July 2019

Anticompetitive practices

The French Competition Authority rejects the referral filed by an online content hosting service regarding practices of several companies in the online payment sector (1fichier.com / Groupement des Cartes Bancaires / Visa / Mastercard)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Online payment* The Autorité de la concurrence rejects, in the absence of solid evidence, the referral filed by the online content hosting service Dstorage (1fichier.com) regarding practices of several companies in the payment methods sector, notably the Groupement des Cartes Bancaires, Visa (...)

The EU Commission closes a proceeding against a Slovak railway company suspected to have obstructed an inspection (ZSSK)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission closes proceedings against Slovak rail company ZSSK related to an inspection* On 25 September 2018, the European Commission sent a Statement of Objections to the Slovak rail company ZSSK. The Commission informed ZSSK about its preliminary view that the company obstructed (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority fines a brewing company for engaging in resale price maintenance practices in hotels, restaurants and cafés (Super Bock)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
AdC sanctioned Super Bock for fixing minimum resale prices in hotels, restaurants and cafes* The AdC (Autoridade da Concorrência) sanctioned Super Bock Bebidas S.A., one board member and one director of the company to fines of €24 million for fixing minimum resale prices and other commercial (...)

The Competition Commission of India finds no collusion of multiplex cinema operators and their association (Unilazer / VPF)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
The CCI rejected at prima facie stage a complaint by Unilazer Ventures (Unilazer), a film content creation company, that a number of multiplex cinema operators and their association had colluded in relation to the imposition of a Virtual Print Fee (VPF), revenue sharing arrangements, delays in (...)

The Mexican Competition Authority fines tortilla-producing associations for price-fixing and market sharing (Unión Palenque / Unión Flor de Maíz / Asociación de la Industriade la Masa)
Mexican Competition Authority (Mexico City)
COFECE sanctions 5 natural persons and 3 tortilla-producing associations for price fixing and the segmentation of the corn tortilla market in the municipality of Palenque, in the state of Chiapas* • The sanctioned economic agents fixed prices per kilogram of tortilla in a range of 10 to 17 (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority accuses two advertisers associations of restricting competition in the advertisement services market by setting rules to prevent the participation of its associates in tenders (APAN / APAP)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
AdC accuses Portuguese advertisers and advertising agencies of limiting the normal functioning of the market* The AdC (Autoridade da Concorrência) accuses the Portuguese advertisers association APAN (Associação Portuguesa de Anunciantes) and the advertising agencies association APAP (Associação (...)

The EU Commission opens investigation into the allegedly anticompetitive conduct of a multinational online platform focused on e-commerce (Amazon)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission opens investigation into possible anti-competitive conduct of Amazon* The European Commission has opened a formal antitrust investigation to assess whether Amazon’s use of sensitive data from independent retailers who sell on its marketplace is in breach of EU competition (...)

The EU Court of Justice dismisses appeal against the judgment of the General Court that had annulled the fines imposed by the Commission in the Yen Interest Rate Derivatives cartel case (ICAP)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 10 July 2019, the Court of Justice of the European Union (the “ECJ”) delivered a judgment on an appeal lodged by the European Commission (the “Commission”) against the judgment of the General Court (the “GC”) that had annulled the fines imposed by the Commission on ICAP in the Yen Interest Rate (...)

The EU Commission fines a company for restricting cross-border sales of merchandising products (Sanrio)
Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
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Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
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Gomez Acebo & Pombo (Brussels)
The investigation of the Commission has found that Sanrio banned traders from selling licensed merchandise of Hello Kitty and other characters outside their territorial coverage but within the European Economic Area (“EEA”). Sanrio is a Japanese company that designs, licenses, produces and sells (...)

The EU Commission fines a company for restricting cross-border sales of merchandising products featuring their brand characters (Sanrio)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission fines Sanrio €6.2 million for restricting cross-border sales of merchandising products featuring Hello Kitty characters* The European Commission has fined Sanrio €6.2 million for banning traders from selling licensed merchandise to other countries within the EEA. This (...)

The EU Commission fines a company €6.2 million for restricting cross-border sales of merchandising products (Sanrio)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 9 July 2019, the Japanese company Sanrio was fined € 6.2 million by the European Commission (“Commission”) for infringing Article 101 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union by restricting cross-border sales by its licensees. According to the Commission’s press release, the case (...)

The French Competition Authority fines a distribution cooperative of raw materials and equipment to bakers for market sharing (Back Europ)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Distribution of raw materials and equipment to bakers* The Autorité hands down fines to the cooperative Back Europ for having organised, on the whole of France, a geographical market distribution between its members. L’essentiel The Autorité hands down fines to the cooperative Back Europ for (...)

The French Competition Authority fines a cooperative for having partitioned French distribution market of raw materials and equipment to bakers (Back Europ)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 8 July 2019, the French Competition Authority (the “FCA”) imposed a fine of € 1.7 million on the cooperative Back Europ for having partitioned the French market for the distribution of raw materials and equipment to bakers for 30 years. Back Europ is a cooperative that operates in the market (...)

The EU Commission re-adopts decision for third time and imposes fines totalling more than € 16 million on steel producers (Steel bar cartel)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 4 July 2019, the European Commission (the “Commission”) adopted for the third time a cartel decision in which it imposed total fines of more than € 16 million on five Italian manufacturers of reinforcing steel bars for concrete, namely AlfaAcciai, Feralpi Holding, Ferriere Nord, Partecipazioni (...)

The UK Competition Authority announces the start of a formal market study into online platforms and the UK market for digital advertising
Simmons & Simmons (London)
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Simmons & Simmons (London)
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Simmons & Simmons (London)
What is the Study about? The Study is broad in scope and aims to examine three potential sources of harm in connection with the digital advertising market: i) to what extent online platforms have market power in user-facing markets and what impact this has on consumers; ii) whether consumers (...)

The French Competition Authority carries out unannounced inspections in the sector of crystal components distribution
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Dawn raids* The General Rapporteur of the Autorité de la concurrence indicates that unannounced inspections have been carried out in the sector of crystal components distribution. Following authorization from the liberty and custody judge, the investigation services of the Autorité de la (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority carries out unannounced inspections in the waste management sector
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
Autoridade da Concorrência carried out dawn raids in the waste management sector* The Autoridade da Concorrência (AdC) – Portuguese Competition Authority carried out dawn raids in two premises of seven undertakings in the waste management sector in the district of Lisbon on suspicions of (...)

The French Competition Authority fines a bicycle manufacturer for having prohibited authorised retailers from selling its bicycles online (Bikeurope)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Online bicycle sales* The Autorité de la concurrence has fined Bikeurope for having prohibited its authorised retailers from selling its bicycles online Background Following documents sent by the French Directorate General for Competition Policy, Consumer Affairs and Fraud Control (Direction (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority warns that firms are responsible for the algorithms they use to coordinate market prices
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
The AdC warns that using algorithms to coordinate market prices is incompatible with the Portuguese Competition Law* The Portuguese Competition Authority (Autoridade da Concorrência, AdC) warns that firms are responsible for the algorithms they use and that employing these tools with the aim of (...)

The French Competition Authority fines a bicycle manufacturer € 250,000 for online sales restrictions (Bikeurope)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 1 July 2019, the French Competition Authority (“FCA”) imposed a fine of € 250,000 on Trek Bicycle Corporation and its subsidiary Bikeurope B.V. (together “Bikeurope”) for having prohibited its authorised retailers from selling its bicycles online from 2007 to 2014, a restriction by object that (...)

Unilateral Practices

The Competition Commission of India rejects a complaint according to which an online booking accommodation provider abused of its dominant position (RKG Hospitality / OYO)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
In a case with important implications for the budget hotel sector, the CCI rejected at prima facie stage a complaint by RKG Hospitality, a hotelier, that Oravel Stays (OYO), which provides budget accommodation through online booking, had abused its dominant position by imposing one-sided, (...)

The Competition Commission of India dismisses claim submitted against a leading insurance company and closes the case at prima facie stage (Indian Chemical Council / General Insurance Corporation of India)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
The CCI rejected at prima facie stage a complaint by the Indian Chemical Council (ICC) that a leading reinsurer, the General Insurance Corporation of India (GIC), had abused its dominant position. The ICC alleged that GIC was, with its very high market share, dominant in the overall (...)

The EU Commission fines a chipmaker company €242 million for predatory pricing in the market of 3G baseband chipsets (Qualcomm)
Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (London)
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Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (London)
On 18 July 2019, the European Commission (“EC”) fined Qualcomm for abusing its market dominance by selling 3G baseband chipsets below cost, to force its competitor Icera out of the market. The EC found that Qualcomm sold three of its UMTS (a 3G standard) chipsets at predatory levels between (...)

The EU Commission fines a company €242 million for engaging in predatory pricing in the market for 3G baseband chipsets (Qualcomm)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 18 July 2019, the Commission announced that it had adopted a decision against Qualcomm for abusing a dominant position in the market for 3G baseband chipsets, and imposed a fine of € 242 million. According to the Commission, Qualcomm’s prices to certain key customers were below its costs with (...)

The German Competition Authority obtains amendments of seller rules active on a major online marketplace (Amazon)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt obtains far-reaching improvements in the terms of business for sellers on Amazon’s online marketplaces* In response to the competition concerns expressed by the Bundeskartellamt, Amazon is amending its terms of business for sellers on Amazon’s online marketplaces. Andreas (...)

The German Competition Authority ends an abuse probe after an online market place agrees to changing business terms for dealers (Amazon)
Heinz & Zagrosek (Köln)
Bundeskartellamt ends abuse probe after Amazon agrees to changing business terms for dealers* On July 17, 2019, the German Bundeskartellamt (Federal Cartel Office, “FCO”) terminated its dominance probe into Amazon’s business terms towards sellers on its marketplace after Amazon agreed to various (...)

The Austrian Federal Competition Authority and the German Federal Cartel Office close their respective abuse of dominance investigations after the company committed to changing contract terms (Amazon)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 17 July 2019, the Austrian Federal Competition Authority and the German Federal Cartel Office closed their respective abuse of dominance investigations against Amazon, after Amazon committed to changing contract terms. Throughout the years 2017 and 2018, both competition authorities had (...)

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit affirms directed verdict following rare price discrimination trial (Spartan Concrete Products / Argos USVI)
Jones Day (Washington DC)
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Jones Day (Cleveland)
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Jones Day (Washington DC)
Failure to show antitrust injury proved fatal to price discrimination claims as the Third Circuit affirmed a directed verdict in favor of cement company, Argos USVI, in a case brought by its customer, ready-mix concrete company Spartan Concrete Products ("Spartan"). This decision highlights (...)

Mergers

The Spanish Competition Authority initiates second-phase examination in connection with an acquisition of a white cement production base (Çimsa / Cemex)
ACTECON (Istanbul)
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ACTECON (Istanbul)
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ACTECON (Istanbul)
Çimsa Çimento ve San. ve Tic. A.Ş. (“ Çimsa ”), a Turkey based international cement manufacturer has made a notification to the National Commission on Markets and Competition (“ CNMC ” in Spanish) on 05.06.2019 for its agreement with CEMEX S.A.B. de C.V (“ Cemex ”), aimed to purchase Cemex’s Buñol (...)

The French Competition Authority clears, subject to remedies, a merger between two agricultural cooperatives (D’Aucy / Triskalia)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Agricultural cooperatives* The Autorité de la concurrence clears, subject to several conditions, the merger of agricultural cooperatives D’Aucy and Triskalia Background Agricultural and agrifood cooperative groups D’Aucy and Triskalia notified the Autorité de la concurrence of their planned (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the magazines market (Mondadori / Reworld Media)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Magazines* The Autorité de la concurrence clears, subject to conditions, the acquisition of Mondadori France (Biba, Grazia, Modes & Travaux) by Reworld Media (Marie France, Maison & Travaux, Auto Moto) Background Press group Reworld Media notified the Autorité of its planned (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the jewellery market (Mauboussin / Guérin Joaillerie / Galeries Lafayette / CFN)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Jewellery industry* The Autorité clears the acquisitions of Mauboussin and Guérin Joaillerie by Galeries Lafayette and La Compagnie Financière Nemarq & Co Background The Autorité de la concurrence approves the acquisition of joint control by the group Galeries Lafayette and La Compagnie (...)

The EU Commission conditionally clears a merger in the cable network market in four countries (Vodafone / Liberty Global)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 18 July 2019, the European Commission (“Commission”) conditionally approved Vodafone’s acquisition of Liberty Global’s cable network business in four countries (Czechia, Germany, Hungary and Romania). In order to address competition concerns identified mainly in Germany regarding the ability of (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the telecommunication market (Vodafone / Liberty Global)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission clears Vodafone’s acquisition of Liberty Global’s cable business in Czechia, Germany, Hungary and Romania, subject to conditions* The European Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, the proposed acquisition by Vodafone of Liberty Global’s cable business in (...)

The Italian Competition Authority conditionally approves a banking merger upon a divestiture remedy (BPER / Unipol Banca)
Desogus Law Office (Cagliari)
In the BPER/Unipol Banca case the Italian Competition Authority (ICA) has conditionally authorized the acquisition of Unipol Banca Spa (UP) by BPER Banca Spa (BPER) . The ICA took the view that the proposed merger might restrain competition in many banking markets in the region of Sardinia (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority clears a merger in the liquified petroleum gas wholesale and retail market (Petrol / Crodux Plin)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
CCA approved Petrol/Crodux Plin LPG part of business concentration* By implementing the concentration Petrol will acquire the Crodux Plin LPG part of the business, including the undertaking Adria-Plin that operates in the LPG retail at the regional level, at one point of sale in Split-Dalmatia (...)

The German Federal Cartel Office prohibits merger in the waste management sector (Duales System Holding / Remondis)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 11 July 2019, the German Federal Cartel Office (“FCO”) prohibited the proposed acquisition of Duales System Holding (“DSD”) by Remondis. The parties are active in the waste management industry in Germany. In Germany, the waste management industry is organised around the “Dual System”, which (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the pharmaceutical market (GlaxoSmithKline / Pfizer Consumer Health Business)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission approves GlaxoSmithKline’s acquisition of Pfizer’s Consumer Health Business, subject to conditions* Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, the acquisition of Pfizer’s Consumer Health Business by GlaxoSmithKline. The decision is conditional upon the global (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the market for air transport of passengers (Flybe / Connect Airways)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission approves the acquisition of Flybe by Connect Airways, subject to conditions* The European Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, the acquisition of UK regional air carrier Flybe by Connect Airways, a consortium by Virgin Atlantic, Stobart Aviation and (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority opens an in-depth investigation regarding a merger in the real estate investment funds market (Fidelidade-Saudeinveste / Imofid)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
AdC started a phase II investigation on Fidelidade / Saudeinveste and Imofid merger* The AdC (Autoridade da Concorrência) decided to open a phase II investigation on the merger involving the acquisition by Fidelidade of two real estate investment funds, previously managed by a managing entity (...)

The French, German and Polish Ministries for Economic Affairs publish joint paper on modernisation of EU competition policy focusing on merger control
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
In their call for changes to EU merger control and State aid rules, the French and German Ministries for Economic Affairs have been joined by their Polish counterpart. On 4 July 2019, they published a joint paper (available here) containing a number of suggestions for a reform of competition (...)

The German Competition Authority clears a merger in the paper wholesale market (Papyrus Deutschland / Papier Union)
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Bundeskartellamt clears merger between the paper wholesalers Papyrus Deutschland and Papier Union* The Bundeskartellamt has cleared the acquisition of Papyrus Deutschland by Papier Union’s mother company, Inapa Group, in second phase proceedings. The wholesalers in paper, Papier Union and (...)

State Aid

The EU Commission approves, under State aid rules, Hellenic support for the development of ultrafast broadband network
DG COMP (Brussels)
State aid: Commission approves €300 million public support for the development of ultrafast broadband network in Greece* The European Commission has approved, under EU State aid rules, €300 million of public support for Greece’s Ultrafast Broadband Infrastructure Scheme. The scheme will bring (...)

The EU Commission approves, under State aid rules, Croatian support the construction and operation of a LNG terminal
DG COMP (Brussels)
State aid: Commission approves public support for Croatian LNG terminal at Krk island* The European Commission has found Croatian plans to support the construction and operation of a liquid natural gas (LNG) terminal at Krk island to be in line with EU State aid rules. The project will (...)

The EU Commission publishes a new State aid recovery notice
Antwerp University (UFSIA)
New EU State aid Recovery Notice strengthens Commission’s hand* On 22 July 2019, the European Commission published a new State aid Recovery Notice on its website (publication in the Official Journal of the European Union will follow). The new Notice replaces the Recovery Notice of 2007 which (...)

The EU General Court rejects an action for annulment against a decision authorising State aid in favour of a competitor in the air transport sector (Air France / Marseille Airport)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 11 July 2019, the General Court (“GC”) rejected an action for annulment brought by Air France against the European Commission (“Commission”) decision concerning State aid in favour of Marseille Provence Airport as inadmissible (Case T-894/16, Société Air France v. Commission). The judgment offers (...)

Procedures

The EU Commission consults stakeholders on guidance for national courts when handling disclosure information in proceedings for the private enforcement
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission consults stakeholders on guidance for national courts when handling disclosure information* The European Commission is inviting comments on a draft communication to assist national courts in dealing with requests to disclose confidential information in proceedings for the (...)

The EU Court of Justice provides guidance on the interpretation of the place of the harmful event under Regulation Brussels I bis for the determination of alternative grounds of jurisdiction in pan-European cartel damages cases (Tibor-Trans / DAF Trucks)
CDC Cartel Damage Claims (Brussels)
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CDC Cartel Damage Claims (Brussels)
With its judgment of 29 July 2019 in Case C-451/18,Tibor-Trans (the ‘Judgment’), the EU Court of Justice (the ‘CJEU’) clarified the competence of national courts to hear damage actions relating to pan-European infringements of Art. 101 TFEU under Regulation 1215/2012 Brussels I bis (in short (...)

The High Court of Delhi holds that the absence of a judicial member does not invalidate proceeding and orders passed by the Competition Commission of India (Cadd)
Trilegal (Mumbai)
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Trilegal (Mumbai)
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Trilegal (Mumbai)
The Hon’ble High Court of Delhi (Delhi HC) recently held that orders passed and proceedings held by the Competition Commission of India (CCI) in the absence of a judicial Member cannot be invalidated. This decision of the Delhi HC abundantly clarifies that orders passed by the CCI in competition (...)

The High Court of Delhi rules that proceedings and orders passed by the Competition Commission of India cannot be invalidated by way of constitutional defects (Cadd)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
In April 2019, a Division Bench of the High Court of Delhi had declared two provisions of the Competition Act, 2002 unconstitutional and void. All other provisions of the Competition Act were held to be valid subject to a number of orders including that “the Central Government shall take (...)

The EU Commission issues guidelines for national courts on how to calculate the pass-on of price overcharges related to infringements of EU antitrust rules
Callol, Coca & Asociados (Madrid)
The European Commission has issued guidelines for national courts on how to estimate the passing-on of overcharges to indirect purchasers of goods and services affected by infringements of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU. The guidelines have been issued pursuant to Article 16 of the Antitrust Damages (...)

Regulatory

The German Competition Authority issues report related to Common Understanding of G7 competition authorities on competition and the digital economy
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Common Understanding on competition in the digital economy* The competition authorities of the G7 countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, USA), together with the European Commission, have today presented the Common Understanding they have reached on the issues raised (...)

The South African Government publishes a notice bringing into force some of the provisions of the amendment act of competition law
Baker McKenzie (Johannesburg)
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Baker McKenzie (Johannesburg)
An extensive set of competition law amendments has been in the making since December 2017 when the Competition Amendment Bill (Bill) was initially gazetted for public comment. After robust public participation and commentary, the key features of the Bill have predominantly made their way into (...)

The Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice announces new policy aimed at incentivizing corporate compliance
GeyerGorey (Washington)
Some Early Thoughts On the Division’s New Policy On Corporate Compliance Programs (From a Guy Who Was Admittedly Against This When He Was With the Division)* There has been a great deal of publicity surrounding the Antitrust Division’s recent announcement that a corporation involved in a (...)

The Antitrust Division of the US Department of Justice publishes new policy that significantly enhances the importance of compliance programs
McDermott Will & Emery (Washington)
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McDermott Will & Emery (New York)
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McDermott Will & Emery (Washington)
THE LATEST: NEW DOJ ANTITRUST DIVISION POLICY MAKES COMPLIANCE PROGRAMS MORE CRITICAL THAN EVER* What Happened: Last week, the Antitrust Division reported that it has changed its Justice Manual to state that it will consider antitrust compliance at the charging stage in criminal antitrust (...)

The Antitrust Division of the US Department of Justice announces new policy to consider the existence of effective antitrust compliance programs at the charging stage of criminal antitrust investigations
Shearman & Sterling (New York)
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Shearman & Sterling (New York)
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Shearman & Sterling (Washington)
The Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice (Division) finally will consider the existence of effective antitrust compliance programs at the charging stage of criminal antitrust investigations, opening up the possibility that cartel participants could avoid prosecution even if they (...)

The Antitrust Division of the US Department of Justice announces criminal enforcement policy boosts value of antitrust compliance programs
Jones Day (San Francisco)
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Jones Day (San Francisco)
The U.S. Department of Justice Antitrust Division ("DOJ") recently announced significant revisions to its criminal enforcement policies regarding the value it places on a company’s pre-existing antitrust compliance program. Longstanding DOJ policy denied credit to companies at the charging stage (...)

The Italian Competition Authority issues with two others Italian authorities guidelines and recommendations related to policies for Big Data
Italian Competition Authority (Rome)
Big data: the guidelines and recommendations of policies shared by the three Authorities* The Italian Competition Authority, the Authority for the Communications Guarantees and the Authority for the protection of personal data have published the guidelines and recommendations of policies for (...)

The French Competition Authority announces that seven regulators have published a joint memo of their common approach to data-driven regulation
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Cooperation between regulators* Seven regulators publish the fruit of their common approach to data-driven regulation Data-driven regulation, an additional tool for regulators In this era of unceasing innovation, regulators rely more and more on the collection, utilisation and publication of (...)

The French Competition Authority issues an opinion diagnosing the state of competition in the French overseas territories
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Fighting the high cost of living in French overseas territories* The Autorité delivers a general diagnosis of competition in the French overseas territories. There have been positive developments since the 2009 opinion, particularly in the telecoms sector. However, consumer prices paid by the (...)

The Indonesian Competition Authority announces a reform of its organizational structure and procedural law
Dewi Negara Fachri & Partners (Jakarta)
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Dewi Negara Fachri & Partners (Jakarta)
On 1 July 2019 the Indonesian Competition Authority, Komisi Pengawas Persaingan Usaha (KPPU), reformed its organizational structure in order to gear up for a more efficient enforcement. As part of the organizational reform, KPPU established the Directorate of Economics, the Directorate of (...)

The Chinese State Administration for Market Regulation releases three sets of regulation to implement China’s Anti- Monopoly Law
Hogan Lovells (Beijing)
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Hogan Lovells (Beijing)
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Hogan Lovells (Shanghai)
On 1 July 2019, the State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) made public three sets of regulations to implement China’s Anti- Monopoly Law (AML): the Interim Regulation Prohibiting Monopoly Agreements; the Interim Regulation Prohibiting Conduct Abusing Dominant Market Positions; and the (...)

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