Annalies Outhuijse

University of Groningen
Phd researcher

Annalies Outhuijse is, as of October 2015, a PhD fellow at the Department of Administrative Law at the University of Groningen. Under the supervision of Prof Dr J.H. Jans and Prof Dr H.H.B. Vedder, her PhD research focuses on the functioning of dispute settlement procedures and the public enforcement of competition law in the Netherlands. Next to her undergraduate and LLM studies, she was a research and teaching assistant at the same department since April 2012. Both in collaboration with Prof Dr J.H. Jans and independently she has carried out multiple studies and published articles amongst others on the subject of Dutch competition law. The topics of her research included the relationship between the decisions taken by the Netherlands competition authority and the recommendations of its advisory committee, the appraisal of these decisions by the court of first instance and the differences between judgements of the administrative and civil courts in competition law cases. Ms Outhuijse taught tutorials in the second year LL.B course ‘Administrative law’. This course, for international students, discusses which effect European Union rules have on the administrative law systems of the EU Member States. In 2015 she completed her study years with an LL.M in Dutch Law specialisation Constitutional and Administrative law (summa cum laude) and the LL.M Research Master (cum laude).


598 Bulletin

Annalies Outhuijse Environment and Competition policy: trends in European and national cases


This special issue contains discussions of cases in European and national practice concerning the interface between competition and environmental policy. Although the common denominator between the cases is a relationship with these two policy areas, a distinction can be drawn between two broad categories of cases. First, as we can imagine, measures taken with the objective of protecting the environment can have anticompetitive effects. In some cases, it is in fact not possible to secure environmental benefits without affecting the degree of competition in a market. The cases in this category illustrate a clear tension between competition and environmental protection, where it is up to the various stakeholders to achieve a balance between the two policy areas. The review of the reported cases also revealed another category of cases in which the anticompetitive behaviour was not a ‘necessary evil’ towards the achievement of an environmental objective, but was simply conducted in the interests of the companies involved, as it would have been done in other ‘ordinary’ anticompetitive practices. The relationship with environmental policy in these cases is that the companies work in environmental sectors, such as waste management and recycling schemes. This foreword covers both types of case and will highlight trends and differences found within European and national cases, primarily based on cases reported in e-Competitions.

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