The approaches adopted by the Turkish Competition Board in its recent precedent are heavily influenced by the global trends such as the close scrutiny over digital players as well as increasing attention towards competition law issues concerning labour markets. The substantive analysis regarding the anticompetitive agreements, unilateral conduct, and mergers has been shaped by and adjusted to the recent comprehensive amendments to Law No. 4054 on the Protection of Competition (“Law No. 4054”) as well as the secondary legislation. Amendments to Law No. 4054, which entered into force on June 24, 2020, introduced several mechanisms for the Authority to focus on and to streamline certain of its processes, such as the use of the de minimis principle in its cases, a new substantive test for merger control, behavioural and structural remedies for anti-competitive conduct, and procedural tools including commitments and settlement mechanism. The articles within this Special Issue aim to reveal and explain the evolving efforts of the Board in establishing its own case law in light of the amendments to the main and secondary legislation by way of also following global trends, as well as taking advantage of the well-established practices under the EU competition law regime in recent years, on various fronts.