February 1996

Unilateral Practices

The OECD holds a roundtable on abuse of dominance and monopolisation
OECD - Competition Division (Paris)
Key documents: Background note The competition laws of many OECD countries contain a concept of single firm exploitation of market power or use of improper means of attaining or retaining market power. Some laws also contain the concept of “joint dominance”, distinct from multiple firms acting (...)


The European Commission, after a detailed investigation, clears a concentration in the hard coal production (Raab Karcher Kohle/Ruhrkohle Handel)
DG COMP (Brussels)
"Mergers : Summary of the most important recent developments"* After an in-depth investigation of the effects of the concentration in the markets for the sale of hard coal and hard coal products in Germany the Commission approved the proposed acquisition of all capital and voting rights in (...)

State Aid

The European Commission adopts new community framework on state aid for research and development
DG COMP (Brussels)
DG COMP (Brussels)
"The commission adopts new community framework on state aid for research and development"* Article 130f of the EC Treaty outlines the Community objective of strengthening the scientific and technological bases of Community industry and encourage it to become more competitive internationally. (...)


The OECD holds a roundtable on the essential facilities concept
OECD - Competition Division (Paris)
An essential facilities doctrine specifies when the owner(s) of an “essential” or “bottleneck” facility must provide access to that facility, at a reasonable price. For example, it might specify when a railroad must be made available on reasonable terms to a rival rail company or an electricity (...)

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