Alessandra Forzano

DG COMP (Brussels)
Case officer

Alessandra Forzano is case officer at the European Commission.

Linked authors

Hogan Lovells (Madrid)
DG COMP (Brussels)
LUISS Guido Carli University (Rome)

Articles

3771 Bulletin

Alessandra Forzano, Danilo Samà The European Commission temporarily approves recapitalisations in the financial sector granted by the Irish authorities (Allied Irish Banks/Educational Building Society, Irish Life & Permanent group Holdings)

62

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31  August 2011"* On 15 July 2011 the Commission temporarily Approved a recapitalisation worth up to €13.1 billion of an entity resulting from the merger of Allied Irish Banks and Educational Building Society (AIB/EBS), as well as a (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Danilo Samà The European Commission adopts a negative decision concerning financing in the form of guarantees and other equity interventions granted by the local government of Åland to a state‑owned commercial property company (Ålands Industrihus)

33

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31  August 2011"* On 13 July 2011 the Commission adopted a negative decision concerning financing in the form of guarantees and other equity interventions granted by the local government of Åland to Ålands Industrihus Ab (ÅI), a state‑owned (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Danilo Samà The European Commission finds that a Bulgarian metal manufacturer received subsidies in the form of unpaid debts to the State of around €3.7 M (Ruse Industry)

34

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31  August 2011"* The European Commission finds that a Bulgarian metal manufacturer received subsidies in the form of unpaid debts to the State of around €3.7 million (Ruse Industry) On 13 July 2011 the Commission foundthat the Bulgarian metal (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Danilo Samà The EU Commission finds that Romania’s plan to support the production of energy from renewable energy sources is in line with the 2008 environmental aid guidelines (Romanian Green Certificates)

51

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31  August 2011"* By decision of 13 July 2011, the Commission found that Romania’s plan to support the production of energy from renewable energy sources is in line with the 2008 Environmental Aid Guidelines, as it creates clear incentives for (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Danilo Samà The European Commission clears under EU State aid rules an investment fund that will support sustainable urban regeneration in the north‑west region of England (Northwest Urban Investment Fund)

39

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31  August 2011"* The European Commission clears under EU State aid rules an investment fund that will support sustainable urban regeneration in the North‑west region of England (Northwest Urban Investment Fund) On 13 July 2011 the Commission (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Danilo Samà The European Commission temporarily approves the recapitalisation of a bank by the Irish authorities of up to €5.35 billion, after a first €3.5 billion restructuring plan was approved (Bank of Ireland)

68

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31  August 2011"* On 11 July 2011, the Commission temporarily approved the recapitalisation of the Bank of Ireland (BoI) by the Irish authorities of up to €5.35 billion, after a first €3.5 billion restructuring plan was approved in July 2010. This (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Danilo Samà The European Commission authorises a plan by Germany to exempt selected groups of passengers to and from seven German islands from a newly‑created tax on air transport (Juist, Norderney)

47

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31  August 2011"* On 29 June 2011, the Commission authorised a plan by Germany to exempt selected groups of passengers to and from seven German islands (Juist, Norderney, Helgoland, Baltrum, Langeoog, Wangerooge, Borkum) from a newly‑created (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Danilo Samà The EU Commission concludes that the unlimited State guarantee granted to a French research body constitutes compatible State aid as long as the its economic activities are conducted solely on an ancillary basis and are connected with its main activity (Institut Français du Pétrole)

80

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31  August 2011"* By decision of 29 June 2011 the Commission concluded that the unlimited State guarantee granted to the Institut Français du Pétrole Énergies Nouvelles (IFP) constitutes compatible State aid as long as the IFP’s economic (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Danilo Samà The European Commission clears Danish support for the liquidation of a bank, as it provides for an orderly wind‑up of the bank and foresees sufficient safeguards to limit distortion of competition (Eik Bank)

101

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31  August 2011"* On 6 June 2011 the Commission cleared Danish support for the liquidation of Eik Bank, as it provides for an orderly wind‑up of the bank and foresees sufficient safeguards to limit distortion of competition. The bank, until 2010 (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Danilo Samà The European Commission finds that the different taxation imposed by the Greek Government for casino entrance fees is unlawful aid (Aid to certain Greek casinos)

35

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31  August 2011"* Following an in‑depth investigation, on 24 May 2011 the Commission found that the different taxation of casino entrance fees is unlawful aid because it creates fiscal discrimination in favour of public casinos and causes the (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Danilo Samà The European Commission rejects complaints filed by mobile phone operators already active in the French market, as it finds that the procedure for awarding fourth 3G mobile phone licence does not involve any State aid (France – 4th UMTS licence)

51

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31  August 2011"* On 10 May 2011 the Commission rejected complaints filed by three mobile phone operators already active in the French market, as it found that the procedure for awarding France’s fourth 3G mobile phone licence in 2009 did not (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The European Commission approves public financing granted to Danish broadcaster concluding that the State financing was necessary and proportionate, according to the EU current rules on state funding for public broadcasters (TV2)

54

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 20 April, the Commission adopted two decisions approving the funding mechanism that was in place for the Danish broadcaster TV2 between 1995 and 2002. The first decision concluded that state financing received during the (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The European Commission concludes that a French venture capital fund which aims to encourage the raising of risk capital for young innovative SMEs is compatible with the guidelines on risk capital (FNA)

57

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 20 April, the Commission concluded that the national venture capital fund which aims to encourage the raising of risk capital for young innovative SMEs is compatible with the guidelines on risk capital. The French national (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The European Commission re-assesses a State aid case and decides that the purchase price paid by a Finnish municipality to a real estate company does not constitute a State aid and complies with the market investor principle (Componenta, Finnish municipality Karkkila)

58

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* Following the Court annulment of a Commission decision of 2005, on 20 April the Commission adopted a decision stating that the purchase price paid by the Finnish municipality Karkkila to Componenta does not constitute state aid (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The European Commission rules that financial support to a French automotive supplier did not constitute State aid since it complies with the market economy investor principle (FMEA, Trèves)

87

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* Following an in-depth investigation, on 20 April the Commission decided that financial support of €55 million to automotive supplier Trèves from the Fonds de Modernisation des Equipementiers Automobiles (FMEA) does not constitute (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The EU Commission adopts a communication on the revision of EU State aid rules on services of general economic interest and a report on their application

89

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 23 March, the Commission also adopted a Communication on the revision of European Union State aid rules on Services of General Economic Interest (SGEI) and a report on their application. These rules, also known as the 2005 (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The European Commission authorises £180 M of public assistance to UK postal services operator for the funding of its network of post offices during one year (Post Office Limited)

93

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 23 March, the Commission authorised £180 million (€212 million) of public assistance to the UK Post Office Limited (POL) for the funding of its network of post offices during one year starting 1 April 2011. The Commission also (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The European Commission authorises Denmark’s plans to establish a new public service radio to increase competition on the country’s radio market for public service programming by supporting the creation of a new channel (channel FM4)

38

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 23 March, the Commission authorised Denmark’s plans to establish a new public service radio, channel FM4, to increase competition on the country’s radio market for public service programming by supporting the creation of a new (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The European Commission authorises a grant of €19.2 M to an Italian sports car producer for a project to train its workforce at its two production sites (De Tomaso)

62

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* By its decision of 23 March, the Commission authorised a grant of €19.2 million to the Italian sports car producer De Tomaso SpA for a project to train its workforce at its two production sites in Grugliasco (Piedmont) and (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The European Commission decides that investment aid for two German interlinked plants constitutes State aid that was compatible with the internal market under Article 107(3) TFEU (Glunz and OSB Deutschland)

37

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 23 March, the Commission decided that investment aid for Glunz and OSB Deutschland, two interlinked plants, constituted state aid that was compatible with the internal market under Article 107(3) TFEU. The measure was (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The EU Commission rejects a specific provision of the revised Austrian "Green Electricity Act" that would have provided energy-intensive businesses with a partial exemption from buying green electricity (Austrian Green Electricity Act)

78

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* After an in-depth investigation opened in 2009, on 8 March the Commission rejected a specific provision of the revised Green Electricity Act of Austria (Ökostromgesetznovelle 2008) that would have provided energy-intensive (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The European Commission finds that a State guarantee put in place by France to cover the exchange rate risk for aeronautic suppliers does not constitute State aid (Aero 2008)

20

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 8 March, the Commission closed a formal investigation procedure opened in 2009 and found that a state guarantee put in place by France to cover the exchange rate risk for aeronautic suppliers (Aero 2008) does not constitute (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The European Commission orders Spain to abolish a provision in its corporate tax law allowing Spanish companies to amortise ‘financial goodwill’ deriving from acquisitions of shareholdings in companies in third countries

39

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 3 March, the Commission requested Spain to abolish a 2002 provision in its corporate tax law that allows Spanish companies to amortise ‘financial goodwill’ deriving from acquisitions of shareholdings in companies in third (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The European Commission decides to authorise air transport aid of a social character for certain residents in the French overseas department of Martinique

29

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* The Commission decided on 18 February to authorise air transport aid of a social character for certain residents in the French overseas department of Martinique. The aid will increase the aid applicable to air transport between (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The European Commission approves a support package and restructuring plan for a Dutch financial institution subject to certain conditions (ABN AMRO Group)

29

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 5 February, the Commission approved a support package and restructuring plan for the ABN AMRO Group, subject to certain conditions. The restructuring package has been under implementation since October 2008, when the Dutch (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The European Commission approves a support package and restructuring plan for a Dutch financial institution subject to certain conditions (ABN AMRO Group)

29

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 5 February, the Commission approved a support package and restructuring plan for the ABN AMRO Group, subject to certain conditions. The restructuring package has been under implementation since October 2008, when the Dutch (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The EU Commission publishes a guide to help public authorities understand how Member States may finance services of general interest in compliance with State aid rules

150

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 28 January the Commission published a guide to help public authorities understand how Member States may finance services of general interest in compliance with State aid rules. The ’Guide to the application of the European (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The European Commission decides that a French scheme to support supplementary welfare cover for local government staff is compatible with Article 107(2)(a) TFEU (Fiscalité des contrats d’assurance maladie solidaires, Aide à la protection sociale complémentaire)

40

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* The Commission decided in two cases on 26 January and 23 February that a French scheme to support supplementary welfare cover for local government staff is compatible with Article 107(2)(a) of the TFEU, which permits aid of a (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The European Commission authorises Spain to grant an interest-free reimbursable loan of €129 M to aircraft manufacturer for the development of a new engine (Aernnova)

40

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 26 January, the Commission authorised Spain to grant an interest-free reimbursable loan of €129 million to Aernnova for the development of the next-generation horizontal tail plane (HTP) for the future Airbus A350 XWB. When (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The EU Commission authorises France to provide a €26 M direct grant for the construction of a district heating network in the North-East of Paris (CPCU)

61

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 26 January, the Commission authorised France to provide a €26 million direct grant for the construction of a district heating network in the North-East of Paris. The aid beneficiary is CPCU, a subsidiary of GDF Suez and the (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Erika Lofquist The EU Commission authorises France to provide a €25.3 M grant for the construction of a heat boiler using a renewable energy source in the Alsace region (Roquette Frères / Electricité de Strasbourg / Caisse des Dépôts / Consignations)

151

State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2011* On 12 January, the Commission authorised France to provide a €25.3 million grant for the construction of a heat boiler using a renewable energy source (geothermal energy) in Beinheim, the Alsace region. The project also involves (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Alfredo Gómez Alvarez The European Commission authorises €15.5 M of regional investment aid for a German company for the production of solar modules in Germany (Sovello)

24

State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* On 14 December 2010 the Commission authorised € 15.5 million of regional investment aid for the German company Sovello AG for the production of solar modules in Bitterfeld Wolfen (Thalheim, Sachsen Anhalt), Germany. Sovello (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Alfredo Gómez Alvarez The European Commission adopts a negative decision concerning State aids granted by the French Ministry of Culture and orders their recovery (Centre d’Exportation du Livre Français)

150

State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* On 14 December 2010 the Commission adopted a negative decision with recovery on the Centre d’Exportation du Livre Français (CELF). The CELF case dates back to the beginning of the 90’s with the lodging of a complaint against (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Alfredo Gómez Alvarez The European Commission adopts a communication on the application of State aid rules to support measures in favour of banks in the context of the financial crisis

46

State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* Following a public consultation on the State aid temporary rules established in response to the economic and financial crisis, the Commission believes there are still grounds for considering that the requirements for the (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Alfredo Gómez Alvarez The European Commission refers Spain to the EU Court of Justice for failure to respect Court ruling to recover illegal aid (Magefesa group, Basque Provinces of Alava, Guipúzcoa and Vizcaya)

40

State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* On 30 September 2010 and on 24 November 2010 the Commission decided to refer Spain to the Court of Justice for failing to implement a previous Court ruling which confirmed certain Commission decisions finding that (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Alfredo Gómez Alvarez The European Commission approves a € 7 M aid scheme supporting parallel analogue and digital broadcasting during the transition to digital TV in Slovakia

30

State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* On 17 November 2010 the Commission approved a € 7 million aid scheme supporting parallel analogue and digital broadcasting during the transition to digital TV in Slovakia . Under this scheme broadcasters and network (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Alfredo Gómez Alvarez The European Commission approves a short term € 52 M State loan granted by the Maltese authorities to national airline company (Air Malta)

32

State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* On 15 November 2010 the Commission authorised a short term € 52 million State loan to tackle liquidity problems at Air Malta. The Maltese authorities had notified emergency support to prevent the collapse of Air Malta. If (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Alfredo Gómez Alvarez The European Commission refers Italy to the EU Court of Justice for failure to implement a previous Court’s decision ordering the recovery of illegal and incompatible state aid from utilities with a majority public capital holding

25

State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* On 28 October 2010 the Commission decided to refer Italy to the Court of Justice for failing to implement a previous Court ruling decision ordering the recovery of illegal and incompatible State aid from utilities with a (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Alfredo Gómez Alvarez The European Commission concludes that part of the State support granted to Hungarian fertiliser producer infringed EU State aid rules (Péti Nitrogenmuvek)

26

State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* On 27 October the Commission concluded that part of the State support granted in 2009 to fertiliser producer Péti Nitrogenmuvek infringed EU State aid rules. In January 2009 Hungary issued guarantees in favour of (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Alfredo Gómez Alvarez The EU Commission authorises the Netherlands to provide a € 150 M grant for a CO2 capture and storage (CCS) demonstration project to a joint venture between two energy companies (E.ON / GDF Suez)

76

State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* By its decision of 27 October 2010 the Commission authorised The Netherlands to provide a € 150 million grant for a CO2 capture and storage (CCS) demonstration project to a joint venture between E.ON and GDF Suez. The joint (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Alfredo Gómez Alvarez The EU Commission authorises the compensation which Spain intends to grant to electricity generators to meet the costs of fulfilling a public service obligation (Preferential dispatch of indigenous coal plants)

103

State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* On 29 September 2010 the Commission authorised the compensation which Spain intends to grant to electricity generators to meet the costs of fulfilling a public service obligation, namely producing specific volumes of (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Alfredo Gómez Alvarez The European Commission approves €21.4 M public funding for Dutch company Mapper to develop new semiconductor manufacturing technology (Mapper)

26

State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* On 29 September 2010 the Commission authorised The Netherlands to grant € 15.6 million of soft loans and a direct grant of € 5.7 million to Mapper Lithography B.V. for the development of ‘E beam lithography’. Mapper is a (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Alfredo Gómez Alvarez The European Commission approves State aid measures supporting the purchase of digital television terminal equipment for socially vulnerable groups in Slovakia (Switch-over to digital TV broadcasting in Slovakia)

23

State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* Another measure supporting the purchase of digital television terminal equipment for socially vulnerable groups in Slovakia was approved by the Commission on 15 September 2010. The aim is to bring digital television within (...)

Alessandra Forzano, Alfredo Gómez Alvarez The European Commission authorises a scheme for the recapitalisation of credit institutions in Greece by the Hellenic Financial Stability Fund

45

State Aid: Main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2010* On 3 September 2010 the Commission authorised a scheme for the recapitalisation of credit institutions in Greece by the Hellenic Financial Stability Fund (FSF). Its capital, which amounts to € 10 billion, stems from the (...)

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