April 2019

Anticompetitive practices

The EU Commission accepts remedies proposed by two financial services companies to cut inter-regional interchange fees (Mastercard / Visa)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission accepts commitments by Mastercard and Visa to cut inter-regional interchange fees* The European Commission has made commitments offered by Mastercard and Visa legally binding under EU antitrust rules. The companies will significantly reduce (on average by around 40%) (...)

The UK Competition Authority secures the disqualification of two former director having participated to a cartel aimed to fix or coordinate prices and share out the market for certain pre-cast concrete drainage products (PM / Stanton Bonna / FP McCann)
British Competition Authority - CMA (London)
Construction cartel directors disqualified* The CMA has secured the disqualification of 2 former directors of CPM Group Ltd following CPM’s admission that it breached competition law. The move follows the Competition and Market Authority’s (CMA) statement of objections issued on 13 December (...)

The Hungarian Competition Authority fines solar battery producers for price coordination (Alter Energetikai Iroda Tudományos / Szolgáltató / Megújuló Energiapark Kutatóközpont / Új Irány Energetika / LKM.HU Service / Havrilla-Ép Építőipari Szolgáltató)
Hungarian Competition Authority (Budapest)
The GVH fines solar battery producers for cartel activity* The Gazdasági Versenyhivatal (the Hungarian Competition Authority, GVH) established that five undertakings had infringed competition law when they shared 26 EU funded projects among themselves relating to the production of solar power (...)

The Italian Competition Authority fines several companies for bid-rigging in the context of tenders for the assignment of broadcasting rights of football matches in tournaments organized by the Italian football league (MP Silva / IMG / B4 Capital)
Italian Competition Authority (Rome)
ICA: agreement on tenders for the assignment of international rights to football on TV. MP Silva, IMG and B4 Capital fined 67 million Euros* On April 24 the Italian Competition Authority concluded an investigation, ascertaining a violation of art. 101, paragraph 1, of the Treaty on the (...)

The French Competition Authority rejects a referral denouncing an agreement between companies responding to a tender for the extension of the tramway network (Communauté urbaine de Bordeaux)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Extension of the Bordeaux tram* The Autorité de la concurrence rejects the referral filed by the communauté urbaine de Bordeaux (Bordeaux metropolitan area) in the absence of solid evidence. The complaint lodged by the communauté urbaine de Bordeaux The communauté urbaine de Bordeaux (CUB), now (...)

The Paris Court of Appeal delivers the first judgement on FRAND terms and applies the French legislation that implements the trade secrets directive (Conversant / LG)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 16 April 2019, the Paris Court of Appeal delivered a judgment in Conversant v. LG, a case dealing with the concept of licensing under fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory (“FRAND”) terms. While the court did not set a much-anticipated FRAND royalty rate, the case is noteworthy because of (...)

The Estonian Competition Authority opens criminal proceedings for investigate a possible restriction of competition in the agricultural equipment market
Estonian Competition Authority (Tallinn)
Authority conducts criminal proceedings for investigating a possible restriction of competition in companies selling agricultural equipment* In the framework of a criminal case concerning a possible restriction of competition, the Competition Authority carried out searches at the premises of (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority fines two companies and one of its managers for participating in a horizontal agreement in the railway maintenance services sector (Mota-Engil / Engenharia e Construção)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
AdC sanctions an undertaking and its manager for anticompetitive practices in the sector of railway maintenance services* The AdC imposed fines totalling 906.485,58 euros on Mota-Engil – Engenharia e Construção, S.A., and one of its managers, for participating in a horizontal agreement (cartel), (...)

The Latvian Competition council fines companies involved in bid-rigging on the market of supply of nanotechnology chemicals (Rīgas satiksme / Sava arhitektūra)
Konkurences padome (Riga)
The CC fines the companies involved in bid-rigging in price quotations on supply of nanotechnology chemicals* On 12 April, the Competition Council of Latvia (the CC) detected a prohibited agreement implemented by six applicants and supported by the municipal passenger carrier SIA “Rīgas (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority opens a proceeding against a soft drink company having potentially concluded an agreement containing exclusive purchasing obligations (Coca-Cola Hrvatska)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
CCA opens administrative proceeding against Coca-Cola Hrvatska* The Croatian Competition Agency opened an ex-officio infringement proceeding with the view to establishing whether the company Coca-Cola HBC Hrvatska d.o.o. from Zagreb had concluded a prohibited agreement and had been engaged in (...)

The French Competition Authority carries out unannounced inspections in the wine and spirits sector
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Dawn raids* The General Rapporteur of the Autorité de la concurrence indicates that unannounced inspections have been carried out in the wine and spirits sector. Following authorisation from the liberty and custody judge, the investigation services of the Autorité de la concurrence have raided (...)

The Spanish Competition Commission fines tobacco manufacturers for an anticompetitive exchange of strategic information (Philip Morris / Altadis / JT International Iberia / Logista)
Callol, Coca & Asociados (Madrid)
The Spanish National Markets and Competition Commission (NMCC) has fined Spain’s main tobacco manufacturers, Philip Morris, Altadis, JT International Iberia, as well as wholesaler Logista for an anticompetitive exchange of strategic information. Logista facilitated immediate access to its daily (...)

The Mexican Competition Authority announces investigations in the corn flour market for possible anticompetitive practices (Investigations in the corn flour market)
Mexican Competition Authority (Mexico City)
COFECE probes national market for corn flour for possible anticompetitive practices* • The investigation should not be construed as a prejudgment, but as the authority’s verification of compliance with the Federal Law on Economic Competition. • The corn flour industry has sales for more than 24 (...)

The UK Competition and Markets Authority launches an investigation into online gaming companies’ roll-over contracts
Simmons & Simmons (London)
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Simmons & Simmons (London)
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Simmons & Simmons (London)
The UK Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) announced on 05 April 2019 that it is launching an investigation into online gaming companies’ use of auto-renewal, cancellation, and refund policies in relation to online services. The investigation is being conducted using the CMA’s consumer (...)

The EU Commission sends statements of objections to an American video game developer and five videogame publishers for “geo-blocking” of PC video games (Valve / Focus Home / Koch Media / ZeniMax / Bandai Namco / Capcom)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission sends Statements of Objections to Valve and five videogame publishers on “geo-blocking” of PC video games* The European Commission has informed Valve, owner of the “Steam” video game distribution platform, and five videogame publishers, of its preliminary view that the (...)

The EU Commission sends statements of objections to three car manufacturers for restricting competition on emission cleaning technology (BMW /Daimler / VW)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission sends Statement of Objections to BMW, Daimler and VW for restricting competition on emission cleaning technology* The European Commission has informed BMW, Daimler and VW (Volkswagen, Audi, Porsche) of its preliminary view that they have breached EU antitrust rules from (...)

The EU Commission sends statement of objections concerning alleged geo-blocking of PC video games (Valve / Focus Home / Koch Media / ZeniMax / Bandai Namco / Capcom)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 5 April 2019, the European Commission announced via a press release that it had sent Statements of Objections to Valve – the owner of the ‘Steam’ video game distribution platform – and five video game publishers (Bandai Namco, Capcom, Focus Home, Koch Media and ZeniMax) concerning their alleged (...)

Unilateral Practices

The French Competition Authority dismisses a case in which a company denounced the discount and matching practices implemented by its rival in the market of television advertising (M6 / TF1)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Television advertising* Following the referral of M6 regarding practices of TF1 Publicité, the Autorité de la concurrence dismisses the case. The complaint of M6 regarding TF1 Publicité In its referral, M6 denounced the discount and matching practices implemented by TF1 Publicité in the (...)

The Indian Competition Commission finds that a company abuses its dominant position by requiring device manufacturers wishing to pre-install apps to adhere to a compatibility standard (Google Android)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
Following a complaint made by a number of users of smartphones using the Android operating system, the CCI prima facie found that Google was dominant in the market for licensable smart mobile device operating systems in India and had abused its dominant position by requiring device (...)

The Competition Commission of India orders probe against a multinational technology company for abuse of its dominant position (Google)
Gujarat National Law University (Gandhinagar)
COMPETITION COMMISSION OF INDIA STRIKES ANOTHER BLOW TO GOOGLE FOR ABUSE OF DOMINANT POSITION* On 16th April 2019, the Competition Commission of India (CCI) ordered a probe against the multinational technology company, Google, for abusing its dominant position in clear violation of Section 4 (...)

The Dutch Competition Authority launches investigations into a big tech company for abusing its dominant position giving its applications preferential treatment (Apple App Store)
Bird & Bird (The Hague)
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Bird & Bird (The Hague)
Dutch Antitrust Authority investigates Apple: does this support Spotify’s complaint?* After Google has been fined several times for breach of (EU) competition rules the last couple of years, it might now be Apple’s turn. Last month (March 2019), Spotify filed a complaint against Apple with the (...)

The Italian Competition Authority opens an antitrust investigation against a major e-commerce company for alleged abuse of dominance (Amazon)
Desogus Law Office (Cagliari)
The Italian Competition Authority (ICA) has opened an Article 102 TFEU investigation against several undertakings belonging to the Amazon group in the FBA case. The targets of the ICA investigation are Amazon Services Europe (ASE), Amazon Europe Core (AEC), Amazon EU (AEU), Amazon Italia (...)

The High Court of Delhi challenges constitutional validity of provisions of the Competition Act on a complaint by a car manufacturer accused of abusing its dominant position (Mahindra & Mahindra)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
On 10 April 2019, a Division Bench of the High Court of Delhi pronounced its judgment in Mahindra & Mahindra v. Competition Commission of India, which challenged the constitutional validity of a number of provisions of the Competition Act, 2002 (Competition Act). In addition to holding the (...)

The Higher Regional Court of Düsseldorf upholds a decision of the Federal Cartel Office prohibiting exclusivity clauses in the event ticketing market (CTS Eventim)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 3 April 2019, the Higher Regional Court of Düsseldorf (the “Court”) upheld a 2017 decision of the Federal Cartel Office (“FCO”) prohibiting exclusivity clauses in the event ticketing market. In a large number of its contracts with event organisers, ticketing service provider CTS Eventim used (...)

Mergers

The French Competition Authority clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the public passenger transport markets (RATP Dev / Keolis)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Future connection Gare de l’Est - Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport* The Autorité de la concurrence clears, subject to conditions, the creation by RATP Dev and Keolis of a joint undertaking for the operation of CDG Express On 29 November 2018, the companies RATP Dev and Keolis notified the (...)

The UK Competition Authority prohibits a merger between two supermarket retailers after finding it would lead to increased prices in stores, online and at many petrol stations (Sainsbury’s / Asda)
British Competition Authority - CMA (London)
CMA blocks merger between Sainsbury’s and Asda* The CMA has blocked the Sainsbury’s / Asda merger after finding it would lead to increased prices in stores, online and at many petrol stations across the UK. In its final report, published today, the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) found (...)

The Ukrainian Competition Authority imposes a fine of EUR 1.8 million for ’gun jumping’ in a merger in the heavy industry sector, and does not clear the transaction due to economic sanctions on the seller’s beneficiary (TAS group / Dniprometyz)
Redcliffe Partners (Kyiv)
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Redcliffe Partners (Kyiv)
The facts of the case On 8 November 2017, Devisal Limited, a Cyprus subsidiary of the financial/industrial group TAS (the "TAS Group"), filed a merger filing requesting the Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine (the "AMC") to approve the acquisition of a controlling stake in the Private Joint (...)

The Ukrainian Competition Authority imposes a record-breaking fine of EUR 1.9 million for failure to obtain merger clearance for a notifiable concentration in the heavy industry sector, despite also finding that it did not raise any competition concerns (DCH group / Dnipro Metallurgical Plant / Evraz group)
Redcliffe Partners (Kyiv)
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Redcliffe Partners (Kyiv)
The facts of the case On 6 March 2018, SENALIOR INVESTMENTS LIMITED, a Cyprus subsidiary of the DCH group (the "DCH Group", the "Acquirer’s Group") indirectly acquired a controlling stake in Private Joint Stock Company "Dnipro Metallurgical Plant" ("DMP", the "Target"), a Ukrainian plant, (...)

The French Competition Authority informs that the decree regarding the simplification of the national merger control procedure is entered into force
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Modernization of merger control* The decree regarding the simplification of the national merger control procedure to the Autorité de la concurrence entered into force On 20 April 2019, the decree regarding the simplification of the national merger control procedure to the Autorité de la (...)

The Spanish Competition Commission clears a merger in the healthcare industry subject to extensive remedies (Quirón Group / Santa Cristina Clinic)
Spanish Competition Authority (Madrid)
The CNMC approves the Quirón Group’s acquisition, with a complete package of commitments, of the Santa Cristina Clinic in Albacete*The merger is approved following intense work in the second phase and a complete package of commitments, which was subjected to successive market tests with its (...)

The Indian Competition Commission clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the electricity market (Larsen & Toubro/Schneider Electric)
Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
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Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas (New Delhi)
The CCI cleared the proposed acquisition of the electrical and automation business of Larsen & Toubro (L&T) by Schneider Electric and MacRitchie Investments (the Acquirers) on foot of a package of behavioural remedies proposed by the Acquirers. After a lengthy investigation, the CCI (...)

The EU Commission approves a company as a suitable purchaser of several steel plants (Liberty House Group / ArcelorMittal)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission approves Liberty House Group purchase of ArcelorMittal’s divestment businesses* The European Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, Liberty House Group as a suitable purchaser of several ArcelorMittal steel plants, sold under commitments made by (...)

The French Competition Authority innovates merger control by analyzing the online and in-store sales of toys as a single market (Luderix International / Jellej Jouets)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Distribution of toys* The Autorité de la concurrence innovates by analyzing the online and in-store sales of toys as a single market. The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of joint control of Luderix International (Picwic) by Jellej Jouets (Toys’R’Us) and by the undivided (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger, subject to remedies, in the market of speed refrigeration compressors (Nidec / Embraco)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission approves Nidec’s acquisition of Embraco, subject to conditions* The European Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, the proposed acquisition by Nidec of Embraco, Whirlpool’s refrigeration compressor business. The approval is conditional on compliance with (...)

The EU Commission conditionally approves a merger to structural remedies in the refrigeration compressor business (Nidec / Embraco)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 12 April 2019, the Commission conditionally approved the acquisition by Nidec of Embraco, Whirlpool’s refrigeration compressor business. Both Nidec and Embraco are leading global producers of refrigeration compressors. These are electro-mechanical devices used to lower the temperature of an (...)

The Bulgarian Commission for Protection of Competition reviews its analysis and blocks a transaction initially not found to constitute a merger (EMKO)
Tsvetkova Bebov Komarevski (Sofia)
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Tsvetkova Bebov Komarevski (Sofia)
Follow-up: Bulgarian Commission for Protection of Competition blocks key transaction initially found not to constitute a concentration* In 2016, the Bulgarian Commission for Protection of Competition (“BCPC”) was notified for the intention of two of the biggest Bulgarian companies operating on (...)

The Ankara 9th Administrative Court orders a stay of execution on a port acquisition after Competition Board’s conditional clearance with behavioural remedies (Kumport)
ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
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ELIG Gürkaynak Attorneys-at-Law (Istanbul)
Background Limar Liman ve Gemi İşletmeleri A.Ş. (“Limar”), which is controlled by Arkas Holding A.Ş. (“Arkas”) notified to the Turkish Competition Authority (the “Authority”) its acquisition of the sole control over Mardaş Marmara Deniz İşletmeciliği A.Ş. (“Mardaş” or the “Target”) operating the Ambarlı (...)

The Dublin District Court imposes a small charitable donation as punishment on a motor company which pled guilty to gun jumping (Armalou Holdings)
McCann FitzGerald (Brussels)
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McCann FitzGerald (Dublin)
A small charitable donation for gun-jumping* After an 18 month investigation involving officials from both the Competition and Consumer Protection Commission (“CCPC”) and Ireland’s Director of Public Prosecution, and a first-ever criminal prosecution, a company that gun-jumped Irish merger (...)

The EU Commission fines a multinational conglomerate company for providing incorrect information during the assessment of its merger (General Electric)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission fines General Electric €52 million for providing incorrect information in LM Wind takeover* The European Commission has fined General Electric €52 million for providing incorrect information during the Commission’s investigation under the EU Merger Regulation of GE’s planned (...)

The EU Commission fines a company € 52 million for providing incorrect information during merger review (General Electric)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 8 April 2019, the European Commission (“Commission”) imposed a fine of € 52 million on GE for negligently providing incorrect information to the Commission during the merger review of its acquisition of LM Wind. On 11 January 2017, GE notified its proposed acquisition of LM Wind to the (...)

State Aid

The EU Commission approves under EU State Aid rules support for production of electricity from renewable sources in Lithuania
DG COMP (Brussels)
State aid: Commission approves €385 million support for production of electricity from renewable sources in Lithuania* The European Commission has approved, under EU State aid rules, a scheme to support electricity production from renewable energy sources in Lithuania. The measure, open to all (...)

Procedures

The US Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit considers that activity in connection with a joint venture that is plausibly procompetitive is not subject to per se analysis or condemnation (The Medical Center at Elizabeth Place / Atrium Health System)
Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe (San Francisco)
Plausible Pro-competitive Justifications Remove Joint Venture Restraints from the Per Se Rule* In The Medical Center at Elizabeth Place, LLC v. Atrium Health System, Case No. 17-3863 (6th Cir. Apr. 25, 2019), the Sixth Circuit held that activity in connection with a joint venture that is (...)

The US Court of Appeals for the sixth circuit establishes test for determining whether the conduct of joint ventures should be analysed under the rule of reason test (The Medical Center at Elizabeth Place / Atrium Health System)
McDermott Will & Emery (Chicago)
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McDermott Will & Emery (Washington)
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McDermott Will & Emery (Chicago)
A recent decision by the US Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit is important for competitors involved in joint ventures because it states what mode of antitrust analysis—the per se rule or the rule of reason—applies to the conduct of joint ventures when it is challenged as anticompetitive. The (...)

The UK Court of Appeal clarifies the collective proceeding regime in a private action against a credit card company (Merricks / MasterCard)
Blackstone Chambers (London)
Merricks v MasterCard: Collective Actions Reinvigorated* The Court of Appeal today gave its much-anticipated judgment in the application to bring collective proceedings against MasterCard: see Merricks v MasterCard Incorporated and others [2019] EWCA Civ 674. It is a major victory for the (...)

The UK Court of Appeal confirms that the first claim under the UK’s flagship "opt-out" regime can proceed (Merricks / Mastercard)
Simmons & Simmons (London)
The action is based on the EU Commission’s finding that MasterCard’s EEA multilateral interchange fees (MIFs) breached Article 101(1) TFEU (see here for further details). That finding was upheld by the European Court of Justice (on appeal by MasterCard) on 11 September 2014 (see our further (...)

The UK Court of Appeal overturns a CAT’s decision in favour of consumers in a collective proceedings against a credit card company (Merricks / Mastercard)
Allegro Consulting (Brussels)
Walter Merricks v. Mastercard, Paving the Way for Economic Analysis in Class Actions* The England and Wales Court of Appeal has overturned the Decision of the United Kingdom Competition Appeals Tribunal (CAT) in the collective proceedings Walter Merricks v MasterCard, where final consumers are (...)

The Indonesian Business Competition Supervisory Commission publishes its regulation in the procedure for cases of monopolistic practices and unfair competition
Baker McKenzie (Jakarta)
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Baker McKenzie (Jakarta)
In mid-April 2019 the Business Competition Supervisory Commission (Indonesian acronym: KPPU) published its Regulation No.1 of 2019 on the Procedure for Cases of Monopolistic Practices and Unfair Competition (Regulation No.1 of 2019), replacing KPPU Regulation No. 1 of 2010 of the same name. (...)

The Delhi High Court finds constitutional validity of certain provisions of the Indian Competition Act (Shamsher Kataria)
KK Sharma Law Offices (New Dehli)
During the pendency of case No. 03/2011 before the CCI, from which the present case arise, the opposite parties of case No. 03/2011 moved to the DHC to challenge constitutional validity of certain provisions of the Competition Act. By exercising its power of judicial review, the DHC held (...)

The International Competition Network adopts a new tool of cooperation to identify the main principles guaranteeing procedural fairness in procedures that implement competition law
International Competition Network (ICN)
A new tool of international cooperation to boost procedural fairness* The International Competition Network (ICN), gathering 138 international competition authorities, has adopted a new tool of cooperation, the Framework on Competition Agency Procedures (thereafter the “CAP”). The CAP fully (...)

The EU General Court dismisses appeal against Commission’s request for information (Qualcomm)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 9 April 2019, the General Court (“GC”) dismissed the appeal lodged by Qualcomm against the Commission’s decision of 31 March 2017 requesting information in the context of an investigation against Qualcomm for alleged predatory pricing contrary to Article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of (...)

Regulatory

The Hong Kong Competition Commission publishes a cooperation and settlement policy to complement its existing leniency framework
Hong Kong Competition Commission
The Commission has published a Cooperation and Settlement Policy for Undertakings Engaged in Cartel Conduct (Cooperation Policy) as a supplement to its existing Leniency Policy and Enforcement Policy. Under the Cooperation Policy, undertakings engaged in cartels (including price-fixing, (...)

The Hong Kong Competition Commission publishes the "Cooperation Policy" expanding its leniency program
Hogan Lovells
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Hogan Lovells (Hong Kong)
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Hogan Lovells (Beijing)
On 29 April 2019, the Hong Kong Competition Commission (’HKCC’) published the Cooperation and Settlement Policy for Undertakings Engaged in Cartel Conduct (’Cooperation Policy’). In essence, the Cooperation Policy expands HKCC’s Leniency Policy, published in November 2015, just before the full (...)

The French Government issues an Ordinance amending the Commercial Code provisions relating to “transparency, competition-restricting practices and other prohibited practices”
LPA-CGR avocats
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LPA-CGR avocats
Ordinance No. 2019-359 dated 24 April 2019, art. 2 On 24 April 2019, the French Government issued an Ordinance No. 2019-359 amending the Commercial Code provisions relating to “transparency, competition-restricting practices and other prohibited practices”. Among the amended provisions, the (...)

The French Competition Authority launches consultations to prepare two new opinions on the freedom of establishment for bailiffs and judicial auctioneers
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Freedom of establishment for bailiffs and judicial auctioneers* In accordance with the Law of 6 August 2015 (also known as the « Macron Law »), the Autorité de la concurrence is launching public consultations to prepare two new opinions on the freedom of establishment for bailiffs and judicial (...)

The EU Parliament and Council release directive on unfair trading practices in B2B relationships in the agricultural and food supply chain
Havel, Holasek & Partners (Brno)
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Havel, Holasek & Partners (Prague)
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Havel, Holasek & Partners (Prague)
Does the Directive on Unfair Trading Practices Change Anything? The Directive on unfair trading practices in business-to-business relationships in the agricultural and food supply chain has been adopted recently. For a long time, this sector has been on the radar of EU bodies, as sufficient (...)

The French Competition Authority delivers its opinion on the price increase system of notaries and court bailiffs in the overseas departments and regions
French Competition Authority (Paris)
"High living costs" in the French overseas departments and regions* In an opinion issued at the request of the French government, the Autorité examines the price increase system of notaries and court bailiffs in the overseas departments and regions. The Autorité suggests to review in depth the (...)

The German Competition Authority issues its final report on inquiry into comparison websites
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Sector inquiry on comparison websites - Bundeskartellamt wants to terminate infringements of consumer rights and demands new competences* Today the Bundeskartellamt has published the final report on its inquiry into comparison websites. Andreas Mundt, President of the Bundeskartellamt: (...)

The EU commission publishes its final study on antitrust aspects in EU loan syndication markets
Morgan Lewis (Frankfurt)
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Morgan Lewis (Frankfurt)
In its recent assessment of the European loan syndication sector from an antitrust perspective, the European Commission did not find specific evidence or indication of any current antitrust infringements. However, the Commission and national competition authorities will likely closely monitor (...)

The EU commission publishes final study on antitrust aspects in loan syndication markets
Simmons & Simmons (London)
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Simmons & Simmons (London)
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Simmons & Simmons (London)
On 08 April 2019, the European Commission published its study into the syndicated lending market. The study was commissioned in April 2017, looking at syndicated lending in six Member States – the UK, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Poland and Spain. The aim of the study was to identify and (...)

The French Competition Authority delivers its opinion on the distribution of medicinal products and biomedical laboratories
French Competition Authority (Paris)
4 April: Distribution of medicinal products and biomedical laboratories: the Autorité delivers its opinion After several months of investigation and a large public consultation, the Autorité de la concurrence releases the findings of its healthcare sector inquiry. The medicinal product (...)

The EU Commission publishes a report on competition policy for the digital area
Hogan Lovells (Brussels)
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Hogan Lovells (Brussels)
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Hogan Lovells (Brussels)
On 4 April 2019, the European Commission published the much anticipated Report Competition Policy for the digital era (hereinafter referred to as the "Report"). Authored by a panel of special advisers (all academics) appointed by Competition Commissioner, Margrethe Vestager, the Report explores (...)

The EU Commission publishes a report on competition policy for the digital era
Norton Rose Fulbright (Brussels)
“Digital Era” Report Bolsters Commissioner Vestager’s Digital Legacy* On April 4, 2019, the European Commission published a report by Jacques Crémer, Yves-Alexandre de Montjoye, and Heike Schweitzer on competition policy for the digital era (the Digital Era Re port, or the Report), the culmination (...)

The EU Commission publishes final report on competition policy for the digital era
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 4 April 2019, the European Commission published a special report commissioned by Commissioner Margrethe Vestager on how competition policy should evolve to continue promoting pro-consumer innovation in the digital age (“Competition Policy for the Digital Era”). The report is grounded in three (...)

Public sector

The Mexican Competition Authority issues recommendations on a government housing assistance agency (Infonavit)
Mexican Competition Authority (Mexico City)
COFECE issues recommendations on Infonavit public procurement regulations * • These recommendations are issued in response to the Institute’s request, which has publicly stated its goal of more efficient spending. • The regulations currently in force for the Institute’s acquisition of goods and (...)

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