Florence Leroux

Bird & Bird (Paris)
Lawyer (of Counsel)

Florence is a Counsel in the Paris office, specialising in both competition law and ethics and compliance. As a member of the Competition & EU practice, she assists clients in all areas of French and EU competition law ranging from cartel investigations to dominance issues as well as merger control and dawn raids. Since joining Bird & Bird in 2015, she has been involved in high profile matters in particular proceedings before the French Competition Authority, with a strong focus on the telecoms sector. She has started her career in Brussels as a competition law associate of a ’Magic Circle’ law firm, she also has a deep knowledge of EU and international competition law. A few years ago, she decided to strengthen her expertise in ethics and compliance and passed a certificate of Leading Professional in Ethics and Compliance. Since then, she regularly assists clients in the development and implementation of their competition and anti-bribery compliance programmes as well as their whistleblowing systems, carrying out gap analysis, risk assessment, risk mapping, trainings, drafting whistleblowing policies, etc. She has worked as an in-house for a number of international companies (AB InBev, L’Oréal and Orange), she has a very good understanding of the needs of in-house legal departments and the level of service needed from private practice lawyers.

Linked authors

Bird & Bird (Paris)
Bird & Bird (Düsseldorf)
Bird & Bird (Paris)

Articles

560 Bulletin

Florence Leroux, Thomas Oster The French Competition Authority imposes interim measures on a big tech giant to negotiate in good faith with press publishers and news agencies the remuneration associated to the use of their content based on transparent, objective and non-discriminatory criteria (Google)

42

On 9 April 2020, the FCA imposed interim measures on Google, ordering the big tech giant to negotiate in good faith with press publishers and news agencies the remuneration associated to the use of their content based on transparent, objective and non-discriminatory criteria. These interim (...)

Florence Leroux, Thomas Oster The French Competition Authority imposes a €1.1 billion fine on a big tech company who engaged in three anticompetitive practices with its distributors in the retail market for its products (Apple)

67

On 16 March 2020, the French Competition Authority (FCA) imposed a €1.1 billion fine on Apple, the highest fine ever handed out to a company. The FCA considered that Apple had engaged in three anticompetitive practices with its distributors in the retail market for Apple products (excluding (...)

Florence Leroux, Thomas Oster The French Competition Authority publishes its contribution to the debate on competition policy and digital challenges with a section dedicated to the redefinition of its merger control tools in the digital economy

47

Since 2017, the French Competition Authority (FCA) has been working on the simplification and modernisation of merger control in France, which resulted in particular in: (i) several public consultations on new guidelines aiming at replacing the current ones in the course of 2020; (ii) a new (...)

Florence Leroux, Thomas Oster The French Supreme Court annuls the fines previously imposed by the Competition Authority on ten banks for agreeing on the introduction of unjustified interbank fees (BPCE / Crédit agricole / BNP Paribas / Société générale...)

51

A new development in the judicial saga around the 2010 decision by which the FCA imposed a EUR 384.9 million fine on 11 French banks for agreeing on the introduction of unjustified interbank fees during the transition towards a new digital system for processing checks. On 29 January 2020, the (...)

Thomas Oster, Florence Leroux The French Competition Authority publishes its priorities for 2020 which includes the competition issues in the digital sector and a focus on the environment and sustainable development

41

The French Competition Authority (“FCA”) published in mid-January its priorities for 2020 which include in particular the competition issues in the digital sector, a focus on the environment and sustainable development, competition advocacy with a strong focus on trade associations and unions and (...)

Thomas Oster, Florence Leroux The French Competition Authority fines a company for dawn raid obstruction by breaching a seal and altering the functioning of a mailbox (Akka)

12

On 22 May 2019, the French Competition Authority (“FCA”) imposed a EUR 900,000 fine on Akka Technologies (“AT”) for dawn raid obstruction, a first for the FCA. Since 2008, the FCA can impose a fine of up to 1% of a company’s highest worldwide turnover for obstructing its investigations. The FCA (...)

Thomas Oster, Florence Leroux The French Government adopts a decree introducing several measures in order to modernise and simplify the merger notification to the French Competition Authority

10

On 18 April 2019, the French government adopted a decree ("Decree") introducing several measures aimed at modernizing and simplifying the notification of mergers to the French Competition Authority ("FCA"). The Decree, which came into force on 21 April 2019, has been preceded by a public (...)

Florence Leroux, Thomas Oster The French Competition Authority issues an opinion against the 7,7% increase in the tariffs of regulated retail electricity proposed by the energy regulator

10

On March 25th 2019, the French Competition Authority (“FCA”) issued – on its own initiative - an opinion in which it advises against the 7.7 % increase in the tariffs of regulated retail electricity proposed by the French energy regulator (“CRE”) in a ruling adopted in February 2019. The FCA raised (...)

Thomas Oster, Florence Leroux The French Competition Authority imposes interim measures to a big tech company following a complaint alleging abuse of its dominant position on the online search advertising market (Amadeus / Google)

24

On January 31st 2019, the French Competition Authority (“the FCA”) imposed interim measures on Google following a complaint lodged in May 2018 by Amadeus (a company offering directory enquiry services) alleging that Google had abused its dominant position on the online search advertising market (...)

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