February 1996

Unilateral Practices


The European Commission, after a detailed investigation, clears a concentration in the hard coal production (Raab Karcher Kohle/Ruhrkohle Handel)
DG COMP (Brussels)
"Mergers : Summary of the most important recent developments"* After an in-depth investigation of the effects of the concentration in the markets for the sale of hard coal and hard coal products in Germany the Commission approved the proposed acquisition of all capital and voting rights in (...)

State Aid

The European Commission adopts new community framework on state aid for research and development
DG COMP (Brussels)
DG COMP (Brussels)
"The commission adopts new community framework on state aid for research and development"* Article 130f of the EC Treaty outlines the Community objective of strengthening the scientific and technological bases of Community industry and encourage it to become more competitive internationally. (...)


The OECD holds a roundtable on the essential facilities concept
OECD - Competition Division
Key documents: Executive Summary with key findings, Detailled Summary of the discussion, Background note An essential facilities doctrine specifies when the owner(s) of an “essential” or “bottleneck” facility must provide access to that facility, at a reasonable price. For example, it might (...)

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