On 1 July 2021, the Paris Court of Appeal largely confirmed an earlier decision of the French Competition Authority (“FCA”) finding that French endive producers’ organisations and associations had infringed Article 101 TFEU, but significantly reduced the amount of the fines imposed on them due to the uncertain interplay between EU competition law and the EU Common Agricultural Policy (“CAP”). On 6 March 2012, the FCA imposed fines totalling € 4 million on several French endive producers’
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