University of Oxford

Simon Holmes

University of Oxford, UK Competition Appeal Tribunal (London)
Visiting Professor / Judge

Simon Holmes is a Visiting Professor at the University of Oxford, and a Judge on the Competition Appeal Tribunal. He has advised businesses on competition law for some 35 years. He was latterly head of competition law at SJ Berwin and then King & Wood Mallesons – first in the UK and Europe and then on a global basis. He is an adviser to the NGO ClientEarth; a strategic adviser to SustainablePublicAffairs in Brussels; “Co- Chair of the Sustainability and Competition Taskforce of the International Chamber of Commerce (“ICC”); a member of the international advisory board of the LDC (Insituto de derecho de la competencia); and an associate member of the UCL Centre for Law, Economics, and Society (CLES). He writes and speaks regularly on competition and regulatory issues and has a particular interest in the relationship between climate change, sustainability and competition law. He is a co- editor with Martijn Snoep and Dirk Middelschulte of a new book published by Concurrences: "Competion Law, Climate Change & Environmental Sustainability"

Linked authors

University of Cambridge
University of Oxford
UK Competition Appeal Tribunal (London)
University of Oxford - Centre for Competition Law and Policy
UK Competition Appeal Tribunal (London)


Simon Holmes (Competition Appeal Tribunal)
Simon Holmes 19 February 2020 London
Simon Holmes (Competition Appeal Tribunal)
Simon Holmes 28 March 2019 Paris


2636 Bulletin

Simon Holmes Sustainability & competition policy: an overview of EU and national case law


As I write this the world is gathering in Glasgow, UK, for the most important international conference in recent years — COP 26. This comes at the end of a year in which 100s have died from floods in counties as far apart as Belgium and China, and others from Greece and Turkey to the west coast of North America have suffered record (and lethal) heat and wildfires. Neither this bulletin, nor this foreword, is about climate change as such but, before we dive into our technical competition law (or economics) bubble, it’s important to remind ourselves of the context in which we are looking at sustainability and competition policy – and retain some perspective. This is not just another interesting and technical aspect of competition law but something which has a bearing on the most important issue facing humanity — the existential threat that climate change poses.

Simon Holmes, Marcus Smith Rights of defence and competition law: An overview of EU and national case law


Decisions of the Commission are reviewable for their legality under Article 263 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (“TFEU”). It is not necessary to set out the full range of decisions that are capable of challenge under Article 263 TFEU, but they include (purely by way of example) decisions concerning infringements of Article 101 TFEU (anti-competitive agreements) and 102 TFEU (abuse of dominance) and decisions regarding mergers. One of the more important bases for the challenge of Commission decisions is the failure to respect the “rights of the defence”.This foreword seeks to explore the recent EU case-law in this area. It does so in a comparative law fashion, comparing the EU approach with the (in formal terms different, but in substantive terms, similar) approach in the UK.

3010 Review

Simon Holmes Consumer welfare, sustainability and competition law goals


There is no reference anywhere in the EU treaties to ’Consumer Welfare’. This forward argues that the correct starting point for analysing any question under European competition law is not consumer welfare but the constitutional provisions of the Eu treaties. These not only allow, but require, (...)


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