Neelie Kroes


Mrs Neelie Kroes was born in 1941, in Rotterdam, Netherlands. She has a Masters of Science in Economics from the Erasmus University. Previously joining the Commission as Commissioner in charge of the Competition policy from 2004 to 2009, she held various employments, among others advisor/board member of (inter)-national companies, President of the Nyenrode University, advisor to the European Transport Commissioner, Brussels, Belgium... In 2009, she was appointed Vice President of the European Commission and European Digital Agenda Commissioner. In december 2014, Ms. Kroes was appointed Special Envoy for startups by the Government of the Netherlands. Neelie Kroes is to strengthen the international position of startups in the Netherlands and persuade innovative foreign startups to establish their businesses there. Neelie Kroes, whose term as European Commissioner for the Digital Agenda ended in 2014, is now a Special Envoy for Startups in Netherlands.

Linked authors

Ashurst (Brussels)
Linklaters (London)
Geradin Partners (Brussels)
European Court of Justice (Luxembourg)
University Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne
French State Council (Paris)
Institut d’économie Industrielle (IDEI)
ESSEC Business School (Cergy)


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Neelie Kroes “Free competition" is not an end in itself...


Faced with globalisation, Europe has to choose between defense, trying to resist change, and dynamism, actively seeking out the opportunities the international scene has to offer. We should firmly choose the latter. Europe need not fear globalisation. The “regional globalisation” in Europe over (...)


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Voir l’avant-propos de Laurence Idot, Frédéric Jenny et Nicolas CharbitLa préface de Martine Béhar-Touchais La liste complète des contributeurs ainsi que la table des matières Valérie Benabou:100 (...)

Date 30 September 2014
Author(s): Martine Behar-Touchais, Nicolas Charbit, Rafael Amaro
Price 45€00
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