Dr. Penelope Papandropoulos has been working at the European Commission - DG COMP since 2007. She is currently a member of cabinet for Executive Vice-President Margrethe Vestager. Previously, she was in the team of the Chief Economist, where she was coordinating the work of the Chief Economist Team in State aid matters. Between 2007 and 2014, she predominantly worked on merger cases, contributing to high profile merger cases such as Google/DoubleClick, Fortis/ABN Amro, Oracle/Sun Microsystems, BHP Billiton / Rio Tinto, Western Digital/Hitachi, Lufthansa/Brussels Airlines, UPS/TNT and many others. In 2014, she worked for a few months as a member of the cabinet of the Commissioner for Competition, Joaquin Almunia, advising predominantly on antitrust and merger cases in the energy and IT sectors. Prior to working at the Commission, Dr Penelope Papandropoulos was for several years an economic consultant at Charles River Associates (CRA International), and previously Lexecon. Dr. Penelope Papandropoulos holds a PhD in Economics from the Université Libre de Bruxelles.
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"Google/DoubleClick: The first test for the Commission’s nonhorizontal merger guidelines"* I. Introduction The Google/DoubleClick merger generated considerable interest as it concerned the ubiquitous search engine that most Europeans use in their daily lives. From a competition policy (...)
On the 28th of November 2007, the Commission adopted the Non-Horizontal Merger Guidelines. This article illustrates how these guidelines are applied in practice by reviewing the economic analysis undertaken in Google/DoubleClick and TomTom/TeleAtlas, two recent mergers that raised (...)
Introduction 1. The debate on whether to and how to reform Article 82 has been raging for some time now. The Article 82 Discussion Paper published in December 2005 (re)launched the debate on the objectives of Article 82 (i.e. the protection of the process of competition rather than (...)
In the last two years, the treatment of price discrimination under Article 82 has been the subject of intense debate, both by economists and legal commentators. This article discusses the economics of price discrimination and offers some tentative policy recommendations. In particular, we argue (...)
The increasing role of economic analysis in competition investigations need not be proven, in particular in the area of mergers, both at the EU and national levels. This paper reviews some recent merger decisions illustrating the latest developments in the use of economic tools, both (...)
Three years after the publication of the 2004 Horizontal Merger Guidelines, the Commission is expected to publish soon draft guidelines on the competitive assessment of non-horizontal mergers. The Commission’s thinking has been unveiled over the last few months through presentations by DG Comp (...)