Paul C. Adriaanse

University of Leiden, Justion Advocaten (Middelburg)
Lawyer (Associate)

Paul Adriaanse is an associate lawyer at Justion Advocaten in Middelburg, Netherlands. His main practice areas are administrative law and european law. He is also an associate professor in constitutional and administrative law at Leiden University. From 2006 until 2011 he was a university lecturer and researcher (Assistant Professor). From 2000 until 2006 he worked in the Department of International Law and Comparative Law (section European Law) at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. In 2006 he graduated from this university with a Ph.D. thesis on Enforcement of EC law in situations of Unlawful State Aid. He studied at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam as from 1994 and obtained the degree of MA in Constitutional and Administrative Law, as well as in Private Law in 1999. He also studied at the Université de Paris 1 (Panthéon-Sorbonne) (1998). He holds the degree of LL.M. in Comparative, European and International Legal Studies from the European University Institute in Florence (2000). As a fellow of the Graduate School of Leiden Law School he participates in the research programme ‘Securing the Rule of Law in a World of Multilevel Jurisdiction’. His current research activities concern the interaction of EU Law and national (Dutch) Constitutional and Administrative law with regard to public and private enforcement of public law norms. Paul Adriaanse is an expert on issues of enforcement in the field of EU State aid law. He is member of the Leiden Expert Group on State Aid and he often teaches in State aid courses for legal professionals.


119 Bulletin

Paul C. Adriaanse The EU Court of Justice upholds that the private investor test should be applied also when a measure is connected to a State aid measure taken in the context of the financial crisis (ING Groep)


State aid case C-224/12 ING: Private investor test by default?* On 3 April 2014 the CJEU confirmed the General Court’s judgment of 2 March 2012 in the State aid dispute between the European Commission and the Kingdom of the Netherlands, ING Groep NV and the Dutch Central Bank (De Nederlandsche (...)

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