Paul is Judge at the General Court since 19 September 2016. His areas of research and teaching are competition law, consumer protection, and European integration. He graduated in law from the Université catholique de Louvain in 1988, holds a Master of Laws from Harvard University (1989) and a Doctor of Laws (1998). He worked as a Legal Secretary at the Court of Justice of the European Communities from 1991 to 1995, and as a researcher at the Université catholique de Louvain from 1995 to 1999. He was Professor at the University of Groningen from 1999 to 2001 then at the Université catholique de Louvain (2001-16). He is visiting Professor at a number of universities, in particular at Paris Dauphine University (2013-16). He is Chair of the Academic Society for Competition Law (2013-16), chief editor of a number of legal journals.
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Much has been written about objectives pursued through the application of the rules of competition. But no final or decision conclusion has ever been reached on this difficult topic. The fact of the matter is that competition has existed for ages. It provides a mechanism whereby a structure is establish in societies – a hierarchy among people.
But competition never takes place without rules. The mechanism whereby resources and status are lost or acquired has always been regulated. And the rules applicable to it have an impact on the outcome of the process. Typically: a lenient competition policy will benefit big businesses which are then allowed, implicitly at least, to use their power to maintain or improve their position on markets. By contrast a more stringent attitude will please smaller firms, which will find in those rules a form of protection against predators.
The case discussed in this brief has lasted several years as it gave rise to a decision adopted by the European Commission and a judgment issued by the general Court before ending up, on appeal, before the European Court of justice. As other judgments, this ruling raises the question to what (...)
This section selects books on themes related to competition laws and economics. This compilation does not attempt to be exhaustive but rather a survey of themes important in the area. The survey usually covers publication over the last three months after publication of the latest issue of (...)
Les trente dernières années ont vu l’usage progressif du droit de la concurrence comme instrument destiné à améliorer l’efficacité économique au sein de la société. Mais ce standard, qui provient des Etats-Unis, ne résout pas toutes les difficultés liées à la concurrence sur les marchés. Par ailleurs, il (...)
Globalisation of business makes it important for firms to predict how their behaviour is likely to be treated in the roughly 200 nations that have competition laws. In that context, a crucial question is: are we in a position to develop a common intellectual framework that would give coherence (...)