Côte d'Azur University, GREDEG (Nice)

Patrice Bougette

Côte d’Azur University, GREDEG (Nice)
Senior Lecturer

Patrice Bougette is a senior lecturer of Economics at the University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis. He is also a member of the CNRS “Law, Economics, and Management Research Group” (GREDEG), as well as an associate researcher of LAMETA based in Montpellier. His research lies in the field of industrial organization and competition policy. He has published several papers on merger control (more specifically on structural remedies), but also on leniency programs and commitment procedures. As for his teaching, he is in charge of the course of “Industrial Economics” (undergraduate economics program), the course of “Firm strategy” (M.A. program in economics), and lastly the course of “Competition economics” (undergraduate law program) at the University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.

Linked authors

Côte d’Azur University, GREDEG (Nice)
University Paris-Panthéon-Assas
Côte d’Azur University, GREDEG (Nice)


1554 Bulletin

Christophe Charlier, Patrice Bougette Energy & State aid: An overview of EU and national case law


In this foreword, we report the most recent relevant cases of state aid control since the European Commission’s Guidelines on State Aid for Environmental Protection and Energy (the Guidelines) were published in 2014. We discuss an important series of decisions related to compatible financing of renewable energy sources and generation adequacy. These cases fall into three categories, which we describe as “the Good”, “the Bad” and “the Ugly.” Those in the Good category refer to the objective of the aid and its properties in the context of the functioning of the internal market. The Bad category cases include those where procedures have not been complied with, or are aimed at objectives that can be described as ‘unfair’, or cases involving omissions by the involved parties. The Ugly category includes those cases where the aid contributes to maintenance or development of non-renewable energy sources, either nuclear or fossil fuel (e.g. coal) which are outside the contexts envisaged by the Commission Guidelines.

7726 Review

Emmanuelle Claudel, Nicolas Ferrier, Patrice Bougette, Frédéric Marty, Florence Ninane, Noemie Bomble, Irène Luc, Andreas Mundt, Olivier Guersent, Marion Carbo, Charlotte Colin-Dubuisson, Sima Ostrovsky, David-Julien dos Santos Goncalves Perspectives on the proposed reform of the Vertical Restraints Regulation and its Guidelines


The On-Topic aims to present a range of views on the European Commission’s proposed reform of the Vertical Restraints Regulation and its Guidelines. The contributors are representatives of the European Commission and competition authorities, practitioners, legal researchers and economists. After (...)


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