Jérôme Philippe

Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer (Paris)
Lawyer (Partner)

Jérôme Philippe is a partner and head of the antitrust, competition and trade team of Freshfields Bruckaus Deringer, Paris. In addition to being a lawyer, Jérôme earned a PhD in Economics and graduated as an Engineer from the French ’Ecole Polytechnique’ and from the ’Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l’Administration Economique; (ENSAE). Before joining Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer, Jérôme had been Head of the Office of Mergers and State Aids for four years in the French General Directorate for Fair Trading, Consumer Affairs and Fraud Control. In that position, he was involved in most French and European mergers, and he also took an important part in the definition of the new merger control regime in France. He advises his clients in all areas of domestic and European competition law, including inter alia: mergers, cartels, leniency applications, abuses of dominance, state aids, distribution law. He has particular experience of cases that mix law and economics. He represents his clients in front of the DGCCRF, the French Competition Authority, the European Commission and also the European Court of Justice. In 2004, he was ranked among the first ten lawyers under 40 years in competition law worldwide by the Global Competition Review. He was the only French lawyer to appear in this list. Jérôme is also a Professor in Law and Economics (Ecole Polytechnique, HEC, ENSAE, Sciences Po and at the MBA Sciences Po). He speaks French, English and Spanish.

Linked authors

Eversheds Sutherland (Paris)
US Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer (Paris)
Coty (Paris)
Edreams ODIGEO (Barcelone)
Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer (Paris)
Orange (Paris)
Lni avocats (Paris)


Jérôme Philippe
Jérôme Philippe 22 June 2017 Paris
Jérôme Philippe - Séminaire droit et économie - 15 septembre 2016
Jérôme Philippe 15 September 2016 Paris
Jérôme Philippe - New frontiers of antitrust 2015
Jérôme Philippe 15 June 2015 Paris


95479 Bulletin

Dimitri Lecat, Jérôme Philippe, Aude Guyon The French Government implements the damages directive by way of an order which establishes a specific civil liability regime to facilitate the recovery of damages suffered by victims of anti-competitive practices


The French Government has just implemented the Damages Directive by way of order No. 2017 -303 (the Order). The Order establishes a specific civil liability regime to facilitate the recovery of damages suffered by victims of anti-competitive practices. In a nutshell, what are the main (...)

Aude Guyon, Jérôme Philippe The French Competition Authority specifies under which conditions a merger is likely to affect competition in local markets and validates behavioural remedies due to the economic crisis (Caisse d’Epargne / Banque Populaire)


Since it was granted jurisdiction over mergers, the Competition Authority (hereafter “the Authority”) gave its first decision of approval with commitments on June 22, 2009. Even though it was a Phase I decision, the Authority performed a very thorough analysis of the operation’s impact, especially (...)

Jérôme Philippe, Lucas Niedolistek The Paris Court of appeal reverses a decision of the Commercial Court which ordered the telephone incumbent to suspend the conditioned sale of its football dedicated channel to the subscription to its triple-play offer (Orange Foot-France Télécom)


On 14 May 2009, the Paris Court of appeal reversed a decision of the Paris Commercial Court dated 23 February which ordered France Telecom to suspend the conditioned sale of its football dedicated channel “Orange Foot” to the subscription to its triple play offer. The Paris Court of Appeal held (...)

Jérôme Philippe, Lucas Niedolistek The French Competition Authority hands out two key decisions in relation to the concept of abuse of state of economic dependence (Concurrence) (National union of the written press distributors SNDP)


A provision specific to French competition law In France, in addition to the prohibition against the abuse of a dominant position, national competition law prohibits the abusive exploitation by a company or a group of companies (not necessarily dominant) of a situation of economic dependence (...)

François Gordon, Jérôme Philippe The Paris Court of Appeal upholds the legality of two restrictions on Internet sales by authorised retailers within a selective distribution network (PMC Distribution / Pacific Création)


In its decision dated 18 April 2008, S.A.R.L. PMC Distribution vs. S.A.S. Pacific Création, the Paris Court of Appeal (the "Court") takes part in the debate on the legal regime of Internet sales within selective distribution systems. Pacific Création, an undertaking which manufactures and (...)

Florence Kramer, Jérôme Philippe The Paris Court of Appeals receives observations - submitted for the first time to a national court since adoption of Reg. n° 1/2003 - from the European Commission (Garage Gremeau / Daimler Chrysler)


Background According to Article 15(3) of Council Regulation (EC) n° 1/2003, of 16 December 2002, on the implementation of the rules on competition laid down in Articles 81 and 82 of the Treaty (OJEC L 1, 4 January 2003, pp. 1-25), the European Commission (the “Commission”) may submit (...)

Caroline Evrard, Jérôme Philippe The Paris Court of Appeal confirms the NCA’s record fine on three mobile telephony operators for exchanging confidential information and maintaining market shares (Bouygues Télécoms / SFR / Orange France)


Following the Competition Council’s decision to initiate proceedings ex officio in 2001 and a complaint lodged by the consumer association UFC Que Choisir in 2002, an investigation revealed the existence of anticompetitive agreements on the French mobile telephony market. In a decision dated 30 (...)

François Gordon, Jérôme Philippe The French Minister of Economy grants unconditional clearance to a merger in the press sector (Le Monde / Hachette Fillipacchi)


In its decision dated 6 October 2006, the French Minister of Economy (the Minister) unconditionally cleared the acquisition by the Société Éditrice du Monde (SEM) of Hachette Fillipacchi Médias group’s “South Pôle” (i. e. its activities located in the southern part of France) through the medium of two (...)

Jérôme Philippe, Mathilde Mason Alline The Paris Court of Appeal confirms the NCA’s decision sanctioning hotels for operating an illegal cartel by exchanging confidential commercial information (Parisian palaces)


In a decision dated 26 September 2006, the Paris Court of Appeal (the Court) confirmed in all respects the Competition Council’s decision of 25 November 2005, imposing heavy fines totalling nearly €710,000 on six Parisian palace hotels, for exchanging confidential commercial information about (...)

Jérôme Philippe The French Supreme Court lowers the standard of proof for anticompetitive practices and quashes the Paris Court of Appeal judgment in the Ténor case, regarding calls from landlines to mobile phones (ETNA / France Telecom-SFR)


Following a referral by an association of telecom operators disputing the pricing policy of integrated operators (i.e. offering both landline and mobile phone services), the French Competition Council had, in its decision of 14th October 2004, found against France Télécom and SFR and fined them (...)

Charlotte-Mai Doremus, Jérôme Philippe A French Court concludes that the new motor vehicle block exemption regulation EC N° 1400/2002 amounts to a substantial change in the legal environment of car manufacturers justifying a complete reorganisation of distribution networks (Daimler-Chrysler/SO.PA.VI.A)


SO.PA.VI.A had been entrusted by Daimler Chrysler France with the exclusive distribution of new motor vehicles of the Mercedes Benz trademark in the Pau/Tarbes area (i. e. south-west of France), pursuant to an agreement of 25 September 1996 complying with the previous block exemption regulation (...)

Ivan Gurov, Jérôme Philippe The French Competition Council defines relevant product market and assesses dominance on an application for preliminary ruling from the Paris district Court (Luk Lamellen/Valeo)


In January 2005, the Paris district court (Tribunal de grande instance de Paris (TGI)) rejected a patent enforcement action of LuK Lamellen und Kupplungsbau (LuK) , a dual-mass flywheel (DMF) producer, against one of its direct competitors, Valéo. In a contingent counterclaim, Valéo alleged that (...)

Charlotte-Mai Doremus, Jérôme Philippe The Court of Appeal of Paris confirms absence of predatory pricing on the basis of ECJ case law (VIIV/Régie départementale des passages d’eau de la Vendée)


The “Régie départementale des passages d’eau de la Vendée” (“RDPEV”) is entrusted with the operation of a public service : it operates regular ferry services (both for passengers and for cargo and vehicles) between the mainland and l’Île d’Yeu (an island off the Atlantic coast of France) all year round. (...)

Charlotte-Mai Doremus, Jérôme Philippe The Paris Court of Appeal holds that a selective distribution system is compatible with EC Reg. n° 2790/1999 (LCJ Diffusion / La Roche Posay / Cosmétique Active France)


La Roche Posay is specialised in the manufacturing and marketing of dermo-cosmetics products and has established a selective distribution system throughout the European Economic Area (EEA). La Roche Posay and its distributor in France, Cosmétique Active France, brought an action against LCJ (...)

Charlotte-Mai Doremus, Jérôme Philippe The French Competition Council makes a rigorous analysis of the criteria of effect on trade between Member States and a broad application of the notion of agreement under Art. 81 EC and national provisions (Browning Winchester)


Browning Winchester France (”BW”), a manufacturer of guns and ammunitions, had set up a distribution network in France by entering into “pilot resellers’ agreements” with several gunsmiths. Pursuant to these agreements signed between 1997 and 2001, the gunsmiths undertook to order minimum volumes (...)

Charlotte-Mai Doremus, Jérôme Philippe La Cour de cassation confirme que, même lorsqu’il applique les articles 81 et 82 CE, le Conseil de la concurrence doit mettre en oeuvre les règles françaises de procédure (Pharma Lab, GlaxoSmithkline et Pfizer)


Dans l’affaire Pharma Lab, GlaxoSmithkline et Pfizer la société Pharma-Lab, grossiste-exportateur en spécialités pharmaceutiques, avait dénoncé auprès du Conseil de la concurrence des pratiques qu’elle estimait constitutives de refus de vente en vue de restreindre le commerce parallèle de médicaments. (...)

170918 Review

Frédéric Jenny, Jérôme Philippe Populism and competition


At times where competition authorities face criticisms from various populisms, it should be noted that they themselves took a populist approach when they shifted from their original legitimate test of maximizing Welfare in favour of the sole maximization of the consumer surplus. Returning to (...)

Aude Guyon, Jérôme Philippe Behavioural commitments - Financial crisis: The French Competition Authority specifies under which conditions a merger is likely to affect competition in local markets and validates behavioural commitments due to the economic crisis (Caisse d’Épargne/Banque Populaire)


Aut. conc., déc. n° 09-DCC-016 du 22 juin 2009 relative à la fusion entre les groupes Caisse d’Epargne et Banque Populaire Depuis que l’Autorité de la concurrence (ci-après “l’Autorité”) s’est vue transférer le contrôle des concentrations, l’Autorité a rendu le 22 juin 2009 sa première décision (...)

Aude Guyon, Jérôme Philippe Buying power: The French Minister of Economy, following the Competition Council’s opinion, unconditionally approves a merger leading to duopoly taking into account the publishers’ buying power together with printers’ overcapacities (Quebecor/Maury)


Min. Éco, 4 mars 2009, Quebecor / Maury, aff. C2008-89, BOCCRF n° 2bis du 2 avril 2009 Conc. conc., avis n°09-A-01 du 6 février 2009 relatif à l’acquisition des sociétés du groupe Maury par la société CirclePrinters, BOCCRF n° 2bis du 2 avril 2009 Après avis du Conseil de la concurrence du 6 février 2009 (...)

Aude Guyon, Jérôme Philippe Judicial review: The CFI confirms that the european Commission was entitled to suspend the review of a merger in case some information provided was incomplete or incorrect, even though the Commission had initially and prima facie accepted the information provided and had only realised at a later stage that it was incomplete or incorrect (Omya)


TPICE, 4 février 2009, Omya c/ Commission, aff. T-145/06 Dans un arrêt du 4 février 2009, le Tribunal de première instance des Communautés européennes (ci-après “le Tribunal”) a rejeté le recours d’Omya AG (ci-après “Omya”) contre la décision de la Commission européenne (ci-après “la Commission”) qui avait (...)

David Sevy, Frédéric Jenny, Jérôme Philippe, John Kallaugher, Kay Parplies, Laurence Idot, Luc Gyselen Anticompetitive foreclosure and the coherence of competition policy towards vertical restraints


Recent case law of the European Courts, the recent guidelines of the European Commission on non-horizontal mergers, the decisional practice of the European Commission as well as that of various national competition authorities and courts seem to focus on the possible anticompetitive foreclosure (...)

Aude Guyon, Jérôme Philippe Declining market: The French Minister of Economy unconditionally approves an acquistion by which the French Post, that runs an integrated bank, acquires the leader of check processing, taking into account the shrinking of the market, and thanks to additional parameters, like internal organization of the postal group and previous commitments that originated from a former transaction (Doc@Post/Experian Holding France)


Min. Éco, 30 octobre 2008, Doc@Post / Experian Holding France, aff. C2008-95, BOCCRF n°1bis du 29 janvier 2009 Le Ministre a autorisé le 30 octobre 2008 l’acquisition de la société Experian Holding France (ci-après “Experian”) par la société Doc@Post, filiale du Groupe La Poste. Doc@Post réalise des (...)

Jérôme Philippe Change of control : The French Minister of Economy holds that a shift from joint control to sole control in the absence of any change in the shareholding is only due to a change in the control over another joint-venture owned by the same parent companies (Adrexo)


Min. Éco., 11 août 2008, S3G, aff. C2008-40, BOCCRF n° 8 bis du 23 octobre 2008 Par décision du 11 août 2008, le Ministre a autorisé, dans le secteur de la presse, l’acquisition par la société Adrexo, filiale du groupe Spir Communication (Spir), auprès de la Société des Gratuits de Guyenne et Gasconne (...)

Aude Guyon, Jérôme Philippe Standard of proof - Annulment: The ECJ confirms the CFI ruling having annuled the EC merger clearance Sony-BMG and rules on the standard of proofs in merger proceedings (Bertelsman - Sony / Impala)


CJCE, 10 juillet 2008, Bertelsmann AG et Sony Corporation c/ Impala et Commission, aff. C-413/06 P S’écartant clairement des conclusions de l’avocat général Julian Kokott présentées le 13 décembre 2007, la Cour de justice des Communautés européennes (ci-après la “Cour de justice” ou la “Cour”) a annulé, (...)

Aude Guyon, Jérôme Philippe Non-execution of conditions imposed by the EC: The ECJ considers that Spain has infringed EC law by not withdrawing the conditions imposed by the national authorities to a foreign acquisition of a national leader (E.ON’s/Endesa)


CJCE, 6 mars 2008, Commission c/ Royaume d’Espagne, aff. C-196/07 Le 21 février 2006, E.ON AG, entreprise allemande active dans le secteur de l’énergie a présenté une offre publique d’achat portant sur la totalité des actions d’Endesa SA, entreprise espagnole active dans ce même secteur d’activité. (...)

Jérôme Philippe Behavioural undertakings: The European Commission authorises a merger in the pay TV sector subject to behavioural undertakings mitigating the risk of discriminatory practices by the buyer following the acquisition (SFR/Télé 2 France)


Comm. CE, 18 juillet 2007, SFR/Télé 2 France, aff. COMP/M. 4504 Le 18 juillet 2007, la Commission européenne (la Commission) a autorisé en phase II l’acquisition du contrôle exclusif des activités d’accès à Internet et de téléphonie fixe de Télé 2 France (Télé 2) par l’opérateur de téléphonie mobile (...)

Jérôme Philippe Bottlenecks - Vertical cross-market effects: The European Commission approves an horizontal merger in the sector of electronic travel distribution services via global distribution systems due to the development of the negotiation power of operators of such systems (Travelport/Worldspan)


EC Comm., 21 August 2007, Travelport/Worldspan, case COMP/M.4523 Dans une décision du 21 août 2007, la Commission a autorisé en phase II, mais sans engagement, la prise de contrôle exclusif de Worldspan par Travelport dans le secteur des services électroniques de distribution de voyages via des (...)

Aude Guyon, Jérôme Philippe Failure of notification: The French Minister of economics has imposed a moderate fine to the SNCF Participations for failure of notification (SNCF Participations/Novatrans)


Min. Eco, arrêté, 28 janvier 2008, SNCF Participations / Novatrans, aff. C2007-99, BOCCRF n° 2 bis du 28 février 2008 Par arrêté du 28 janvier 2008, le ministre de l’Économie a infligé à la SNCF Participations (ci-après “la SNCF P”), filiale du groupe SNCF, une amende de 250 000 euros pour avoir réalisé (...)

Jérôme Philippe Tender markets: The French DGCCRF highlights the specificity of tender markets in the analysis of dominance, unilateral and coordinated effects, and vertical integration (Colas/Spie Rail)


Min. Éco., 14 mai 2007, Colas/Spie Rail, aff. C2007-22, BOCCRF n° 5 bis du 31 mai 2007 Par une décision du 14 mai 2007, le Ministre a autorisé, sous réserve d’engagements structurels et comportementaux, l’acquisition de la société Spie Rail par Colas, filiale du groupe Bouygues. À l’issue de (...)

Jérôme Philippe Fines & Sanctions: European and foreign regimes


For several months now, competition authorities, both at the Community and national levels, have undoubtedly intensified their action against anticompetitive practices and more specifically against cartels. As a result, the activity in this field has been sustained and sanctions have become (...)

Jérôme Philippe Unconditional clearance: The Ministry of Economy clears unconditionally a merger of publishing companies in Southern France with regards to the narrow scope of the local markets due to the absence of any overlaps (Le Monde/Hachette Filipacchi)


Min. Éco., 6 octobre 2006, Société Éditrice du Monde / Hachette Filipacchi Médias, aff. C2006-82, BOCCRF n° 10 bis du 18 décembre 2006 Le 6 octobre 2006, le Ministre de l’économie a autorisé l’acquisition par la Société Éditrice du Monde (SEM) du contrôle exclusif des sociétés constituant le Pôle “Sud” du (...)

Jérôme Philippe Phase I Remedy: The European Commission rules on the divestment of a viable business in order to avoid the creation of a total monopoly (Veolia/Cleanaway)


EC Comm., 21 September 2006, Veolia / Cleanaway, Case COMP/M.4318 À l’issue d’une procédure d’examen en phase I, la Commission européenne a autorisé sous condition l’acquisition de Cleanaway Holdings Limited (Cleanaway) par Veolia ES Holdings plc (VES). Les deux opérateurs sont des fournisseurs de (...)

Aude Guyon, Jérôme Philippe TV Merger - Remedies: The French Minister of Economy clears a major merger in the pay-TV sector subject to 59 behavioural remedies (TPS / CanalSat / VivendiUniversal)


Min. Éco., 30 août 2006, TPS / CanalSat / VivendiUniversal, aff. C2006-02 Par une décision de Phase II datée du 30 août 2006, le Ministre a autorisé, sous réserve de 59 engagements comportementaux, l’acquisition du contrôle exclusif des sociétés TPS et CanalSat par Vivendi Universal (Vivendi). En (...)

Jérôme Philippe Gas and electricity markets: The European Commission confirms the primarily national dimension of the markets for gas and electricity in order to favour transnational concentrations (E.ON/Endesa)


Dimension encore essentiellement nationale des marchés du gaz et de l’électricité : La Commission favorise les opérations transnationales dans l’énergie EC Comm., 25 April 2006, E.ON / Endesa, case COMP/M.4110 La Commission européenne a autorisé le 25 avril 2006 le projet d’acquisition de l’opérateur (...)

Jérôme Philippe Absence of unilateral effects: The Minister of Economy holds that behavioural remedies and regulation counterbalance vertical integration between construction group and motorway (Vinci/Autoroute du Sud de la France)


Le ministre autorise l’intégration verticale entre groupe de BTP et société d’autoroute grâce à des engagements comportementaux Min. Éco., 6 mars 2006, Société Vinci / Société Autoroute du Sud de la France et sa filiale ESCOTA, aff. C2006-03 Le Ministre a autorisé le 6 mars 2006 la prise de contrôle (...)

Jérôme Philippe Unilateral effects: The Minister of Economy issues its two first decisions after a referral based upon article 4(4) EC Merger Reg. (Entremont/Unicopa - Carrefour/Penny Market)


Renvoi vers les autorités françaises : Deux premières décisions du Ministre statuant après renvoi de la Commission sur le fondement de l’article 4, paragraphe 4 - Autorisation dans le secteur des fromages - Autorisation sous conditions dans le secteur de la distribution alimentaire Min. Éco., 28 (...)

Jérôme Philippe Horizontal Merger: The Minister of Economy clears with conditions a merger in the electronic telecommunications sector (Neuf telecom/Cegetel)


Autorisation sous conditions dans le secteur des communications électroniques Min. Éco., 12 août 2005, Neuf telecom / Cegetel, aff.C2005-44 Le Ministre a autorisé, le 12 août 2005, l’opération de fusion entre les deux opérateurs de télécommunications neuf telecom et Cegetel, sous réserve d’engagements. (...)

Jérôme Philippe Vinci airport services: The Minister of Economy clears with conditions an horizontal merger in Phase II in the airport sector (Vinci Services Aéroportuaires)


Le Ministre de l’Economie autorise une concentration horizontale en phase II sous conditions dans le secteur aéroportuaire Min. Éco., 25 juillet 2005, Vinci Services Aéroportuaires / France Handling, aff. C2004-132 Dans cette décision du 25 juillet 2005 intervenant en phase II, le Ministre a suivi (...)

Jérôme Philippe Suspension: The French Council of State disrupts national merger control by an innovative decision to refer a case to the Conseil de la concurrence in an appeal procedure (CCMX/Cegid)


Concentration horizontale: Pouvoir du juge des référés du Conseil d’État de suspendre la décision d’autorisation de concentration prise par le Ministre de l’économie / Pouvoirs d’instruction du Conseil d’État en matière de concentrations CE, ord., 19 mai 2005, Société Fiducial Informatique et Société (...)

Jérôme Philippe Vertical integration : The new European Commission renders its first prohibition decision, due to loss of potential competition and vertical integration (EDP/ENI/GDP)


EC Comm., 9 December 2004, EDP / ENI / GDP, case COMP/M.3440 La Commission européenne a interdit, le 9 décembre 2004, le projet d’acquisition conjointe du fournisseur historique de gaz portugais, Gas de Portugal (GDP), par l’opérateur historique d’électricité portugais Electricidade de Portugal (EDP) (...)

Jérôme Philippe Private labels: The French Minister of Economy rules on unilateral effects and competition between suppliers’ brands and distributors’ private labels (Lesieur/Puget)


Effets unilatéraux et concurrence entre marques de fournisseurs et marques de distributeurs Min. Éco., 18 novembre 2004, Lesieur / Puget, aff. C2004-130 Le projet d’acquisition par la société Lesieur de plusieurs actifs Puget de la société Unilever Bestfoods France, dont en particulier, les marques (...)

Jérôme Philippe Unilateral effects: The European Commission considers that the “winner’s curse” may impede the creation of unilateral effects (VNU/WPP/JV)


EC Comm., 15 September 2004, VNU / WPP / JV, case COMP/M.3512 La Commission européenne a donné son feu vert, le 15 septembre 2004, à la création d’une entreprise commune regroupant l’ensemble des activités de la société hollandaise VNU NV et de la société britannique WPP Group Plc, dans le secteur de (...)

Send a message