request for a preliminary ruling by the Dutch Court of Appeal of ’s-Hertogenbosch. The request was made in proceedings between A-Fonds, an investment undertaking governed by German law, and the Dutch tax (...)

Procedures

The Spanish Supreme Court issues judgement on the principle of individual nature of fines by affirming a €42 million fine to the parent company of an energy group (Repsol)
Callol, Coca & Asociados (Madrid)
In 2015, the NMCC imposed two fines on Repsol S.A. (Repsol), the parent company of the energy group, amounting to €20 and €22.5 million for coordinating prices through exchanges of information with competitors and for fixing of fuel prices at service stations, respectively. Repsol appealed the (...)

The Italian Supreme Court clarifies the evidentiary value of a competition infringement established by the Bank of Italy in follow-on actions (Bosco / Banca Popolare di Bergamo)
Desogus Law Office (Cagliari)
Introduction By the judgment handed down in Bosco v Banca Popolare di Bergamo, the Italian Court of Cassation has considered the evidentiary value of a decision made by the Bank of Italy concerning an anti-competitive practice in the banking sector. The question addressed by the Court of (...)

The International Competition Network adopts framework for competition Agency procedures and new recommended practices for investigative process
International Competition Network (ICN)
Today, the International Competition Network (ICN) concluded its 18th annual conference with approval of new work on procedural fairness, vertical mergers, enforcement cooperation, agency organizational design, leniency, private enforcement, and vertical restraints. The conference took place (...)

The US Supreme Court rejects an attempt to block consumer claims against a big tech company under indirect-purchaser rule (Apple / Pepper)
Constantine Cannon (New York)
Apple v. Pepper: Supreme Court Rejects Attempt to Block Consumer Claims Under Indirect-Purchaser Rule* The Supreme Court on Monday issued a much-anticipated decision in the Apple v. Pepper case, where iPhone owners are accusing Apple of monopolizing the retail market for iOS applications, or (...)

The US Supreme Court holds that the claims of consumers purchasing apps from a big tech app store may proceed as they are direct purchasers of the big tech company (Apple / Pepper)
Covington & Burling (Washington)
Appellate and Supreme Court On May 13, 2019, the Supreme Court (“the Court”) announced its 5-4 decision in Apple, Inc. v. Pepper, permitting iPhone users to proceed with an antitrust suit against Apple alleging that it monopolized the retail market for iPhone apps. The Court emphasized that it (...)

The US Supreme Court rejects an attempt to block consumer claims against a big tech company under the indirect-purchaser rule (Apple / Pepper)
Jones Day (Sillicon Valley)
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Jones Day (Houston)
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Jones Day (Los Angeles)
In May 2019, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a 5–4 decision in Apple v. Pepper, one of the Court’s most significant antitrust rulings of the last several years. In a majority opinion authored by Justice Kavanaugh, the Court held that iPhone owners who purchased software applications (“apps”) from (...)

The Milan Court provides guidance on the application of the Italian Code of Civil Procedure to a private enforcement action following the decision of the EU Commission imposing fines on a truck cartel (Torchiani / Tecnofoodpack / Iveco)
Rucellai & Raffaelli (Milan)
1.- Introduction After the adoption of the European Commission Decision, on 19 July 2016, imposing fines of over 2.9 billion Euro on the most important truck manufacturers (i.e. the so-called case AT.39824 – Trucks), a copious series of antitrust damages actions have been promoted all over (...)

Regulatory

The French Competition Authority launches a thematic study on trade union and professional bodies
French Competition Authority (Paris)
The Autorité de la concurrence launches a thematic study on trade union and professional bodies* The directive No. 2019/1 (known as "ECN +"), published in the OJEU on 14 January 2019, aims to provide competition authorities with the means to implement the competition rules more effectively and (...)

The Mexican Competition Authority launches a market study in retail food and beverage sector
Mexican Competition Authority (Mexico City)
COFECE initiates market study in retail food and beverage sector* • COFECE’s electronic mail address: estudiocomercio@cofece.mx is made available to receive any element deemed relevant for the assessment of the sector, from a competition perspective. • The study may identify market structures, (...)

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