European Commission - Legal Service King's College (London)

Wouter Wils

European Commission - Legal Service, King’s College (London)
Legal Advisor / Visiting Professor

Prof. Dr. Wouter Wils is a Legal Advisor in the Legal Service of the European Commission. He is a Visiting Professor at King’s College London, and a former Hearing Officer for competition proceedings at the European Commission. He was educated both as an economist and as a lawyer at Louvain, Utrecht and Harvard. He has represented the European Commission in more than 350 cases before the EU and EFTA Courts, and has acted as Hearing Officer in more than 100 competition cases before the European Commission.


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King’s College (London)
King’s College (London)
King’s College (London)
King’s College (London)
King’s College (London)


54204 Review

Wouter Wils Should the EU Competition Damages Directive be revised to grant companies that have received immunity from fines under the competition authorities’ leniency programmes also immunity from damages?


Following various proposals in the academic literature, and in the light of the observed decrease in the number of leniency applications received by European competition authorities in the period 2015–2020, the German Monopolies Commission (Monopolkommission) proposed in 2022 to amend the (...)

Wouter Wils Regulation 1/2003: An Assessment After Twenty Years


Regulation 1/2003 brought about a radical change in the way in which the EU antitrust prohibitions contained in Articles 101 and 102 TFEU are enforced. The previous enforcement regime, under Regulation 17, which dated from 1962, was characterised by a centralised notification and authorisation (...)

Wouter Wils Principles of European Antitrust Enforcement


This section selects books on themes related to competition laws and economics. This compilation does not attempt to be exhaustive but rather a survey of themes important in the area. The survey usually covers publication over the last three months after publication of the latest issue of (...)

Wouter Wils Efficiency and Justice in European Antitrust Enforcement


This section selects books on themes related to competition laws and economics. This compilation does not attempt to be exhaustive but rather a survey of themes important in the area. The survey usually covers publication over the last three months after publication of the latest issue of (...)

Wouter Wils Publication of antitrust decisions of the European Commission


This paper deals with the publication by the European Commission of its decisions adopted in the enforcement of the competition rules laid down in Articles 101 and 102 TFEU (antitrust decisions). The paper examines the legal basis of such publication and the interests justifying publication; (...)

Wouter Wils Competition Authorities: Towards More Independence and Prioritisation? – The European Commission’s “ECN+” Proposal for a Directive to empower the competition authorities of the Member States to be more effective enforcers


This paper contains my contribution to the panel “Competition authorities: Towards more independence and prioritisation?” at the 8th International Concurrences Review Conference “New Frontiers of Antitrust” (Paris, 26 June 2017). It focuses in particular on the European Commission’s “ECN+” (...)

Bruno Lasserre, Jean-François Bellis, Jed Saul Rakoff, Wouter Wils Commitment decisions: Tool of choice or poison for antitrust enforcement? (New Frontiers of Antitrust, 15 June 2015, Paris)


This first roundtable of the “New frontiers of Antitrust” conference, Paris, 15 June 2015, was dedicated to the commitment decisions as « tool of choice or poison » for antitrust enforcement. After an introduction of Bruno Lasserre, President of the French Competition Authority describing the (...)

Andreas Mundt, Bruno Lasserre, Mélanie Thill-Tayara, Peter Freeman, Wouter Wils European Competition Network & EC Regulation 1/2003 10 years after: Can cooperation be extended to merger control and advocacy? (New Frontiers of Antitrust, Paris, 21 February 2014)


This third roundtable of the conference “New frontiers of Antitrust” (Paris, 21 February 2014) was dedicated to “European Competition Network 10 years after & EC Regulation 1/2003: Can cooperation be extended to merger control and advocacy?”. The objectives for the authors of this (...)

Wouter Wils Antitrust Compliance Programmes & Optimal Antitrust Enforcement


Should companies that have antitrust compliance programmes be granted a reduction in the amount of fines or even immunity from fines when they are found to have committed antitrust infringements? Should the absence of a compliance programme constitute an aggravating factor leading to higher (...)

Wouter Wils Recidivism in EU antitrust enforcement: a legal and economic analysis


Recidivism has in the last few years attracted much attention and controversy in the context of EU antitrust enforcement. The treatment of recidivism by the European Commission and the EU Courts has often been criticised, and the observed incidence of recidivism has led to some questioning of (...)

Wouter Wils EU antitrust enforcement powers and procedural rights and guarantees: The interplay between EU law, national law, the Charter of fundamental rights of the EU and the ECHR


Cet article traite des pouvoirs de la Commission européenne et des autorités de concurrence des États membres dans l’application des articles 101 et 102 du TFUE ainsi que des droits et garanties qui encadrent ou limitent ces pouvoirs. L’auteur se concentre en particulier sur l’interaction (...)

Wouter Wils Should private antitrust enforcement be encouraged in Europe ?


The EC antitrust prohibitions are regularly invoked in private litigation as a shield. Private parties also play an important role in public antitrust enforcement through complaints to the competition authorities. However, in marked contrast with the situation in the US, private actions for (...)

Antoine Winckler, Bo Vesterdorf, Douglas Miller, John M. Connor, Laurence Idot, Wouter Wils Sanctions: Is more always better? (New Frontiers of Antitrust Conference - Paris, 15th February 2010 - Panel III)


Sanctions: Is more always better? Introduction Laurence IDOT Professeur à l’Université Paris II-Panthéon Assas Présidente du comité scientifique de Concurrences 1. Après les enquêtes et le rôle de l’économie comportementale dans l’appréciation des comportements, voici venu le temps des (...)

Wouter Wils Leniency in antitrust enforcement: Theory and practice


This paper discusses the theory and practice of leniency in antitrust enforcement, i.e. the granting of immunity from penalties or the reduction of penalties for antitrust violations in exchange for cooperation with the antitrust enforcement authorities. After a description of the practice of (...)

Wouter Wils Optimal antitrust fines: Theory and practice


Le présent article traite de la question générale de l’utilisation des amendes infligées aux entreprises ou aux autres entités juridiques sanctionnant le non-respect des règle de concurrence, telles que celles prévues aux articles 81 et 82 du traité CE ou aux articles 1 et 2 du Sherman Act. (...)

Wouter Wils Is criminalization of EU competition law the answer ?


Dans cet article, l’auteur répond en cinq parties à la question : « La pénalisation du droit communautaire de la concurrence est-elle la solution ? ». Tout d’abord, qu’entend-on par «pénalisation», ou mise en œuvre pénale du droit de la concurrence (par opposition à la mise en œuvre publique (...)



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