Pauline Van Sande

Bird & Bird (Brussels)
Lawyer (Associate)

Pauline Van Sande is a junior associate both in the Competition & EU practice and in the Regulatory & Public Affairs team in Brussels, where I mainly focus on the intersection between competition law and sectoral regulations, especially in the digital sector. She started at Bird & Bird in 2017 as a trainee, and in 2019 she became a junior associate in the Competition & EU practice. Her work spans all areas of competition law, from antitrust and merger control to State Aid and also includes advice concerning sector regulation. She has a particular focus on the regulatory initiatives for the European Commission relating to the Digital Single Market and the impact of these developments on clients in the technology & communications sector. Her focus on this sector, allows her to have a broad view of the changes that are occurring quasi-simultaneously. Due to the link between the regulatory initiatives and ongoing competition law cases she comes up with some original suggestions in competition law cases, outside the traditional remit of the competition toolbox. Before joining Bird & Bird, she completed several internships in the competition departments of various international law firms in Brussels and gained valuable experience by completing a long-term internship with the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. This helped her to gain some insights into the workings of public administrations. This proved to be helpful in the regulatory & public affairs work she assists with, because it allows her to better understand and predict what is going on behind the scenes.

Linked authors

Bird & Bird (Brussels)
Bird & Bird (Brussels)
Bird & Bird (Belgium)
Bird & Bird (Brussels)

Articles

642 Bulletin

Hein Hobbelen, Pauline Van Sande The Belgian Competition Authority adopts new guidelines regarding the calculation of fines, leniency applications and on the informal opinions of the Competition’s Authority President

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On 22 May 2020 the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA) published three new guidelines: (i) new guidelines regarding the informal opinions of the BCA’s President; (ii) new guidelines regarding the calculation of fines; and (iii) new leniency guidelines. Below we set out the most important (...)

Pauline Van Sande, José Rivas The EU Commission decides that Italy granted unlawful State aid in favour of the hotel industry so is required to recover that unlawful aid (Italy / Commission)

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In 2008, the European Commission decided that Italy had granted unlawful State aid in favour of the hotel industry in Sardinia. Consequently, Italy was required to recover that unlawful aid, totalling at about EUR 13.7 million. On 29 March 2012, the Court of justice upheld the arguments of the (...)

Francine Cunningham, Pauline Van Sande The EU Commission Vice-President is being intensely pressured from four large countries which wrote a joint letter to insist on a rapid competition law reform

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President Ursula Von der Leyen’s pledge to preside over a "geo-political" Commission is being put to the test by intense pressure from four large countries which are insisting on rapid competition law reform. In a strongly worded letter sent to Executive Vice President Margrethe Vestager on 4 (...)

Anne Federle, Pauline Van Sande The EU Court of Justice clarifies when patent settlement agreements restricting a generic pharmaceutical company’s ability to enter the market, infringe EU antitrust rules (Generics UK / GlaxoSmithKline)

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Article summary: Settlement Agreements Can Be Anti-Competitive Only If The Involved Companies Are (At Least) Potential Competitors. A Careful Examination Must Determine Whether A Generic Manufacturer Would Have Entered Into The Market Without A "Pay Per Delay" Agreement. The Classification Of (...)

Pauline Van Sande, Hein Hobbelen The Belgian Competition Authority starts a phase II investigation into the acquisition of two companies active in the sector of production and sales of soft wheat flour (Ceres / Dossche Mills)

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At the beginning of the year, the Belgian Competition Authority ("BCA") started a second phase investigation into the acquisition of Ceres NV by Dossche Mills, two companies active in the sector of production and sales of soft wheat flour for human consumption. The main issue concerned the (...)

Pauline Van Sande, José Rivas The Belgian Competition Authority imposes an interim measure to temporarily suspend the joint venture between two of the three main telecom companies in the Belgian market (Orange / Proximus)

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On 8 January, the Belgian Competition Authority ("BCA") imposed an interim measure to temporarily suspend the joint venture ("JV") between Orange and Proximus, two of the three main telecom players in the Belgian market. The cooperation between Orange and Proximus relates to the sharing of (...)

Pauline Van Sande, José Rivas The Belgian Court of Appeal upholds the Competition Authority’s decision for imposing a fine over the exclusion of a company from the pharmaceutical sector (Order of Pharmacists)

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In a judgment dated 8 January 2020, the Court of Appeal upheld the decision of the Belgian Competition Authority ("BCA") in which it imposed a fine on the Order of Pharmacists for excluding Medi-Market from the market for pharmacy services (see July edition of Competitive Edge). The Court, (...)

José Rivas, Pauline Van Sande The EU Commission imposes interim measures to a technology leader company in the design, development and supply of a range of semiconductor sector (Broadcom)

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On 16 October 2019, the European Commission (EC) imposed interim measures on Broadcom. Broadcom is a technology leader in the design, development and supply of a range of semiconductor and infrastructure software solutions, including chipsets for TV set-top boxes and modems. The EC started its (...)

Pauline Van Sande, José Rivas The Belgian Competition Authority fines €225,000 the national Order of Pharmacists for limiting the ability of pharmacists to advertise para-pharmaceutical products online (Ordre des Pharmaciens)

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On 15 October 2019, the Belgian Competition Authority ("BCA") imposed a fine of EUR 225,000 on the national Order of Pharmacists for adopting, maintaining and implementing provisions of its Deontological Code that limit the ability of pharmacists to advertise para-pharmaceutical products, in (...)

Pauline Van Sande, José Rivas The Belgian Competition Authority publishes a guide which sets out the principles of exchanging information between competitors and how it applies to associations of undertakings

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On 1 October 2019, the Belgian Competition Authority published a Guide on the "Exchange of Information in the framework of Associations of Undertakings". The Guide sets out the main principles of exchanging information between competitors and how they apply to associations of undertakings, and (...)

Pauline Van Sande, José Rivas The EU General Court orders Luxembourg and Netherlands to recover millions of euros from two companies on the basis of State aid rules (Fiat / Starbucks)

15

On 24 September 2019, the General Court delivered its first two judgements in the series of appeals against European Commission (EC) decisions on tax rulings ordering Member States to recover millions of euros on the basis of state aid rules. In October 2015, the EC ruled that selective tax (...)

José Rivas, Pauline Van Sande, Hein Hobbelen The Belgian Competition Authority fines a pharmaceutical company for implementing anticompetitive practices aimed at excluding an other association of pharmacies from the market (Order of Pharmacists)

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The Belgian Competition Authority ("BCA") fined the national Order of Pharmacists EUR 1 million on 28 May 2019, for the use of anticompetitive practices aimed at excluding the Medi-Market Group, an association of (para)pharmacies, from the market for pharmacy services. Previously, the market (...)

José Rivas, Pauline Van Sande, Hein Hobbelen The Belgian Competition Authority conditionally approves an acquisition of sole control in the media market (De Vijver Media / Telenet)

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On 13 May 2019 the Belgian Competition Authority ("BCA") conditionally approved Telenet’s acquisition of sole control over De Vijver Media, after a referral by the European Commission ("EC"). The deal was originally notified to the EC on 4 October 2018. The EC already investigated Telenet’s (...)

José Rivas, Pauline Van Sande, Hein Hobbelen The Belgian Federal Parliament adopts an Act reforming the competition law introducing technical legislative improvements such as streamlining procedures, formalising existing administrative practices and updating terminology

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On 25 April 2019, the Belgian Federal Parliament adopted an Act reforming Belgian competition law (please note that the version of the Act adopted by the Parliament is not public yet and our analysis below is based on the fact that no amendments have been adopted to the version which was (...)

José Rivas, Pauline Van Sande, Hein Hobbelen The Belgian Parliament adopts a proposal amending the national competition law in order to include the concept of abuse of economic dependence

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On 21 March 2019, the Belgian Parliament adopted a proposal amending Belgian competition law to include the concept of abuse of economic dependence in the toolbox of the Belgian Competition Authority (“BCA”) following the example of a number of other EU Member States. Under the new rules, it (...)

José Rivas, Pauline Van Sande, Hein Hobbelen The Belgian Competition Authority imposes interim measures in a public procurement procedure in the broadcasting transmission market (Norkring / Broadcast Partners)

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This decision of 22 January 2019 is the next step in an eventful public procurement procedure and it confirms the preference of the Belgian Competition Authority ("BCA") to tackle cases via interim measures. Norkring has a service agreement to transmit the FM broadcasts of VRT that runs until (...)

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