Key Points The mere fact that a case has been filed by an aggrieved party under the Act, does not take away its character of being a case in rem involving a larger question of fair and competitive markets. This leads to the inevitable conclusion that the informant need not necessarily be an aggrieved party to file a case before the CCI. The CCI distinguished the concepts of ‘tying’ and ‘bundling’ and laid down the criteria that needs to be met to make out a case for tying of products / services. Further, the mere existence of a service on account of pre-installation of an mobile phone app, when it does not take away consumer choice cannot amount to abuse. Brief Facts An information was filed against WhatsApp by a practicing advocate, alleging inter alia that WhatsApp abused its
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