The EU Court of Justice states that establishing an agreement granting absolute territorial protection for the various dealers and reducing each dealer’s freedom of commercial activities has as its object and effect the restriction to an appreciable extent of trade within the common market (Bayerische Motorenwerke)

Case C-70/93 Bayerische Motorenwerke AG v ALD Auto-Leasing D GmbH (Reference for a preliminary ruling from the Bundesgerichtshof)* 1. Article 85(1) of the Treaty must be interpreted as meaning that it precludes a motor vehicle manufacturer which sells its vehicles through a

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