The EU Court of Justice holds that a case involving a clear infringement of Article 101(1) TFEU must be regarded as an infringement per se of competition rules (Tréfilunion)

Case T-148/89 Tréfilunion SA v Commission of the European Communities* 1. Although in a competition procedure both the statement of objections and the final decision are procedural documents specifically provided for as such in Article 19(1) of Regulation No 17 and Article 2(1) of Regulation No 99/63 on the hearings provided for in Article 19 of Regulation No 17, which define the Commission's position vis-à-vis their addressee and therefore must be regarded as 'documents' within the meaning of Article 3 of Regulation No 1 and hence sent to their addressee in the language of the case, the annexes to the statement of objections which do not emanate from the Commission must be regarded as supporting documentation on which the Commission relies and must therefore be brought to the

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