Adeline-Raluca Toader

Liège University

Adeline Toader holds a degree in law from the University of Bucharest and is currently enrolled in the EU Competition and IP Law LL.M at the University of Liege. She is a lawyer registered with the Bucharest Bar and a Contributor for Chambers’ Global Copyright Practice Guides. Her expertise covers IP and commercial matters.


213 Bulletin

Adeline-Raluca Toader The EU General Court annuls a €33.6 million fine imposed in relation to the Euro Interest Rate Derivatives cartel because of the Commission’s insufficient reasoning on the applied calculation method (HSBC)


In yet another bank cartel case, the EU General Court (“GC” or “the Court”) takes a position consistent with its previous case law as regards the right to defence of the parties and annuls the fine imposed on HSBC due to insufficient reasoning. In addition, the GC assesses the conditions for (...)

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