After a long period of absence on the European Union (“EU”) enforcement landscape, interim measures have raised an increased interest in competition law circles in recent years and are now commonly considered an important part of any enforcement agency toolkit. The European Commission (“Commission”) adopted its first interim measures in almost two decades in the 2019 Broadcom case and a number of jurisdictions in the EU and beyond have seen significant enforcement at the level of national competition authorities (“NCAs”) and courts. While interim measures have been part of the enforcement culture in certain jurisdictions for quite a few years, the timing for the resurgence of this instrument across the European continent is not coincidental. A more frequent use of interim measures has indeed accompanied the renewed emphasis on a prompt and effective enforcement of competition rules, which has become even more vital due to the increased importance of digital and other fast-moving markets. This foreword is intended to provide an overview of the main recent cases of interim measures at EU and Member State level.