April 2019

Anticompetitive practices

The Mexican Competition Authority announces investigations in the corn flour market for possible anticompetitive practices (Investigations in the corn flour market)
Mexican Competition Authority (Mexico City)
COFECE probes national market for corn flour for possible anticompetitive practices* • The investigation should not be construed as a prejudgment, but as the authority’s verification of compliance with the Federal Law on Economic Competition. • The corn flour industry has sales for more than 24 (...)

The UK Competition and Markets Authority launches an investigation into online gaming companies’ roll-over contracts
Simmons & Simmons (London)
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Simmons & Simmons (London)
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Simmons & Simmons (London)
The UK Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) announced on 05 April 2019 that it is launching an investigation into online gaming companies’ use of auto-renewal, cancellation, and refund policies in relation to online services. The investigation is being conducted using the CMA’s consumer (...)

The French Competition Authority fines an Economic Interest Group of taxis for anticompetitive agreements (GIE de taxis d’Antibes Juan-les-Pins)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Transport by taxi* The Autorité de la concurrence fines the Economic Interest Group (EIG) of Antibes Juan-les-Pins’ taxis for anticompetitive agreements. The radio-taxi EIG of Antibes Juan-les-Pins is an association gathering the majority of the city’s self-employed taxi drivers. Its main (...)

The EU Commission imposes € 12.5 million fine on a company for restricting cross-border sales of merchandising products (Nike)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 25 March 2019, the European Commission (“Commission”) announced its decision to fine Nike € 12,555,000 for limiting the ability of licensees to sell licensed merchandising products to other EEA countries. According to the Commission’s press release, the restrictions concerned the merchandise (...)

The EU Commission fines a multinational company selling football apparel and footwear for restricting cross-border sales of merchandising products (Nike)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission fines Nike €12.5 million for restricting cross-border sales of merchandising products* The European Commission has fined Nike €12.5 million for banning traders from selling licensed merchandise to other countries within the EEA. This restriction concerned merchandising (...)

The Mexican Competition Authority investigates the rail transport of chemical and petrochemical products in the south of the state of Veracruz and determines the lack of effective competition
Mexican Competition Authority (Mexico City)
COFECE’s Investigative Authority preliminarily determines the lack of effective competition in the rail transport of chemical and petrochemical products in the south of the state of Veracruz* The Investigative Authority’s Preliminary Opinion stipulates that lack of competition affects the rail (...)

The Portuguese Competition Authority issues statements of objections to supermarket chains and beverage suppliers for price fixing (Modelo Continente / Pingo Doce / Auchan and Intermarché / Lidl / E. Leclerc)
Portuguese Competition Authority (Lisbon)
AdC issues Statements of Objections to supermarket chains and beverage suppliers for price fixing, harmful to consumers* The AdC – Portuguese Competition Authority issued three Statements of Objections to six large food retail groups in Portugal and three beverage suppliers for taking part in (...)

The Belgian parliament adopts law regarding abuse of economic dependency prohibiting unfair, misleading and aggressive practices between undertakings
Simmons & Simmons (Brussels)
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Simmons & Simmons (Brussels)
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Simmons & Simmons (Brussels)
On 21 March 2019, the Belgian parliament adopted a law (i) expanding the scope of Belgian competition law to also cover abuses of economic dependency, (ii) introducing a greylist and a blacklist of clauses in B2B agreements and (iii) prohibiting certain unfair, misleading and/or aggressive (...)

The Spanish Competition Authority imposes fines totalling € 118 million on railway infrastructure companies (Cobra / Elecnor / Siemens / Semi / Inabensa / Alstom / Cymi / Isolux / Electre / Comsa / Indra / Neopul / Telice / Eym / Citracc)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 14 March 2019, the Spanish competition authority (“CNMC”) imposed fines totalling € 118 million on fifteen companies, namely Cobra, Elecnor, Siemens, Semi, Inabensa, Alstom, Cymi, Isolux, Electren, Comsa, Indra, Neopul, Telice, Eym and Citracc, for their involvement in a cartel on the market (...)

The Turkish Competition Authority finds exchange of informations and supply restrictions from nine undertakings during an investigation in the Poultry sector (Investigation in the Poultry Sector)
ACTECON (Istanbul)
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ACTECON (Istanbul)
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ACTECON (Istanbul)
The Turkish Competition Authority (“TCA”) has concluded its full-fledged investigation regarding a total of 20 undertakings operating in the poultry sector. In its decision dated 13.03.2019 and numbered 19-12/155-70, the TCA held that the following 9 undertakings violated Article 4 of the Law No. (...)

The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California finds that an athletic association’s cap on grants given to athletes is an anticompetitive restraint of trade (National Collegiate Athletic Association)
Constantine Cannon (New York)
NCAA May Have Lost Antitrust Case to Student-Athletes, But How Much Did It Really Lose?* Friday’s 104-page ruling in the antitrust case challenging the compensation rules of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (“NCAA”) is not a clear-cut victory for either side. Although Judge Claudia (...)

The EU Commission accepts remedies proposed by entertainment companies ending competition concerns in the pay-TV services market (Disney / NBC Universal / Sony Pictures / Warner Bros / Sky)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission accepts commitments by Disney, NBCUniversal, Sony Pictures, Warner Bros. and Sky on cross-border pay-TV services* The European Commission has made commitments offered by Disney, NBCUniversal, Sony Pictures, Warner Bros. and Sky legally binding under EU antitrust rules. (...)

The EU Commission accepts final commitments in Cross-border access to pay-TV case (Disney / NBC Universal / Sony Pictures / Warner Bros / Sky)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
According to a press release issued on 7 March 2019, the European Commission (“Commission”) has formally accepted the commitments offered by Disney, NBC Universal, Sony Pictures, Warner Bros. and Sky in Case 40.023, Cross-border access to pay-TV, under Article 9 of Regulation 1/2003. The (...)

The Danish Competition Authority fines several plumbing companies and three managers for bid rigging (Christoffersen & Knudsen)
Danish Competition and Consumer Authority (Copenhagen)
Plumbing company and management members from several plumbing companies pay fines in settlements for bid rigging* The plumbing company Christoffersen & Knudsen A/S and three members from the management in this and two other plumbing companies have entered into settlements with the Danish (...)

The EU Commission fines car safety equipment suppliers for illegal information exchanges (Takata / Autoliv / TRW)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission fines car safety equipment suppliers € 368 million in cartel settlement* The European Commission has fined Autoliv and TRW a total of € 368 277 000 for breaching EU antitrust rules. Takata was not fined as it revealed the cartels to the Commission. The companies took part (...)

The Finnish Competition Authority suspects several taxi dispatch centres of illegal restrictions on competition
Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority (Helsinki)
FCCA suspects several taxi dispatch centres of illegal restrictions on competition* Investigations by the Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority (FCCA) have found that dispatch centres may have acted in breach of the Competition Act by discriminating in the dispatch of Kela-reimbursed (...)

The Hellenic Competition Authority fines several construction companies for bid-rigging in the public works of infrastructure (Alpine Bau)
Hellenic Competition Authority (Athens)
Decision no.647/4.7.2017 of the Competition Commission on ex officio investigation into tenders concerning large projects of infrastructure for violation of Αrticles 1 of Law 703/77, 1 Law 3959/2011 and 101 TFEU, regarding the undertakings that have not been placed under the Settlement (...)

The EU Commission imposes fines totalling € 368 million on car safety equipment suppliers in cartel settlement decision (Takata / Autoliv / TRW)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 5 March 2019, the European Commission (the “Commission”) announced that it had imposed total fines of € 368,277,000 on two car safety equipment suppliers, Autoliv and TRW, for their involvement in two cartels concerning the supply of car seatbelts, airbags and steering wheels to European car (...)

The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority issues its first antitrust decision and fines several companies for sharing strategic information during an initial public offering (Hargreave Hale / Newton / RAMAM)
Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (Brussels)
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Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (Brussels)
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Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom (Brussels)
The U.K. Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) has issued its first antitrust decision since obtaining competition law powers four years ago. The decision is a controversial one. It sets the FCA up as a strict enforcer on the type of information that competing investors can share when making (...)

The Paris Court of Appeals confirms that a supplier heading a purely qualitative selective distribution network can refuse a distributor meeting all the network’s selection criteria if the refusal has no anticompetitive object or effect (Mazda / Palau)
Delcade Avocats & Solicitors (Paris)
In its Mazda ruling of 23 January 2019, the Court of Appeals ("Cour d’Appel") of Paris confirms a developing French case law under which a supplier heading a purely qualitative selective distribution network can refuse to authorize a distributor meeting all the network’s selection criteria, (...)

Unilateral Practices

The Croatian Competition Authority finds no abuse of market power from a dominant company in the food supply sector (Zagrebačka pivovara)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
Lack of standing to act against Zagrebačka pivovara* On 1 June 2018 the Croatian Competition Agency (CCA) received an anonymous complaint regarding the alleged anti-competitive practices of Zagrebačka pivovara in the sense of abuse of the dominant position in the market, including the allegedly (...)

The Italian Competition Authority opens an investigation against several incumbent gas distribution operators suspected to abuse individually of their dominance (Ireti / Italgas Reti / 2i Rete Gas)
Italian Competition Authority (Rome)
Antitrust investigation against Ireti, Italgas Reti and 2i Rete Gas for an alleged abuse of dominant position in the distribution of gas* On 12 March 2019 the ICA (Italian Competition Authority) has opened an investigation to assess whether Ireti Spa, Italgas Reti Spa and 2i Rete Gas Spa - the (...)

The EU Commission imposes a fine of 1.49 Billions euros on a search engine company for abusing its dominant position by imposing restrictive clauses in contracts with third-party websites (Google Adsens)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Antitrust: Commission fines Google €1.49 billion for abusive practices in online advertising* The European Commission has fined Google €1.49 billion for breaching EU antitrust rules. Google has abused its market dominance by imposing a number of restrictive clauses in contracts with third-party (...)

The German Competition Authority opens a consultation regarding its draft guidelines for the control of abusive practices in the electricity generation and wholesale trade sector
German Competition Authority (Bonn)
Consultation on the control of abusive practices in electricity generation/wholesale trade: Bundeskartellamt and Bundesnetzagentur publish draft guidelines* The Bundeskartellamt and the Bundesnetzagentur are today starting a consultation process on draft guidelines for the control of abusive (...)

The EU Commission fines a company for abusing its dominant position in online advertising (Google Adsens)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 20 March 2019, the European Commission (the “Commission”) announced that it had issued a decision imposing a € 1.49 billion fine on Google for breaching Article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. According to the Commission, Google abused its dominant position in online (...)

The Croatian Competition Authority opens an ex-officio proceeding against a dominant reseller suspected to impose restrictives clauses to its suppliers (Plodine)
Croatian Competition Agency (Zagreb)
CCA opens UTPs infringement proceeding against re-seller PLODINE* The Croatian Competition Agency (CCA) opened the infringement proceeding against the undertaking Plodine from Rijeka after having detected one or more unclear and possibly contestable provisions in the contracts concluded (...)

The Swedish Patent and Market Court finds that a dominant company’s termination of an access agreement with a downstream competitor constitutes an abuse (Svenska Förpacknings- och Tidningsinsamlingen)
Baker McKenzie (Stockholm)
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Baker McKenzie (Stockholm)
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Baker McKenzie (Stockholm)
In January 2019, the Swedish Patent and Market Court found that a dominant company’s termination of an access agreement with a downstream competitor constituted an abuse. By finding that the refusal had to be able to eliminate all effective competition on the downstream market in order to be (...)

The US Northern District Court of California requires the holder of a standard essential patent for cellular communication to license it to all those willing to pay a fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory rate (Qualcomm)
McDermott Will & Emery (Washington)
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McDermott Will & Emery (Washington)
FTC Secures Partial Victory Requiring SEP Holder to License to All Comers in Antitrust Case* Summary Recently, a federal district court in California granted partial summary judgment for the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) in an important intellectual property and antitrust case involving (...)

Mergers

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the market of distribution of agricultural machinery (Agro / Konekesko Baltic)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission approves Danish Agro’s acquisition of Konekesko’s Baltic and Finnish agrimachinery businesses, subject to conditions* The European Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, the acquisition by Danish Agro of Konekesko’s agricultural machinery distribution (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation concerning a merger in the market of supply of various semi-finished aluminium products (Novelis / Aleris)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission opens in-depth investigation into Novelis’ proposed acquisition of Aleris* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed acquisition of Aleris by Novelis under the EU Merger Regulation. The Commission is concerned that the proposed (...)

The Belgian Competition Authority accepts partially a request to lift the remedies imposed to clear a merger in the cinema theatres market (Kinepolis)
Belgian Competition Authority (Brussels)
The Belgian Competition Authority has partially accepted the request of Kinepolis to lift the conditions imposed in 1997 and modified in 2010, as from 25 March 2019* On 31 March 2017 Kinepolis has filed a request to lift the conditions imposed by the Competition Council in 1997 in respect of (...)

The EU Commission clears a merger subject to remedies in the markets of insurance broking services for specialty sectors and the provision of employee benefits-related services (JLT / MMC)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission approves acquisition of Jardine Lloyd Thompson by Marsh & McLennan Companies, subject to conditions* The European Commission has approved, under the EU Merger Regulation, the acquisition of Jardine Lloyd Thompson (“JLT”) by Marsh & McLennan Companies (“MMC”). The (...)

The EU Commission refers to the French Competition Authority the examination of a merger in the audiovisual sector (Salto / Métropole Télévision and TF1)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Audiovisual sector* On 18 March 2019, the European Commission referred to the Autorité de la concurrence the examination of the creation of Salto, a joint venture of the France Télévisions, Métropole Télévision and TF1 groups. Salto is intended to offer the free-to-air DTT channels (live broadcast (...)

The French Competition Authority clears a merger in the motor vehicle distribution sector and establishes a new method for analysing mergers in this sector (Bernard Participations / Emil Frey Motors France and Fiber)
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Distribution of motor vehicles* The Autorité de la concurrence clears the acquisition of joint control of the company Bernard Participations SAS by the company Emil Frey Motors France and the company Fiber. This transaction led the Autorité to review its method for analysing mergers in the (...)

The UK Competition and Markets Authority fines a company for failure to comply with initial enforcement order (JLA / Washstation)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 8 March 2019, the UK’s Competition and Markets Authority (“CMA”) fined JLA £120,000 for failure to comply with an initial enforcement order (“IEO”). Under UK competition law, the CMA may impose an IEO on merging parties to prevent them from taking pre-emptive action which might prejudice the (...)

The EU Commission opens an in-depth investigation concerning a merger in retail markets for electricity and gas (E.ON / Innogy)
DG COMP (Brussels)
Mergers: Commission opens in-depth investigation into E.ON’s proposed acquisition of Innogy* The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess the proposed acquisition of Innogy by E.ON under the EU Merger Regulation. The Commission has concerns that the proposed (...)

The Irish Competition Authority clears a merger subject to remedies in the waste sector (Panda / Knockharley Landfill)
Irish Competition Authority (Dublin)
CCPC requires commitments from Panda to secure approval for acquisition of Knockharley Landfill* The Competition and Consumer Protection Commission (CCPC) has cleared, subject to binding commitments, the proposed acquisition of Knockharley Landfill Limited (Knockharley), by Pandagreen Limited (...)

The EU Commission lifts commitments adopted in a merger case based on exceptional circumstances review (Air France / KLM)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
In a recently published decision of 6 February 2019, the European Commission waived a commitment imposed during its merger review of Air France’s acquisition of KLM in 2004. By way of background, during the 2004 review of its acquisition of KLM, Air France offered commitments to address (...)

The Irish Competition Authority opens an in-depth investigation regarding a merger in the music entertainment market (MCD Productions / LN-Gaiety Holdings)
Irish Competition Authority (Dublin)
CCPC to carry out a phase 2 investigation of LN-Gaiety/MCD Productions merger* The Competition and Consumer Protection Commission (CCPC) has decided to carry out a full Phase 2 investigation in relation to the proposed acquisition of MCD Productions Unlimited Company by LN-Gaiety Holdings (...)

The Mexican Competition Authority accepts commitments by pharmaceutical companies to restore competition in the pharma market (Moench Coöperatif / Luis Doporto Alejandre)
Ritch Mueller (Mexico City)
Through a decision issued by the plenary session of Cofece on August 13, 2015 on case file CNT-074-2015 (the ’Decision’), the Mexican antitrust authority decided to unconditionally clear the acquisition, by Dutch fund Moench Coöperatif of a major pharmaceutical distributor in Mexico, Marzam. The (...)

The US District Eastern Court of Virginia orders a defendant in private antitrust litigation to divest a manufacturing plant following a competitor’s merger challenge (Steves and Sons / Jeld-Wen)
Jones Day (Houston)
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Jones Day (Washington DC)
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Jones Day (Washington DC)
A federal district court has ordered a defendant in private antitrust litigation to divest a manufacturing plant following a competitor’s merger challenge. Although the decision is certain to be appealed, it may embolden customers or competitors wishing to challenge a transaction and create new (...)

The EU Commission clears the acquisition of a music recognition app by a Big Tech company that provides a digital music streaming service (Apple / Shazam)
Slaughter and May (Brussels)
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Slaughter and May (London)
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Slaughter and May (Brussels)
Is Big Data a ‘friend’ or a ‘foe’ to consumers? Do the current EU merger control rules work for ‘Big Tech’ deals? The European Commission’s announcement that it has approved Apple’s $400 million acquisition of Shazam provides a timely snapshot of some of the key questions facing competition authorities (...)

State Aid

The EU Court of Justice holds that funds generated by the EGG surcharge does not constitute State ressources (EEG surcharge)
White & Case (Brussels)
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White & Case (Brussels)
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White & Case (London)
On Thursday, 28 March, the European Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) annulled the General Court’s ruling and the European Commission’s decision on the EEG 2012 on the grounds that it was wrong to conclude that the funds generated by the EEG surcharge constituted State resources. In (...)

The EU Court of Justice provides guidance on the duty of recovery in case of non-compliance with Block Exemption Regulation (Eesti Pagar)
Van Bael & Bellis (Brussels)
On 5 March 2019, the Court of Justice of the European Union (the “ECJ”) delivered a judgment on a request for preliminary ruling by the Court of Appeal of Tallinn, Estonia, concerning a dispute on certain State aid granted by the Estonian authorities to Eesti Pagar, an Estonian bakery founded in (...)

The EU Court of Justice and General Court render two judgements on State aid showing how the Courts approach judicial review of complex economic assessments when the burden of proof is on the Commission (Frucona Kosice - Fútbol Club Barcelona)
Garrigues (Brussels)
EU Judicial Review: Major Antitrust Implications of Recent State Aid Cases* We competition lawyers often wrongly approach our discipline in isolation from the wider context in which it is applied. This is also true when it comes to judicial review. We tend to forget that antitrust is only a (...)

The EU General Court overturns the Commission’s finding that Belgium granted unlawful State aid through advance tax rulings (Magnetrol International)
College of Europe (Bruges)
Article published on StateAidHub: http://stateaidhub.eu, republished in e-Competitions with the courtesy of the author. The original title of this article appears below the e-Competitions title. Authors are welcome to write an alternative article on this case/text, provided they have no (...)

The EU General Court points out the methodological weakness of the Commission analysis in a State aid case (Magnetrol International)
Arendt & Medernach (Luxembourg)
Apart from the first plea alleging infringement of the exclusive competence of Member States in the field of direct taxation, which would preclude the Commission’s control of State aid, and which was dismissed by the General Court (“GC”), the object of the judgment delivered was technical. It (...)

The EU General Court clarifies both the date on which State aid is deemed to be granted and the scope of public service obligations (ARFEA)
College of Europe (Bruges)
Article published on StateAidHub: http://stateaidhub.eu, republished in e-Competitions with the courtesy of the author. The original title of this article appears below the e-Competitions title. Authors are welcome to write an alternative article on this case/text, provided they have no (...)

The EU Court of Justice finds that recovery of unlawful State aid is only impossible if the difficulties claimed by the Member State are real and there are no alternative methods of recovery (Scuola Elementare Maria Montessori)
College of Europe (Bruges)
Article published on StateAidHub: http://stateaidhub.eu, republished in e-Competitions with the courtesy of the author. The original title of this article appears below the e-Competitions title. Authors are welcome to write an alternative article on this case/text, provided they have no (...)

Procedures

The UK Competition and Markets Authority issues its first fine on a company for concealing relevant evidence during a dawn raid (Fender Musical Instruments Europe)
Jones Day (London)
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Jones Day (London)
In March 2019, the UK Competition and Markets Authority ("CMA") issued its first fine on a company for concealing relevant evidence during a dawn raid, fining Fender Musical Instruments Europe Limited £25,000. This is the latest example of the trend among competition authorities to hold (...)

The EU adopts first foreign direct investment regulation (FDI)
Morgan Lewis (Brussels)
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Morgan Lewis (Brussels)
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Morgan Lewis (Washington)
The European Parliament adopted a new regulation on March 19 establishing a bloc-wide framework for the screening by EU member states of foreign direct investment (FDI) into the European Union (the FDI Regulation). The FDI Regulation seeks to ensure a consistent framework throughout the (...)

The EU Court of Justice rules that jurisdiction clauses subject to EU law may be enforced by member states in actions for damages for abuse of dominance (Apple / MJA)
Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (Paris)
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Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (Paris)
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Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton (London)
European Court of Justice Issues Important Judgment Related to Jurisdiction Clauses for Antitrust Actions* In a recent judgment providing a preliminary ruling in the case, Apple Sales International et al. v. EBizcuss.com (C-595/17, October 24, 2018), the Court of Justice of the European Union (...)

Regulatory

The French Competition Authority delivers its opinion on the distribution of medicinal products and biomedical laboratories
French Competition Authority (Paris)
4 April: Distribution of medicinal products and biomedical laboratories: the Autorité delivers its opinion After several months of investigation and a large public consultation, the Autorité de la concurrence releases the findings of its healthcare sector inquiry. The medicinal product (...)

The French Competition Authority issues an opinion on electricity’s regulated retail tariffs
French Competition Authority (Paris)
Electricity tariffs* The Autorité de la concurrence advises against increasing regulated retail tariffs without first clarifying their purpose. Having been informed on 27 February 2019, by the French Minister of the Economy, of the French government’s intention to change the level of the (...)

The EU Council greenlights the regulation on the screening of foreign direct investments into the EU (FDI)
White & Case (Frankfurt)
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White & Case (Dusseldorf)
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White & Case (Frankfurt)
The European Council (“Council”) greenlighted the regulation on the screening of foreign direct investments into the EU (“Regulation”) at the beginning of March. Following its publication in the Official Journal on 21 March 2019, the Regulation will go live 20 days thereafter, i.e. on 10 April (...)

The Finnish Competition Authority issues a report on competition in data economy
Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority (Helsinki)
FCCA: Competition and consumer protection are fundamental to data economy* With the market for digital products and services is growing, the functionality of competition and consumer protection are important considerations. A report by the Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority (FCCA), (...)

The U.S. Congress implements a new law requiring drug manufacturers to disclose biologic patent settlement agreements to antitrust Authorities (Patient Right to Know Drug Prices Act)
Jones Day (Washington DC)
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Jones Day (Washington DC)
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Jones Day (Washington DC)
New Law Requires Disclosure of Biologic Patent Settlement Agreements to Antitrust Authorities* Last week, the Patient Right to Know Drug Prices Act ("Act") became law. The Act requires pharmaceutical companies to disclose to antitrust agencies agreements between biologic and biosimilar (...)

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