China's Leniency Program Taking a Hazy Shape* Leniency program is an effective tool in exposing cartels. This has been confirmed by over 20 antitrust jurisdictions having leniency program around the world. China joined the club on August 1, 2008, when the Anti-Monopoly Law of PRC (“AML”) came into effect. For the first time, AML expressly recognized leniency program in its intention to condemn monopoly agreements. However, AML only makes a passing reference to the policy in which “undertakings who voluntarily report to antitrust enforcement authorities on monopoly agreements and advance key evidence MAY be reduced or exempted from penalties”. Thus, it takes China’s trust busters to fashion rules to implement leniency policy. In China, two government agencies have shared responsibilities
The Chinese State Administration for Industry and Commerce (SAIC) issues new draft rules under the Chinese Anti-monopoly law increasing flexibility on leniency program
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