Hans Zenger

DG COMP (Brussels)
Member of the Chief Economist Team

Hans Zenger is Deputy Coordinator Mergers at Chief Economist Team in DG Competition at the European Commission. Previously, he was Vice President at CRA. While at CRA, Hans provided expert economic advice in a large number of complex competition investigations, including Visa, Intel, Deutsche Bahn/EWS, Réel/Rio Tinto Alcan, Intel/McAfee and Thomson Reuters. He was also closely involved in the defense of various Commission decisions before the General Court, including E.ON/GDF, MasterCard and REWE/Adeg. Hans has contributed to major policy initiatives at the Commission, including the Vertical Restraints Guidelines and the Article 82 Guidance Paper, and was member of a working group that advised the Director General on the development of European competition policy. Hans holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Munich and an M.Sc. in economics from Universitat Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona. He regularly speaks at competition law conferences and has taught competition policy to both lawyers and economists at universities including ENSEA Paris, University College London and the University of Munich. Hans has published extensively on the application of economics to competition law in journals including the Antitrust Law Journal and the Journal of Competition Law & Economics.


Linked authors

White & Case (Brussels)
White & Case (Brussels)
CRA International (Munich)
University of Aix-Marseille
Côte d’Azur University, GREDEG (Nice)
White & Case (Brussels)
Fréget (Paris)
Paris School of Economics


843 Bulletin

Andreas Bergmann, Balázs Horváth, Gábor Koltay, Geneviève Lallemand-Kirche, Giulia Astuti, Hans Zenger, Laura De Lucas Abril The EU Commission blocks attempted merger between Europe’s two largest stock exchange operators, due to their inability to offer remedies that would prevent the creation of a de facto monopoly in the markets for fixed income clearing (Deutsche Börse / London Stock Exchange)


DB/LSE - Assessing financial infrastructure markets: Network effects, service portfolios and viability of remedies* In a nutshell: The Commission prohibited the merger between the two largest European financial infrastructure groups, Deutsche Börse and London Stock Exchange, in March 2017. This (...)

Hans Zenger The EU General Court upholds Commission’s decision imposing a fine on a manufacturer for restricting competition and foreclosing competitors by granting exclusivity rebates in the market for computer processors (Intel)


The views expressed in this memo are those of the author’s, and do not reflect the opinions of other CRA experts, or CRA’s clients. A test-case for the effects-based approach In a long-awaited ruling, General Court judgment has confirmed the Commission’s 2009 Intel décision. The Commission’s (...)

Damien Neven, Hans Zenger, Raphaël De Coninck The EU Commission develops a novel theory of harm based on the effect of the transaction on the new entity’s bargaining power (Universal Music Group / EMI Music)


This article has been nominated for the 2014 Antitrust Writing Awards. Click here to learn more about the Antitrust Writing Awards. Mergers and bargaining power: back to the future? Insights from the Universal/EMI merger* The decision to approve the acquisition of EMI’s recorded music rights (...)

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