On 17 March 2022, the Belgian Act transposing the ECN+ Directive and also introducing further amendments into the Belgian Competition Act entered into force. It has introduced merger filing fees, fines for failure to notify mergers and a number of procedural changes that allow a more efficient enforcement and an improved cooperation within the ECN Network. Context The enforcement of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU has for a long time been carried out exclusively by the European Commission. Under Council Regulation (EC) No 1/2003, the Member States’ national competition authorities (NCAs) carry out the public enforcement of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU in parallel with the Commission. Together, the NCAs and the European Commission form the “European Competition Network” (“ECN”) and in close
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