Koen Van de Casteele

DG COMP (Brussels)
Civil servant

Koen Van de Casteele is head of unit in the State aid Strategic Support and Decision Scrutiny Unit within the Competition Directorate General at the European Commission. From 2001 to 2005, he worked in the State aid coordination and policy unit. Before that, he worked as a case handler on agricultural state aid cases. From 1992 until 1998 he worked in the business and finance department of the Brussels and London offices of the law firm De Bandt, van Hecke & Lagae (now Linklaters De Bandt). Koen Van de Casteele has read law at Leuven University, the College of Europe and the University of Michigan Law School.

Linked authors

Groupe Holder (Lille)
DG COMP (Brussels)

Articles

24207 Bulletin

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission closes formal investigation procedure on state aid granted by Poland to company specialized in civil and military aviation hydraulics (PZL Hydral)

436

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31 August 2010"* The Commission has closed on 4 August 2010 the formal investigation procedure on state aid to PZL Hydral, a company which was specialised in civil and military aviation hydraulics. The Commission had concerns that the original (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The EU Commission adopts a proposal for a new Council regulation allowing Member States to continue granting operating aid to coal mines, but only in the context of a definitive closure plan

141

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31 August 2010"* Council Regulation (EC) N° 1407/2002 of 23 July 2002 on State aid to the coal industry expires on 31 December 2010. The Commission has adopted a proposal for a new Council Regulation which would allow Member States to continue (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission states that a guarantee granted by Portugal to six banks to lend €450 M to national Portuguese bank constitutes illegal and incompatible State aid (Bank of Portugal)

234

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31 August 2010"* On 20 July 2010 the Commission concluded that a guarantee granted by the Portuguese State to six banks in Portugal to lend €450 million to BPP at the height of the financial crisis, in December 2008, constituted illegal and (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission authorizes € 28.7 M of regional investment aid that Germany intends to grant in favor of a company for the extension of its production facility for ship and offshore cranes (Liebherr-MCCtec Rostock)

133

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31 August 2010"* On 6 July 2010 the Commission authorised €28.7 million of regional investment aid that Germany intends to grant in favour of Liebherr-MCCtec Rostock GmbH for the extension of its production facility for ship and offshore cranes in (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission authorizes € 16 M of regional investment aid notified by Italy in favor of car manufacturer for the production of car transmissions (Fiat Powertrain Technologies)

177

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31 August 2010"* The Commission has authorised on 9 June 2010 €16 million of regional investment aid, which the Italian authorities intend to grant to Fiat Powertrain Technologies S.p.A. (FPT), a subsidiary of the Fiat Group, for the production of (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission authorizes State aid scheme notified by Finland concerning exemption from corporate income tax for investment in affordable rental housing (Real Estate Investment Trusts)

113

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31 August 2010"* The Commission has authorised on 12 May 2010 the introduction of “Real Estate Investment Trusts” (REITs) in Finland that will be exempted from corporate income tax in order to encourage investment in affordable rental housing27. (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission requests France to implement a judgment of the ECJ declaring that France failed to recover incompatible State aid awarded in the form of exemptions from corporate tax for takeovers of failing companies

156

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31 August 2010"* The Commission has formally requested France to implement a 2008 judgment of the European Court of Justice declaring that France had failed to recover incompatible State aid awarded in the form of exemptions from corporate tax (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission issues a working document on the application of State aid rules to government guarantee schemes covering bank debt to be issued after 30 June 2010

405

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* On 30 April 2010, DG Competition prepared a staff working document on the application of State aid rules to government guarantee schemes covering bank debt to be issued after 30 June 2010. The document proposes a review of the (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The EU Commission authorises an aid scheme to compensate power generators for certain costs resulting from the termination of long-term power purchase agreements (PPAs) in Hungary

427

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission has authorised an aid scheme to compensate power generators for certain costs resulting from the termination of long-term power purchase agreements (PPAs) in Hungary. The aim of the Hungarian scheme is to (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission authorizes France to grant repayable advances of € 35.14 M for the development of composite materials for the fabrication of specific components of aero-structures (Daher-Socata, Sogerma, Airbus A 350 XWB)

217

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission has authorised France to grant repayable advances of €35.14 million to Daher-Socata (€12.34 million) and Sogerma (€22.8 million) for the development of the next-generation Main Landing Gear Doors (MLGD) and Main (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The EU Commission authorises Germany to grant € 19.1 M for an energy-saving steel production project run by a subsidiary of a steel producer (Salzgitter Flachstahl)

406

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission has authorised Germany to grant €19.1 million for an energy-saving steel production project run by Salzgitter Flachstahl GmbH, a subsidiary of the Salzgitter AG group. The aid will allow Salzgitter to produce (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The EU Commission authorizes French aid of € 18.9 M for a research programme aimed at developing production technologies for second-generation motor biofuels (GAYA programme)

318

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* On 24 March 2010 the Commission authorised French aid worth €18.9 million for the GAYA research programme, a programme aimed at developing production technologies for second-generation motor biofuels. GAYA‘s objective is to (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The EU Commission authorizes Austria to grant € 16 M towards an energy-saving project for the combined production of electricity and heat (Verbund-Austrian Thermal Power)

305

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission has authorised Austria to grant €16 million towards an energy-saving project run by Verbund-Austrian Thermal Power GmbH & Co. KG (a subsidiary of the Verbund group) for the combined production of electricity (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission approves a proposal by the Cyprus Government to impose a special reduced tax on companies engaged in international maritime transport (Cyprus Tonnage Tax Scheme)

148

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission has approved a proposal by the Cyprus Government to impose a special reduced tax on companies engaged in international maritime transport; this tax would replace the corporate tax. The Cyprus government has (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission authorizes, under the temporary framework, a Slovenian measure to provide insurance cover via the State-owned agency to exporters who are unable to obtain cover from the private market (SID Banka)

269

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission also authorised a Slovenian measure to provide insurance cover via the State-owned agency, SID Banka, to exporters who are unable to obtain cover from the private market as a result of the current financial (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The EU Commission authorizes the granting of investment aid of € 30.18 M by Germany for a ’Top Gas Recycling’ (TGR) project (ArcelorMittal Eisenhuettenstadt)

284

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission has authorised the granting of investment aid of €30.18 million by Germany to ArcelorMittal Eisenhuettenstadt GmbH’s ‘Top Gas Recycling’ (TGR) project. TGR is an innovative process that enables the separation of CO2 (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission approves the establishment of a national agency constituting an impaired asset relief scheme for financial institutions in Ireland (National Asset Management Agency)

275

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* On 26 February 2010, the Commission approved the establishment of the National Asset Management Agency (NAMA), an impaired asset relief scheme for financial institutions in Ireland. The purpose of NAMA is to restore stability (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission authorizes plans notified by Sweden to provide a guarantee enabling a car manufacturer to access a loan from the European Investment Bank (Saab Automobile)

151

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission has authorised plans notified by Sweden to provide a guarantee that will enable Saab Automobile AB to access a loan from the European Investment Bank (EIB). The loan to be granted by the EIB will co-finance (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission refers Italy to the European Court of Justice for failing to comply with a decision concerning the recovery of unlawful State aid for certain investment projects in the hotel industry (Region of Sardinia)

183

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission has decided to refer Italy to the European Court of Justice for failing to comply with a Commission decision of July 2008. On 12 November 1998, the Commission approved an aid measure in favour of the hotel (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The EU Commission decides that a German manufacturer of solar panels is not entitled to receive public support in the form of a bonus for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) (Sovello)

158

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* On 27 January 2010, the Commission decided that Sovello AG (formerly EverQ GmbH), a German manufacturer of solar panels, was not entitled to receive public support in the form of a bonus for small and medium-sized enterprises (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission approves €576 M for a Spanish film support scheme covering national film support measures, including film production and distribution

129

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission has approved €576 million for a Spanish film support scheme until 31 December 2015. The scheme covers Spain’s national film support measures, including film production and distribution. The scheme is in line with (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission holds that the existing State aid scheme in favor of French postal services incumbent is not compatible with EU State aid rules (Garantie d’Etat illimitée - La Poste)

355

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* On 26 January 2010, the Commission completed its investigation into the unlimited state guarantee enjoyed by the French Post Office (‘La Poste‘) because of its special status as a public body, following the adoption by the (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission approves the measures taken by the UK Government for the liquidation of UK specialist mortgages and savings products company (Bradford & Bingley)

279

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* On 25 January 2010 the Commission approved the measures taken by the UK Government for the liquidation of Bradford & Bingley. Bradford and Bingley provided specialist mortgages and savings products. It operated 197 (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission approves a Hungarian measure aimed at providing liquidity to eligible financial institutions in Hungary to support lending to the economy

247

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission has approved a Hungarian measure aimed at providing liquidity to eligible financial institutions in Hungary to support lending to the economy. In the period from late 2008 to early 2009, the Hungarian financial (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission authorizes a measure adopted by Denmark providing a State guarantee on non-life insurance against damage arising from nuclear, biological, chemical or radioactive (NBCR) terrorist attacks exceeding a certain threshold (Danish Terror Insurance Scheme)

165

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2010"* The Commission has authorised a measure adopted by Denmark which provides a State guarantee on non-life insurance against damage arising from nuclear, biological, chemical or radioactive (NBCR) terrorist attacks that exceeds a (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The EU Commission endorses commitments made by the Dutch authorities to bring the social housing system into line with EU state aid rules (Dutch Housing Corporations)

145

"State aid: main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2009"* On 15 December 2009, the European Commission endorsed commitments made by the Dutch authorities to bring the social housing system into line with EU state aid rules. In particular, the Dutch authorities will ensure that (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission endorses a scheme to compensate the Polish postal undertaking for net losses incurred in discharging its public service obligations (Poczta Polska)

315

"State aid: main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2009"* On 15 December 2009, the European Commission also endorsed a scheme to compensate the Polish post for net losses incurred in discharging its public service obligations between 2006 and 2011. The Commission found the (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission approves two State aid measures in favor of a German bank consisting in an injection of capital and an impaired assets relief measure in the form of guarantees for two portfolios of structured securities (Landesbank Baden-Württemberg)

261

"State aid: main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2009"* Landesbank Baden-Württemberg (‘LBBW‘) benefited from two support measures: an injection of € 5 billion of tier-one capital and an impaired assets relief measure in the form of guarantees of € 12.7 billion for two portfolios of (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission finds that a tax exemption which the Dutch State intends to grant for natural gas used in installations producing ceramic products is incompatible with EU State aid rules

148

"State aid: main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2009"* After an in-depth investigation opened in February 2009, the European Commission found that a tax exemption which the Dutch state intends to grant for natural gas used in installations producing ceramic products would be (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission adopts a communication amending the temporary framework for State aid measures to support access to finance in the current financial and economic crisis

207

"State aid: main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2009"* On 8 December 2009 a technical amendment to the Temporary Framework was adopted to open up easier access to finance and encourage longterm investment, especially in Member States with low labour costs. Member States will (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission holds that a corporate tax provision that allows Spanish companies to amortize goodwill constitutes unlawful State aid and orders its recovery

131

"State aid: main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2009"* In 2007, the Commission initiated a formal investigation of a corporate tax provision that allows Spanish companies to amortise goodwill (i.e. write off, over a period of time, the price paid for acquisition of a business (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission authorizes an Italian State aid scheme offering interest-rate subsidies for the production of environmentally friendly (green) products

145

"State aid: main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2009"* The Commission authorised an Italian scheme offering interest-rate subsidies for the production of environmentally friendly (green) products. The measure will focus on the car component industry and, more precisely, on (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission endorses a payment of State aid to a French TV broadcaster under the communication on State aid for the funding of public service broadcasters but opens a formal investigation into other aspects of the funding (France Télévision)

270

"State aid: main developments between 1 September and 31 December 2009"* On 1 September 2009, the European Commission authorised a payment of state aid to France Télévision in 2009, as it complied with the Commission Communication on state aid for the funding of public service broadcasters. The (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The EU Commission holds that subsidised feed-in tariffs in Austria for producers of green electricity are in line with the requirements of the environmental State Aid guidelines (Austrian Green Electricity Act)

383

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31 August 2009"* On 22 July 2009, the Commission authorised subsidised feed-in tariffs in Austria for producers of green electricity (i.e.electricity produced from environmentally-friendly sources). The measures are designed to accelerate and (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission adopts a communication on the return to viability and the assessment of restructuring measures in the financial sector in the current crisis under the State aid rules

281

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31 August 2009"* On 22 June 2009 the Commission adopted a Communication on the return to viability and the assessment of restructuring measures in the financial sector in the current crisis under the State aid rules (2). This is the fifth (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission approves a German scheme designed to further stabilize the financial markets by providing financial institutions with the possibility of asset relief

323

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31 August 2009"* Under EU state aid rules, the European Commission approved a German scheme designed to further stabilise the financial markets by providing financial institutions with the possibility of asset relief. This scheme is in addition (...)

Koen Van de Casteele The European Commission adopts two guidance papers setting out criteria for the in-depth assessment of large amounts of training aid and of aid to disadvantaged and disabled workers

157

"State aid: main developments between 1 May and 31 August 2009"* On 3 June 2009, as a part of its efforts to clarify and simplify state aid rules, the Commission adopted two guidance papers setting out criteria for the in-depth assessment of large amounts of training aid and of aid to (...)

Koen Van de Casteele, Marta Gutkowska, Sophie Leviel The European Commission approves the UK homeowners mortgage support scheme to help households affected by the financial downturn

446

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2009"* On 21 April 2009, the Commission approved the UK Homeowners Mortgage Support Scheme to help households affected by the financial downturn. The scheme aims to reduce the level of home repossessions likely to occur as a result (...)

Koen Van de Casteele, Marta Gutkowska, Sophie Leviel The European Commission authorises under the temporary framework a measure adopted by Luxembourg to limit the adverse impact of the current financial crisis on export firms (Short term export credit insurance scheme)

241

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2009"* The Commission authorised on 20 April 2009 under the Temporary Framework a measure adopted by Luxembourg to limit the adverse impact of the current financial crisis on export firms. Under the notified scheme, the export-credit (...)

Koen Van de Casteele, Marta Gutkowska, Sophie Leviel The UK Government notifies the European Commission its intention to set up a scheme to alleviate the funding constraints that banks are facing (Asset-Backed Securities Guarantee Scheme)

530

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2009"* On 17 April 2009, the UK notified its intention to set up another scheme to alleviate the funding constraints that banks are currently facing. By guaranteeing AAA rated residential mortgage-backed securities (‘RMBS’), the UK (...)

Koen Van de Casteele, Marta Gutkowska, Sophie Leviel The European Commission decides that four State aid measures granted in favour of the UK postal incumbent are in line with EU State aid rules (Royal Mail)

444

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2009"* On 8 April 2009, the Commission decided that four State aid measures granted in favour of the UK postal incumbent Royal Mail between 2001 and 2007 were in line with EU State aid rules. Since none of the measures had been (...)

Koen Van de Casteele, Marta Gutkowska, Sophie Leviel The European Commission temporary approves the illiquid asset back-up facility provided by the Dutch State to a financial group (ING Group)

399

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2009"* On 31 March 2009, the Commission approved for 6 months the illiquid asset back-up facility provided by the Dutch State to the financial group ING, while at the same time initiating the formal investigation procedure laid down (...)

Koen Van de Casteele, Marta Gutkowska, Sophie Leviel The European Commission authorises € 800 M of public funding for a comprehensive support programme aimed at the Spanish textile and clothing sector

199

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2009"* On 24 March 2009, the Commission authorised €800 million of public funding for a comprehensive support programme aimed at the Spanish textile and clothing sector. The programme comprises measures to promote technical research, (...)

Koen Van de Casteele, Marta Gutkowska, Sophie Leviel The European Commission adopts a Communication on impaired assets, providing guidance to Member States on how to handle asset relief measures

300

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2009"* In addition to the specific banking communications it has already issued, the Commission adopted on 25 February 2009 a Communication on ‘Impaired assets’. This Communication provides guidance to Member States on how to handle (...)

Koen Van de Casteele, Marta Gutkowska, Sophie Leviel The EU Commission endorses € 56 M of regional investment aid to a German company for the production of thin-film solar modules in Saxony (Sunfilm)

202

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2009"* On 11 February 2009, the Commission endorsed €56 million of regional investment aid to Sunfilm for the production of thin-film solar modules in Saxony, Germany. Sunfilm AG is a newly founded company which is setting up a plant (...)

Koen Van de Casteele, Marta Gutkowska, Sophie Leviel The European Commission finds aid granted to UK incumbent telecommunications operator to be partially unlawful and orders its recovery (British Telecom)

197

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2009"* On 11 February 2009, the Commission found aid granted to BT to be partially unlawful and ordered recovery. The Commission concluded that a UK Crown guarantee covering the pension liabilities of British Telecom plc on the EU (...)

Koen Van de Casteele, Marta Gutkowska, Sophie Leviel The Irish authorities notify the European Commission of their intention to recapitalise national Bank with € 1.5 billion (Anglo Irish Bank)

359

"State aid: main developments between 1 January and 30 April 2009"* On 19 December 2008, the Irish authorities informed the Commission of their intention to recapitalise Anglo Irish Bank with €1.5 billion. On 8 January 2009, the Irish authorities formally notified this measure. Due to the (...)

4916 Review

Koen Van de Casteele State aid control and the defence exception

4916

L’article 296 du traité prévoit un régime spécifique pour le marché de l’équipement de défense. A travers une interprétation large de cette disposition, les États Membres ont de facto largement tenu éloigné le secteur de la défense du marché intérieur. Récemment, les inefficacités du marché de l’équipement (...)

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