In 2001, the Bundeskartellamt conducted a series of dawn raids and discovered the existence of a cartel in the cement industry in Germany. Cement producers had divided the market, reaching agreements on sales quotas. This cartel had been operating at least since the beginning of the 1990s. In April and December 2003, the Bundeskartellamt fined 12 cement producers for a total of €702 million, and the fine for the six largest cement companies amounted to €660 million. This represents the largest fine ever for such an infringement in Germany. Several parties appealed the decision in front of the Higher Regional Court of Düsseldorf. In 2009, the Court confirmed the findings that cement producers had formed a cartel, but it reduced the fines significantly because the Bundeskartellamt used
The German Competition Authority gets confirmation by the Higher Regional Court of Düsseldorf to halves the fines to the cement cartel based on the result of an independent economic analysis (Cement Cartel)
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